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  • Narrator: For these $300 million cruise ships,

  • this is the end of the line.

  • Because of the pandemic, Carnival, Costa,

  • and Pullmantur cruise lines have all sent ships

  • to western Turkey for demolition.

  • Here, there'll be ripped to shreds deck by deck

  • and sold for parts.

  • But dismantling a ship that holds 2,000 passengers?

  • Well, that's ...

  • One of the most dangerous jobs in the world.

  • Narrator: Ship-breakers saw off massive sections

  • of the hull and move them overhead.

  • There's millions of dollars' worth of parts at stake,

  • but any misstep could mean injury

  • or hurting the environment.

  • And it's only gotten harder with lots of new arrivals.

  • We take you inside the yard

  • turning these floating hotels into this.

  • Before the pandemic, the Aliaga ship-breaking yards

  • were pretty quiet.

  • Normally, the 22 yards only demolished

  • a few dozen cargo ships a year.

  • But when the pandemic wrecked the cruising industry,

  • more and more cruise ships ended up here.

  • After losing more than $4 billion in the second quarter

  • of 2020, Carnival Cruise Lines decided

  • it was more affordable to sell its old ships for parts

  • than try to keep them operating.

  • Aliaga will be the last stop for Carnival's Inspiration,

  • Imagination, and Fantasy ships.

  • Captains navigate the cruise liners from the US,

  • UK, and Italy.

  • They coordinate with the harbormaster to beach ships.

  • Nicola: Then the whole front of the vessel is grounded

  • on the shore while the stern still floats.

  • Emre Aras: We plan how we cut the vessels

  • together with our technical department.

  • Narrator: Then 2,500 ship-breakers set out

  • to remove any valuable material.

  • Emre: There are very expensive navigational equipment

  • at breach side.

  • Narrator: Working one deck at a time,

  • crews take out all the furniture, mostly by hand.

  • We're talking everything from chairs, tables, and pianos

  • to light fixtures and beds.

  • Emre: I can easily say that cruise vessels

  • are the hardest vessel type to dismantle because, you know,

  • there are hundreds of rooms on board.

  • Narrator: Then they move onto amenities,

  • dismantling gyms, pools, and theaters.

  • Stripping walls, windows, floors, and handrails is next.

  • This is where lots of saws and blowtorches come in.

  • Nicola: Workers risk daily falling from great heights,

  • inhaling toxic gases during cutting operations,

  • being hit by falling objects.

  • And the blowtorch comes with fire hazards.

  • Emre: They are working in very high degrees under the sun

  • in summertimes, or they are working in very extreme

  • conditions in wintertime.

  • Narrator: Since October 2022, two workers have died

  • from falling objects.

  • Emre: The vessel lies on water,

  • so there is not any way for the ambulance to reach

  • in case of emergency situations.

  • Narrator: Despite these injuries,

  • working conditions in Aliaga

  • are better than those of the world's

  • biggest ship-breaking yards.

  • Nicola: In South Asia, in Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan,

  • where most of the end-of-life vessels end up every year,

  • dozens of people die or get injured in the process.

  • Narrator: Those yards in South Asia

  • use the dangerous gravity method.

  • Nicola: That is dropping huge blocks into the water

  • onto the beach.

  • Narrator: But in Turkey, workers lift ship parts

  • with a massive crane.

  • Emre: Which has a 2,000-ton capacity

  • in our shore site, and we cut big blocks at the vessel.

  • And by using this huge crane, we take these big blocks

  • at our secondary cutting zone.

  • Narrator: Aliaga hasn't always had the safest yards.

  • In the late '90s, Turkey was just as bad as South Asia.

  • But in 2002, Greenpeace released a report

  • that revealed the unsafe work conditions here,

  • and the world took notice.

  • Nicola: As a reaction to this international criticism,

  • things have improved considerably.

  • Narrator: Things got even safer in 2018

  • when some Aliaga yards started complying

  • with the European Union ship-breaking regulation.

  • That's why Carnival chose two yards here

  • for its end-of-life ships.

  • Those EU guidelines have also raised the standards

  • for environmental practices.

  • Every cruise ship has dozens of toxins hidden inside.

  • Things like asbestos in pipes, heavy metals in paints,

  • biological hazards from sewage tanks, radioactive material

  • from gauges, and the list goes on.

  • Left unchecked, they can seep into the soil, beach, and water,

  • where they've destroyed local marine habitats

  • and water systems around ship-breaking yards before.

  • But because of these new regulations, Aliaga got newer

  • and better drainage systems and cement floors

  • in the secondary cutting area so workers weren't cutting

  • ship parts on open beach.

  • They also got new oil booms for containing oil spills,

  • a new waste management center for properly disposing

  • of those toxins in the ship,

  • and a better asbestos removal process.

  • Nicola: Practices have improved, but there are still

  • concerns related to the long-term impact on the health

  • of the workers due to exposure to toxic substances.

  • Narrator: Nicola says many workers

  • aren't aware of these risks,

  • and the rest choose the job anyway because of the high pay.

  • After the ship is demolished,

  • this is all that's left.

  • While the whole process takes six months for a cargo ship,

  • it takes a lot longer for a cruise ship.

  • Emre: Almost one year, maybe more.

  • Narrator: Workers move everything pulled off the ships

  • into separate piles: electronics, light fixtures, textiles,

  • furniture, glass, and machinery.

  • Buyers interested in cruise memorabilia

  • claim the life jackets, art, and maps from antique sellers.

  • But what about all that metal?

  • In 2020, Omil estimates workers pulled over

  • a million tons of steel off cruise ships here,

  • and that will all be recycled.

  • Nicola: Recycling steel instead of mining

  • the raw materials reduces, definitely, energy requirements

  • and the carbon footprint.

  • Narrator: It's estimated scrap metal from one ship

  • could pull in around $4 million in profit

  • for the ship-breaking association.

  • Emre: You can make good money because

  • there are lots of things on board for secondhand sales.

  • Narrator: Demolishing these bigger ships

  • has led to larger profits

  • and a growing workforce for Aliaga shipyards.

  • Narrator: But as ship-breaking booms,

  • it comes on the heels of a crumbling cruise industry.

Narrator: For these $300 million cruise ships,

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How $300 Million Cruise Ships Are Demolished | Big Business(How $300 Million Cruise Ships Are Demolished | Big Business)

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    moge0072008 發佈於 2021 年 10 月 04 日
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