Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • In 2018,

  • it was estimated that more than 175 million Americans would go out and celebrate Halloween.

  • The total amount spent on costumes, candies and decorations nationwide?

  • A whopping $9 billion.

  • Putting on a costume and going out trick or treating is the most well-known Halloween tradition.

  • The top two costumes worn by adults in 2018?

  • Witch and vampire.

  • Even pets participate in this holiday.

  • The top costume for our furry friends

  • that same year was a pumpkin.

  • Halloween is a holiday that celebrates all things terrifying

  • but its origins are closer to all things holy.

  • In fact, the celebration was once called All Hallows Eve and it celebrated the lives of Catholic saints

  • but more on that later.

  • So when did we start to dress up as monsters and carve out pumpkins for a holiday that commemorated saints?

  • And what does trick or treating have to do with an ancient Catholic holiday?

  • Youre watching Explore Mode and in this episode were going to dive into the origins of Halloween.

  • Halloween as we know it today does not have a single origin.

  • It’s more of a mix and match of different traditions that evolved and migrated with the people who

  • practiced them from Europe to the rest of the world.

  • But let’s start with a 2,000 year-old Celtic festival called Samhain

  • This pagan holiday marked the end of the harvest season and the beginning of winter.

  • It was celebrated on the eve of October 31st and ended on November 1st.

  • On October 31,

  • the Celts would burn livestock and part of the summer harvest

  • as sacrifices to the Celtic deities to symbolically share their harvest with the gods.

  • Apart from marking the end of the year’s most abundant period,

  • the Celts believed that on the night winter started,

  • a door to the world of the dead would open,

  • allowing spirits and supernatural beings to wander into the world of the living.

  • In order to please the potential monsters and fairies crossing over to the human world,

  • the Celts would prepare offerings for them and wear costumes and masks to hide their true identities from the spirits.

  • The festival was celebrated in parts of the United Kingdom, Ireland and northern France,

  • which is until Catholicism entered the picture.

  • Around the 8th Century, Catholicism was expanding and they weren’t too fond of pagan festivities like Samhain.

  • So Pope Gregory III took a church-sanctioned holiday

  • that celebrated martyrs and saints on May 31st and moved it to November 1.

  • We know this holiday today as All Saints Day

  • But back then it was known as Hallowmas which can be roughly translated into

  • the mass for the holy people”,

  • and the evening before, October 31st,

  • was known as All HallowsEve, which eventually ended up being abbreviated into Halloween.

  • Ironically, the Christian celebration was heavily influenced by Samhain.

  • Because the holiday celebrated the souls of those who had passed,

  • Christian devouts believed that the spirits of the deceased were allowed to roam

  • the Earth to seek their final vengeance rom those who had harmed them before moving on to the afterlife.

  • As a precaution, the living would dress up in costumes or wear masks to avoid being targeted by vengeful ghosts.

  • In Guatemala,

  • people didn’t hide away from the evil spirits that visited in Hallowmas, instead, they scared the ghouls away.

  • During All Saints Day, people in some Latin American countries visit the graves of their loved ones to

  • decorate their tombs with offerings and mementos from their past lives on Earth.

  • In the town of Sumpango in Guatemala though,

  • locals realized that evil spirits would also come down during this holiday,

  • scaring the souls of their loved ones.

  • Finally, after years of this inconvenience, the people of Sumpango went to the town elders to look for a solution.

  • Their answer?

  • Scare those evil spirits back.

  • The town leaders told their people that the loud sound of paper against the wind

  • would be enough to ward off these demons and so the townspeople got to work.

  • They created large,

  • colorful kites and flew them across the sky on All Saints Day,

  • warding off the spirits and allowing their loved ones to visit peacefully.

  • This tradition lives on today,

  • and every year the people of Sumpango spend months making these enormous kites that can reach from 16 to 52 feet in height.

  • However, the kites made today aren’t only to ward off ghouls.

  • Now theyre seen as mystical message carriers that can connect the human world to the spirit world.

  • Halloween traditions have their roots in Europe.

