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  • What am I supposed to do without your  love? Oh, hi. James from EngVid and welcome,  

    沒有你的愛我該怎麼辦呢?哦,你好。我是EngVid的詹姆斯,歡迎你。

  • future native speakers. E's making fun of mebecause he's saying, what are you supposed to do?  

    未來的母語者。E在取笑我,因為他在說,你應該怎麼做?

  • Because my seeing isn't that great. But  he's actually bringing up today's lesson.  

    因為我的視力不是很好。但他實際上是在提起今天的課程。

  • And what we're going to learn today  is the modal verb that is used for  

    而我們今天要學習的是用於以下方面的情態動詞

  • obligation, expectation, and plans: supposed toPeople sometimes confuse supposed to with must,  

    義務,期望,和計劃:應該。 人們有時會把應該和必須混為一談。

  • and have to. I've done a lesson on that. So you  can go check that out on the website at EngVid.  

    並且不得不這樣做。我已經做了一個關於這個問題的課程。所以你可以去EngVid的網站上看看。

  • But today, what we want to work  on specifically is supposed to,  

    但今天,我們要具體工作的應該是。

  • and how am I going to do that? Well, I'm going to  reduce you to the three most common ways people  

    以及我將如何做到這一點?好吧,我將把你減少到人們最常見的三種方式

  • use it and give you examples. Okay. And  then we're going to do a quiz, of course,  

    使用它並給你舉例。好的。然後我們要做一個測驗,當然了。

  • to test your knowledge on it. Why is it importantbecause supposed to is about plans. And we all  

    來測試你對它的認識。為什麼它很重要,因為它應該是關於計劃的。而我們都

  • know we make plans, from flying to different  countries to what we're going to have for dinner.  

    我們知道我們制定計劃,從飛往不同國家到我們要吃什麼晚餐。

  • So supposed to will help us make sure  you sound more like a native speaker?  

    所以應該會幫助我們確保你的聲音更像一個母語者?

  • Are you ready? Let's go to the board. So what are you supposed to do? Supposed to:  

    你準備好了嗎?讓我們去看板。那麼你應該做什麼?應該是這樣。

  • our first meaning we look at is to talk about  expectations, what you think should happen.  

    我們看的第一個意思是談論期望,你認為應該發生什麼。

  • So if you went to a store, and you saw thisyou said “$20? It's supposed to be on sale.”  

    是以,如果你去一家商店,看到這個,你說 "20美元?這應該是在打折。"

  • My expectation was it should be $15. But it's  not 15, it's 20. That's more than I expected.  

    我的期望是它應該是15美元。但它不是15美元,而是20美元。這超過了我的預期。

  • And that's where the expectations come inIt's an idea that you've had in your head,  

    而這正是期望的來源。 這是你頭腦中的一個想法。

  • about a way a thing should be alright, if you're  going on a date, and you go out of, I'm going on a  

    如果你要去約會,你去了,我去了。

  • date to meet a woman, I come out, I've seen her on  Tinder or whatever. And I look at her Whoa, you're  

    約會一個女人,我走出來,我在Tinder或其他地方看到她。然後我看著她,哇,你是

  • supposed to be smaller. Maybe she's 20 feet tall.  I'm like, I expected you this tall, not basketball  

    應該更小。也許她有20英尺高。 我想,我希望你有這麼高,而不是打籃球。

  • height. Who knows, you never know. Okay, so my  example is: “supposed to be on sale”, you thought  

    高度。誰知道呢,你永遠不知道。好的,所以我的例子是。"應該是在銷售",你認為

  • it would be one price, but it's another price. Now we talk about obligations. An obligation  

    這將是一個價格,但這是另一個價格。現在我們談一談義務。一項義務

  • is similar to an expectation, but they are  different. An obligation is similar to more like  

    與期望相似,但它們是不同的。義務類似於更像

  • must, something that you should do, because  you have this job or duty. And because  

    必須,你應該做的事情,因為你有這個工作或職責。而且因為

  • of that you have certain expectationsMost of us know that if you have a job,  

    的,你有一定的期望。 我們大多數人都知道,如果你有一份工作。

  • and you're supposed to be there at 9am, that is an  obligation. It's not merely an expectation like,  

    而你應該在上午9點到那裡,這是一項義務。它不僅僅是一種期望,比如。

  • well, we kind of expected it to be, but it  could change. That's your job. And if that's  

