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  • What am I supposed to do without your  love? Oh, hi. James from EngVid and welcome,  


  • future native speakers. E's making fun of mebecause he's saying, what are you supposed to do?  


  • Because my seeing isn't that great. But  he's actually bringing up today's lesson.  


  • And what we're going to learn today  is the modal verb that is used for  


  • obligation, expectation, and plans: supposed toPeople sometimes confuse supposed to with must,  

    義務,期望,和計劃:應該。 人們有時會把應該和必須混為一談。

  • and have to. I've done a lesson on that. So you  can go check that out on the website at EngVid.  


  • But today, what we want to work  on specifically is supposed to,  


  • and how am I going to do that? Well, I'm going to  reduce you to the three most common ways people  


  • use it and give you examples. Okay. And  then we're going to do a quiz, of course,  


  • to test your knowledge on it. Why is it importantbecause supposed to is about plans. And we all  


  • know we make plans, from flying to different  countries to what we're going to have for dinner.  


  • So supposed to will help us make sure  you sound more like a native speaker?  


  • Are you ready? Let's go to the board. So what are you supposed to do? Supposed to:  


  • our first meaning we look at is to talk about  expectations, what you think should happen.  


  • So if you went to a store, and you saw thisyou said “$20? It's supposed to be on sale.”  

    是以,如果你去一家商店,看到這個,你說 "20美元?這應該是在打折。"

  • My expectation was it should be $15. But it's  not 15, it's 20. That's more than I expected.  


  • And that's where the expectations come inIt's an idea that you've had in your head,  

    而這正是期望的來源。 這是你頭腦中的一個想法。

  • about a way a thing should be alright, if you're  going on a date, and you go out of, I'm going on a  


  • date to meet a woman, I come out, I've seen her on  Tinder or whatever. And I look at her Whoa, you're  


  • supposed to be smaller. Maybe she's 20 feet tall.  I'm like, I expected you this tall, not basketball  

    應該更小。也許她有20英尺高。 我想,我希望你有這麼高,而不是打籃球。

  • height. Who knows, you never know. Okay, so my  example is: “supposed to be on sale”, you thought  


  • it would be one price, but it's another price. Now we talk about obligations. An obligation  


  • is similar to an expectation, but they are  different. An obligation is similar to more like  


  • must, something that you should do, because  you have this job or duty. And because  


  • of that you have certain expectationsMost of us know that if you have a job,  

    的,你有一定的期望。 我們大多數人都知道,如果你有一份工作。

  • and you're supposed to be there at 9am, that is an  obligation. It's not merely an expectation like,  


  • well, we kind of expected it to be, but it  could change. That's your job. And if that's  


  • difficult to understand, I want you to think about  going to a store. Imagine going to the bank, the  


  • bank is supposed to be open at 9am. And the bank  opens at 10 o'clock, the guy just walks up like,  


  • hey, just slept in, you're going to be angryright? Because it's not an expectation, not just,  


  • it's stronger than that. So you're having you have  an obligation to be here on time, look at all of  


  • these people lining up, we've been waiting for  you. In this case, you might say, or you would  


  • sayyou're supposed to be here at this time”.  It's not just expectation, it's more of a duty.  

    說 "你應該在這個時間來這裡"。 這不僅僅是期望,更像是一種責任。

  • Okay, so it's stronger than the expectation. But  it still comes from the family of expectation,  


  • right? Soyou were supposed to pay your taxes  on time”, in this case, supposed to take on the  


  • idea of must, is, you could say must. But once  again, remember, this lesson is about teaching you  


  • how we more casually use our English. And that's  why this lesson goes from a beginner lesson to an  


  • intermediate, because you've got more of an  understanding to use it more appropriately.  


