字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 This video was made possible by the people who support me on Patreon. In a video for the Intercept, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez lays out an exciting vision of the future by following a young girl Illeana: “Her first job out of college was with AmeriCorps Climate, restoring wetlands and bayous in coastal Louisiana. Most of her friends were in her union, including some oil workers in transition. They took apart old pipelines and got to work planting mangroves with the same salary and benefits. Of course when it came to healing the land, we had huge gaps in our knowledge. Luckily Indigenous communities offered generational expertise to help guide the way.” This snapshot of AOC's future is bright, but it's going to require work. And one of the centerpieces of that bright future is a Green New Deal. An idea that has many iterations and at least as many critics. Just looking at cable news it's hard to even understand what the Green New Deal is. According to cable news, it seems like an impassable piece of legislation that will destroy the world. Well, the Green New Deal will certainly not destroy the world, and it definitely has large public support. So, today we're going to go through what a Green New Deal proposes and why it's so important at this moment. At its core the Green New Deal is an idea, a vision of a future. It's not one single piece of policy that has to be passed through the United States congress, it's a framework through which to understand how to transition our world from a climate crisis into a just, equitable, and post-climate change future. In the U.S. the Green New Deal has coalesced around a proposal championed by Representatives Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Ed Markey, but there are hundreds of Green New Deal proposals around the globe tailored to specific countries or municipalities as well as even more visionary frameworks like the Red Deal, which expands upon the Green New Deal by centering indigenous liberation and environmental anti-colonialism. The key idea between all of these Green New Deals is this: climate change is a massive crisis that is both caused by and exacerbates economic inequality, racism, militarism, and conflict. This means that addressing climate change necessitates addressing racism, militarism, and inequality. Essentially, climate action must include intersectional analysis in order to succeed. This is a crucial shift in thinking within mainstream environmental and climate action circles, which have historically been dominated by white folks and white supremacist thinking, which often separates climate action from racial oppression, ableism, and economic injustice. Indeed the sentiment that addressing systems of oppression in conjunction with climate change will stymie climate action still runs rampant throughout the climate movement. Michael Mann, a leading climate scientist expressed this opinion a year ago in Nature. He writes, “My worry is this. Saddling a climate movement with a laundry list of other worthy social programmes risks alienating needed supporters (say, independents and moderate conservatives) who are apprehensive about a broader agenda of progressive social change.” But he's wrong. We've tried slow incremental technological and policy change for the last 40 years, and there hasn't been much progress. We also know that this siloed neoliberal approach to climate change doesn't work. French President Emmanuel Macron's gas tax is a perfect example. Macron placed a tax on gas that disproportionately burdened poor and working class people, and then turned around and lowered France's wealth tax by 70% as well as proposed capping welfare benefits and pensions. The backlash that ensued was inevitable. Workers rose up in anger, and the gas tax was a failure because it did what so many neoliberal policies have done before it: it characterized climate action as a necessary evil that will increase the cost of living for working people. These kinds of market-based, single-issue solutions then, are not the answer. System change needs to happen to truly address the scale of the climate crisis. The Green New Deal recognizes this reality and understands that the root causes of climate change are the same as the root causes of many other struggles: capitalism, imperialism, colonialism, and racism. So then what would a Green New Deal look like? In the U.S. specifically, it needs to focus on two concepts, abolition and abundance. Abolition in the sense that it needs to dismantle networks of harm that have led to the myriad of crises we are now facing. Abolition of fossil fuels yes, but also abolition of a carceral state that has enslaved Black Americans for over 400 years. Abolition of a military that has destabilized whole countries and fostered one of the most polluting industries in the world. And Abolition of a neoliberal capitalist economy that allows for 3 people to own the same amount of wealth as 150 million people. But, as prison abolitionist and geography professor Ruth Wilson Gilmore notes, “abolition means not just the closing of prisons but the presence, instead of vital systems of support that many communities lack.” Abolition, then, is much more about abundance than absence. This is why the Green New Deal is important. Yes, it seeks to dismantle unjust and unsustainable systems, but, unlike the multitude of other climate proposals, it seeks to replace those violent systems with systems of what Naomi Klein calls “care and repair.” These programs look like guaranteed jobs for all that want them, guaranteed sustainable housing, investing in art, electrified transportation, and caretaking economies, as well as continuously transforming what the Green New Deal means by listening to those that have been at the frontlines of environmental and systemic harm. But Charlie! The Green New Deal will never happen! It's politically impossible! It costs too much! Yes, creating a society based on a Green New Deal framework will take work, but isn't that work worth doing? Political impossibilities become possible when there are mass movements of people working against injustice. Look at the uprisings we're seeing all over the world, asserting Black Lives Matter and that white supremacy must end. There are concrete changes already happening because of these uprisings, and more still to come. As for cost, yes it will cost money, but the alternative is much worse. One 2019 study says that climate change could cause the GDP per capita to drop by 7 percent worldwide and 10.5 in the United States if the global economy continues on its current course. The policy lead for the Green New Deal, Rhiana Gunn-Wright, lays out this idea plainly: “Do we want to invest up front and use this moment and not just tackle climate change but to make our economy more robust and better for people or do we just want to bleed money because of inaction and never get that money back.” And our response to the Coronavirus shows that we can spend the money necessary if we deem our situation a crisis. And climate change is the biggest crisis humanity has faced. There are also relatively straightforward ways to get that money: cutting the military budget, ending fossil fuel subsidies, and taxing wealthy individuals and corporations. It is not only possible to do these things, it is our duty to make our government spend money to protect and care for life instead of violating it. So, as we look towards an uncertain future, and live in a present where the hundreds of scientists from the IPCC are calling for vast structural changes within the next 10 years, what other choice do we have than to fight hard for a Green New Deal and much much more? Hey everyone, Charlie here. If you've been watching Our Changing Climate for a while or just stumbled across this video and are wondering how you can help me make more videos, then consider supporting the show on Patreon. As an OCC patron, you'll gain early access to videos, special behind the scenes updates, as well as a members only group chat. In addition, each month my supporters vote on an environmental group that I then donate a portion of my monthly revenue to. So if you want to support the channel or are feeling generous, head over to patreon.com/ourchangingclimate and become an OCC patron. If you're not interested or aren't financially able, then no worries! I hope you enjoyed the video, and I'll see you in two weeks!