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  • The storm has passed, but recovery efforts are just getting going in Louisiana and Mississippi, and that's where we start today's show.


  • Thank you for watching; my name is Carl Azuz.

    謝謝觀看,我叫 Carl Azuz。

  • When Hurricane Ida made landfall in southern Louisiana on Sunday and then moved inland,


  • it ripped roofs off homes and buildings, flooded houses and roads, flattened trees, and knocked power lines all over the place.


  • Some of them reportedly wound up in the Mississippi River.


  • We don't know yet how many people were killed in the storm, but the damage in some places was catastrophic.


  • To give you a sense of the storm's strength, this is a shot from a fishing camp when the winds were calm and Port Fourchon, Louisiana, and this is that same shot as the winds and waves of the Category 4 hurricane directly hit the port.

    為了讓你了解風暴的強度,請看這個片段,這是風平浪靜的路易斯安那州富爾瓊港的釣魚營地,接著這是同個港口直接遭到 4 級颶風的風浪襲擊的影像。

  • The man who sent us this video was not at the camp at the time.


  • About 40 miles northwest of Port Fourchon, every road in a nearby parish was blocked on Sunday night.

    週日晚上,在福爾瓊港西北約 40 英里處,附近教區的每條道路都被封鎖。

  • And about 50 miles north of where Hurricane Ida made landfall, the entire city of New Orleans lost electricity, as did hundreds of thousands of other people throughout Louisiana and part of neighboring Mississippi.

    在颶風艾達登陸地點往北約 50 英里處,整個新奧爾良市都斷電了,路易斯安那州和鄰近的密西西比州的部分地區也有數十萬戶停電。

  • Tens of thousands of electrical workers from across the US have been organized to go to the region and work on restoring the power there.


  • Louisiana governor John Bel Edwards requested that the federal government approved a major disaster declaration for the state and President Joe Biden did that.


  • What this means is that federal assistance and money will be made more readily available to help with recovery efforts.


  • Hospitals were damaged and are running on backup power generators.


  • Rescuers are getting reports of people who climbed into their attics and onto their roofs as floodwaters rose around their homes.


  • Louisiana has been hit by Category 4 hurricanes in the past.

    路易斯安那州過去曾遭受過 4 級颶風的襲擊。

  • One time was last year, when Hurricane Laura roared into the community of Cameron, and the other was in 1856, when the Last Island Hurricane struck.

    其中一次是在去年,颶風勞拉呼嘯進入卡梅倫社區,另一次是在 1856 年,拉斯特島颶風襲擊時。

  • Along with Ida, these three storms are tied for the most powerful on record to hit the state.


  • Ida weakened, as hurricanes tend to do after moving over land; meteorologists say its big threat now is rain.


  • After dumping as much as 24 inches in parts of Louisiana and Mississippi, the system is moving north through Tennessee toward Ohio, and it's expected to soak several states in the region along the way.

    在路易斯安那州和密西西比州的部分地區傾倒多達 24 英吋的降雨後,該颶風正在穿過田納西州往北向俄亥俄州移動,預計沿途會造成該地區的幾個州淹水。

  • Houma, Louisiana is about 45 miles northwest of where Hurricane Ida made landfall; Jason Carroll gives us a sense of the destruction the storm left behind.

    路易斯安那州的霍瑪位於颶風艾達登陸的西北約 45 英里處;記者 Jason Carroll 將帶我們感受風暴在該地造成的破壞。

  • The best way to describe it is, no matter where you look in this section of Houma, there seems to be some form of descrudestruction.


  • Take a look behind me.


  • That particular houseuh, just a few moments ago, I had an opportunity to speak to the man who grew up in that house.


  • That was a house yesterday, before Ida, uh, took a wrath and took her toll on this community.


  • He says he grew up here; it's been in his house, in his family, uh, since his great grandmother lived there.


  • They came out there today to salvage what they could, uh, it was heart-wrenching.


  • He used to get his hair cut right across the street there at that barbershop.


  • You can see the roof is gone, the barbershop... nearly destroyed.


  • Right next to that, though, that house's still standingspoke to the man who lives there, uh, he rode out the storm, decided to stay there with his wife; he did not want to evacuate.

