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  • So you want to be a general surgeon. You like the idea of being the generalist of the operating

    所以你想成為一名普通外科醫生。你喜歡成為手術室的通才的想法。

  • room, having the knowledge and skills for a wide range of surgical interventions. Or

    室,擁有廣泛的外科干預的知識和技能。或

  • maybe it's just a stepping stone for you to get to the subspecialization you're after.

    也許這只是你達到你所追求的亞專業的一個墊腳石。

  • Let's debunk the public perception myths, and give it to you straight. This is the reality

    讓我們揭穿公眾認知的神話,並直接告訴你。這就是現實

  • of general surgery. Dr. Jubbal, MedSchoolInsiders.com.

    的普通外科。Jubbal醫生,MedSchoolInsiders.com。

  • Welcome to our next installment in So You Want to Be. In this series, we highlight a

    歡迎來到《你想成為什麼樣的人》的下一期節目。在這個系列中,我們將重點介紹一個

  • specific specialty within medicine, such as general surgery, and help you decide if it's

    醫學中的特定專業,如普通外科,並幫助你決定它是否是

  • a good fit for you. You can find the other specialties on our So You Want to Be playlist.

    很適合你。你可以在我們的 "你想成為 "播放列表中找到其他專業。

  • If you want to vote in upcoming polls to decide what future specialties we cover, make sure

    如果你想在即將舉行的投票中投票,以決定我們未來涵蓋的專業,請確保

  • you're subscribed. If you'd like to see what being a general

    你已經訂閱了。如果你想看看作為一個普通的

  • surgeon looks like, check out my second channel, Kevin Jubbal, M.D., where we'll be covering

    外科醫生看起來,看看我的第二個頻道,凱文-朱巴爾,醫學博士,我們將在那裡報道

  • a day in the life of a general surgeon in the future.

    未來普通外科醫生的一天。

  • General surgery is the broadest of surgical fields, covering the surgical management of

    普通外科是最廣泛的外科領域,包括以下的外科管理

  • diseases from head to toe. This may include head and neck surgeries to thoracic to interventions

    從頭到腳的疾病。這可能包括從頭頸部手術到胸腔手術再到介入手術。

  • inside the abdomen. Operations can range from removing cancer, to treating traumatic injuries,

    腹部內的手術。手術的範圍包括從切除癌症,到治療創傷性損傷。

  • to restoring function to diseased tissue. We think of surgeons most commonly in the

    以恢復病變組織的功能。我們最常想到的外科醫生是指

  • act of performing surgery, but a big part of the work surgeons do is taking care of

    進行手術的行為,但外科醫生所做的工作的很大一部分是照顧

  • surgical patients. This includes diagnosing a patient's illness, assessing various interventions,

    外科病人。這包括診斷病人的疾病,評估各種干預措施。

  • and caring for the patient before and after surgery. Examples include staging a cancer

    並在術前和術後對病人進行護理。例子包括對癌症進行分期

  • patient prior to surgical intervention or managing ICU patients who are postoperative

    手術前的病人或管理術後的ICU病人。

  • yet remain very sick. Even the busiest surgeons are in the operating

    但仍然病得很重。即使是最忙碌的外科醫生也在手術中

  • room only a couple days per week. The rest of their time is spent seeing new patients

    每星期只有幾天在病房裡。其餘的時間都用來看新病人。

  • or postoperative patients in clinic. If the surgeon is part of an academic center, they'll

    或門診中的術後病人。如果外科醫生是學術中心的一部分,他們會

  • also have to divide their time between academic responsibilities, including teaching and research.

    他們還必須在學術責任之間分配時間,包括教學和研究。

  • This brings us to an important method of differentiating a general surgeon's practice.