    好吧,我們有點期望它是,但它可能會改變。這是你的工作。而如果那是

  • difficult to understand, I want you to think about  going to a store. Imagine going to the bank, the  

    我想讓你想一想去商店買東西的情景,這很難理解。想象一下去銀行、

  • bank is supposed to be open at 9am. And the bank  opens at 10 o'clock, the guy just walks up like,  

    銀行應該在上午9點開門。而銀行在10點鐘開門,那個人就像這樣走了過來。

  • hey, just slept in, you're going to be angryright? Because it's not an expectation, not just,  

    嘿,剛剛睡了一覺,你會生氣的,對嗎?因為這不是一個期望,不只是。

  • it's stronger than that. So you're having you have  an obligation to be here on time, look at all of  

    它比這更強大。所以你有你有義務按時到這裡來,看看所有的

  • these people lining up, we've been waiting for  you. In this case, you might say, or you would  

    這些人在排隊,我們一直在等你。在這種情況下,你可能會說,或者你會

  • sayyou're supposed to be here at this time”.  It's not just expectation, it's more of a duty.  

    說 "你應該在這個時間來這裡"。 這不僅僅是期望,更像是一種責任。

  • Okay, so it's stronger than the expectation. But  it still comes from the family of expectation,  

    好吧,所以它比期望更強烈。但它仍然來自期待的家族。

  • right? Soyou were supposed to pay your taxes  on time”, in this case, supposed to take on the  

    對嗎?所以,"你應該按時交稅",在這種情況下,應該承擔起

  • idea of must, is, you could say must. But once  again, remember, this lesson is about teaching you  

    必須的想法,是,你可以說必須。但是,再次記住,這一課是要教你

  • how we more casually use our English. And that's  why this lesson goes from a beginner lesson to an  

    我們如何更隨意地使用我們的英語。這就是為什麼本課要從一個初級課程變成了一個高級課程。

  • intermediate, because you've got more of an  understanding to use it more appropriately.  

    中間,因為你已經有了更多的理解,可以更恰當地使用它。

  • You're supposed to be on time Johnson”:  you can say you must be on time,  

    "你應該準時到場,約翰遜":你可以說你必須準時到場。

  • that clearly, they weren't on time. So you  say you're supposed to because that's part  

    很明顯,他們沒有準時到場。所以你說你應該這樣做,因為那是一部分

  • of your obligation. Cool. So we notice how  expectation is going morphing or changing into  

    你的義務。酷。所以我們注意到期望是如何去蛻變或改變成

  • an obligation, something stronger. Now number three, we say to say I have  

    一種義務,一種更強烈的東西。現在第三,我們說說我有

  • heard or people believe something to be trueAnd you kind of going What do you mean I have  

    聽說或人們相信某些事情是真的。 而你要做的是,你的意思是我有

  • heard or that's a confusing sentence? Well, I  have heard means people have told me right? I  

    聽說還是一個令人困惑的句子?嗯,我聽說的意思是人們告訴我的吧?I

  • heard you I heard a sound. People have told me so  I have heard this is true. We can also say it's a  

    聽到你的聲音,我聽到了一個聲音。人們告訴我,所以我聽到了這是真的。我們也可以說這是一個

  • different way of saying people believe so they  tell other people. For instance, I have heard  

    另一種說法是人們相信,所以他們告訴其他人。例如,我曾聽說

  • that Paris is a romantic city. Or you can say what  what is it? “Paris is supposed to be a romantic  

    巴黎是一個浪漫的城市。或者你可以說這是什麼?"巴黎應該是一個浪漫的

  • city.” See? And then once again, it goes back to  that expectation thing we were talking about at  

    城市。"看到了嗎?然後再一次回到我們在討論的那個期望的事情上

  • the beginning. Because people have said it, you  expect it. It's not an obligation for Paris to be  

    的開始。因為人們已經說過了,所以你期望它。對巴黎來說,這不是一項義務。

  • romantic. It is not the city of love just because  you think it is... no, it is your expectation not  

    浪漫。它不是愛情之城,只是因為你認為它是......不,它是你的期望不是

  • our obligation. Yes. My best French accent. Okayso it's something that people believe to be true,  

    我們的義務。是的。我最好的法國口音。好的,所以這是人們認為是真的東西。

  • but it doesn't have to be. But people talk  about it. So you expect it or you believe it,  

    但它不一定是這樣。但人們都在談論它。所以你期待它,或者你相信它。

  • okay? Because you've heard it or people believe  it. So these are the three most common uses I  

    好嗎?因為你已經聽到了,或者人們相信它。所以這些是我最常見的三種用途

  • discussed at the beginning things that people use  supposed to for. And this is how you're supposed,  

    在開始的時候討論了人們使用的東西,應該是為了。而這就是你應該做的。

  • oh, I'm about to say you're supposed to  use it expected to use it. Right? Okay.  

