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  • David Handley, Vegetable/Small Fruit Specialist: "I'm David Handley, vegetable and small fruits

    David Handley,蔬菜/小水果專家:"我'是David Handley,蔬菜和小水果。

  • specialist for UMaine's Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about the basics of

    UMaine合作推廣的專家,我們在這裡談論的基礎知識。

  • growing raspberries, or how this plant works. We'll take a look at the different parts of

    種植樹莓,或者說這種植物是如何工作的。我們'將看看在不同的部分的

  • the plant and what you can expect in terms of how to grow it and when it will fruit for

    的植物,以及你可以期待的如何種植它和什麼時候會結出果實,為

  • you.

    你。

  • "The above ground parts of the raspberry plant--the canes--arebiennial. They live for two years.

    "覆盆子植物的地上部分--藤條--是二年生的。它們的壽命為兩年。

  • The first year they come up from buds on the ground, and we call these first-year canes

    第一年,它們從地面上的芽裡冒出來,我們把這些第一年的藤條稱為

  • primocanes. It's a green shoot coming right up from the ground, and these will grow to

    驍勇善戰。這是一個綠色的嫩枝從地面上來的權利,這些將成長為

  • a fairly good height depending on what variety you're growing, anywhere from 4 to 7 feet

    一個相當不錯的高度取決於什麼品種你'種植,任何地方從4到7英尺

  • tall.

    高。

  • "As these canes grow, every place a leaf meets the stem, it forms a little bud we call axillary

    "當這些藤條生長時,每當葉子與莖交接的地方,就會形成一個小芽,我們稱之為腋生的小芽

  • buds. These buds stay on the cane through the first growing season and remain as buds--they'll

    芽。這些芽在第一個生長季節留在甘蔗上,並保持為芽--他們'會。

  • stay dormant, and if we have a relatively mild winter, it should come through that winter

    保持休眠,如果我們有一個相對溫和的冬天,它應該會度過這個冬天。

  • just fine.

    就好了。

  • "This green skin will turn into a brown bark, and in the second year of its life we call

    "這種綠色的表皮會變成褐色的樹皮,在它生命的第二年,我們稱它為

  • it a floricane. It's got brown, peeling bark on it. It's also got little shoots on it,

    它是一個floricane。它有棕色的,剝落的樹皮上。它也有小芽在上面。

  • and we call these shooting fruits or shooting laterals. These came from those axillary buds

    我們稱這些射果或射側線。這些果實來自於那些腋芽

  • that were formed on the primocane.

    形成的驍勇善戰的。

  • "In the second year, when the spring comes along and these canes start to grow again,

    "在第二年,當春天來臨的時候,這些藤條又開始生長。

  • these little buds break and give us little sideshoots with what we call fruiting laterals,

    這些小芽斷裂,給我們帶來了小側枝,我們稱之為果實側枝。

  • and this is where the fruit is going to be born. These will have flowers and little green

    這就是果實誕生的地方。這些果子會有花和小綠

  • fruit on them, and in a few weeks we'll be picking some nice red raspberries off these

    在他們的水果,並在幾個星期內,我們'將採摘一些漂亮的紅色覆盆子關閉這些

  • canes.

    手杖。

  • "After the fruit ripens and we've started harvesting, you'll notice these leaves start

    果實成熟後,我們開始收穫,你會發現這些葉子開始

  • to turn reddish and yellow, and eventually this cane will die in the late summer or early

    變成紅色和黃色,最終這種甘蔗會在夏末或夏初死亡。

  • fall. That's the end of the life for that cane, and next year's crop is coming from

    秋天。這'是生命的結束 對於該甘蔗,和明年的作物 來自

  • this year's group of primocanes.

    今年'的一群驍勇善戰的人。

  • "The exception to the rule is ever-bearing raspberries. The ever-bearing raspberries

    "例外的是常生樹莓。永生的覆盆子

  • will form a crop in the late spring or early summertime, and they'll have a second crop

    會在春末或夏初形成一茬,他們'會有第二茬。

  • in the fall. How they work is that the first-year canes come up just like we saw with the regular

    在秋季。他們是如何工作的是,第一年的手杖來了 就像我們看到與常規的。

  • varieties of raspberry, and they form buds in the leaf axils.

    覆盆子的品種,它們在葉腋形成芽。

  • "But the buds at the top of the crown don't grow dormant. They don't wait for the wintertime;

    "但樹冠頂部的芽不會生長在休眠狀態。它們不會等到冬天的時候。

  • they start to fruit right away, and that's where your fall crop comes from. So, your

    他們開始果實的時候,那'是你的秋季作物來自。所以,你的

  • fall crop is on those first-year canes or those primocanes. That's why ever-bearing

    秋季作物是在那些第一年的甘蔗或那些primocanes。這就是為什麼常年結實的

  • raspberries are also known as primocane fruiting raspberries.

    樹莓又稱初生果樹莓。

  • "The buds lower down on the cane will remain dormant, just like a regular raspberry, and

    "甘蔗下部的芽會保持休眠狀態,就像普通的覆盆子一樣,而且。

  • those will give you a regular summer crop the following year. So, on ever-bearing raspberries,

    這些會給你帶來一個正常的夏季收成。所以,在常生樹莓上。

  • you get a regular summer crop on the buds low down on the cane, but you'll also get

    你得到一個常規的夏季作物上的芽低下的甘蔗,但你'也會獲得

  • a fall crop on your primocanes on the buds at the top of the cane.

    在你的初生甘蔗上的甘蔗頂部的芽上進行秋收。

  • "In some 2-year-old canes, here's last year's crop. And here's this year's crop coming on.

    "在一些2歲的甘蔗中,這是去年'的收成。而這裡'是今年'的收成來了。

  • So, here are our fruiting laterals, with our buds and our flowers, getting ready to give

    所以,這是我們的果實側線,帶著我們的花蕾和我們的花朵,準備給予

  • us a summer crop. This is last year's crop on the 2-year cane, so our summer crop and

    我們的夏季作物。這是去年'的作物在2年的甘蔗,所以我們的夏季作物和。

  • this year's fall crop are going to be coming from these primocanes right here."

    今年'的秋季作物將來自這些primocanes就在這裡.&quot。

David Handley, Vegetable/Small Fruit Specialist: "I'm David Handley, vegetable and small fruits

David Handley,蔬菜/小水果專家:"我'是David Handley,蔬菜和小水果。

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B2 中高級 中文 甘蔗 作物 果實 盆子 樹莓 收成

【生活常識】如何栽種覆盆子? How to Grow Raspberries

  • 490 4
    Furong Lai 發佈於 2012 年 12 月 14 日
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