    這給我們帶來了區別普通外科醫生的一個重要方法。

  • In academia, general surgeons tend to be more specialized, meaning they've done a fellowship

    在學術界,普通外科醫生往往更加專業,這意味著他們已經做了一個研究金。

  • after residency and are managing patients within a specific niche. At these larger academic

    在住院醫師培訓結束後,他們正在管理一個特定領域的病人。在這些較大的學術機構

  • institutions, you're also more likely to see complex and rare pathologies that are infrequently

    機構,你也更有可能看到複雜和罕見的病症,這些病症不常發生。

  • managed at smaller community practices. In community or private practice settings,

    在較小的社區診所管理。在社區或私人診所環境中。

  • general surgeons are more likely to operate without fellowship training, although several

    普通外科醫生更有可能在沒有研究金培訓的情況下進行手術,儘管有幾個

  • are still fellowship-trained. Compared to an academic practice, community and private

    他們仍然接受過獎學金培訓。與學術實踐相比,社區和私人

  • practice general surgeons have higher average compensation.

    執業普通外科醫生的平均報酬更高。

  • Let's clear up some of the misconceptions about general surgery.

    讓我們來澄清一些關於普通外科的誤解。

  • First, some think that general surgery is the specialty for medical students who want

    首先,有些人認為普通外科是醫學生的專業,他們想要

  • to be surgeons but aren't competitive enough to match into a more desirable surgical subspecialty,

    想成為外科醫生,但沒有足夠的競爭力來匹配更理想的外科亞專業。

  • like plastic surgery, neurosurgery, orthopedic surgery, and so on. The truth is that general

    像整形外科、神經外科、骨科手術等等。事實是,普通

  • surgery has a great deal to offer that is unique from other surgical fields, and for

    外科有很多不同於其他外科領域的獨特之處,對於

  • that reason attracts a large number of candidates. Second, the challenging lifestyle aspects

    這個原因吸引了大量的候選人。第二,具有挑戰性的生活方式方面

  • are often overstated, at least for when you're a fully trained attending physician. Ultimately,

    往往被誇大了,至少在你是一個受過充分訓練的主治醫生時是如此。歸根結底。

  • your work-life balance comes down to the type of specialization within general surgery you

    你的工作與生活的平衡取決於你在普通外科中的專業類型。

  • pursue, in addition to the type of job you seek out. You have the ability to negotiate

    除了你所尋求的工作類型外,你還可以追求。你有能力進行談判

  • toward a true lifestyle specialty to something more stereotypically intense.

    朝著一個真正的生活方式專業的方向發展,以更多的陳規定型的激烈的東西。

  • After medical school, general surgery residency is 5 years, although some programs have 2

    醫學院畢業後,普通外科住院醫師是5年,儘管有些項目是2年。

  • mandatory research years built in for a total of 7 years. The 7 year residencies are usually

    在總共7年的時間裡,有強制性的研究年限。7年的實習期通常是

  • at academic residency programs and are preferred by medical students who are either seeking

    在學術性的住院醫師項目中,那些正在尋找新工作的醫科學生更願意選擇這種方式。

  • an academic career or want to apply into a more competitive fellowship.

    在學術生涯中,或想申請更有競爭力的獎學金。

  • As a PGY1, also known as your intern year, you're usually not operating much, and are

    作為PGY1,也被稱為你的實習年,你通常不怎麼操作,而且是

  • instead focused on managing surgical patients on the wards, meaning those staying in the

    相反,他們專注於管理病房裡的外科病人,也就是說,那些留在病房裡的病人。

  • hospital, usually requiring post-operative care. You ensure floor work is taken care

    醫院,通常需要術後護理。你確保地板工作得到照顧

  • of and act as the eyes and ears for the rest of the team who are usually scrubbed into

    的,並充當團隊其他成員的眼睛和耳朵,他們通常被洗刷成

  • cases or handling clinic. Once you finish your work, you're generally welcome to join

    案件或處理診所。一旦你完成你的工作,一般歡迎你加入

  • your team in the operating room and scrub into cases.