  • In 15th Century England,

  • poor children would go outsouling”,

  • which means they would go from door to door asking for soul cakes in exchange for prayers

  • for the giving family's deceased to be liberated from purgatory.

  • The Scottish and people in other parts of Britain and Ireland

  • practiced another tradition calledguising”,

  • in which children would put on costumes and,

  • in exchange for treats,

  • they’d put up a performance of some sort.

  • If the neighbors liked the kidstricks

  • they’d get gifts such as nuts, apples, or coins.

  • This is thought to be the origin of trick or treating.

  • As the years passed the celebration became more and more popular in Europe,

  • but it didn’t make its way into America until the 1840s,

  • during the Potato Famine, which caused a large group of Irish and Scottish immigrants to enter the U.S. and Canada,

  • and with them, they brought Halloween.

  • The Irish and Scottish families introduced Halloween traditions like pumpkin carving,

  • bobbing for apples, dressing up in costumes and of course, trick or treating.

  • When kids were denied candy, they’d play a small prank on the neighbors,

  • like stealing a wheel from their wagon or stealing the gates to their houses.

  • Although bobbing for apples was popularized by Halloween celebrators,

  • its roots are both Celtic and Roman.

  • When Romans conquered Celtic territories they brought with them apple trees,

  • which to them, represented Pomona, the goddess of plenty.

  • Many rituals surrounding abundance, wealth and fertility would be celebrated with apples.

  • It was particularly popular to predict romance.

  • It was believed that if a woman placed an apple under her pillow she would meet her future partner in her dreams.

  • An early version of bobbing for apples would have women race towards a line of hanging apples,

  • the first to bite one would be the first to marry.

  • Eventually, the apple made its appearance in Halloween parties.

  • In the 1800s, the most popular apple game was Snap-Apple.

  • Here’s how it worked:

  • a piece of wood would be hung horizontally from the roof,

  • on one side there’d be an apple, on the other a burning candle.

  • The stick was then spun around by the players, and the participants had to take a bite of the apple without getting burned by hot wax.

  • Needless to say, Snap-Apple wasn't a kid-friendly game.

  • So, later on bobbing for apples in a container full of water

  • became more popular among family Halloween parties.

  • But although now we see trick or treating as an innocent holiday activity for children,

  • in the past, it was associated with teenage rioters.

  • Time for an Express Explore Explanation!

  • Start the clock.

  • In 1920s America, the tradition of trick or treating was taken over by mischievous youngsters

  • that would use Halloween as an excuse to commit acts of vandalism.

  • Teenagers reportedly started slashing car tires, setting fires, stoning windows and attacking authorities.

  • Things got so bad that in 1925, police broke up a Halloween teenage gathering by shooting at the adolescents.

  • Trick or treating for children didn’t come back until after the Second World War,

  • during which sugar rationing regulations were set.

  • However, in the 1950s the baby boomer generation brought back the innocence of trick or treating, and it hasn’t left since.

  • Halloween celebrations today seem to attract more young adults.

  • According to the National Retail Federation,

  • consumers ages 18 to 24 years old are the most likely demographic to celebrate the scary holiday this year.

  • Data shows 73 percent of American young adults will dress in a costume and, surprisingly,

  • 23 percent of them will go out trick or treating.

  • Social media also plays a role in modern Halloween.

  • 25 percent of women looked for costumes on Pinterest and 19 percent of men took to YouTube to look for their disguises.

  • But regardless of where you get your DIY costume inspiration from or how you celebrate Halloween,

  • it’s still the one holiday that will bring everyone together in the name of all things terrifying,

  • and that is worth dressing up for.

  • Thanks for watching Explore Mode, if you liked this video hit the thumbs up button.

  • If you want to explore even more with us, make sure to hit the subscribe and bell button so you get a notification whenever we upload a new episode.

  • If youre interested in more of our videos,

  • check out our playlist!

  • See you next week,

  • in the meantime, remember to keep your explore mode: on.

In 2018,

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B2 中高級 美國腔

The Origin of Halloween | Why do we wear costumes for Halloween? | EXPLORE MODE

  • 6 0
    nao 發佈於 2021 年 10 月 06 日
影片單字