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  • Stars and nature headlined today's show and we've even got some cheese to top things off later.


  • I'm Carl Azuz, it's great to have you watching.

    我是 Carl Azuz,歡迎回到我們的節目。

  • A couple of hundred miles off the northwestern coast of Africa is where you'll find the Canary Islands.


  • This archipelago is officially a part of Spain, and that's why Spain's Prime Minister traveled there this week.


  • He wanted to get a firsthand look at a volcanic eruption on the island of La Palma.


  • For the first time in 50 years, the Cumbre Vieja Volcano had a major eruption on Sunday.

    禮拜天的大爆發是老峰火山 50 年來第一次爆發。

  • It wasn't a complete surpriseSpanish volcanologists said they detected more than 25,000 earthquakes around the volcano over the past couple weeks.

    西班牙的火山學家說,他們早在過去幾個禮拜就在火山周圍探測到了超過 25,000 次的地震,所以對這一次的火山爆發並不意外。

  • Still, emergency workers evacuated 5,000 people from the area closest to Cumbre Viejamore than 80,000 in all live on the island of La Palma.

    不過為安全起見,緊急救援人員還是疏散了住在老峰火山附近的 5,000 名居民,拉帕瑪島上住著超過 80,000 人口。

  • And while officials say no injuries or deaths have been reported from the eruption, some houses have been damaged or destroyed, and at least one highway has been cut off by lava.


  • Hundreds of firefighters have been mustered to guard against any blazes the flowing lava might cause.


  • Residents have been told to keep their distance from the volcano; ships have been told to steer clear of the waters around Cumbre Vieja because lava flowing into the sea could be a threat to them.


  • The Canary Islands are a popular tourist spot for European and other visitors⏤400 of them were evacuated from a hotel in La Palma and taken to another island.

    作為熱門旅遊勝地,加那利群島每年接待許多歐洲和其他國家遊客。在這一次的火山爆發中,400 名遊客被當局從拉帕馬的一家飯店接到另一個島上。

  • A Canary Islands government official says the eruption of molten lava and ash is likely to continue for days.


  • With about 1,500 volcanoes on Earth, it's no wonder we worry about these mountains of molten rock.

    全球共有多達 1,500 座火山,這些熔岩山一旦爆發起來非同小可,所以火山的活動長期受到人們關注。

  • But why do they erupt?


  • More than 80% of the Earth's surface above and below sea level is volcanic, and deep below, the Earth's tectonic plates are always moving.

    海平面以上和以下,超過 80% 地表面積都是由火山構成,在地表之下,構造板塊總是在移動。

  • Most volcanic activity occurs where these plates collide.


  • Deep within the earth, it is so hot that rock slowly melt and become magma.


  • Because this flowing substance is lighter than the rocks around it, it rises.


  • When some of these tectonic plates shift, the magma rises even higher.


  • Some of the magma pushes through the cracks in the Earth's crustat vents and at fissuresand reaches the surface where it is then called lava.


  • What kind of eruption the volcano will have, depends on the properties of the magma.


  • Thin and runny magma means gas trying to escape can do so easily.


  • When this happens, the lava will flow out of the volcano.


  • We've seen this with Hawaii's volcanoes because the lava flows slowly, people can get away quickly, and it rarely results in victims.


  • But thick and sticky magma is a different story.


  • There's less room for gases to escape and the pressure mounts.


  • Gas gets trapped in the magma, which then explodes at the surface.


  • This is called an explosive eruption, and we've seen it with Mt. Edna in Sicily and Mt. St. Helen's in the US.


  • 10-second trivia: Which of these fish can only survive in saltwater?

    10 秒問答!這些魚類中,哪些只能在鹹水中生存?

  • Sockeye salmon, Bull shark, Atlantic stingray, or Seahorse.


  • All of these fish have been found in oceans and freshwater rivers except for the seahorse, which only lives in saltwater.


  • Seahorses, as you're about to see, are fascinating creatures; they can be as small as an inch or as large as a foot long.


  • They're found in warm and cold waters all over the world, but they can be threatened by a fishing practice called bottom trawling.


  • This is when a boat tows a weighted net along the ocean floor.


  • It's very effective in catching large amounts of popular seafood from crab and shrimp to flounder and whiting, and improvements in the methods and nets used have reduced the environmental problems that bottom trawling can cause.


  • But according to Amanda Vincent, a university professor and Rolex Awards laureate, bottom trawling is still a danger to seahorses, and she's working to protect them.


  • I think the first time you ever look at a seahorse, you're fascinated by them; they're almost mythical.


  • Fabled fish of the ancient gods and now an aquarium favorite.


  • Meet the Tigertail, the Hedgehog, and the Pygmy, some of the 46 known species of seahorse that scientists have struggled to identify due to their expertise in camouflage, which helps them avoid predators.

    虎尾海馬、棘海馬和豆丁海馬是目前已知的 46 種海馬之一。因為這群動物擅於偽裝以躲避捕食者,所以多年來科學家花費了大量時間來識別它們。

  • They change color when they court; they form permanent pair bonds; the male and female come together and dance every morning.


  • I mean, these animals are the coolest fish, they really are.


  • One predator that seahorses haven't been able to avoid is humans.


