Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • A lot of us want to learn new things and acquire great new skills, but often we lack the motivation to do so.

    我們大部分都想學新東西和得到新技藝

  • Which brings up a lot of good questions, like:

    然而卻通常會缺乏執行的動力

  • So therefore: Chapter 1

    也就帶出了不少值得思考的問題,像是:

  • It's important to address

    「為何我會這麼沒動力去學習 長期下來能對我有助益的某件事情?」

  • Procrastination first because odds are you are going to learn something new right now

    「為何我會想著要做那件事數年了卻總是無疾而終?」

  • But you don't actually like the idea of learning something new and there's an actual reason for that.

    「我到底要怎麼學習好像超難的音樂 / 寫作 / 繪畫?」

  • When you learn something new it actually adds a bit of stress to your mind.

    於是接下來:第一章

  • It's the same area in your brain that activates pain and that goes off.

    「拖延症」

  • So because of this the idea of taking some time to learn something can give you anxiety

    也叫「我怎麼總是這麼懶?」

  • Because why would you want to do the equivalent of hurting yourself? So the best solution to all of this is...

    就像:「對啦我懂,我的確想學新的東西,

  • Just start doing it. And that almost sounds too simple, but it's really important that you learn how to take initiative.

    不過你我都知道我沒真的打算去做。」

  • It's important because you can fear doing something all day or for several days because you keep thinking "Well

    「但沒差,以防萬一我還是先看你的影片。」

  • I just need to find the right mood for it and

    先解決拖延症是很重要的

  • then I'll actually do it." but really you just

    因為你很可能現在就打算學習某件新事物

  • need to start doing it because no one else can do that for you.

    但你實質上卻不喜歡 "學習某件新事物" 這個念頭

  • And once you have started doing it all that pain and discomfort

    而這實際上是有原因在的

  • actually goes away. You move past it and it's over. You're now in the

    當你在學習某件新事物時,其實會對你的頭腦施加壓力

  • learning zone and it's a lot easier to get back into it

    施加在和腦部內產生與抑制痛覺的地方位在同一個區域

  • the more frequently you get over this threshold. But then there's another problem. Once you've started doing something you're going to run into some problems

    因此花時間學習某件新事物的念頭會給你焦慮感

  • And you're suddenly going to switch your attention to something else. Something frustrating or negative happens and it breaks your momentum.

    因為你怎麼會想做等同於傷害自己的行為?

  • So because you're not reaching the reward you had anticipated your brain goes for something short-term

    為此的最好方法是...

  • But instead you just have to do it again

    就只要開始做吧

  • You have to find your initiative again, and you have to remember that while it's easy to get short-term

    光用聽的好像非常容易

  • satisfaction from Instagram, Twitter and video games, it's all the stuff that's fun in the short-term

    但學習如何主動去做真的非常重要

  • But what you're actually doing in terms of studying and work is going to lead to long-term satisfaction

    之所以重要是因為你可能會在做某件事整天或數天時

  • So yeah

    你卻一直想著:

  • That was easy

    「我想我需要先找到做事的心情,

  • If you want to get down to one learning actually is, it is a cell in your nervous system called a neuron and

    接著我就真的會去做。」

  • information flows from one neuron to another neuron through a synapse and your brain has a billion of these synapses

    但現實是你需要馬上開始去做

  • So don't worry about it. You're not suddenly going to go. "Oh, I have zero point one gigabytes left in my brain

    因為沒人能替你完成那件事

  • I- I guess I'm never learning anything again. Bye everybody." Whenever you are learning something new your brain creates more synapses

    而你一旦開始做了之後

  • So there really is no limit to how much you can learn. But that said it is still important that you take rest

    所有痛苦和心理不適都會隨之消散

  • You can't cram every single thing into your head immediately, because you need to take some time to memorize and process these things

    你跨越了然後那些感覺也沒了

  • so you actually remember it. Learning is repetition and

    你現在已經進到了「學習區」

  • relearning the things that are kind of fading away in your head is important, because you need to strengthen these

    並且你越頻繁跨越這道難關

  • connections in your brain. Your brain is really good at remembering things but it remembers things based on how important they are.