    你的團隊在手術室和擦洗的情況下。

  • As a junior resident, meaning your PGY2 and PGY3 years, you'll have one intern below you

    作為初級住院醫師,即你的PGY2和PGY3年,你將有一個實習生在你下面。

  • and one senior above you on any service. If new consults come in, you'll be seeing them.

    以及比你高一級的任何服務的高級人員。如果有新的諮詢者,你就會看到他們。

  • If you're in the operating room, you're likely doing smaller or more straightforward cases,

    如果你在手術室,你很可能在做較小或較直接的病例。

  • while the more complex cases are handled by the senior resident.

    而更復雜的案件則由高級住院醫師處理。

  • As a senior resident, meaning your PGY4 and PGY5 years, you handle the most complicated

    作為高級住院醫師,即你們的PGY4和PGY5年,你們處理最複雜的問題。

  • cases and have the most autonomy, both inside and outside of the operating room. That translates

    在手術室內外,他們都擁有最大的自主權。這就意味著

  • to making treatment decisions and putting plans into place, and operating with less

    做出治療決定並將計劃落實到位,並以較低的成本運作。

  • supervision. In your chief year, meaning as a 5, when you are most senior, you will also

    監督。在你的首席年,即作為5級,當你是最資深的時候,你也將

  • have the added responsibility of handling light administrative work for the residency

    有額外的責任,處理居住地的輕微行政工作

  • program, such as schedules and responsibilities for the residents below you.

    計劃,例如你下面的居民的時間表和責任。

  • Research years, if required by the program, are typically done after either PGY2 or PGY3.

    如果項目要求,研究年通常在PGY2或PGY3之後進行。

  • Residents typically maintain some level of clinical involvement during this time to keep

    在這段時間裡,住院醫師通常會保持一定程度的臨床參與,以保持

  • their clinical acumen sharp, such as by taking call occasionally or covering overnight shifts.

    他們的臨床敏銳度很高,例如偶爾接聽電話或值通宵班。

  • In terms of competitiveness, general surgery is middle of the pack with 70 points in our

    在競爭力方面,普通外科在我們的調查中以70分位居中游。

  • MSI Competitive Index, ranking below vascular surgery and above med/peds. Of the surgical

    MSI競爭力指數,排名低於血管外科,高於內科/兒科。外科中

  • specialties, general surgery is the most attainable. The match rate is 84%, average USMLE Step

    專業,普通外科是最容易達到的。匹配率為84%,平均USMLE Step

  • 1 is 235, and average Step 2CK is 247. After completing general surgery residency,

    1是235,步驟2CK的平均數是247。在完成普通外科住院醫師培訓後。

  • you can further subspecialize with fellowship. Historically, any form of surgical specialization

    你可以通過研究金進一步實現亞專業化。從歷史上看,任何形式的外科專業都有其特殊性。

  • through fellowship always followed a general surgery residency. This is termed the independent

    在普通外科住院醫師培訓之後,他們將通過研究金的方式來完成工作。這就是所謂的獨立

  • pathway. If you wanted to become a plastic surgeon, you would first complete 5 years

    路徑。如果你想成為一名整形外科醫生,你將首先完成5年的學習。

  • of general surgery residency, followed by 3 years of plastic surgery, for a total of

    普通外科住院醫生,然後是3年的整形外科,總共有3年的時間。

  • 8 years. As medicine has moved further toward specialization,

    8年了。隨著醫學進一步走向專業化。

  • combined pathway programs cropped up, whereby you would complete 3 years of general surgery

    越來越多的人開始採用組合式課程,即完成3年的普通外科課程。

  • residency followed by a few years of specialty training. For example, combined plastic surgery

    在住院醫生的指導下,再進行幾年的專業培訓。例如,聯合整形外科

  • programs combined 3 years of general surgery residency with 3 years of plastic surgery,

    這些項目將3年的普通外科住院醫師培訓與3年的整形外科培訓相結合。

  • for a total of 6 years. And finally, the integrated pathway is now

    總共6年的時間。最後,綜合途徑現在是

  • gaining momentum, whereby you match and complete training in your surgical specialization from

