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  • Hi, I'm Carl Azuz.

    嗨,我是 Carl Azuz.。

  • Thank you for taking 10 for CNN10.

    謝謝你們花 10 分鐘收看 CNN10。

  • Your objective explanation of world events.


  • It's been a challenge to report on one of the biggest events of the year because it affects people so differently and because the responses to it have been so different.


  • More than 1.6 million deaths worldwide have been linked to coronavirus, but estimates suggest that tens of millions have caught the disease but had no symptoms.

    全世界有 160 多萬人的死亡都與新冠肺炎有關,但估計有數千萬人感染了這種疾病,卻沒有任何症狀。

  • Lockdowns, mask requirements and efforts to keep people farther apart have aimed to slow the spread of the disease, but it does continue to spread even in areas with strict guidelines in place.


  • Those guidelines and restrictions are constantly in flux.


  • Indoor dining at New York City's restaurants was just shut down again, but these places have been allowed to stay open in other parts of the state.


  • Restaurants, gyms, museums and movie theaters are all closed in California.


  • But these businesses are all open in Texas, though people are required to wear masks.


  • And in some states the restrictions vary by county, with more rules in place where infections are higher.


  • These different scenarios are playing out across the world.


  • It's anything but a one-size-fits-all approach to the pandemic.


  • I'm Kristie Lu Stout in Hong Kong.

    我是 Kristie Lu Stout,駐於香港 。

  • Nearly a third of Japanese residents, some 32% want the Olympic Games canceled, according to a poll by the public broadcaster NHK.

    根據當地公共廣播公司 NHK 的消息指出,將近三分之一的日本居民,約 32% 的人希望取消奧運會。

  • An additional 31% would like to see the games postponed again.

    另外 31% 的人希望比賽再次延後。

  • That is a steep drop from the 40% show of support for the games back in October before third wave of infection kicked in.

    這與在十月,第三波感染爆發前支持奧運會 40% 的人數相比大幅下降。

  • On Monday, Japan's Ministry of Health said 588 patients are in critical condition due to COVID-19.

    週一,日本衛生部表示,有 588 名患者因為新冠肺炎處於病危狀態。

  • That is the highest number of patients in intensive care since the pandemic began.


  • I'm Jim Bittermann in France, where COVID lockdown restrictions are being relaxed just a bit.

    我是 Jim Bittermann,駐於法國,這裡新冠肺炎的封鎖限制有稍微放寬一點。

  • From today onward, travel around the country is no longer limited and people no longer need to fill out a declaration explaining why they are out and about during the day.


  • However, a tighter curfew is now in place, which does limit movement with some exceptions.


  • After eight at night and before six in the morning, theaters, museums, restaurants, bars will all remain closed until at least January 20th that because average infection rates in the country still remain higher than health authorities would like.

    晚上八點後和早上六點前,劇院、博物館、餐廳、酒吧至少到 1 月 20 日都將維持關閉,因為該國的平均感染率仍然高於衛生局的期望。

  • I'm Salma Abdelaziz in London, where the government says a new variant of coronavirus may be to blame for its faster spread in parts of England.

    我是 Salma Abdelaziz,駐於倫敦,政府稱一種新的新冠肺炎變體有可能是在英國部分地區快速傳播的罪魁禍首。

  • Now, I know this sounds scary, but experts agree this is nothing to worry about, and there is no evidence that this variant spreads faster, is more deadly or is immune to the vaccine.


  • But there is a very real spike in coronavirus cases here in London.


  • That's why starting Wednesday, this city will move into England's highest-level coronavirus restrictions.


  • That means new rules on people's social behaviors.


  • I'm Paula Hancocks in Seoul with close to 900 new daily coronavirus cases here in South Korea, officials are seriously considering raising the social distancing measures to the highest level possible.

    我是 Paula Hancocks,駐於首爾,每天新增新冠肺炎病例接近 900 例,韓國官方正在謹慎考慮將社交距離措施提高至最高等級。

  • The prime minister's saying today that they don't want to miss the window, but they also don't want to make a hasty decision knowing that this will have an impact on the economy.


  • Now also, hundreds off military personnel are being dispatched to different health centers around the greater Seoul area this week to try and help with the contact-tracing process.


  • Big storm in the forecast for more than 13% of the US population.

    氣象預報顯示,美國超過 13% 的人口將面臨大風暴。

  • We're talking about more than 45 million people concentrated in the Northeast.

    我們說的是超過 4500 萬集中在東北地區的人們。

  • A weather system that moved off the Rocky Mountains on Tuesday was headed east toward cooler air, and forecasters said conditions were ripe for a powerful nor'easter that could stretch from Virginia to Massachusetts.


  • According to the National Weather Service this storm could carry wind gusts as high as 40 miles per hour and become the most impactful winter system in years.

    根據國家氣象局的數據,這場風暴可能的風速高達 40英里/小時,並成為多年來影響最大的冬季季風。

  • According to the forecasting service AccuWeather, some cities in the region could see more snow over the next couple days than they did from every storm last winter combined.

