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  • So yesterday morning, I'm running a bit late, I grab a piece of toast and

    是以,昨天早上,我跑得有點晚,我抓起一塊吐司和

  • head out to my car, but my car won't start. So I have to take the bus.

    我去找我的車,但我的車無法啟動。所以我不得不坐公車。

  • Now, let me pause me right there.

    現在,讓我在這裡暫停一下。

  • Did you notice anything unusual grammatically about what she,

    你有沒有注意到她在文法上有什麼不尋常的地方。

  • I just said? When did all this happen?

    我只是說?這一切是什麼時候發生的?

  • So yesterday morning. I'm running a bit late ...

    所以昨天早上。我跑得有點晚 ...

  • Yesterday morning. So it's past, right?

    昨天上午。所以它已經過去了,對嗎?

  • OK, so listen again. How many past verb forms can you hear?

    好,再聽一遍。你能聽到多少個過去式動詞形式?

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  •    

  • Thank you, Joanne. Right, let's look at the score.

    謝謝你,喬安。對了,讓我們看看分數。

  • Now would you look at that:

    現在你可以看看這個。

  • zero, nil, nothing, zilch, nought.

    零,無,無,零,無。

  • I think we can agree that this did happen in the past.

    我想我們可以同意,這在過去確實發生過。

  • So how is it that Joanne didn't use any past forms?

    那麼,為什麼喬安沒有使用任何過去式呢?

  • Did I, she make a mistake? Well, surprisingly, no.

    我,她是否犯了一個錯誤?嗯,令人驚訝的是,沒有。

  • Let me explain how it's possible to use the present

    讓我解釋一下如何使用現在的可能性

  • to talk about the past. We call it the historical present,

    來談論過去。我們稱其為歷史的現在。

  • or it may also be called the dramatic present or narrative present.

    或者也可以稱為戲劇性的現在或敘事性的現在。

  • We use it a lot when we tell jokes or anecdotes, for example,

    例如,我們在講笑話或軼事時經常使用它。

  • because using present forms to describe past actions makes

    因為用現在的形式來描述過去的行動會使

  • the story seem more immediate, more engaging, more personal.

    這個故事看起來更直接,更有吸引力,更有個性。

  • We also see present forms being used for the past a lot in news headlines,

    在新聞頭條中,我們也經常看到現在形式被用於過去。

  • whether read by news readers or written in print or online.

    無論是新聞讀者的閱讀,還是印刷品或網絡的寫作。

  • And historians might use it to talk about the ancient past

    而歷史學家可能會用它來談論古代的事情

  • in a way to make history more appealing.

    以一種使歷史更有吸引力的方式。

  •   In 1066 William the Conqueror invades

    1066年,征服者威廉入侵了

  • and thousands of new words enter the English language.

    和成千上萬的新詞進入英語語言。

  • Now, in all of these cases, we could use past forms.

    現在,在所有這些情況下,我們可以使用過去式。

  • Let's get Joanne back to tell us the story again,

    讓喬安回來再給我們講講這個故事吧。

  •   only this time using past forms.

    只是這次使用了過去式。

  • Let's have a look at the past form score board,

    讓我們來看看過去的形式記分牌。

  • and we've got a grand total of five.

    而我們總共有五個。

  • Exactly the same events, but using past forms.

    完全相同的事件,但使用過去的形式。

  • It's not quite as involving, not quite as engaging, but it is still correct.

    它不太涉及,不那麼吸引人,但它仍然是正確的。

  • Now, I want to go back to the car.

    現在,我想回到車上去。

  • My car won't start.

    我的車無法啟動。

  • Notice here that we have what might appear to be a future form being

    請注意,在這裡我們有一個可能看起來是未來的形式被

  • used in the present to talk about something that happened in the past.

    用在現在,談論過去發生的事情。

  • The first thing to mention here is that

    這裡要提到的第一件事是

  • 'will' is not really a future form.

    will'不是一個真正的未來形式。

  • It's a modal auxiliary and we do use it to talk about an intention

    它是一個語氣助詞,我們確實用它來談論一個意圖。

  • to do something in the future, say, for example, opening a window.

    在未來做一些事情,比如說,打開一扇窗戶。

  • It's hot. I'll open the window.

    天氣很熱。我把窗戶打開。

  • The act of opening the window might be in the future,

    打開窗戶的行為可能是在未來。

  • but the intention to open it is in the present, at the moment of speaking.

    但打開它的意圖是在現在,在說話的時刻。

  • It might seem weird, but 'will' actually refers to present time, not future time.

    這可能看起來很奇怪,但'將'實際上指的是現在的時間,而不是未來的時間。

  • And believe it or not, it's the same for would and wouldn't.

    信不信由你,會和不會都一樣。

  • In the same way that will and won't are not about future time,

    同樣地,將和不將都不是關於未來的時間。

  • would and wouldn't aren't about past time.

    會和不會都不是關於過去的時間。

  • It's a bit more tricky to get your head around that point.

    在這一點上,你的想法就比較棘手了。

  • So I would prefer to talk about that another time.

    是以,我更願意下次再談這個問題。

  • Oh look! I just use 'would' to talk about something that hasn't happened yet.

    哦,看啊!我只是用'會'來談論還沒有發生的事情。

  • Hmm. An example that shows it can't be the past.

    嗯。一個例子表明它不可能是過去的。

  • So I'm going to have to knock off a point from our past-o-meter.

    是以,我不得不從我們的 "過去-o-表 "中減去一個點。

  • Before I leave you, one more thing to make you think.

    在我離開你之前,還有一件事要讓你思考。

  • As we've seen, 'will' is used for an intention,

    正如我們所看到的,"意願 "被用來表示一種意圖。

  • a plan, an idea to do something. So when we say:

    一個計劃,一個做某事的想法。是以,當我們說:

  • My car won't start!

    我的車無法啟動!

  • Are we suggesting the car doesn't have the will to start,

    我們是否暗示汽車沒有啟動的意願。

  • it has chosen not to start just to wind us up, just to make us angry?

    它選擇不開始只是為了讓我們上火,只是為了讓我們生氣?

  • It may be we choose to give the human quality of stubbornness to

    可能是我們選擇了將人類的固執品質賦予

  • an inanimate object as a way to express our frustration.

    一個無生命的物體作為表達我們挫折感的方式。

  • Well, my car certainly is inanimate at the moment, and that is very frustrating.

    好吧,我的車此刻肯定是沒有生命的,這讓人很沮喪。

So yesterday morning, I'm running a bit late, I grab a piece of toast and

是以,昨天早上,我跑得有點晚,我抓起一塊吐司和

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A2 初級 中文 形式 過去式 喬安 啟動 意圖 使用

使用歷史上的現在時來改善你的笑話和故事!| 英語語法課程 (Using the Historical Present to Improve YOUR Jokes and Stories! | English Grammar Lesson)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 09 月 13 日
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