    哦,我正要說你應該使用它預計使用它。對嗎?好的。

  • So, what is this supposed to? How do we write  it just because I said it and you're like, Okay,  

    那麼,這應該是什麼呢?我們怎麼寫呢,只是因為我說了,你就說,好吧。

  • I get it. What is the form? So let's discuss  the form and the pronunciation of it. Okay,  

    我明白了。什麼是形式?所以我們來討論一下形式和它的發音。好的。

  • I'm going to teach you how to put it how to  pronounce it, we'll get the proper pronunciation  

    我將教你如何把它如何發音,我們將得到正確的發音

  • because there are two. But let's go to the board  and look at the form. In red I have verbto be”,  

    因為有兩個。但讓我們到黑板上看一下形式。紅色的是動詞 "to be"。

  • supposed”. And then I got to verb base. If you  don't know what that is, that is the infinitive  

    "應該"。然後我到了動詞基礎。如果你不知道那是什麼,那就是不定式。

  • form. When you have the preposition to, before  a verb in the base is, especially with a modal  

    形式。當你有介詞to時,在基數為is的動詞之前,特別是有語氣詞時

  • verb in front of it, it is the infinitive  form. So we have the verb to be supposed,  

    在它前面的動詞,是不定式形式。所以我們有動詞to be supposed。

  • and has to have a D. And I'll explain why insecond or two. And then the infinitive form of  

    我將在一兩分鐘內解釋為什麼。然後是不定式形式的

  • the next verb. I'm supposed to meet my friend for  dinner, you were supposed to be here an hour ago,  

    下一個動詞。我應該去見我的朋友吃晚飯,你應該在一小時前就來了。

  • you're supposed to go home. That is the  form. Now, when we say in the present,  

    你應該回家了。這就是形式。現在,當我們在現在說

  • or future, we can use this and we will use  a probe the verb to be in its appropriate  

    或未來,我們可以使用這個,我們將使用一個探針,將動詞放在其適當的位置。

  • form for the pronoun. So if the pronoun is  I, then it's “am”. If it's he she it? “Is”.  

    代詞的形式。是以,如果代詞是我,那麼它就是 "am"。如果是他她呢?就是 "是"。

  • They, we, anare”. All right, so that's  are so we are supposed to see my friend,  

    他們,我們,一個 "是"。好的,所以那是我們應該看到我的朋友。

  • I am supposed to see my friend, she is supposed  to see your friend. Right? If it's the future, you  

    我應該去見我的朋友,她應該去見你的朋友。對嗎?如果是未來,你

  • use the same form. And you say, I am supposed to  see my friend tonight. That's in the future. Easy  

    使用相同的形式。而你說,我今晚應該去見我的朋友。這是在未來。簡單

  • enough, right? And it's that expectation, or yeahin this case expectation for this sentence.  

    足夠了,對嗎?而且是這種期望,或者是的,在這種情況下對這句話的期望。

  • Now when what happens if you want to say something  negative? Well, we're going to have to put a  

    現在,當你想說一些負面的東西時會發生什麼?好吧,我們將不得不把一個

  • negative form in it. And that form is going to  take the form of 'not', which I didn't write.  

    它的負面形式。而這個形式要採取'不是'的形式,我沒有寫。

  • I didn't want it too confusing, but we'll put it  here: not. And we put the not with the verb to be.  

    我不想讓它太混亂,但我們要把它放在這裡:不。而且我們把not和動詞to be放在一起。

  • So we don't put it with the verb at the basewe put it with the verb to be so we change it.  