    要維持學習就會變得更加容易

  • So if you have forgotten something,

    但別的問題就隨之而來了

  • it's probably because you didn't really have a need for it. One way to approach this with something like drawing is not

    你一旦開始做某件事情

  • by tackling everything like anatomy, perspective and color theory at the same time, because that's just too much.

    你遲早會遇到一些問題

  • Instead tackle your biggest flaws right now.

    然後你就會突然把注意力轉移到其他事情上

  • That is how you establish the need for learning.

    遇到某件令人挫敗或消極的問題後消磨了你的動力

  • And when you read a book for something like anatomy don't just read from page one to the last.

    正因為你沒有因投入而得到相應的回報

  • Use the pages that you actually have a need for right now,

    ( 沒有獎勵 ) 正因為你沒有因投入而得到相應的回報

  • and go back to those pages again when you need to relearn it.

    你的大腦會去做某件馬上見效的事

  • But the number one priority that comes to remembering anything is actually sleep. Sleep is extremely

    ( 馬上的獎勵 ) 你的大腦會去做某件馬上見效的事

  • important because it plays a large part in processing your synapses.

    但你反而就得再重新來過

  • It creates more synapses and also cleans your synapses from metabolic toxins

    你必須再次找回主動去做的心態

  • so we don't get dirty and muddled, and maybe you kinda remember or maybe that was about something else and now you only half remember.

    而你必須謹記的是 雖然馬上從 IG、Twitter 和電玩上得到滿足感很容易

  • Another great option for your mental rest is physical exercise and social contact.

    那些就只是此時此刻的快樂

  • Exercise and being socially active helps your brain produce new neurons.

    然而你學習和辦事實際上能帶來的是長久的滿足感

  • Staying physically active and talking to people daily will actually help you study and learn better, and in contrast

    噢好吧

  • staying shut in all day is a great way to develop severe depression.

    那還真簡單

  • While you could listen to music, watch TV or YouTube videos while studying and working on something that's not going to be 100%

    第二章:

  • efficient. But maybe you want to sacrifice some of that efficiency so you can enjoy some music some fun video stuff while also getting some

    第二章:如何記住你學習的東西

  • work done. And here is basically the way that I would approach it because there are two different modes of thinking:

    第二章:如何記住你學習的東西 因為我不想一次又一次地回去學習基礎

  • The focused mode, also called the logical mode or the left brain mode, which has a lot more to do with

    第二章:如何記住你學習的東西 因為我不想一次又一次地又得回去學習基礎 拜託

  • concentration and sort of relating new things to what is already familiar. This mode pretty much requires that there are no distractions

    第二章:如何記住你學習的東西 因為我不想一次又一次地又得回去學習基礎 拜託謝謝

  • so your memory is not inefficient.

    如果你打算深入了解學習的本質

  • But this might not always be the most fun thing to work with.

    就要提到位於你神經系統的一種細胞稱作「神經元」

  • So when you are a creative person you tend to prefer

    而資訊經由突觸在神經元之間傳遞

  • the diffused mode, also known as we creative mode or the right brain mode.

    ( 突觸 ) 而資訊經由突觸在神經元之間傳遞

  • And with this mode your brain is free to wander. You can put on some music, some videos because you're not really learning anything new

    你的大腦有著數十億這種突觸

  • instead you're

    所以你沒必要擔心

  • reinforcing what you have already learned

    你不會突然就變成:

  • So knowing this and knowing that we are not completely left brained or completely right brained and that these are just modes that we can

    「哦,我的大腦剩下 0.1 GB 的容量了,

  • shift back and forth between,

    我想我永遠都沒辦法再學習任何東西了。」

  • we can utilize the modes to be the most efficient for us.

    「永別了各位。」

  • If you're going to learn something you even probably don't have distractions.

    每在你學習某樣新事物時

  • But in expressing something let your mind wander.

    你的大腦就會製造更多的突觸

  • But no matter what you are learning or how you are doing it, you have to do it by yourself.

