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  • Hi, this is Alex from MinuteEarth.

    嗨,我是 MinuteEarth 的 Alex

  • In the summer of 1888, Bertha Benz (yes, that Benz) became the first person to take an automobile

    在1888的夏天,Bertha Benz(就是那個賓士)成為第一位搭乘汽車的人

  • on a long distance road trip.

    在長途旅行中

  • She also became the first person to have their car run out of fuel.

    她也成為第一位開到沒汽油的人

  • If her steed were a horse, she'd have been able to stop at any of the stables that peppered

    如果她騎的是匹馬,那麼她可以停在任何一個美如畫的驛棧

  • the landscape to get oats or hay.

    來獲取燕麥或乾草

  • But she needed car fuel, and the gas station hadn't yet been invented.

    但她需要的是汽車燃料,而當時還並沒有發明加油站

  • Fortunately, pharmacies of the era sold a petroleum product called ligroin – a common

    幸運的是,在當時的藥房有賣另一種石油產物,揮發油(ligroin)

  • stain remover that also happened to be the fuel source for Bertha's carso she

    這種常見的去漬劑也可以當作 Bertha汽車的燃料

  • visited a pharmacy and was able to finish her journey.

    所以她就去了藥房以完成她剩下的旅程

  • And as automobiles spread - in part due to the efforts of Bertha and her husband Karl

    隨著汽車的擴散,也歸因於 Bertha和她先生 Karl Benz的努力

  • Benz - pharmacies and other stores began selling ligroin and other petroleum-based fuels to

    藥房與其他商店開始販售揮發油(ligroin)跟其他的石油燃料

  • car drivers in larger and larger quantities, and in the early 1900s, the world's first

    給越來越多的汽車駕駛,在1900年代初期

  • dedicated gasoline stations were built.

    世界上第一個專用加油站完工了

  • Today, gas stations pepper the landscape and make it possible for over a billion of us

    今天,加油站遍布在我們的景觀,讓數十億的駕駛開著自家車子

  • to drive our cars long distances with little fear of running out of fuel.

    不必擔心會因為距離過長而沒油

  • And while horse stables still exist, they mostly support recreational riding and niche

    但是馬場仍然存在,它們主要給予休閒和職業騎士,在這些領域中,馬仍然非常有用

  • professions where horses are still really useful; in general, horse power has been replaced

    在這些領域中,馬還是非常有用。一般而言"馬"還是被"馬力(horsepower)"所取代

  • byhorsepower”.

    但這,沒有理由認為馬力只能靠車子燃燒燃料

  • But there's no reason for that horsepower to come only from cars burning fuel.

    有汽車的動力來自電池、氫動力電池還有甚至是壓縮空氣

  • There are automobiles powered by electric batteries, hydrogen fuel cells, and even compressed

    在這些石油的替代品中,以電動汽車為主

  • air.

    搭配大量出現的電池交換站

  • Among these non-gas alternatives, electric cars are the most dominant, with charging

    這不難想像在不久的將來,電動車

  • stations popping up all over.

    或者是不同動力來源的車輛,將接管而加油站會步向驛棧的後塵

  • It's not hard to imagine that at some point in the near future, electric cars - or vehicles

    人們只有在休閒的時候會去拜訪

  • powered by a different fuel - take over, and gas stations go the way of the stable, with

    但也別讚美得太早

  • people only visiting them for recreational rides.

    目前上路的車輛每200台只有一台是電動車,且購買的新車也只有每40台有一台是

  • But don't eulogize the gas station just yet.

    雖然這個比例有在上升

  • Only 1 of every 200 cars on the road today is electric and 1 of every 40 new cars purchased

    不過,考慮人們並不常買車,預計要20年

  • is electric, although that rate is increasing.

    路上才會有四分之一的車是電動車

  • Given how rarely people buy cars, though, it's projected that it might take 20 years

    而且在過渡到使用非石油燃料時,加油站可能依然會是燃料的中心

  • before even a quarter of the cars on the road are electric.

    一百年前,許多驛棧最終都轉變為經銷店

  • And when (or if) a full transition to non-petroleum fuels arrives, gas stations may still be at

    與修理廠,為了不同的運輸方式

  • the center of it all.

    相同的方式,現在的加油站可能只是轉變為不然類型的燃料站

  • A hundred years ago, lots of stables ended up getting converted into dealerships and

    換句話說,加油站未來會很像驛棧

  • repair shops for the new type of carriage.

    這部影片是與Bill Gates合作的,藉由 Breakthrough Energy

  • In the same way, our gas stations may simply get converted into stations for selling new

    致力於擴大乾淨能源的投資並支持創新朝向零碳排的世界

  • types of fuel.

    想了解更多,可以拜訪 GatesNotes.com,或者是下方簡介的連結

  • In other words, the future of gas stations may be quite stable.

  • This video was made in partnership with Bill Gates, who, through Breakthrough Energy, is

  • working to expand clean-energy investment and support the innovations that will lead

  • the world to net-zero carbon emissions.

  • To learn more, visit: GatesNotes.com or click the link in the description.

Hi, this is Alex from MinuteEarth.

嗨,我是 MinuteEarth 的 Alex

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 加油站 燃料 石油 電動車 電池 車子

加油站能否生存(Will Gas Stations Survive?)

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    joey joey 發佈於 2021 年 04 月 30 日
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