    所以我們不把它和動詞放在一起,而是把它和動詞to be放在一起,所以我們要改變它。

  • So the test, it wasn't supposed to be hard, hardWe change was Remember, we said it was okay. And  

    所以測試,它不應該是困難的,困難的。 我們的變化是......","我們說它是好的。而且

  • this is actually negative and past. So I've done  a whammy on you. So before I do that, why don't  

    這實際上是消極的和過去的。所以我已經對你做了一個重擊。所以在我這麼做之前,為什麼不

  • we go here? They'll come back to there. OkaySo don't look here for a second. Let's go here.  

    我們去這裡嗎?他們會回到那裡去的。好嗎? 所以先不要看這裡。讓我們到這裡來。

  • Let's do, we did future and present, let's do  the past form. We take the verb to be and there  

    讓我們來做,我們做了未來和現在,讓我們做過去的形式。我們採取動詞to be和 there

  • you go. It's in the past. So I was he was she  was they were we were okay, you just put that  

    你去吧。這是在過去。所以我是他是她是他們是我們是好的,你只是把那個

  • form. And that's the past. This is very specificAnd I want to take a second to you to explain.  

    形式。而這是過去的事情。這是很具體的。 我想花點時間給你解釋一下。

  • The past form is a little different than the  present form. Present Future means planning ahead.  

    過去形式與現在形式有些不同。現在的未來意味著提前計劃。

  • Past form is used to mean, something has  changed. What? I was supposed to meet my friend  

    過去形式用於表示,某些事情已經改變。什麼,我本該去見我的朋友

  • at the mall, it means I probably didn't meet my  friend at the mall. That was the plan. But it has  

    在商場,這意味著我可能沒有在商場遇到我的朋友。這就是計劃。但它有

  • changed. So when someone says to you in that this  moment, you're standing here and they're standing  

    改變了。是以,當有人在這個時刻對你說,你站在這裡,他們站在這裡

  • here. I'm supposed to go home tonight means that  was the plan. That may change or may have changed.  

    這裡。我今晚應該回家,意味著那是計劃。這可能會改變或可能已經改變。

  • Cool? All right. So look out forwasbecause  something's changing. And you have to be aware  

    酷嗎?好的。所以要注意 "曾經",因為有些東西在變化。而你必須意識到

  • of it. Right? He was supposed to be the best  guy, the best guy for president. Things change.  

    的。對嗎?他本應是最好的人,是最好的總統人選。事情變了。

  • Alright, so in this case, I have I was supposed  to be home by now. Am I home? Probably not.  

    好吧,那麼在這種情況下,我現在應該是在家裡了。我在家嗎?可能沒有。

  • That's what the was for. There was a plan  for me to be home. But clearly I'm not.  

    那是為了什麼。有一個計劃是讓我回家。但顯然我沒有。

  • Now I'm going to go back to the other form. Andapologize greatly for doing that to you. Because  

    現在我將回到另一種形式。我為這樣做對你感到非常抱歉。因為

  • I really liked the lesson. It was a good one up  until here. But I wanted to show the negative  

    我真的很喜歡這個課。直到這裡,它都是一個很好的例子。但我想展示的是負面的

  • form because sometimes things change, right? So in  this case, something's changed, but it's negative.  

    形式,因為有時事情會改變,對嗎?所以在這種情況下,有些東西改變了,但它是負面的。

  • You could say... here's an example. It was  supposed to be it's supposed to be a nice  

    你可以說......這裡有一個例子。它應該是它應該是一個很好的

  • day today. Sunny, great weather. Right? Or you  could say it wasn't supposed to rain. What? Well,  

    今天是個好日子。陽光明媚,天氣很好。對嗎?或者你可以說它不應該下雨。什麼?好吧。

  • Sunny is good weather. Rain is bad weather. I  could make that negative change by addingnot”.  

    晴天是好天氣。下雨是壞天氣。我可以通過添加 "不 "來使這個負面變化。

  • It wasn't supposed to rain. Right? It is supposed  to be a nice day with a sentence on the board.  

    它不應該下雨。對嗎?它應該是一個好天氣,黑板上有一個句子。

  • It wasn't supposed to be hard, right? It is  supposed to be easy. Flipping it by changing  

    它不應該是困難的,對嗎?它應該是很容易的。通過改變來翻轉它

  • the end of that verb. So what I want to say is  we've gone over three. Yes, sir. We have... oh,  

    該動詞的結尾。所以我想說的是我們已經超過了三個。是的,先生。我們有......哦。

  • I almost jumped ahead of myself. I promise you  the pronunciation. And you're gonna say what's,  

    我幾乎跳到了自己的前面。我答應你的發音。而你會說什麼是

  • what's the big deal. That's what  this crazy thing down here is.  