    不過,就在正旁邊的那棟房子仍保持完好——我有跟住在那裡的人談話,他說他克服了風暴,所以決定和他的妻子留在那裡; 他不想撤離。

  • He said he had ridden out storms in the past and thought he could ride out this onepart of his roof is gone, the car part isthe carport is gone.


  • He said at one point, it got so badyesterdayhe got down on his knees and prayed.


  • 10-second trivia: Which of these American inventors devised a method of air conditioning in 1902?

    10 秒問答:以下哪位美國發明家在 1902 年設計了空調?

  • Dave Lennox, Richard Rheem, James Trane, or Willis Carrier.

    戴夫·倫諾克斯、理查·瑞美、 詹姆斯·特蘭或威利斯·開利。

  • While developing an apparatus to reduce humidity, Willis Carrier also found it cooled the air.


  • So here's something kind of cool: A new type of cooling system that aims to copy the way the earth naturally cools itself.


  • It's being used to make buildings' air conditioning more efficient, but it does have its downsides.


  • For one thing, it doesn't work as well in places without a lot of sunlight, so rainy climates or seasons could be a problem.


  • Another is the priceit ain't cheap.


  • The company didn't tell us how much its panels cost, but it says they are more expensive than solar panels, which also require a lot of sunlight.


  • In some places with the right conditions and money, though, the new tech is having an impact.


  • Air conditioning accounts for 10% of all global electricity consumption and the demand for this type of cooling is expected to triple by 2050, which could strain already overworked electric grids.

    空調佔全球所有電力消耗的 10%,預計到 2050 年,對這種冷卻方式的需求將增加三倍,這可能會使已經過度運作的電網超出負荷。

  • As it gets hotter, air conditioners, refrigeration systems need more energy to run.


  • The more electricity we use for cooling, the more challenging it is to operate and provide electricity reliably.


  • That's why it's the company SkyCool's mission to make existing cooling systems run more efficiently by taking advantage of a phenomenon that exists in nature.

    這就是為什麼 SkyCool 公司的使命是通過利用自然界中存在的一種現象使現有的冷卻系統更有效地運作。

  • All objects give off heat in the form of invisible infrared radiation.


  • As heat leaves an object, it becomes cooler⏤a process known as radiative cooling.


  • But some objects can actually become colder than the air surrounding it.


  • It's part of the reason frost forms on grass, even if the air temperature is above freezing.


  • But this only happens at night.


  • Once the sun rises, the grass eventually warms back up.


  • So, SkyCool designed a new material with radiative cooling properties that work 24 hours a day.

    因此,SkyCool 設計了一種具有輻射冷卻特性的新材料,可以全天 24 小時工作。

  • Radiative cooling in the sense that we're doing has really never been out there beforethe effect was never observed during the day.


  • And by enabling it with these films that we've developed, you can now use this type of cooling even when it's under direct sunlight.


  • Developed using modern nanotechnology, the film has hundreds of tiny optical layers designed to admit a specific wavelength of radiation that maximizes cooling.


  • But it's also highly reflective, absorbing little energy so it stays cool even under the sun.


  • That combination of properties has never been found in nature.


  • They're incredibly reflective, like, I'm⏤they're almost blinding.


  • - But are they... are they actually physically cool to the touch? - Yeah, [inaudible].

    - 但是它們……它們真的摸起來很酷嗎? - 是的,[無法聽清楚]。

  • - Can I... can I touch them or am I gonna... - Of course, yeah.

    - 我可以……我可以碰它們嗎?還是我會…… - 當然可以。

  • ... blind and burn myself at the same time?


  • - Yeah, and so you can compare it to... - Oh, wow, yeah!

    - 是的,所以你可以把它跟...... - 哦,哇,沒錯!

  • ... any other surface on the roof, it'll be much cooler.


  • Yeah, they're much cooler than what I would expect.


  • - I mean, it's hoit's a hot day and that's... cool to the touch. - Yeah, yeah.

    - 我的意思是,天氣很熱,但摸起來卻是涼爽的。- 沒錯。

  • This is an infrared image of the panels on our roof.


