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  • STEVE KAUFMANN: Is there a trick to fast track new learning?

  • Yes, there is.

  • Start almost in the middle.

  • Start almost in the middle.

  • Not quite in the middle but start with, for example, what I do now because at LingQ we

  • have what we call the mini stories, 60 stories with a lot of high-frequency verbs, a lot

  • of conjunctionsbecause, although, on the other hand, however.

  • I listen to these many, many times.

  • Each story repeats the same vocabulary and the same structures about four or five times.

  • And so I start right into everyday, common – I got up, had a cup of coffee, went to

  • the store, whatever it might be, went to work.

  • It's real situations.

  • It's not going through customs like they like to have in language learning books.

  • You just start into it, you do a lot of listening and reading, you let the language come at

  • you, let the brain get a sense of the language, listen and then read the same content, look

  • up the words.

  • I always start on iPhone, iPad tutor so I can quickly look up words, save them for review

  • and at first it's all noise, and eventually it becomes meaning because you're going over

  • the same stuff over and over again.

  • So that's I would say the initial three months to get a toehold in the language.

  • And then you have to very quickly push yourself away from beginner content, learner content

  • written for a language learner, and go after the real stuffnewspaper articles, Netflix

  • movies.

  • And there's all kinds of ways of doing that.

  • I think the key is to get a toehold in the language with lots of repetition and not worry

  • too much about trying to memorize the grammar because if you haven't had enough exposure

  • to the language, enough experience with the language, the grammar explanations are difficult

  • to understand, difficult to remember and almost impossible to apply.

  • You can't be thinking of them as you're trying to speak.

  • You have to develop habits.

  • And that's best done through this massive exposure initially with a lot of repetition

  • and then eventually as soon as possible moving on to things of genuine interest.

  • When we start in a new language typically we're motivated.

  • Now some people start and quit right away so those people were never really very motivated.

  • But if you are motivated, the first two or three months is the honeymoon period.

  • It's a steep climb because at first everything is noise, you know nothing.

  • But in a very short period of time you actually know something.

  • You understand something.

  • You can say something.

  • There's a great sense of achievement.

  • And, of course, you're dealing with typically a lot of high frequency words so they come

  • up all the time in the content you're listening to and you're listening to it more than once

  • hopefully.

  • And so I have a sense of achievement.

  • Then you reach a point where frequency drops off very quickly in any language so very soon

  • you're trying to learn words that don't show up that often, so that become a little frustrating.

  • So you've gone up the steep part of the hockey stick, and how you're on the shaft of the

  • hockey stick and it looks like you're not getting anywhere.

  • You just feel that you're forever facing more and more new words.

  • You're listening again and again and you don't understand.

  • You have the sense that you're not making progress whereas in the first three months

  • you're going from zero, climbing a steep hill of that hockey stick, but you have a sense

  • that you're doing something.

  • Whereas the long shaft of the hockey stick is the difficult part and you just have to

  • stay the course.

  • Hopefully you can move to content of interest to you, which in my case is history.

  • And so you're not deliberately trying to learn the language, you are listening to and reading

  • things of interest to you and learning these things and learning about these things, about

  • the country or maybe you're into Netflix or whatever, songs, anime for Japanese.

  • So you're enjoying all of that and without realizing it you're learning a language.

  • But that's how you continue on that path, that long, long path which is the longer sort

  • of shaft of the hockey stick.

STEVE KAUFMANN: Is there a trick to fast track new learning?

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A2 初級 美國腔

Learn a new language—super fast. Here’s how. | Steve Kaufmann | Big Think

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    Miho Ishii 發佈於 2021 年 02 月 23 日
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