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  • Did you know there are 20 vowels in English?

  • You heard me correctly!

  • There are actually 20 different vowel sounds

  • in British English.

  • But how can that be right?

  • a e i o u and maybe y

  • that's six

  • How can there be twenty?

  • Well, you're right.

  • There are a maximum of six vowels in our writing system

  • but this is just for spelling.

  • When we're speaking

  • we use a maximum of 20 different vowel sounds.

  • The 20 vowel sounds in British English are split into three different categories.

  • Short, long and dipthong.

  • Today, I'm going to show you all of the vowels in British English

  • and teach you a little bit about the categories.

  • Wait, wait, wait! 0:01:08.667,1193:02:47.295 and diphthong.

  • Before all that, I need to teach you about the most important tool we have

  • when we describe the sounds in any language or any accent

  • The IPA

  • or in other words

  • the International Phonetic Alphabet.

  • It's a kind of special alphabet where each letter or phoneme represents a different sound.

  • Some phonemes look just like English

  • for example b

  • but some look different like ʃ

  • or the very confusing j

  • Today, we'll be using these symbols or phonemes to describe the sounds in each category.

  • Let's get started!

  • Short vowels are pretty self-explanatory.

  • They are vowels that have a short sound.

  • We have seven short vowels in British English.

  • /æ/ as in ant

  • /e/ as in egg

  • /ɪ/ as in injure

  • /ɒ/ as in October

  • /ʌ/ as in under

  • /ʊ/ as in put

  • and /ə/ as in amazing

  • 'put' and 'under' have the same vowel.

  • They both have a 'u'

  • But the sound in each word is completely different

  • 'under'

  • 'put'

  • So you can see how there can be many different vowel sounds

  • but only six actual letters in the English alphabet.

  • Long vowels, of course, sound longer

  • and we can tell that they are long vowels

  • because the phonemes have this symbol next to them.

  • Let's look at some long vowels.

  • We have /ɑː/ as in dark

  • /ɜː/ as in early

  • /ɔː/ as in or

  • /uː/ as in chew

  • and /iː/ as in sheep

  • In particular, please make sure that you make a long enough vowel sound.

  • It can be the difference between sheep and ship

  • or worse sheet and sh*t.

  • You know

  • Okay. This final category contains some of the harder vowels to make in English.

  • Why?

  • Because you have to make two sounds in one.

  • For example, /eɪ/ is a combination of /e/ and /ɪ/

  • used in words like 'able'

  • We also have /aɪ/ as in ice cream

  • /oʊ/ as in over

  • /aʊ/ as in out

  • /ɔɪ/ as in boy

  • /eə/ as in care

  • /ɪə/ as in ear

  • and /ʊə/ as in tour

  • In total, we have eight diphthongs

  • but the last one /ʊə/ isn't really used much anymore.

  • In other words, we don't tend to say 'tour' anymore.

  • We choose the simpler way 'tour'.

  • Same as 'cure'.

  • We usually just say 'cure'.

  • I hope you enjoyed this short video on vowel sounds in English.

  • If you like this video,

  • watch out for some pronunciation videos that should be coming soon.

  • Goodbye!

  • If you like this video,

  • please click the subscribe button,

  • click like

  • and thank you for watching!

Did you know there are 20 vowels in English?

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B1 中級 英國腔

20 Vowels in British English(20 Vowels in English)

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    Amy.Lin 發佈於 2021 年 03 月 13 日
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