    越來越多的勢頭,據此,你在你的外科專業中匹配和完成培訓,從

  • day 1 of residency. Neurosurgery and orthopedic surgery have done the integrated pathway for

    住院醫師的第1天。神經外科和骨科手術已經完成了綜合路徑,用於

  • some time now, and there are no independent or combined options. Plastic surgery has followed

    一段時間以來,沒有獨立或合併的選擇。整形手術已經跟隨

  • suit, but there are still some independent and combined programs available, although

    適合,但仍有一些獨立的和合並的方案可供選擇,儘管

  • they are declining in number. More recently, cardiothoracic surgery integrated programs

    它們的數量正在減少。最近,心胸外科綜合項目

  • have been cropping up around the nation. Integrated pathway programs are shorter and more focused

    已經在全國各地出現了。綜合途徑項目時間更短,重點更突出

  • on your ultimate specialization. However, they are usually substantially more competitive

    在你的最終專業領域。然而,它們通常具有更大的競爭力

  • than going the independent pathway, and some are concerned about weaker training in the

    擔心會比走獨立的道路更糟糕,而且有些人擔心會有更弱的培訓。

  • fundamentals of surgery. To specialize in critical care you'll complete

    外科的基礎知識。要專攻重症護理,你將完成

  • a 1 year fellowship, although a 2nd year is usually completed for those who ultimately

    1年的研究金,儘管那些最終完成了第2年的研究金的人,通常會完成第2年的研究金。

  • want to work at busy trauma centers. Trauma and critical care combine the best of both

    希望在繁忙的創傷中心工作。創傷和重症護理結合了兩者的優點

  • worldsyou get both high-intensity surgeries but also clock out when you're not on shift.

    世界--你既能得到高強度的手術,又能在不當班時打卡下班。

  • As a result, you get decent control over your lifestyle.

    是以,你可以對你的生活方式有適當的控制。

  • Typically these surgeons also have a component of their month for elective general surgery

    通常情況下,這些外科醫生在他們的月度工作中也有一部分是選擇性的普通外科。

  • and emergency general surgery call, which can be flexible depending on the surgeon's

    和普通外科急診電話,可以根據外科醫生的情況靈活安排。

  • preferences. We have a full episode on trauma surgery linked below.

    偏愛。我們有一個關於創傷手術的完整情節,鏈接在下面。

  • Colorectal surgery is a 1 year fellowship for the general surgeons who appreciate a

    結直腸外科是一個為期1年的研究項目,為普通外科醫生提供了機會。

  • decent lifestyle and a wide variety of procedures, from colonoscopies to small outpatient procedures

    體面的生活方式和多種多樣的程序,從結腸鏡檢查到小型門診手術

  • to bigger cancer operations, including both minimally invasive and open cases.

    到更大的癌症手術,包括微創和開放病例。

  • Pediatric surgery is a 2 year fellowship whereby you essentially become a general surgeon for

    小兒外科是一個為期2年的研究項目,你基本上成為一個普通的外科醫生。

  • children. Compared to adults, your patients will bounce back faster from surgeries. Your

    兒童。與成人相比,你的病人從手術中反彈的速度會更快。您的

  • bread and butter will include a large amount of gastrointestinal surgeries, treating emergencies,

    麵包和黃油將包括大量的胃腸道手術,治療急症。

  • and correcting congenital birth defects. Within pediatric surgery, there is a high

    和糾正先天性出生缺陷。在小兒外科中,有一個高

  • degree of specialization. For example, a neurosurgeon or orthopedic surgeon or plastic surgeon can

    專業化的程度。例如,一個神經外科醫生或骨科醫生或整形外科醫生可以

  • subspecialize in various pediatric-focused specialties. As a result of this specialization,

    在各種以兒科為重點的專業中進行亞專業化。作為這種專業化的結果。

  • it is often difficult to find general pediatric surgeon job openings. You might have to take

    通常很難找到普通小兒外科醫生的職位空缺。你可能不得不採取

  • a job in a part of the country you might not otherwise have chosen.

