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  • House training your puppy requires more than a stack of

    居家訓練你家的小狗需要的不只是一堆

  • old newspapers.

    舊報紙

  • It calls for patience, commitment, and above all,

    它不只需要耐心與承諾,最重要的是

  • consistency.

    持續不懈

  • Hi, I'm Kathy Santo for Iams with Howdini.

    嗨,我是Iams with Howdini(Youtube頻道)的Kathy Santo.

  • And today we're going to talk about how to

    我們今天要談的是如何

  • house train your puppy.

    在家訓練好你的小狗

  • A trusting and consistent relationship is fundamental to

    擁有互相信任和堅定的關係是

  • successful house training.

    居家訓練的成功基礎

  • The more consistent you are, the faster

    你表現的越前後一致,

  • your puppy will learn.

    你的小狗就會學得更快

  • House training a puppy can take several weeks and

    居家訓練一隻小狗可能需要幾個禮拜,

  • sometimes longer with smaller breeds.

    有時候小型品種需要較久的時間

  • The first step to house training your puppy is to

    對你的小狗做居家訓練的第一步驟是

  • establish a routine.

    建立一個例行程序

  • Puppies did best on a regular schedule, because it teaches

    小狗們在規律的時間安排下會表現的較好,因為這教會了牠們

  • them that there are times to eat, times to play,

    何時是吃飯、玩樂

  • and times to potty.

    和上廁所的時間

  • As a general rule, a puppy can control his bladder about an

    一般來說,一隻小狗可以控制牠的膀胱

  • hour for every month of age.

    約每長大一個月可多一小時

  • So if your puppy is only three months old, he can probably

    所以如果你的小狗只有3個月大,那他大約可以

  • only hold it for about three hours, if not less.

    憋3個小時以內

  • Make sure to take him right out after he wakes up, during

    一定要在牠起床後,在玩樂的

  • and after play time, and after eating or drinking, because

    期間和之後,和吃與喝東西之後帶牠出門,因為

  • these are times he's most likely to have to go.

    這些時間是牠最需要出門的時間

  • If you work and are unable to take your puppy outside as

    你若要工作且無法依照小狗所需帶牠們出門

  • often as needed, you could hire a dog walker to give your

    你可以請一個遛狗人來

  • puppy his necessary breaks.

    帶你的小狗出去遛達

  • I recommend picking a specific bathroom spot outside and

    我建議在戶外選一個特定的上廁所地點且

  • always taking him there first when he's on a leash.

    每次散步時都先帶牠去那個點

  • While your puppy is going, say something like "go potty" so

    當你的小狗要去上廁所時說些像「去尿尿/便便」這種話

  • that you can eventually use that phrase to

    這樣你就可以用這句話來

  • remind him what to do.

    提醒牠該做什麼

  • You should take him out for a walk or play time after he's

    你應該要在牠上廁所後,帶牠去散步或是玩樂

  • gone potty, or he might just learn to hold

    不然牠可能會學會憋尿來

  • it to keep you outside.

    讓你陪牠在戶外久一點

  • Reward your puppy every time he goes potty outdoors with

    在牠每次出外上廁所時,給你的小狗獎賞:

  • praise or a treat, but make sure to do so immediately

    給予誇獎或零食,但(獎勵)一定要馬上給予

  • before he goes back into the house.

    且在牠回到家之前

  • Rewarding correct behavior is the best way

    利用獎勵來教導行為是最棒的方法

  • to teach your puppy.

    來教你的小狗

  • Be careful not to reward your puppy until he's completely

    注意要在小狗完全完成指令後再給予獎賞

  • finished, or he may forget to finish up outside and then

    否則牠會忘記在戶外上廁所且

  • have an accident inside.

    回到家才上廁所

  • And remember, what goes into a puppy on a schedule comes out

    記住,給予你的小狗一定的例行程序

  • of a puppy on a schedule.

    你的小狗就可以做得很好 (種什麼因, 結什麼果)

  • So always take your puppy out after feeding.

    所以在餵完你的小狗後,一定要帶牠出門散步

  • Try picking up your puppy's water dish about two and a

    試著在睡前的2.5小時不要再給小狗喝水

  • half hours before bedtime, so he won't have as much water to

    這樣牠才不會因為喝太多水

  • try and hold overnight.

    而要憋整晚

  • If you keep a consistent schedule, your puppy could be

    如果你持續一個固定的行程表,你的小狗便可以

  • house trained by the time he's five to six months old.

    在牠5~6個月大時成功完成居家訓練

  • But don't be discouraged if it takes your puppy longer or has

    但是千萬不要覺得氣餒,如果你的小狗需要花更長時間或

  • an occasional accident.

    偶爾犯了點錯

  • Many factors, including breed of dog, consistency, and

    有很多種因素:像是狗的品種、持續性

  • temperament, can contribute to a longer training period.

    和脾氣都可能導致牠們需要較長時間的訓練

  • If you feel that there's little to no progress, consult

    如果你覺得牠沒什麼進步

  • with your veterinarian to be sure that a medical issue,

    和你的獸醫師討論,確保醫療方面

  • such as a bladder infection, isn't the culprit.

    像是膀胱感染等,不是問題的起因

  • Supervision in the beginning is critical.

    一開始的監督是必要的

  • Exercise pens are extremely helpful while house training.

    在居家訓練時,活動式圍欄對牠們來說是非常有效的

  • Keeping your puppy in a small space within eyesight will

    將你的小狗安置在一看得到的範圍內的小空間

  • allow you to notice and react when they start showing the

    讓你可以隨時注意到且對牠們的

  • signs of needing to eliminate.

    排泄需求而做出反應

  • Those signs can be barking, scratching at the door,

    那些跡象可能是吠叫、抓門

  • squatting, sniffing, or circling.

    蹲下、用力嗅或轉圈圈

  • If you're unable to monitor your puppy, you can confine

    如果你無法控制你的小狗,你可以將牠限制

  • him to an area small enough so that he won't want to

    在一個較小的地方,這樣牠就不會想要

  • eliminate there.

    裡面排泄了

  • A space just large enough for him to lay down with a couple

    空間大約大到讓牠足夠躺下再多

  • extra inches is just fine.

    幾英吋便足夠

  • Many people choose to combine with a crate which can be very

    很多人會選擇將居家訓練和籠子做結合

  • helpful for house training your young dog.

    這對居家訓練你的小狗非常有幫助

  • For more information on crate training watch "How to crate

    對於如何做籠內訓練,請觀賞「如何對你的小狗做籠內

  • train your puppy."

    訓練」

  • I'm Kathy Santo for Iams with Howdini, and I hope that

    我是Iams with Howdini(Youtube頻道)的Kathy Santo,希望

  • you've found this helpful as you welcome your new addition

    你覺得這部影片對你和你家裡的

  • to your family.

    新成員有所幫助

  • For more information on puppy care and training, visit

    任何關於如何照顧和訓練小狗的更多資訊

  • iams.com/puppy.

    請瀏覽 iams.com/puppy

House training your puppy requires more than a stack of

居家訓練你家的小狗需要的不只是一堆

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實用!如何在家訓練你的小狗狗? (How To Potty Train a Puppy - How to House Train Your Dog)

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    Ashley Chen 發佈於 2014 年 08 月 28 日
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