    有什麼大不了的。這就是下面這個瘋狂的事情。

  • We actually don't usually saysupposed to”. And  that's why many students spell it incorrectly  

    實際上,我們通常不說 "應該"。這就是為什麼許多學生拼寫錯誤的原因

  • and they drop off the D because they always hear  “supposewhen you're speaking quickly, we usually  

    而他們放棄了D,因為他們總是在你快速說話時聽到 "假設",我們通常會

  • drop the U sound. And we also drop the D sound. So  it comes out to sppose to, I'm sppose to do this,  

    去掉U音。我們也去掉了D音。是以,它就變成了 "我想",我想這樣做。

  • you're sppose to do this, we're sppose to goNow, when someone wants to get your attention,  

    你應該這樣做,我們就應該去。 現在,當有人想引起你的注意時。

  • they'll say, you were supposed to be at work on  time. Don't play around, they're not playing with  

    他們會說,你應該按時上班的。不要玩了,他們不是在玩

  • you. They took the time to say all the soundsSo fast speech, you'll notice the U and the D  

    你。他們花時間說出了所有的聲音。 如此快速的演講,你會注意到U和D

  • gets done, or dropped. Cool. So we've gone over the three  

    得到完成,或放棄。很好。是以,我們已經討論了三個問題

  • definitions, some people break it into  four, I think three is sufficient.  

    定義,有些人把它抽成四個,我認為三個就夠了。

  • We've gone over to the present and future formAlright, we've gone over the past form. And we've  

    我們已經走到了現在和未來的形式。 好了,我們已經過了過去的形式。而且我們已經

  • even shown you the negative form. And I went one  step further negative, the negative post form.  

    甚至向你展示了否定的形式。而我又進一步否定了,否定的職位形式。

  • But it's not a lesson if we don't do our quiz  and have a bonus feature homework, is it?  

    但是,如果我們不做測驗並有一個獎勵功能的家庭作業,這就不是一堂課,對嗎?

  • So I'd like you to stay with me. And after  you know, we're supposed to do something  

    所以我希望你能和我呆在一起。而在你知道之後,我們應該做一些事情

  • a little different, or we're supposed to do  the test. I want you to do it with me now.  

    有一點不同,或者我們應該做測試。我希望你現在和我一起做。

  • And we're back. So we were supposed to  do our quiz, which we'll do now. Do you  

    我們回來了。所以我們應該做我們的測驗,我們現在就做。你是否

  • remember the three meanings forsupposed  to”? Obligation, expectation, and belief.  

    記得 "應該 "的三個含義嗎?義務,期望,和信仰。

  • And that is part of what's going to happen  to the quiz here as we have three boxes,  

    而這也是這裡的測驗要發生的部分內容,因為我們有三個盒子。

  • and you're going to try and fill out what  should go there. Which one? Which part of  

    而你要嘗試填寫應該去那裡的內容。哪一個?哪一部分

  • supposed to we're talking about in the meaning. Now, I'm over here. Let's start here. Mr. E says,  

    應該是我們在談論的意思。現在,我在這裡。讓我們從這裡開始。E先生說。

  • You must not smoke in here. And James says okaycuz I love a good stogie. Stogie is like cigar  

    你不能在這裡吸菸。詹姆斯說好吧,因為我喜歡好的Stogie。Stogie是指雪茄

  • people will talk with so on to talk about the  stogie with these lousy stogies. All right. So:  

    人們會用這些糟糕的菸斗來談論菸斗的問題。好吧。那麼。

  • You must not smoke in here.”  You have two jobs to do.  

    "你不能在這裡吸菸。" 你有兩項工作要做。

  • What is it that James is there to do? And is  it obligation, expectation, or belief? Okay.  

    詹姆斯在那裡要做的是什麼?它是義務、期望,還是信仰?好的。

  • That's right. “James isn't supposed to  smoke in here.” We have not being the  

    這就對了。"詹姆斯不應該在這裡吸菸。"我們沒有被

  • negative part of the sentence. We know what's  supposed to means right? And we'll be sorry.  