    在這個國家的某個地方找到一份你可能不會選擇的工作。

  • Breast is a 1 year fellowship, focusing primarily on resecting cancer from the breast. The hours

    乳腺科是一個為期一年的研究項目,主要側重於乳腺癌的切除。工作時間

  • are considered less intense compared to other surgical fields and its more conducive to

    與其他外科領域相比,它被認為強度較低,而且更利於

  • a balanced lifestyle. You'll be working in close conjunction with plastic surgeons who

    一個平衡的生活方式。你將與整形外科醫生緊密合作,他們會

  • will be reconstructing the breast usually immediately after.

    通常會在之後立即進行乳房重建。

  • Vascular is a 2 year fellowship. With technological advances, many of your cases are endovascular,

    血管科是一個為期兩年的研究項目。隨著技術的進步,你的許多病例都是血管內的。

  • whereby you use wires and stents to fix issues within blood vessels, from the aorta on down.

    在這裡,你使用電線和支架來修復血管內的問題,從主動脈開始。

  • You'll also be involved in reconstructing vascular supply to the body's organs while

    你還將參與重建身體器官的血管供應,同時

  • working in tandem with other surgeons, such as during massive tumor resections, repairs

    與其他外科醫生協同工作,例如在大規模的腫瘤切除、修復過程中。

  • after trauma, and so on. Endocrine is a 1 year fellowship whereby you'll

    外傷後,等等。內分泌科是一個為期一年的研究項目,你將會

  • specialize primarily in surgeries of the thyroid, adrenal gland, and to a lesser extent pancreatic

    主要擅長甲狀腺、腎上腺的手術,其次是胰腺的手術。

  • lesions, which are more often handled by hepatobiliary or surg onc teams. Endocrine has a great lifestyle,

    病變,這些病變更多的是由肝膽科或腫瘤外科團隊處理。內分泌科有一個很好的生活方式。

  • as there are typically few emergencies on-call and working hours are considered favorable.

    因為通常很少有待命的緊急情況,工作時間被認為是有利的。

  • Transplant is a 2 year fellowship primarily focusing on kidney and liver transplants from

    移植是一個為期2年的研究項目,主要集中在腎臟和肝臟移植上。

  • deceased donors to live recipients. Less commonly, you'll be performing pancreatic transplants

    將已去世的捐贈者移植給活體受體。不太常見的是,你會進行胰腺移植。

  • or live donor liver transplants, whereby part of the liver is transplanted given the unique

    或活體肝臟移植,即考慮到獨特的肝臟,移植部分肝臟。

  • regenerative properties of the liver. This is one of the most rigorous and challenging

    肝臟的再生特性。這是最嚴格和最具挑戰性的工作之一。

  • specialties from an hours and technical standpoint. Not only are liver transplants extremely lengthy

    從時間和技術的角度來看,這也是一個特殊的問題。不僅肝臟移植的時間非常長

  • and difficult to perform, but you can also get called nearly 24/7, as donor availability

    而且很難執行,但你也可以得到幾乎24小時不間斷的呼叫,因為捐贈者的可用性

  • is usually unplanned and harvesting is highly time sensitive.

    通常是無計劃的,收穫是高度時間敏感的。

  • Surgical oncology is a 2 year fellowship focusing on surgical management of cancer throughout

    腫瘤外科是一個為期2年的研究項目,專注於整個癌症的外科治療。

  • the body. Bread and butter includes breast cancers, colon cancers, soft tissue cancers,

    的身體。麵包和黃油包括乳腺癌、結腸癌、軟組織癌。

  • such as sarcomas, and other abdominal cancers including the liver or pancreas.