  • You're supposed to be on time Johnson”:  you can say you must be on time,  


  • that clearly, they weren't on time. So you  say you're supposed to because that's part  


  • of your obligation. Cool. So we notice how  expectation is going morphing or changing into  


  • an obligation, something stronger. Now number three, we say to say I have  


  • heard or people believe something to be trueAnd you kind of going What do you mean I have  

    聽說或人們相信某些事情是真的。 而你要做的是,你的意思是我有

  • heard or that's a confusing sentence? Well, I  have heard means people have told me right? I  


  • heard you I heard a sound. People have told me so  I have heard this is true. We can also say it's a  


  • different way of saying people believe so they  tell other people. For instance, I have heard  


  • that Paris is a romantic city. Or you can say what  what is it? “Paris is supposed to be a romantic  


  • city.” See? And then once again, it goes back to  that expectation thing we were talking about at  


  • the beginning. Because people have said it, you  expect it. It's not an obligation for Paris to be  


  • romantic. It is not the city of love just because  you think it is... no, it is your expectation not  


  • our obligation. Yes. My best French accent. Okayso it's something that people believe to be true,  


  • but it doesn't have to be. But people talk  about it. So you expect it or you believe it,  


  • okay? Because you've heard it or people believe  it. So these are the three most common uses I  


  • discussed at the beginning things that people use  supposed to for. And this is how you're supposed,  


  • oh, I'm about to say you're supposed to  use it expected to use it. Right? Okay.  


  • So, what is this supposed to? How do we write  it just because I said it and you're like, Okay,  


  • I get it. What is the form? So let's discuss  the form and the pronunciation of it. Okay,  


  • I'm going to teach you how to put it how to  pronounce it, we'll get the proper pronunciation  


  • because there are two. But let's go to the board  and look at the form. In red I have verbto be”,  

    因為有兩個。但讓我們到黑板上看一下形式。紅色的是動詞 "to be"。

  • supposed”. And then I got to verb base. If you  don't know what that is, that is the infinitive  


  • form. When you have the preposition to, before  a verb in the base is, especially with a modal  


  • verb in front of it, it is the infinitive  form. So we have the verb to be supposed,  

    在它前面的動詞,是不定式形式。所以我們有動詞to be supposed。

  • and has to have a D. And I'll explain why insecond or two. And then the infinitive form of  


  • the next verb. I'm supposed to meet my friend for  dinner, you were supposed to be here an hour ago,  


  • you're supposed to go home. That is the  form. Now, when we say in the present,  


  • or future, we can use this and we will use  a probe the verb to be in its appropriate  


  • form for the pronoun. So if the pronoun is  I, then it's “am”. If it's he she it? “Is”.  

    代詞的形式。是以,如果代詞是我,那麼它就是 "am"。如果是他她呢?就是 "是"。

  • They, we, anare”. All right, so that's  are so we are supposed to see my friend,  

    他們,我們,一個 "是"。好的,所以那是我們應該看到我的朋友。

  • I am supposed to see my friend, she is supposed  to see your friend. Right? If it's the future, you  


  • use the same form. And you say, I am supposed to  see my friend tonight. That's in the future. Easy  


  • enough, right? And it's that expectation, or yeahin this case expectation for this sentence.  


  • Now when what happens if you want to say something  negative? Well, we're going to have to put a  


  • negative form in it. And that form is going to  take the form of 'not', which I didn't write.  


  • I didn't want it too confusing, but we'll put it  here: not. And we put the not with the verb to be.  

    我不想讓它太混亂,但我們要把它放在這裡:不。而且我們把not和動詞to be放在一起。

  • So we don't put it with the verb at the basewe put it with the verb to be so we change it.  

    所以我們不把它和動詞放在一起,而是把它和動詞to be放在一起,所以我們要改變它。

  • So the test, it wasn't supposed to be hard, hardWe change was Remember, we said it was okay. And  

    所以測試,它不應該是困難的,困難的。 我們的變化是......","我們說它是好的。而且

  • this is actually negative and past. So I've done  a whammy on you. So before I do that, why don't  


  • we go here? They'll come back to there. OkaySo don't look here for a second. Let's go here.  

    我們去這裡嗎?他們會回到那裡去的。好嗎? 所以先不要看這裡。讓我們到這裡來。

  • Let's do, we did future and present, let's do  the past form. We take the verb to be and there  

    讓我們來做,我們做了未來和現在,讓我們做過去的形式。我們採取動詞to be和 there

  • you go. It's in the past. So I was he was she  was they were we were okay, you just put that  


  • form. And that's the past. This is very specificAnd I want to take a second to you to explain.  

