Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • Hi Guys, Dan the Grammar Man here

  • and today, I'm going to be talking to you about

  • a technique that you can use to improve your listening skills

  • Now, I've been a student of languages

  • and a teacher of languages for....

  • ....

  • ...too many years now

  • and I can tell you

  • it's a very common problem that people ask me about all the time

  • it's, "Teacher, how do I improve my listening skills?"

  • I study a lot

  • I know what to say to people

  • but as soon as I start talking all this English

  • comes rushing right back at me and

  • I get overwhelmed, so...

  • what we're going to do today is look at

  • how to get you up to speed

  • so you can understand what you hear out there in the real world

  • Now, the main problem is that

  • up to now,

  • most of your exposure to English

  • has probably been either through the written word

  • written word, or through tapes made

  • especially for students.

  • the problem is that the written word

  • and the spoken word, especially in English

  • can be quite far apart

  • For example,

  • watchagonnadooduhnite

  • Watchya gonna, Watchagonnadoodanite

  • No, it's "what are you going to do tonight?"

  • What we love to do in English is take ahhh...take

  • is stress our nouns and our verbs

  • and all the little words, all the prepostions, all the articles

  • all those little, but very important words get pthppthpthpthp

  • squished together and not fully pronounced

  • so, as a learner, what you need to do

  • is get used to how people actually speak

  • Now, I'm going to show you a great technique for doing that

  • Right now

  • The first thing we are going to do

  • is turn to my best friend, and yours

  • when it comes to learning a language....youtube

  • Youtube is great because it has a wide range of material

  • You can get everything from very formal language

  • to very informal language

  • Also, you'll get a lot of media that's made for native speakers, right.

  • It's not specially made to be easier for students to understand

  • So, you know if you can start to understand native speaker media

  • you're doing really good

  • So, first we get youtube

  • Second, we're going to use a program

  • to pull those videos off of youtube

  • Then, we're going to convert the mp4s

  • that you'll get from youtube into audio files

  • Finally, we're going to use an annotation program

  • to take that spoken word, to take those audio files

  • and start to write out what you hear

  • and the uhhh....

  • the best part about all of this is that it is absolutely, 100% free

  • Let's get down to business

  • open your web browser and go to youtube

  • Select a video

  • Here's a video from a Canadian talk show segment called "Best Story Ever!"

  • Once you've chosen the video

  • you need to copy the URL for the downloader

  • I'm using the MacX youtube downloader

  • It's free and simple to use

  • Now, at the end of the video

  • I'll talk about where to find downloading programs for both mac and pc

  • Click on this icon here to add the URL

  • and then paste it

  • on the right hand side

  • you have a preview window in case you want to check the video before you actually download it

  • and a place to choose your target folder

  • I'm going to put this on my desktop

  • just because it's easy to find but you can put it anywhere

  • aahhh uuumm....

  • After choosing your target folder click down here

  • on the 'Download Now' button

  • it might take a few minutes to download

  • The program we'll be using, Praat, only works with .wav files

  • So before we can annotate this, we'll need to convert the file

  • I'm using a paid program called switch

  • But there are many services online that will do this for free

  • Again, at the end of the video I'll show you where to find some

  • Open your file convertor, click open file

  • Choose a destination folder down here

  • and tell it to output a .wav file

  • When you've finished that click 'go'

  • Now that we have our .wav file, we are ready to annotate

  • Open Praat

  • Choose 'open', 'read from file'

  • Then, over here on the left

  • Click 'Annotate'

  • Select, 'To TextGrid'

  • If you like, you can rename the tiers

  • Here we have Mary, John and Bell

  • Those are the default names of the tiers

  • If you are making custom tiers

  • Remember that to ahhhh create a second tier, you must include a space between the names

  • When I'm using this I usually just use the defualt names

  • ahhhh....now click 'OK'

  • Now you'll see if you look on the left-hand side

  • There's a new object in the window here

  • You'll need to select both objects

  • To do that, hold down the shift key and click on the audio file

  • They should both be highlighted in blue

  • Come over to the right and choose view and edit

  • Here we have the waveform. There are two because we have chosen a stereo file

  • If you have a mono recording, there will be only one waveform

  • In the middle section here it shows an analysis of the speech

  • Now, this is used for technical phonetic analysis by linguists

  • We don't need to concern ourselves with this

  • The only interesting part, really, is this blue line

  • It is...It shows the intonation contour of the person's speech

  • At the bottom, you'll find the three tiers

  • This is where we'll be doing our annotations

  • To isolate a section of the recording

  • you need to click either on the waveform or on the analysis

  • You'll see it makes this red-dash line here

  • Then, go down to the tiers

  • and click in the circle on the tier in which you want to do your annotations

  • Then select another and add another boundary either before of after the first one

  • If you want to change the area that you've selected

  • simply click on the boundary, and drag it to where you want it to be

  • To ahhhh.... to remove a boundary ummm

  • All you need to do is come up to the boundary option here

  • then go down and click 'remove' boundary

  • You'll see here it also has a shortcut to do it. It's good to learn these shortcuts, they can save you a lot of time

  • To play the selction, click inside the two boundaries on the tier level

  • and use the 'tab' button to start and stop the recording

  • Now, once you've selected the are which you want to annotate

  • All you have to do is start typing

  • Also, if you want to make changes

  • You can either delete up to the point where you want to write

  • Or, if you have a lot and you don't want to be deleting it all

  • everytime you need to make a change in the annotation

  • go up to the text windo at the top of the viewer

  • and click at any click at anypoint along the annotation to begin making changes

  • It's as simple as that

  • Now, I'd like to bring your attention down to the bottom left-hand corner of the window

  • Here, you'll find five buttons which can be used to toggle the view

  • First, if you click on the all button

  • It expands to show you the entire clip

  • The 'in' button zooms in

  • 'out' zooms out

  • 'sel' zooms into the selected area

  • For this button to work, you will have to choose an area between two boundaries

  • I think this button and the 'all' button are the two most useful

  • and here we have 'bak'

  • and this undoes the last change to view that you have made

  • Now let's watch the program in action

  • I'll make a few annotations here

  • One last thing, when you want to save your work

  • you can either

  • hit 'function + s'

  • or come up here to the file option

  • and select 'save textgrid as textfile'

  • THIS IS VERY IMPORTANT

  • If you choose any other option, you WILL loose you work

  • So remember, 'save textgrid to text file...'

Hi Guys, Dan the Grammar Man here

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級

如何提高英語聽力能力 (How to Improve your English Listening Skills)

  • 413 69
    Hhart Budha 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
影片單字