  • Their habitats in coral reefs, sea grasses, and mangroves across the world are increasingly under threat.


  • The biggest single threat to seahorses is bottom trawling, every day.


  • Hundreds of thousands of trawlers scrape the ocean bottom, and they remove everything in their path, leaving devastation behind and its annihilation fishing, pure and simple, and it has to stop.


  • Amanda Vincent is a marine conservationist and one of the world's leading experts on seahorses.


  • She has spent over 30 years studying these tiny creatures with big personalities.

    她花了 30 多年的時間來研究這些有著大個性的小動物。

  • We usually tell people not to touch a seahorse if you see it, but I've had to touch them in my professional work and it's riveting.


  • You tickle their little tails and they let go of whatever they're holding and they grasp your hand instead.


  • I mean, when did you last have a fish hold your hand?


  • It's just a feeling, an instant surge of connection with this animal.


  • Vincent co-founded "Project Seahorse" in 1996, a conservation and research organization which campaigns for stronger regulations on fishing practices and wildlife trade.

    文森在 1996 年與夥伴共同發起了國際海馬保育組織「海馬計畫」,專門保育和研究海馬,並倡議更嚴格監管破壞性捕魚行為和野生動物交易。

  • They have succeeded in changing national and international legislation to help protect seahorses and established 35 marine protected areas in the Philippines, home to 10 species of seahorse.

    他們成功地促使國家和國際立法保護海馬,並在擁有 10 種海馬的菲律賓建立了 35 個海洋保護區。

  • During her research, Vincent uncovered a huge global trade in seahorses, a popular ingredient in Chinese medicine worldwide, including in her native Canada.


  • We tallied it up to be 20, 30 million animals a year, among about 80 countriesit was huge.

    全球大約 80 個國家平均一年消費 2,000 萬至 3,000 萬隻海馬——這個數量非常龐大。

  • In terms of number of individual animals traded, it's one of the biggest wildlife trades by far.


  • So it was really important to take action.


  • We then generated the first-ever export controls on marine fishes.


  • That led to a lot of countries actually closing down their seahorse trade legally.


  • After a lifelong crusade against harmful fishing methods, Vincent is always on the lookout for sustainable alternatives, and she finds it here in the village of Steveston in Vancouver.


  • - Hey, you've got spot prawns. - We have live spot prawns.

    - 嘿!你今天有賣斑點蝦!- 對啊,我們今天捕到了斑點蝦。

  • They're caught by trapsno habitat destruction, no bycatch of other animalsthey're the only shrimp I ever eat.


  • So wewhen were these guys fished?


  • Questioning where your seafood comes from is one way to help protect marine life, Vincent says


  • If you can avoid eating anything connected with bottom trawling, you will have done a great service to the ocean.


  • And for Vincent, serving the ocean means making us fall in love with these mysterious mythical creatures.


  • I find that when you talk seahorses, everybody cares.


  • Essentially, we're using seahorses to help save the seas; if we get it right for these funky little fishes, we will have done a lot for the ocean.


  • This is a planet worth protecting.


  • Tell us how you're answering the call with the hashtag #CallToEarth.

    用標籤 #CallToEarth 的方式告訴我們,你會怎麼響應文森保護地球的呼籲。

  • In fact, as part of the new partnership with the Rolex luxury watch company, CNN is highlighting a planet worth protecting with the first-ever "Called To Earth Day".

    事實上,配合不久前與勞力士豪華手錶公司落實的新合作關係,CNN 呈獻了以「地球日」為主題的系列報導。

  • It takes place on November 10.

    並將 11 月 10 日定為活動推展日。

  • If you or your school would like to learn more, please visit


  • It's not everyday someone tries to break the world record for the longest piece of string cheese. But hey, at the Weyauwega Star Dairy in Weyauwega, Wisconsin, breaking cheesy records is what they're all about.

    美國威斯康辛州 Weyauwega 市一家乳製品加工廠 Weyauwega Star Dairy 締造了最長起司的吉尼斯世界紀錄。

  • More than 1,700 people took hold of the single piece of cheese as it was unraveled from a tractor.

    紀錄挑戰者用拖拉機搬運起司條,並找來了 1,700 多人幫忙托住這長長一條的起司。

  • After it doubled back, people held part of a 3,832-foot piece of string cheese history; it was almost three quarters of a mile long.

    因為長度太長的關係,起司還被對折起來。這個四分之三英里長的隊伍,托起了總長度達 3,832 英尺的起司。

  • I know what you're thinking: Carl is about to make some cheesy puns.

    我知道你在想什麼:Carl 又要玩雙關語的梗了。

  • And you "cheddar" believe it!


  • You know I "ri-gotta" "mascar-pony" up and stay linguistically "limburger" by "briely" cutting loose with all the "munsterous" and "gouda" puns you "camombert".


  • That's the fun thing about cheese puns; we just eat them up.


  • I'm Carl Azuz, yousome of you anywayare watching from Medford High School; it is in Medford, Minnesota.

    我是 Carl Azuz,呼叫明尼蘇達州的 Medford 高中學生們!對!我說的就是你們!

  • Thank you for subscribing and commenting on our YouTube channel. That's "mozzer-alla" for CNN.


Stars and nature headlined today's show and we've even got some cheese to top things off later.


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