    形式。而這是過去的事情。這是很具體的。 我想花點時間給你解釋一下。

  • The past form is a little different than the  present form. Present Future means planning ahead.  


  • Past form is used to mean, something has  changed. What? I was supposed to meet my friend  


  • at the mall, it means I probably didn't meet my  friend at the mall. That was the plan. But it has  


  • changed. So when someone says to you in that this  moment, you're standing here and they're standing  


  • here. I'm supposed to go home tonight means that  was the plan. That may change or may have changed.  


  • Cool? All right. So look out forwasbecause  something's changing. And you have to be aware  

    酷嗎?好的。所以要注意 "曾經",因為有些東西在變化。而你必須意識到

  • of it. Right? He was supposed to be the best  guy, the best guy for president. Things change.  


  • Alright, so in this case, I have I was supposed  to be home by now. Am I home? Probably not.  


  • That's what the was for. There was a plan  for me to be home. But clearly I'm not.  


  • Now I'm going to go back to the other form. Andapologize greatly for doing that to you. Because  


  • I really liked the lesson. It was a good one up  until here. But I wanted to show the negative  


  • form because sometimes things change, right? So in  this case, something's changed, but it's negative.  


  • You could say... here's an example. It was  supposed to be it's supposed to be a nice  


  • day today. Sunny, great weather. Right? Or you  could say it wasn't supposed to rain. What? Well,  


  • Sunny is good weather. Rain is bad weather. I  could make that negative change by addingnot”.  

    晴天是好天氣。下雨是壞天氣。我可以通過添加 "不 "來使這個負面變化。

  • It wasn't supposed to rain. Right? It is supposed  to be a nice day with a sentence on the board.  


  • It wasn't supposed to be hard, right? It is  supposed to be easy. Flipping it by changing  


  • the end of that verb. So what I want to say is  we've gone over three. Yes, sir. We have... oh,  


  • I almost jumped ahead of myself. I promise you  the pronunciation. And you're gonna say what's,  


  • what's the big deal. That's what  this crazy thing down here is.  


  • We actually don't usually saysupposed to”. And  that's why many students spell it incorrectly  

    實際上,我們通常不說 "應該"。這就是為什麼許多學生拼寫錯誤的原因

  • and they drop off the D because they always hear  “supposewhen you're speaking quickly, we usually  

    而他們放棄了D,因為他們總是在你快速說話時聽到 "假設",我們通常會

  • drop the U sound. And we also drop the D sound. So  it comes out to sppose to, I'm sppose to do this,  

    去掉U音。我們也去掉了D音。是以,它就變成了 "我想",我想這樣做。

  • you're sppose to do this, we're sppose to goNow, when someone wants to get your attention,  

    你應該這樣做,我們就應該去。 現在,當有人想引起你的注意時。

  • they'll say, you were supposed to be at work on  time. Don't play around, they're not playing with  


  • you. They took the time to say all the soundsSo fast speech, you'll notice the U and the D  

    你。他們花時間說出了所有的聲音。 如此快速的演講,你會注意到U和D

  • gets done, or dropped. Cool. So we've gone over the three  


  • definitions, some people break it into  four, I think three is sufficient.  


  • We've gone over to the present and future formAlright, we've gone over the past form. And we've  

    我們已經走到了現在和未來的形式。 好了,我們已經過了過去的形式。而且我們已經

  • even shown you the negative form. And I went one  step further negative, the negative post form.  


  • But it's not a lesson if we don't do our quiz  and have a bonus feature homework, is it?  


  • So I'd like you to stay with me. And after  you know, we're supposed to do something  


  • a little different, or we're supposed to do  the test. I want you to do it with me now.  


  • And we're back. So we were supposed to  do our quiz, which we'll do now. Do you  


  • remember the three meanings forsupposed  to”? Obligation, expectation, and belief.  

    記得 "應該 "的三個含義嗎?義務,期望,和信仰。

  • And that is part of what's going to happen  to the quiz here as we have three boxes,  


  • and you're going to try and fill out what  should go there. Which one? Which part of  


  • supposed to we're talking about in the meaning. Now, I'm over here. Let's start here. Mr. E says,  


  • You must not smoke in here. And James says okaycuz I love a good stogie. Stogie is like cigar  


  • people will talk with so on to talk about the  stogie with these lousy stogies. All right. So:  


  • You must not smoke in here.”  You have two jobs to do.  