    所以你在學習上其實是無止盡的

  • You can't really watch a video of someone

    雖然的確是這樣,可是休息還是很重要的

  • painting and pick up all the painting skills without painting along. When you see someone else do something

    你沒辦法馬上將所有東西塞進你的腦袋裡

  • it's not understanding it. Because a large part of learning is

    因為你需要耗費一些時間來記憶和處理這些事情

  • problem-solving and you have to solve the problem yourself.

    你才會真正的記住它

  • Sometimes it can be so hard to learn something new because it's so different that you have no way of relating to it.

    學習需要反覆

  • If something feels so abstract that you can't even relate to it,

    而重新學習快從你腦海中消失的東西也很重要

  • then you have to not just learn the name for it or what category it belongs to,

    因為你得要加強這些在你腦內的連結

  • but you have to learn about it until it feels real, until it's a part of reality.

    你的大腦在記住事情這點很拿手

  • When it comes to drawing, I might think of an eye and the eye actually sticks out a lot.

    但它會基於事情的重要性而去記憶

  • but it's kind of hard to imagine that on your own. So I can say eyes

    也就是說要是你忘了某件事

  • are like marbles and eyelids are like fabric over them.

    很有可能是因為你對這件事並沒有真正的需求

  • And now we have a way of relating to

    在諸如繪畫上解決這問題的方法

  • just how the eye looks as it sticks out. Or when it comes to figure drawing

    不是同時學習像是解剖學、透視和色彩學等所有東西

  • I can say draw from the head down to the dominant leg, so that you can feel the

    因為那已經太多了

  • gravity and the force and the weight as you draw it. And when it comes to which leg is the dominant leg, then allow me to go over

    你應該要做的是專注在你最大的弱點上

  • and kick the model so they fall to the floor and start crying. Which leg did I kick?

    這就是你如何設立對學習的需求

  • That's the dominant leg. The important thing to learning

    並且在你讀像是解剖學之類的東西時 別只是從第一頁讀到最後

  • the things that feel tougher is to get across the major

    ( 1 → 最後 ) 並且在你讀像是解剖學之類的東西時 別只是從第一頁讀到最後

  • idea and not get stuck in the details, because as you get to learn these things that are more abstract or harder to learn

    ( 並且 ) 而是利用那些你目前真正需要的頁數

  • your synapses will start to connect easier with more complicated things. Because now you have something that is actually

    ( 手 → 手臂 ) 而是利用那些你目前真正需要的頁數

  • relatable. It's important to not get too stuck in the details because otherwise all you have is the details.

    並在你需要重新學習時再回到那幾頁

  • If you want to remember something, you have to test yourself.

    但要記憶任何事情所要做的第一優先事項其實是睡眠

  • You have to make it important to you and have a need for it.

    睡眠極其重要

  • So you can test yourself by trying to do different things from memory to see how much you actually know.

    因為這在你突觸的處理上扮演了重要角色

  • And then when you see what is wrong

    它會產生更多突觸並同時清理你突觸上的毒性代謝

  • You can study it again to correct it. And there's nothing wrong with

    才能避免我們變得恍恍惚惚

  • catching yourself not knowing something or having made a mistake.

    或變得你好像記得

  • All of this is part of the learning process.

    或者記得的其實是別的事情

  • There's always going to be mistakes,

    或你現在就只記得一半了

  • because mistakes are a part of how we learn.

    其他對你身心健康有幫助的還有身體鍛鍊和社交聯繫

  • But a problem that can happen with creative people is that they become too trusting a fair right side

    運動和積極社交能協助你的大腦產生新的神經元

  • intuition, to the point where you now refuse to learn something new because your intuition is misleading.

    保持身體活動並每天與他人聯繫 實際上能幫助你學習與更快吸收

  • Repeating something you already know well is pretty easy,

    反過來講

  • so it can feel like you have already mastered something when you actually have not.

    整天保持封閉則非常容易製造抑鬱感

  • Something that can happen with something like drawing is that you keep drawing heads from imagination until now

    第三章:

  • this is what heads look like to you.

