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  • one of the overriding reasons why modern

    現代工作為何如此無趣其中一個重要原因

  • work is so boring is that we keep having

    就是我們每天幾乎都要做

  • to do more or less the same thing every

    幾乎一模一樣的事情

  • day

    我們的工作必須有專業只不過

  • we have to be specialists whereas we

    我們內心深知如果可以

  • would deepen our hearts surely be so

    當個什麼領域都去探索的通才

  • much more fulfilled if we could be

    我們會有多滿足

  • wide-ranging endlessly curious

    我們很好理解

  • generalists you can understand the

    當你看看童年時期的孩子就不難了解

  • origins of restlessness when you look at

    人們生性好動 孩子能夠在

  • childhood as children we will allow to

    一個周六早上做那麼多事情

  • do so much in a single Saturday morning

    我們可能多套上一件帽T

  • we might put on an extra jumper and

    幻想自己是北極探險家

  • imagine being an arctic explorer then

    然後再暫時變成建築師建造一座

  • have brief stints as an architect making

    樂高房子或是搖滾巨星在想像

  • a Lego house a rock star making up an

    一首關於玉米片的歌 抑或一個發明家想像

  • anthem about corn flakes and an inventor

    如何把四個鉛筆黏在一起

  • working out how to speed up coloring in

    以加快著色速度

  • by gluing for felt-tip pens together

    我們又空出幾分鐘變身為緊急救援小組

  • we'd put in a few minutes as a member of

    的其中一名組員然後再嘗試當一名

  • an emergency rescue team then we try out

    飛行員 完美地降落於

  • being a pilot brilliantly landing a

    貨機走廊的地毯上

  • cargo plane on the rug in the corridor

    我們為針織的兔子做了一個救命手術

  • we'd perform a life-saving operation on

    然後到最後終於找到

  • a knitted rabbit and finally we find

    擔任二廚的工作幫忙製作

  • employment as a sous chef helping make a

    火腿起司三明治當早餐

  • ham and cheese sandwich for lunch each

    這些被認為是遊戲的形況

  • one of these so-called games might have

    可能發展為職涯的開端

  • been the beginning of a career and yet

    但我們卻得選擇一個選項

  • we had to settle on only a single option

    重複做它 50 年

  • done repeatedly for over 50 years we are

    我們遠比我們的工作

  • so much more than the world of work ever

    還要多更多

  • allows us to be in his song of myself

    1855 年由美國詩人

  • published in eighteen fifty five the

    華特·惠特曼為這樣的複雜性

  • American poet Walt Whitman gave our

    下了難忘的詮釋:

  • multiplicity memorable expression I am

    我遼闊博大,我包羅萬象

  • large I contain multitudes by which

    惠特曼的意思指一個人

  • Whitman meant that there is so many

    有那麼多有趣吸引人且可行的

  • interesting attractive and viable

    自我 這麼多潛在的發展

  • versions of oneself so many good ways

    和可以成功的機會 不過

  • one could potentially live and work but

    其中很少真得恰當地發展

  • very few of these ever get properly

    並且實現於一個人

  • played out and become real in the course

    有限的生命中 也難怪

  • of the single life we have no wonder if

    我們常察覺內心不被達成

  • we're often conscious of our unfulfilled

    的目標 且有時認知自己

  • destinies and at times recognize with a

    有種痛苦的感受 覺得自己可以

  • legitimate sense of agony that we really

    很有可能在做別的事情時

  • could well have succeeded at doing

    成功 若不是我們自己的問題

  • something else if not our fault that

    我們無法發展自己的多元

  • we've not been able to give our

    現代的就業市場

  • multitudes expression the modern job

    不給我們機會 我們只能

  • market gives us no option but to

    專業化 我們不能在一周的

  • specialize we can't be an airline pilot

    下午當上機長 又每月花兩天時間

  • one afternoon a week at research in two

    做研究 在傍晚時擔任歌手作曲家

  • days a month a singer-songwriter in the

    又花零碎時間擔任

  • evenings while holding down part-time

    政治顧問 水電工 服裝設計師

  • work as a political advisor a plumber a

    網球教練 旅行社業務

  • dress designer a tennis coach a travel

    再當上一間黎巴嫩小餐館

  • agent and being additionally the owner

    的老闆

  • of a small restaurant

    儘管這感覺像是

  • lebanese mezack however much this might

    最好的安排

  • be the ideal arrangement to do justice

    對於我們廣泛的興趣和潛能

  • to our widespread interests and

    但我們無法如此的原因

  • potential the reason or we cannot do so

    在十八世紀由蘇格蘭的

  • much were first elaborated at the end of

    哲學家亞當斯密提出完整的理論

  • the eighteenth century by the Scottish

    在《國富論》中

  • philosopher adam smith in the wealth of

    他解釋勞力的分工

  • nations Smith explained how what he

    可以大量增加社會的

  • termed the division of labour massively

    總體生產量

  • increases collective productivity in a

    當所有人都做所有事情

  • society where everyone does everything

    都做一點點鞋子 房子

  • only a small number of shoes houses

    釘子 種小麥 馬蹄

  • nails bushels of wheat horse bridles and

    車輪 但沒有人有一項

  • cartwheels but ever produced and no one

    特別強 但是如果

  • is especially good at anything but if

    人們小範圍地分工

  • people specialize in just one small area

    製造鉚釘與輪軸

  • making rivets shaping spokes

    生產繩索 堆砌磚塊等

  • manufacturing rope bricklaying etc they

    他們將更快致富

  • become very much faster and more

    工作也更有效率 而整體來說

  • efficient in their work and collectively

    生產產值大幅上升

  • the level of production is greatly

    透過專注於一件事我們

  • increased by focusing our efforts we

    失去了享受豐富多元

  • lose out on the enjoyment of

    的樂趣 不過我們的社會變得

  • multiplicity yet our society becomes

    更有錢更進步

  • overall far wealthier and better

    擁有更多商品是對於社會的貢獻

  • supplied with the goods it needs it's a

    亞當斯密預見我們社會

  • tribute to the world Smith foresaw that

    將會出現像是資深包裝師

  • we have ended up with job titles like

    或是品牌設計師等職稱

  • senior packaging and branding designer

    或是分析臨床醫師研究中心主管

  • intake and triage clinician research

    風險及內部管理者

  • center manager risk and internal audit

    和運輸顧問

  • controller and transport policy

    換句話說 小零件構成了

  • consultant in other words tiny cogs in a

    大型有效率的機械 如此更加富有

  • giant efficient machine hugely richer

    卻增加人們對於自我的多元

  • but full of private longings to give our

    和自我表達渴望

  • multitudinous self-expression one of

    其中最聰明的一位

  • Adam Smith's most intelligent and

    亞當斯密的讀者 德國經濟學家

  • penetrating readers with the German

    馬克思全然同意

  • economist Karl Marx marks agreed

    亞當斯密的分析

  • entirely with Smith's analysis

    專業化已經改變世界

  • specialization had transformed the world

    並具備革命性影響力

  • and possessed the revolutionary power to

    使個體和國家更富有

  • enrich individuals and nations but where

    但不同於亞當斯密的地方在於

  • he differed from Smith was in his

    不論這樣的發展

  • assessment of how desirable this

    有多麼誘人 我們不可否認地

  • development might be we would certainly

    因為專業化使自己更加富裕

  • make ourselves a wealthier by

    但他很激動地指出

  • specializing but we would also if he

    它也會使我們生活更無趣

  • pointed out with passion dull our lives

    並且泯滅才華 在形容他

  • and cauterize our talents in describing

    烏托邦式的社會主義社會中 馬克思

  • his utopian communist Society marks

    將重點放在每個人

  • place enormous emphasis on the idea of

    都有不同工作上面

  • everyone having many different jobs

    這樣將不會有專家

  • there were to be no specialists here in

    特別針對亞當斯密 他寫說

  • a pointed dig at Smith he wrote in

    在社會主義的社會下 沒有人

  • communist society nobody has one

    有一個特有的

  • exclusive

    工作 每個人都可以

  • of activity but each can become

    在任何他喜愛的領域有一番成就

  • accomplished in any branch he wishes

    所以對我來說今天做一件事

  • thus it's possible for me to do one

    明天再做另一件事是可行的

  • thing today and another tomorrow to hunt

    早上打獵下午釣魚

  • in the morning to fish in the afternoon

    傍晚養牛隻

  • to rear cattle in the evening to

    晚餐後評論 而不用真的成為

  • criticize after dinner without ever

    一個獵人 魚釣者

  • becoming a hunter or fisherman a

    牧羊人 或是評論家

  • shepherd or a critic it's a beautiful

    但這是個美而不切實際的夢想

  • but entirely unrealistic dream we have

    我們集體選擇工作應當以賺錢

  • collectively chosen to make work pay

    勝過有趣

  • more rather than be more interesting

    這是悲觀的思考 但卻能為

  • it's a somber thought but a consoling

    痛苦提供慰藉 但它也富含特別的

  • one to our suffering is painful but it

    意義 因為它的影響

  • has a curious dignity to it because it

    並不會因為不同人而有差

  • doesn't uniquely affect us as

    它對所有人來說都是一樣的

  • individuals it applies as much to the

    不管是 CEO 實習生 藝術家

  • CEO as to the intern to the artist as

    或是會計師 每個人都可能

  • much as to the accountant everyone could

    找到那麼多種版本遺漏的幸福

  • have found so many versions of happiness

    在如此遺憾的情況下

  • that will elude them in suffering in

    我們都和全體人類一樣

  • this way we are participating in the

    可以確定不管我們選擇

  • common human lot we can be sure that

    做了什麼 我們的部分潛能都必將

  • whatever we do parts of our potential

    未被發展並且消滅死去

  • will have to go undeveloped and die

    根本都還沒有機會

  • without ever having had the chance to

    使它成熟發展

  • come to full maturity for the sake of

    一切都是為了達到真正的專業化

  • the real benefits of focus and

    和專業分工

  • specialization

  • you

one of the overriding reasons why modern

現代工作為何如此無趣其中一個重要原因

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 專業化 社會 發展 工作 馬克思 擔任

為什麼工作會那麼無聊(Why Is Work so Boring?)

  • 32 1
    Agnostic 發佈於 2021 年 06 月 17 日
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