    "你不能在這裡吸菸。" 你有兩項工作要做。

  • What is it that James is there to do? And is  it obligation, expectation, or belief? Okay.  


  • That's right. “James isn't supposed to  smoke in here.” We have not being the  


  • negative part of the sentence. We know what's  supposed to means right? And we'll be sorry.  


  • James isn't supposed to smoke in here. And what  is this? Is it obligation, belief, or expectation?  


  • Well, if you remember rightly, I put must  when we were talking about obligation.  


  • It's not just expectation, I expect  you not to -- you're not supposed to.  

    這不僅僅是期望,我期望你不要 -- 你不應該這樣。

  • And we know must, like have to, is necessityright? So in this case, obligation. You're not  


  • supposed to. It's like a rule, or law. What about this one, two? “Many people  


  • believe that Oxford is the best university in the  world.” How would you write that? Sorry, I was  


  • just going to put this here before I forget. How  would you write that? Alright, so it is Oxford.  


  • Oxford is supposed to be the best university  in the world.” Now, I tried to help you here  


  • by saying something and if you can pick  it out, you'll know if this is obligation,  


  • belief, or expectation. What word should help  you here? That's correct. “Believe.” So this is a  


  • belief that people hold. Of course, if you're from  Harvard, you probably want to argue with that one,  


  • but let's just say Oxford for now. Okay. Now, can  I do this? Just as a quick question to see if you  


  • remember the grammar and how it's supposed to  be structured. Can I put supposed to like that?  


  • No. Now what we said was people may say it  like that very quickly. It's s'ppose to be,  


  • but you do not write it like that, you need the  D. Okay? Just like we don't add an ing or an S  


  • here. When we say supposed to, it's in the passive  voice. So we use the verb to be supposed to be,  

    這裡。當我們說 "應該 "時,它是被動語態。所以我們使用動詞to be supposed to be。

  • and then sorry, supposed to, with the infinitiveGood. I'm glad you remember the grammar.  

    然後對不起,應該是,用不定式。 很好。我很高興你能記住這些文法。

  • And I'm glad you remember what the meanings  are. So we're going back over that.  


  • Now for the final one. You should get it because  there's only one left. But this is a tough one.  


  • My girlfriend shouldn't be here. She should be  at work at this time. Maybe somebody is up to  


  • something bad, naughty person. You're not supposed  to be doing that. But what sentence would you  


  • write? And what part of the meaning of supposed  to are we looking at? Alright, so let's do it.  

    寫?我們要看的是 "應該 "的哪一部分含義?好吧,那我們就開始吧。

  • That's a long sentence.  


  • It's a long sentence. We get the point. And I'm  going to fill this in. Because I already know  


  • you should know this one already. RightYou should know this one. Oh, you know what?  

    你應該已經知道這個了。對嗎? 你應該知道這個。哦,你知道嗎?

  • I put the S too close so I should do thisShe's, she's supposed to. Okay. She's supposed  

    我把S放得太近了,所以我應該這樣做。 她是,她應該這樣做。好的,她應該

  • to be at work. But what is it? It's going to  be... expectation. And for those of you who  


  • are confused, why is this expectation not  obligation? Because she's at work? Well,  


  • I think it has nothing to do with her work. I am  not her boss talking. Maybe I'm her boyfriend. And  


  • I expect her to be at work at 12 o'clock, except  she's home. But what am I doing that I'm afraid...  


  • to be continued. Alright, so we're  looking at it, and I've used it twice.  


  • My girlfriend isn't supposed to be here. Now we  know that is a negative use, we use the negative,  


  • right? And she's supposed to be at work  at this time. So we use the positive,  


  • both are in the positive or sorry, in the present  form. Right. So we talked about a change in plans.  


  • Remember, we talked about that. So there waschange in the plan. She's supposed to be at work.  


  • And she's not supposed to be here, now. My  expectation. So we've covered all the things  


  • we talked about, we have three examples  of obligation, or sorry, one example each  


  • of obligation, belief, and expectation. And now I would like to give you a couple  


  • other things. Well, some phrases you can use  with supposed to that will help to round out  


  • your English. Because as I said, why we're  learning this is because it's about planning.  