  • You can see there's just a... a really stark contrast in... in temperature between the surfaces that are... these radiative cooling films and then the roof of the... the building.


  • And what is that temperature difference?


  • It's gonna be on the order of 40 Fahrenheit, it looks like.

    看起來大概是華氏 40 度。

  • And because the panels don't need any electricity to get cold, SkyCool says they can help a building's cooling system operate with less power.

    由於這些面板不需要任何電力來冷卻,SkyCool 表示它們可以幫助建築物的冷卻系統以更少的電力運作。

  • Here's how: First, the panels cool down water running through pipes embedded behind them.


  • Then, that cold water flows into a refrigeration or air conditioning system to help chill refrigerant liquidthat takes some of the work load off the condenser.


  • The less the condenser runs, the more money is saved in an energy bill.


  • Anything that we can do to take some of the load off of the power grids, I'm all for it.


  • In 2019, SkyCool installed its panels at this grocery store in Stockton, California, where it's hot and dry most of the year.

    2019 年,SkyCool 在加州斯托克頓的這家雜貨店安裝了面板,該地整年中大部分時間都炎熱乾燥。

  • The store says it saw a notable difference.


  • After we had our SkyCool system installed, our electricity company increased their rates on us.

    在我們安裝了 SkyCool 系統後,我們的電力公司提高了對我們的收費。

  • We actually didn't see our bill go up at all.


  • In fact, we saw it go just a little bit down; we've saved on average about 3,000 a month.

    事實上,我們還看到它下降了一點點; 我們平均每個月節省了大約 3,000 美元。

  • SkyCool has since installed panels at a retail store in southern California and a data center in Sacramento, helping to cool computer servers.

    自那以後,SkyCool 在南加州的一家零售店和薩克拉門托的數據中心安裝了面板,幫助冷卻電腦伺服器。

  • Eventually, SkyCool hopes to bring its energy-saving panels to other commercial buildings and, someday, to the roofs of homes.

    最終,SkyCool 希望將其節能板帶到其他商業建築中,並有朝一日將其帶進家庭的屋頂上。

  • In the future you could imagine using this on the roofs of uninsulated buildings in Asia or Africa, India, where it's expected to be... billions of air conditioners coming online in the next 30 years.

    在未來,你可以想像在亞洲或非洲、印度的未隔熱建築物的屋頂上使用它,預計在未來 30 年內將有數十億台空調投入使用。

  • I think we're just excited to... to be able to... to use this new technology for good.


  • Before we head out today, we have a really sweet story about Phoebe and FrankiePhoebe is the mama elephant, Frankie is her nine-week-old calf.

    在我們今天結束之前,還有一個關於 Phoebe 和 Frankie 的甜蜜故事——Phoebe 是大象媽媽,Frankie 是她九週大的小象寶寶。

  • They live and play together at the Columbus Zoo in Ohio.


  • Frankiewhich I think is the perfect namewas named after a woman called Francis; she was the mother of a zoo supporter.

    Frankie——我認為這是一個完美的名字——是以一位名叫 Francis 的女人的名字命名的; 她是一位動物園支持者的媽媽。

  • The Asian elephant calf looks really cute, but he would be a handful to cuddleat two months, Frankie weighed more than 460 pounds.

    這隻亞洲大象寶寶看起來真的很可愛,但牠已經抱不動了,Frankie 的體重在兩個月大就已經超過了 460 磅。

  • So Frankie, frankly, would be "frank fully" hefty to heft, but we're sure he does an "elephantastic" job of hoisting and hauling in visitors who "pacaderm" the place just to check out the "trunk" show.


  • Hey, want to thank you for checking out our new show.


  • Today's shout-out goes out to Francis Howell High School; it is located in St. Charles, Missouri.


  • If you don't go there and you want a chance to get your school mentioned, please subscribe and leave a comment at 10. I'm Carl Azuz.

    如果你不是就讀那間學校,並且希望自己的學校能被提及,就趕快訂閱並在 CNN10 的 Youtube 頻道留言。我是 Carl Azuz。

The storm has passed, but recovery efforts are just getting going in Louisiana and Mississippi, and that's where we start today's show.


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