    句子的否定部分。我們知道什麼是應該的意思吧?而且我們會很遺憾。

  • James isn't supposed to smoke in here. And what  is this? Is it obligation, belief, or expectation?  

    詹姆斯不應該在這裡吸菸。那這是什麼呢?是義務、信仰,還是期望?

  • Well, if you remember rightly, I put must  when we were talking about obligation.  

    好吧,如果你沒記錯的話,在我們談論義務的時候,我把必須。

  • It's not just expectation, I expect  you not to -- you're not supposed to.  

    這不僅僅是期望,我期望你不要 -- 你不應該這樣。

  • And we know must, like have to, is necessityright? So in this case, obligation. You're not  

    而我們知道必須,比如說不得不,就是必要性,對嗎?所以在這種情況下,義務。你不是

  • supposed to. It's like a rule, or law. What about this one, two? “Many people  

    應該這樣做。這就像一個規則,或法律。這個呢,兩個呢?"很多人

  • believe that Oxford is the best university in the  world.” How would you write that? Sorry, I was  

    相信牛津是世界上最好的大學。"你會怎麼寫呢?對不起,我是

  • just going to put this here before I forget. How  would you write that? Alright, so it is Oxford.  

    在我忘記之前,我只想把這個放在這裡。你會怎麼寫?好吧,所以它是牛津。

  • Oxford is supposed to be the best university  in the world.” Now, I tried to help you here  

    "牛津大學應該是世界上最好的大學"。現在,我試圖在這裡幫助你

  • by saying something and if you can pick  it out, you'll know if this is obligation,  

    通過說一些話,如果你能把它挑出來,你就會知道這是否是義務。

  • belief, or expectation. What word should help  you here? That's correct. “Believe.” So this is a  

    相信,或期望。什麼詞應該在這裡幫助你?這就對了。"相信"。所以這是一個

  • belief that people hold. Of course, if you're from  Harvard, you probably want to argue with that one,  

    人們所持有的信念。當然,如果你來自哈佛,你可能想反駁這句話。

  • but let's just say Oxford for now. Okay. Now, can  I do this? Just as a quick question to see if you  

    但我們現在只說牛津。好的。現在,我可以這樣做嗎?只是作為一個簡單的問題,看看你是否

  • remember the grammar and how it's supposed to  be structured. Can I put supposed to like that?  

    記住文法和它應該是怎樣的結構。我可以把應該是這樣的嗎?

  • No. Now what we said was people may say it  like that very quickly. It's s'ppose to be,  

    不,現在我們說的是人們可能很快就會這樣說。這是有可能的。

  • but you do not write it like that, you need the  D. Okay? Just like we don't add an ing or an S  

    但你不能這樣寫,你需要D,好嗎?就像我們不加ing或S一樣

  • here. When we say supposed to, it's in the passive  voice. So we use the verb to be supposed to be,  

    這裡。當我們說 "應該 "時,它是被動語態。所以我們使用動詞to be supposed to be。

  • and then sorry, supposed to, with the infinitiveGood. I'm glad you remember the grammar.  

    然後對不起,應該是,用不定式。 很好。我很高興你能記住這些文法。

  • And I'm glad you remember what the meanings  are. So we're going back over that.  

    而且我很高興你還記得這些含義是什麼。所以,我們要回去複習一下。

  • Now for the final one. You should get it because  there's only one left. But this is a tough one.  

    現在是最後一張。你應該得到它,因為只剩下一個了。但這是一個棘手的問題。

  • My girlfriend shouldn't be here. She should be  at work at this time. Maybe somebody is up to  

    我的女朋友不應該在這裡。她這個時候應該在工作。也許有人在搞鬼

  • something bad, naughty person. You're not supposed  to be doing that. But what sentence would you  

    壞事,淘氣的人。你不應該這樣做。但你會用什麼句子

  • write? And what part of the meaning of supposed  to are we looking at? Alright, so let's do it.  

    寫?我們要看的是 "應該 "的哪一部分含義?好吧,那我們就開始吧。

  • That's a long sentence.  

    這是個很長的句子。

  • It's a long sentence. We get the point. And I'm  going to fill this in. Because I already know  

    這是個很長的句子。我們明白這個道理。而我要把這個填進去。因為我已經知道

  • you should know this one already. RightYou should know this one. Oh, you know what?  

    你應該已經知道這個了。對嗎? 你應該知道這個。哦,你知道嗎?