  • And in this case, you can see there's a change in  the plan. And a lot of people say this, instead of  


  • have toormust”, like I have to go to work I'm  supposed to go to work is more common. So I would  

    "不得不 "或 "必須",比如我必須去工作,我應該去工作是比較常見的。所以我會

  • like to give you a couple of phrases -- three to  be exact, that can help to fill out your use of  


  • supposed to”. So you can use this modal verb like  you're supposed to. Oh, yeah, I like it, too.  


  • So let's move to the bonus section of  the video. And I'm going to explain  


  • other uses of supposed to, that are  used commonly when we talk about  

    在我們談論 "應該 "的時候,"應該 "的其他用法很常見。

  • our duties. We could talk about frustrationand the purpose of something. Okay, so:  


  • What am I supposed to do?” Notice  this question in frustration.  


  • It's... there was... okay. A perfect example  was there was a guy I know, named Matt,  


  • and was a pretty decent guy because he  would help out with the photocopier.  


  • And he could have said it like this, like, “What  am I supposed to do?” but he didn't use to do  


  • that. And I'll explain because his classroom was  right by our photocopier. And it would break down  


  • a lot. And a lot of the times the teachers would  be complaining and this and that making noise,  


  • and Matt would come out and help fix it. Now he  could have said it because it happened regularly,  


  • likewhat am I supposed to do? Do I look like the  Xerox guy?” but he didn't do that, he would just  

    像 "我應該做什麼?我看起來像施樂公司的人嗎?"但他並沒有這樣做,他只會

  • help them. But a lot of times people would use  frustration if it's a questioning frustration. If  


  • someone is asking them and saying this photocopier  doesn't work, and then just another teacher.  


  • Well, what am I supposed to do? It's not my  job.” And that's that frustration. As much as it  


  • seems like a question, it's a frustration that  it's not my responsibility or obligation to do  


  • something. Matt, hope you're doing well, because  you helped us a lot with that photocopier.  


  • Now, we can ask the same question, What amsupposed to do, but we can use it in line of duty?  


  • What's your job or responsibility? So you come in  and they go, okay... “Daniel's going to be doing  


  • this, Josh will be doing this.” And I go and go:  “So what am I supposed to do?” What is my job in  

    這個,喬希將會做這個。"而我去了又去。 "那麼我應該做什麼呢?"我的工作是什麼?

  • all of this? In this case? It's not frustrationIt's what do you expect of me? Or what would you  

    所有這些?在這種情況下?這不是挫折感。 而是你對我有什麼期望?或者說你會

  • like me to do? So what am I supposed to  do? Sit over there. Okay. Cool, right?  


  • Next we can say it is what does something doBut we would say, what is this supposed to do?  

    接下來我們可以說它是什麼東西做的? 但我們會說,這個東西應該是做什麼的?

  • So you get rid of this. You go, what is it  supposed to do? What is this supposed to do?  


  • You could turn around and I'm looking  around at this. Oh, interesting.  


  • What is this supposed to do? Notice I said  “s'pposeto remember I said we dropped the U  

    這應該怎麼做呢?注意,我說 "s'ppose "是為了記住我說的我們放棄了U

  • and the D, I use that what is this supposed to doMeaning what is its function? What is its purpose?  

    和D,我用的是這個,這應該是做什麼的? 意思是說它的功能是什麼?它的目的是什麼?

  • Tell the weather, tell the time? I don't knowYou tell me what is it supposed to do? Cool.  

    告訴天氣,告訴時間?我不知道。 你告訴我它應該做什麼?很好。

  • So now I've given you the three meanings of  supposed to in verb. I've given you three  

    所以現在我已經給了你動詞中should to的三個意思。我已經給了你三個

  • different ways you can use it in conversation  to... I want to say elicit and elicit means  


  • get more information from someone or somethingAs in frustration, you can let people know you're  

    從某人或某事中獲得更多資訊。 如在挫折中,你可以讓人們知道你在

  • frustrated when something's not your  obligation. Right? What am I supposed to