字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 It is no secret that Elon Musk has an insane work schedule working more than double the hours of the average full-time worker. - And you know now I'm kinda in the 80 to 90, which is more manageable but you know that if you divide that by two it's only like you know maybe 45 hours per company which is not much if your world has a lot of things going on. - [Interviewer] You're like a slacker. - (laughs) Yeah. - And that time is split between many different projects, most of it goes to his main companies Tesla, and Space X. But he also spends time on things like The Boring Company, and open AI and of course making flamethrowers. Add to that the fact that according to Ashlee Vance's biography on him, he spends four days a week with his five children. And you've got what his possibly one of the busiest and most hectic daily schedules of anybody on this planet. Now in contrast to the video that I did about Ben Franklin just a few months ago with Elon Musk we don't have a source that gives us a super granular look at his daily schedule other than a few tidbits that he's revealed in interviews such as the fact that he spends about 80% of his time on design and engineering despite what most people might think. - I think most people think I must spend a lot of time with media or on business-y things but almost all of my time- like 80% of it is spent on engineering and design. - But what we do know about is the method that he uses to keep his schedule organized and to plan out his day. Musk actually plans out his day in five minute increments, and has everything pre-planned in advance. This is a technique called time boxing, and it's actually used by lots of other people including Bill Gates and Cal Newport. Though Cal calls it time blocking. Essentially time boxing or time blocking if you want to call it that or heck: time bloxing, I'm not gonna stop ya, is the practice of setting fixed amount of time for each task that you have to do and integrating those blocks of time into your daily schedule. I use this technique a lot with my own work and because people like Musk, Bill Gates, and Cal Newport, and many others find it so useful, today I wanted to break down exactly how you can use time boxing most effectively in your own work. So let's start with the obvious question, why use this technique? Why time box your schedule? And I know there's going to be critics of this technique right off the bat who are going to say scheduling your entire day in advance basically makes you a robot, dude, why would you wanna do that? And I gotta say, number one, you humans- I mean we humans really give robots a bad rap sometimes but number two this is kinda looking at it from the wrong perspective. Yes, scheduling your day in advance does mean that you're gonna be adhering to a predetermined plan and that you're gonna have less unstructured free time but as you might know, unstructured free time can sometimes be bad thing. As Parkinson's Law states, work tends to expand to fill the time allotted for it. So essentially time boxing creates a useful limitation that can actually make you more productive. First and foremost it takes a lot of the choice out of the moment of what you're gonna work on because you are adhering to a plan so you spend less time figuring out what you're gonna do in the first place and number two because you have a limited amount of time you aren't going to waste it. You're gonna be focusing a lot more intently. And in the case of people like Musk and Bill Gates, they probably need to use this technique. They've got so many commitments, so many balls in the air, that without pre-planning their schedule, and keeping it really really organized, things are bound to slip through the cracks. Okay so if I've got you convinced lets talk about how to use time boxing and the simplest way to do it is the way that I like to do it when I write out my daily plan either on my white board or on a piece of notebook paper and I just estimate the amount of time each task is going to take so I don't actually put it on a calendar and give it start and stop times of the day. I just say this is going to take me twenty minutes and then I'm going to move on to the next thing. If you're somebody like me who doesn't have a whole lot of scheduled fixed commitments that start and stop at specific times then that can work really really well and it might also work if you're in school or you're an employee and you have like specific block of time when you already know you're gonna be doing things and then you have like another block of time that's kinda freed up. And if this method does work well for you, you don't have to do it on paper because there is an app called 30/30 on the iPhone that I have used several times before. Now I gotta say that I really don't like the design of this app. the font they chose in this app is kinda terrible, but it is one of the few apps that lets you set a specific time you're going to work on a task and then kinda like build a little itinerary of timed tasks that you can then go through and I used to use this a lot in college when I had a lot of homework assignments to get through. Now if you are on Android I don't believe 30/30 is on the Android platform but there is an app out there called Do Now. It seems to have a similar function. Now if you are the kinda person that has a schedule with lots of predetermined commitments already and have gaps in between them or you just wanna have more structure in your life then you actually might find it useful to use a calendar for your timeboxing. To set specific start and stop times for your tasks. This is the way that Cal Newport says he does it in his blog post on the subject. And you're a student that has a lot of little gaps of time in between classes, I think this is the way to go for you. Either way if you're going to use this technique successfully then the number one thing you're gonna need to learn how to do is properly estimate how long tasks are going to take you to complete and the bad news is that you and me both are human beings. We both like ingesting organic matter, we both like using our respiratory systems to convert oxygen into carbon dioxide and we are both naturally bad at estimating how long things are going to take. Did I mention I'm not a robot? We're all susceptible to what's called the planning falacy which describes how human beings tend to make over optimistic predictions for how long things are going to take. Now there's actually some research done at the University of Waterloo in Canada on this phenomenon. Students were asked to make two different types of time predictions. One was a best case scenario prediction where literally everything went right and the other one was for the average case scenario, your average every day run of the mill experience and the researchers found that predictions for both types of scenarios were virtually identical which showed them that human beings tend to picture the best case scenario where literally nothing goes wrong when they're trying to predict what's gonna happen in an average everyday case. So even though you know in the back of your head that when you try to get to work on an average day there's traffic or somebody's driving in front of you really slow on their phone, there's a grandma in front of you. When you predict how long it's going to take to work, you picture the scenario where there's barely any traffic at all and everything is just perfect.