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  • The Empire State Building is one of the most famous

  • skyscrapers in the world.

  • This building has 102 floors,

  • and with it's antenna stands at a height of 1,454 feet tall.

  • It is located on the East Coast of the United States,

  • in the state of New York, in New York City,

  • on the island of Manhattan,

  • on 5th Avenue in between West 33rd and West 34th streets.

  • To get an idea for where we're at,

  • here's Times Square, Central Park, the Chrysler Building,

  • And over here is the One World Trade Center building

  • that was built in 2013.

  • Let's look at a timeline.

  • Here's World War 1, the Roaring 20's,

  • the Great Depression and World War 2.

  • The Empire State Building took only 410 days to complete;

  • from January 20th, 1930 to April 11th, 1931.

  • What's even more impressive is that this was at the

  • beginning of the Great Depression; when many other

  • construction projects were halted due to lack of money.

  • After it was built, much of the building remained empty

  • until the 1950s.

  • Originally it was the tallest building in the world.

  • It had surpassed the Chrysler building by 408 feet.

  • It remained the tallest building in the world for 40 years

  • until the World Trade Center Twin Towers were built in

  • the early 70s.

  • Today there are many buildings that are taller than the

  • Empire State Building.

  • The Burj Khalifa that was built in 2010 is currently the

  • tallest building in the world.

  • The shape of the building was heavily influenced

  • by city zoning regulations.

  • Skyscrapers were still new, and many people were

  • fearful that with each new skyscraper

  • the streets below would be without

  • sunlight and fresh air.

  • Once a building reached a certain height,

  • it had to be set back to use less area.

  • Once the building reach 30 floors, there was no

  • height restriction; as long as each floor

  • didn't exceed more than 25% of the area of the site.

  • The 1st floor of the building is home to mostly retail stores.

  • There are 5 entrances to the building.

  • If you're a tourist, you'll want to use the 5th Ave lobby.

  • Hundreds of tenants use this building every day,

  • so the elevator system is very important.

  • The higher you go, the less elevators are needed to

  • service the floors.

  • When the building was built there was initially 64 elevators,

  • but today there are 9 more that have been added.

  • Here's a typical floor layout;

  • there's room for offices, open work areas, and conference rooms.

  • At the center of the floor is what we call the Service Core.

  • This is where you'll find

  • the elevators, the bathrooms, stairs, and

  • vertical shafts to carry water, air, and

  • power to each of the floors.

  • Here's the Observation Deck,

  • it's located on the 86th floor.

  • You can walk outside and around the building to see

  • most of New York City.

  • There's also a fence to prevent anything

  • from falling off the edge.

  • Tourists can pay a little extra to go to the 102nd floor.

  • The building officially has a 102 floors, but

  • there's a stairway to the 103rd floor,

  • which is apparently a popular place for celebrities.

  • This whole top part is called the Mooring Mast.

  • This was originally advertised to be a docking port for

  • Airships, also known as Dirigibles or Blimps.

  • It wasn't long before this idea was dropped because

  • it was far too dangerous.

  • There was to much wind at the top of the building, and

  • there was no place to tie up the other end of the Airship.

  • The Empire State Building may not be the World's tallest

  • building anymore, but it stands the test of time and

  • remains a favorite place to visit in New York City.

The Empire State Building is one of the most famous

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B1 中級 美國腔

帝国大厦有多高?(How tall is the Empire State Building?)

  • 2 1
    joey joey 發佈於 2021 年 04 月 26 日
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