  • I put the S too close so I should do thisShe's, she's supposed to. Okay. She's supposed  

    我把S放得太近了,所以我應該這樣做。 她是,她應該這樣做。好的,她應該

  • to be at work. But what is it? It's going to  be... expectation. And for those of you who  

    要在工作中。但它是什麼呢?它將是......期望。而對於你們中的那些人

  • are confused, why is this expectation not  obligation? Because she's at work? Well,  

    很困惑,為什麼這種期望不是義務呢?因為她在工作?嗯。

  • I think it has nothing to do with her work. I am  not her boss talking. Maybe I'm her boyfriend. And  

    我認為這與她的工作沒有關係。我不是她的老闆說話。也許我是她的男朋友。而且

  • I expect her to be at work at 12 o'clock, except  she's home. But what am I doing that I'm afraid...  

    我期望她在12點上班,除了她在家。但我在做什麼,我怕...

  • to be continued. Alright, so we're  looking at it, and I've used it twice.  

    待續。好了,我們正在看,我已經用了兩次。

  • My girlfriend isn't supposed to be here. Now we  know that is a negative use, we use the negative,  

    我的女朋友不應該在這裡。現在我們知道那是一個否定的用法,我們用否定的方法。

  • right? And she's supposed to be at work  at this time. So we use the positive,  

    對嗎?而她在這個時候應該是在工作。所以我們用積極的態度。

  • both are in the positive or sorry, in the present  form. Right. So we talked about a change in plans.  

    兩者都是正面的,或者說對不起,是現在的形式。對。所以我們談到了計劃的改變。

  • Remember, we talked about that. So there waschange in the plan. She's supposed to be at work.  

    請記住,我們談到了這一點。所以計劃有了變化。她應該是在工作。

  • And she's not supposed to be here, now. My  expectation. So we've covered all the things  

    而她不應該在這裡,現在。我的期望。所以我們已經涵蓋了所有的事情

  • we talked about, we have three examples  of obligation, or sorry, one example each  

    我們談到,我們有三個義務的例子,或者說,對不起,每個人都有一個例子

  • of obligation, belief, and expectation. And now I would like to give you a couple  

    的義務、信仰和期望。現在我想給你們幾個

  • other things. Well, some phrases you can use  with supposed to that will help to round out  

    其他事情。好吧,你可以用一些短語來假定,這將有助於完善

  • your English. Because as I said, why we're  learning this is because it's about planning.  

    你的英語。因為正如我所說的,我們為什麼要學習這個,是因為它是關於計劃的。

  • And in this case, you can see there's a change in  the plan. And a lot of people say this, instead of  

    而在這種情況下,你可以看到計劃有了變化。而很多人都這樣說,而不是

  • have toormust”, like I have to go to work I'm  supposed to go to work is more common. So I would  

    "不得不 "或 "必須",比如我必須去工作,我應該去工作是比較常見的。所以我會

  • like to give you a couple of phrases -- three to  be exact, that can help to fill out your use of  

    我想給你幾個短語--準確地說,是三個短語,它們可以幫助填補你的使用。

  • supposed to”. So you can use this modal verb like  you're supposed to. Oh, yeah, I like it, too.  

    "應該"。所以你可以使用這個情態動詞,就像你應該做的那樣。哦,是的,我也喜歡它。

  • So let's move to the bonus section of  the video. And I'm going to explain  

    是以,讓我們移到視頻的獎金部分。我將解釋

  • other uses of supposed to, that are  used commonly when we talk about  

    在我們談論 "應該 "的時候,"應該 "的其他用法很常見。

  • our duties. We could talk about frustrationand the purpose of something. Okay, so:  

    我們的職責。我們可以談論挫折,以及一些事情的目的。好吧,那麼。

  • What am I supposed to do?” Notice  this question in frustration.  

    "我應該怎麼做呢?"注意到這個問題的挫折感。

  • It's... there was... okay. A perfect example  was there was a guy I know, named Matt,  

    這是...有...好吧。一個完美的例子是,有一個我認識的人,叫馬特。

  • and was a pretty decent guy because he  would help out with the photocopier.  