    如肉瘤,以及其他腹部癌症,包括肝臟或胰腺。

  • It's a competitive fellowship, the hours can be long and demanding, but those who are

    這是一個競爭激烈的獎學金,工作時間可能很長,要求很高,但那些有能力的人

  • drawn to this line of work find it highly rewarding.

    被吸引到這一行的人發現它有很高的回報。

  • Minimally invasive surgery, akaMIS,” is a 1 year fellowship where you gain additional

    微創手術,又稱 "MIS",是一項為期一年的研究項目,你將獲得更多的機會。

  • training in advanced laparoscopy and robotic skills. This often, but not always, translates

    在高級腹腔鏡和機器人技能方面的培訓。這往往,但不總是,轉化為

  • to focusing on minimally invasive foregut surgery, bariatric surgery, and abdominal

    專注於微創前腸手術、減肥手術和腹腔手術。

  • wall reconstruction. It's more on the competitive side and is considered to have a good lifestyle

    牆體重建。它更偏向於競爭,被認為有良好的生活方式

  • after training. You can also pursue fellowships in cardiothoracic

    培訓結束後。你還可以繼續攻讀心胸科的獎學金。

  • and plastic surgery, both of which we've done dedicated So You Want to Be episodes on. Link

    和整形手術,這兩件事我們都做了專門的《你想成為什麼樣的人》一集。鏈接

  • in the description. There's a lot to love about general surgery.

    在描述中。普通外科有很多值得喜愛的地方。

  • General surgeons are the ultimate physician, or the "doctor's doctor." They can broadly

    普通外科醫生是終極醫生,或 "醫生的醫生"。他們可以廣泛地

  • diagnose, stabilize, and treat nearly any acute life threatening condition and then

    診斷、穩定和治療幾乎所有威脅生命的急性疾病,然後

  • take it up a notch by fixing the problem with their hands. If you could pick only one type

    通過用他們的手來解決問題,使它更上一層樓。如果你只能選擇一種類型

  • of doctor to be stranded on a boat with, you'd want a general surgeon.

    擱淺在船上的醫生,你會想要一個普通的外科醫生。

  • General surgery is immensely satisfying. You're intervening to save someone's life on the

    普通外科手術是非常令人滿意的。你是在為拯救某人的生命而進行干預。

  • brink of death, curing cancer, transplanting organs, and more. These are some of the most

    瀕臨死亡,治癒癌症,移植器官,等等。這些是一些最

  • exciting and deeply meaningful things you could ever ask for in a job.

    在一份工作中,你能要求的激動人心和深具意義的事情。

  • Compensation is in the upper half of specialties, with general surgeons pulling in approximately

    報酬在各專業中處於上半區,普通外科醫生的收入約為1.5萬美元。

  • $373,000 per year. And there will always be a need for general

    每年373,000美元。而且永遠都會有對一般

  • surgeons. While general surgery is awesome, it's not

    外科醫生。雖然普通外科很了不起,但它並不是

  • for everyone. Training is lengthy, much more so than non-surgical

    對每個人來說。訓練是漫長的,比非手術治療要長得多。

  • fields. While your non-surgical medical school classmates are finished with residency and

    領域。當你的非外科醫學院的同學們完成了住院醫生的工作,而你的非外科醫學院的同學們則完成了住院醫生的工作。

  • living their attending lives, you'll still have another few years to complete.

    過著他們參加的生活,你還有幾年的時間來完成。

  • The hours in training are also long. There will be plenty of early mornings, late nights,

    培訓的時間也很長。將有大量的清晨和深夜。

  • busy overnight call, and surgeries lasting several hours. And while there is some flexibility

    忙碌的通宵電話,以及持續數小時的手術。而且,雖然有一些靈活性

  • in your work-life balance after you finish training, know that the average surgeon still

    在你完成培訓後,你的工作與生活的平衡,要知道,一般外科醫生仍然

  • works 60 hours per week. And finally, compared to other surgical specialties,

    每星期工作60小時。最後,與其他外科專業相比。

  • general surgeons have the lowest compensation. How can you decide if general surgery is right

    普通外科醫生的報酬最低。你如何決定普通外科是否合適

  • for you? They say that if you can find happiness in another specialty of medicine, then do

    對你來說是什麼?他們說,如果你能在另一個醫學專業中找到幸福,那麼就做吧。

  • that. Only do general surgery if you couldn't imagine yourself doing anything else.