    第三章:即使有了大家的幫助

  • So it really is important that you set aside time for deliberate practice and don't only rely on your intuition.

    第三章:即使有了大家的幫助 你還是得親自去完成所有的事情

  • Because your intuition is important but in the right situations.

    當你在學習或辦事時聽音樂、看電視或者 Youtube 影片

  • And then on the more left brain side of things: As much as we would like to cram all the studying in

    這樣並不會讓效率維持百分百

  • so we can learn everything immediately,

    不過也許你願意犧牲那一點效率

  • it just doesn't work. Because your brain won't be able to keep up with making you neural structures

    以讓你享受一些音樂、一些有趣的影片東東

  • I think a good way to approach this is by mixing things up.

    並同時完成些事情

  • Don't just study one thing over and over again, but go back and forth between different things.

    而接下來是我會看待的方式

  • So that you give yourself the space to repeat and process the things you are learning.

    因為有兩種不同的思考模式:

  • Set aside time to fully study something and then time to freely explore it.

    「專注模式」,又叫做邏輯模式或者左腦模式

  • So by spacing things out over periods, we can actually use our practice and our intuition to reliably learn new things.

    這大部分在掌管專注力並將新事物與已知的知識作聯想

  • The final chapter.

    這個模式很要求注意力不被分散

  • It's perfectly normal to procrastinate because things feel unpleasant,

    才能避免你的記憶變得毫無效率

  • especially if they are really new to us. Maybe for a long time you wanted to make music

    然而這做起來通常不會是一件最有趣的事情

  • but you haven't made any steps towards making music. You don't know anything about music. You don't know where to start.

    於是當你是個有創意的人時你會更偏向:

  • It's this big overpowering thing and in comparison, even the first steps feel so tiny.

    「發散模式」,又叫做創意模式或右腦模式

  • But if you were to focus right now, not so much on everything unpleasant up ahead

    而藉著這種模式你的大腦能夠自由地遊走

  • but what you can learn right now; maybe you could open up a music software and just get acquainted with it.

    你能播點音樂、一些影片

  • What if you bought a smaller instrument just to play around with and have fun with? What if you did something

    因為你沒有真的在學習任何新事物

  • that works with where you are right now in the present moment?

    取而代之的是你在加強你已經學習的東西

  • Because the thing is when we expect the initial pain of learning something new, we expect everything after that to be just as painful.

    於是就能知道我們不會完全透過左腦或右腦思考

  • Maybe you don't have any highly developed talents and skills,

    而這些就只是我們能交替切換的模式

  • but you have these artists you look up to and more than anything

    我們能利用對我們而言最有效率的模式

  • you want to have those skills. You want to have what they have, but you can't have that right now.

    如果你想要學習什麼

  • But you can have the initiative. You can have the talent of

    你會盡可能避免分心

  • making effort, time investment, and getting something done

    但在表達事物上就讓你的思緒漫遊吧

  • no matter how small it is. And anything that comes after that can just be a byproduct.

    然而無論你在學什麼或如何做什麼

  • Maybe if we trace back to where talent comes from, then maybe this is where it starts. And it only relies on one thing

    你都得親自來執行

  • That you take the initiative.

    你不太可能單看某人畫圖 而且沒跟著畫就吸收到裡面的繪畫技巧

  • Thank you for listening. And if you would like to support my work

    在你看別人做什麼事的時候

  • You can like this video, you can subscribe and you can follow me around.

    這並不等於理解

  • You can also support me on patreon, or if you don't like patreon

    因為佔學習最大部分的是解決問題

  • I have a ko-fi where you can directly support my caffeine addiction. See you soon again, and bye bye.

    而你必須親自來解決問題

A lot of us want to learn new things and acquire great new skills, but often we lack the motivation to do so.

我們大部分都想學新東西和得到新技藝

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 美國腔 學習 事物 突觸 透視 模式 解剖

學會如何學習幾乎任何一件事(How to Learn: Pretty Much Anything)

  • 74 6
    Yu-Xeng Tzeng 發佈於 2021 年 06 月 04 日
影片單字