    他是一個相當正派的人,因為他會在複印機上幫忙。

  • And he could have said it like this, like, “What  am I supposed to do?” but he didn't use to do  

    他可以這樣說,比如,"我應該做什麼?"但他沒有用做

  • that. And I'll explain because his classroom was  right by our photocopier. And it would break down  

    那。我解釋一下,因為他的教室就在我們的複印機旁邊。而它會壞掉

  • a lot. And a lot of the times the teachers would  be complaining and this and that making noise,  

    很多時候。很多時候,老師們會抱怨,這樣那樣地製造噪音。

  • and Matt would come out and help fix it. Now he  could have said it because it happened regularly,  

    而馬特會出來幫忙解決。現在他可以說了,因為這經常發生。

  • likewhat am I supposed to do? Do I look like the  Xerox guy?” but he didn't do that, he would just  

    像 "我應該做什麼?我看起來像施樂公司的人嗎?"但他並沒有這樣做,他只會

  • help them. But a lot of times people would use  frustration if it's a questioning frustration. If  

    幫助他們。但很多時候,如果是質疑性的挫折,人們會使用挫折感。如果

  • someone is asking them and saying this photocopier  doesn't work, and then just another teacher.  

    有人在問他們,說這臺複印機不能用,然後就有另一個老師。

  • Well, what am I supposed to do? It's not my  job.” And that's that frustration. As much as it  

    "好吧,我應該做什麼呢?這不是我的工作。"這就是那種挫折感。就像它

  • seems like a question, it's a frustration that  it's not my responsibility or obligation to do  

    這似乎是一個問題,這是一種挫折感,因為這不是我的責任或義務去做的。

  • something. Matt, hope you're doing well, because  you helped us a lot with that photocopier.  

    東西。馬特,希望你過得好,因為你在那臺複印機上幫了我們很多忙。

  • Now, we can ask the same question, What amsupposed to do, but we can use it in line of duty?  

    現在,我們可以問同樣的問題,我應該做什麼,但我們可以在執勤時使用它?

  • What's your job or responsibility? So you come in  and they go, okay... “Daniel's going to be doing  

    你的工作或責任是什麼?所以你進來後,他們就說,好吧..."丹尼爾要做的是

  • this, Josh will be doing this.” And I go and go:  “So what am I supposed to do?” What is my job in  

    這個,喬希將會做這個。"而我去了又去。 "那麼我應該做什麼呢?"我的工作是什麼?

  • all of this? In this case? It's not frustrationIt's what do you expect of me? Or what would you  

    所有這些?在這種情況下?這不是挫折感。 而是你對我有什麼期望?或者說你會

  • like me to do? So what am I supposed to  do? Sit over there. Okay. Cool, right?  

    喜歡我做什麼?那麼我應該做什麼呢?坐在那裡。好的。酷,對嗎?

  • Next we can say it is what does something doBut we would say, what is this supposed to do?  

    接下來我們可以說它是什麼東西做的? 但我們會說,這個東西應該是做什麼的?

  • So you get rid of this. You go, what is it  supposed to do? What is this supposed to do?  

    所以你擺脫了這個。你去,它應該做什麼?這應該是做什麼的?

  • You could turn around and I'm looking  around at this. Oh, interesting.  

    你可以轉過身來,我正在環顧四周,看看這個。哦,有意思。

  • What is this supposed to do? Notice I said  “s'pposeto remember I said we dropped the U  

    這應該怎麼做呢?注意,我說 "s'ppose "是為了記住我說的我們放棄了U

  • and the D, I use that what is this supposed to doMeaning what is its function? What is its purpose?  

    和D,我用的是這個,這應該是做什麼的? 意思是說它的功能是什麼?它的目的是什麼?

  • Tell the weather, tell the time? I don't knowYou tell me what is it supposed to do? Cool.  

    告訴天氣,告訴時間?我不知道。 你告訴我它應該做什麼?很好。

  • So now I've given you the three meanings of  supposed to in verb. I've given you three  

    所以現在我已經給了你動詞中should to的三個意思。我已經給了你三個

  • different ways you can use it in conversation  to... I want to say elicit and elicit means  

    不同的方式,你可以在對話中使用它來...我想說的是elicit和elicit是指

  • get more information from someone or somethingAs in frustration, you can let people know you're  

    從某人或某事中獲得更多資訊。 如在挫折中,你可以讓人們知道你在

  • frustrated when something's not your  obligation. Right? What am I supposed to  

    當有些事情不是你的義務時,你會感到沮喪。對嗎?我應該怎麼做