    這一點。只有在你無法想象自己做其他事情的情況下才做普通外科。

  • If you're passionate about medicine broadly and like the idea of being a doctor's doctor,

    如果你對醫學有廣泛的熱情,並喜歡成為醫生的醫生的想法。

  • general surgery might be for you. You should love working with your hands, thrive in having

    普通外科可能適合你。你應該喜歡用你的雙手工作,在工作中茁壯成長。

  • a serious level of responsibility for your patients, and crave and enjoy deep, meaningful

    對你的病人認真負責,並渴望和享受深入、有意義的工作。

  • connection with patients. The joke that surgeons just put patients under anesthesia and don't

    與病人的聯繫。有人開玩笑說,外科醫生只是給病人打麻醉,並沒有

  • interact with them couldn't be further from the truth.

    與他們的互動與事實相差無幾。

  • Huge shout out to my friend Dr. David Hindin for helping me with this video. He's a YouTuber,

    衷心感謝我的朋友David Hindin博士幫助我完成這個視頻。他是一名優酷網友。

  • general surgeon, and current surgical critical care fellow at Stanford. He has an awesome

    他是普通外科醫生,目前是斯坦福大學的外科重症監護研究員。他有一個了不起的

  • YouTube channel and is an expert on innovation in medicine. Go show him some love, link to

    YouTube頻道,是醫學創新方面的專家。去給他一些愛,鏈接到

  • his channel in the description. Are you hoping to become a general surgeon?

    他的頻道的描述中。你希望成為一名普通外科醫生嗎?

  • To get into medical school and match into general surgery residency, you'll need to

    要想進入醫學院並匹配到普通外科住院醫師,你需要

  • score well on your class tests and standardized exams. As you look at resources and companies

    在你的班級測試和標準化考試中取得好成績。當你看了資源和公司

  • to work with, seek out those who are actual MD physicians, not PhD or other types of doctors

    與之合作,尋找那些真正的醫學博士醫生,而不是博士或其他類型的醫生。

  • that didn't go to medical school. Look for those who have achieved stellar results themselves,

    沒有上過醫學院的人。尋找那些自己取得過輝煌成績的人。

  • a track record of success with positive ratings from customers, and a systematic approach

    有成功的記錄,有客戶的積極評價,有系統的方法

  • so you know you'll always receive high quality service. If you decide on Med School Insiders,

    所以你知道你將永遠得到高質量的服務。如果你決定選擇醫學院內部人士。

  • we'd love to be a part of your journey in becoming a future physician. Visit us on MedSchoolInsiders.com.

    我們很願意成為你成為未來醫生的旅程的一部分。請訪問我們的MedSchoolInsiders.com。

  • Thank you all so much for watching! If you enjoyed this video, check out our So You Want

    非常感謝大家的觀看!如果你喜歡這個視頻,請查看我們的 "你想要什麼?

  • to Be an Internist video, or another specialty on our So You Want to Be playlist. And go

    成為一名內科醫生的視頻,或我們的 "你想成為 "播放列表中的其他專業。然後去

  • show Dr. Hindin some love. See you all soon.

    向辛丁博士表示敬意。再見了。

So you want to be a general surgeon. You like the idea of being the generalist of the operating

所以你想成為一名普通外科醫生。你喜歡成為手術室的通才的想法。

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B2 中高級 中文 外科 醫生 普通 手術 醫師 專業

你想成為一名普通外科醫生嗎[第29集] (So You Want to Be a GENERAL SURGEON [Ep. 29])

  • 13 1
    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 10 月 23 日
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