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  • The A to Z of Isms, Minimalism.

    從 A 到 Z 的主義——極簡主義。

  • For some people, minimalism just means not owning any stuff. It's a lifestyle choice.


  • It means owning few possessions, living in largely empty space, and even eating minimalist food.


  • No chips for the minimalists.


  • They own shiny white tablets, shop at little grey stores, and don't have enough black plastic chairs.


  • For some, it's to do with architecture, and for others, it's a musical movement.


  • In fact, minimalism is a philosophy with roots and branches in many places.


  • The word minimalism first turns up in 1965, in an article by British philosopher, Richard Wollheim, who wrote about artists with minimal art content.

    極簡主義這個詞最早出現在 1965 年。在英國哲學家理查德沃爾海姆的一篇文章中,他介紹了一些極簡主義的藝術家。

  • This negative description was turned into a positive by minimalist artists.


  • They saw minimalism as a kind of pure art.


  • To quote the minimalist painter Frank Stella, "What you see is what you see."

    引用極簡主義畫家弗蘭克斯特拉的一句話,她說 : 「所見即所得。」

  • This isn't art that copies something real—a person's face, a nice horse, or tries to depict a feeling.

    這不是複製真實事物的藝術 ——一個人的臉、一匹好馬,或試圖描繪一種感覺。

  • A minimalist art object is itself, and nothing else.


  • All minimalism is in part of reaction.


  • In the case of minimalist architecture, it's a reaction to decoration, to ornament, and to fuss.


  • Minimalist buildings are simple, and minimalist architects like Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and Maya Lin create structures full of light and space.


  • Their work can be summed up in Van der Rohe's famous statement that, "Less is more."

    他們的工作可以用凡德羅的名言來概括,即 : 「少即是多。」

  • Minimalist gurus, like Marie Kondo, believe in decluttering, but say, "It's not about knowing what to throw out, it's knowing what to keep."

    像近藤麻理惠這樣的極簡主義大師們都堅信著斷捨離,但她說 : 「重點不是要扔掉什麼,而是要保留什麼。」

  • A lot of minimalism can appear harsh and inhuman, the exception is minimalistic music.


  • Pioneered by composers like Philip Glass, minimalist music features repetition, simple patterns, and phase shiftingthe movement of a repeating item to create an arresting effect.


  • Despite the often austere simplicity of the music, or because of it, many minimalistic pieces of music are profoundly moving and deeply emotional.


  • Minimalism is, in part, a reaction to the increasingly busy and loud world around us.


  • Artists and consumers alike have reacted against the clutter and chaos of life and art, and created many disparate forms of minimalism.


  • Sometimes minimalism can seem confusing, as in Carl Andre's famous brick sculpture.


  • Sometimes it can be stark, like a Mise van der Rohe office block.


  • But sometimes, as in the field of minimalist music, minimalism can be beautiful.


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The A to Z of Isms, Minimalism.

從 A 到 Z 的主義——極簡主義。

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