    根據 AccuWeather 的氣象預報服務(美國氣象預報媒體),此地區的一些城市在未來幾天可能會出現更多降雪,且降雪量會比去年冬天每次風暴的總量還要多。

  • There's a threat of several feet of snow and heavy ice in Connecticut, New Jersey and New York.


  • That could cause widespread power outages at a time when people will need to run the heat.


  • Blizzard conditions are possible along the coast.


  • Meteorologists told people in these areas to have their snow shovels ready and plan to stay off the roads.


  • 10-second trivia!


  • Which of these objects was once known as "NASA's $1.5 billion blunder"?

    下列物體中的哪一個曾經被稱為「NASA 十五億美元的失誤」?

  • Hubble Space Telescope, International Space Station, Mir Space station or Mars Opportunity Rover?


  • A problem with Hubble's Mirror initially caused it to take blurry photos, but that was fixed three years after Hubble launched.


  • [The Hubble Space Telescope turned 30 this year.]


  • [So NASA and its partners are releasing never-before-seen images from its career.]


  • [More than 50 images of 30 celestial objects debuted in the release.]

    [ 30 個天體超過 50 張圖像首次亮相。]

  • [The objects are part of a collection known to amateur astronomers as the Caldwell Catalog.]


  • [The images had been used for research over the years, but were never released to the public.]


  • [The Hubble Telescope was launched in April of 1990 and has been upgraded over the years.]

    [哈伯太空望遠鏡在 1990 年四月發射,且這些年來都有被升級。]

  • [It continues to make groundbreaking discoveries.]


  • Companies around the world are working with a mineral called perovskite to make solar panels more effective.


  • Solar power is a renewable form of energy, at least in places with plenty of sunlight, and it can reduce the cost of electricity.


  • But it does have its downsides.


  • The process of making solar panels creates both air pollution and waste.


  • Disposing used solar panels can put more toxic waste into the environment.


  • And while they're being used, the panels themselves take up a lot of space.


  • But perovskite may be able to help with that last problem because it could make solar panels more efficient.


  • It's relatively inexpensive, though there are concerns about its cost when it's made on a larger scale.


  • Still, some scientists say perovskite could significantly improve solar energy.


  • Solar panels, they're increasingly used to meet our energy needs, but there's a problem with the way silicon panels are made--their hugely inefficient.


  • That's because they only convert about 22% of the sun's rays into electricity.

    這是因為它們只能將約 22% 的太陽光轉化為電能。

  • But scientists from the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom have made a discovery that's set to transform the industry.


  • Thanks to an obscure mineral called perovskite.


  • This is silicon.


  • It takes about seven tons of this material to make a million watts of solar cells.


  • This is the perovskite material completely synthesized from Earth-abundant elements.


  • It only takes 35 kilograms of this material to make the same million watts of solar cells.

    只需要 35 公斤的這種原料,就可以製造出同樣一百萬瓦的太陽能電池。

  • Seven tons, 35 kilograms.

    七噸,35 公斤。

  • Working with perovskite in Oxford PV'S labs scientists found they could convert 28% of the sun's rays into electricity if they placed the layer of the mineral over a silicon cell.

    在牛津 PV 的實驗室裡研究鈣鈦礦的科學家們發現,如果他們將礦物質層放在硅電池上,就可以將 28% 的太陽光轉化為電能。

  • In time, they believe they can double the current efficiency rate of silicon panels, eventually converting to 40% of the sun's rays into electricity.

    他們相信,他們可以及時將目前硅電板的效率提高一倍,最終能將 40% 的太陽光轉化為電能。

  • But perovskites have other exciting advantages too, see their lightweight, transparent and very flexible.


  • Imagine then seeing it wrapped around and incorporated into entire buildings.


  • That's the ambition of Warsaw-based Saule Technologies.

    這就是總部位於華沙的 Saule 科技公司的野心。

  • They've started printing it using an inkjet printer.


  • It can be printed so it's very cheap.


  • We can use perovskite cells on the facets of the building, on the roofs of the buildings, on the roofs of the cars, on the electronic devices, small electronic devices.


  • We can use it on the sails.


  • We can use it in the boats, tents, unlimited applications.


  • When you envision a robot, you probably don't think of this.


  • The TechCrunch online newspaper compared it to a lemon peel, but it is a type of robot, a soft one that works underwater and it can fold and walk and even carry stuff.

    TechCrunch 線上新聞報導把它比喻成一塊檸檬皮,但它是一種在水下工作的軟性機器人,它可以摺疊和行走,甚至也可以搬運東西。

  • It moves by the power of light and magnetic fields, and the researchers at Northwestern University who developed it hope it could one day be used in medicine.


  • What type?


  • The hydro-nano prototype.

    Hydro-nano (水力驅動-奈米) 原型機。

  • What branch could be a step towards better podiatry?


  • Maybe you could see it in ophthalmology or orthodontics, if it has teeth.


  • Dermatology could give it some skin in the game.


  • I mean, who knows what pathology it'll take.

    我的意思是,沒人知道它會需要什麼樣的病理學 (pun/俏皮話: path 道路)。

  • Whatever field it goes into, it's gotta be a magnetic one.


  • North Sanpete High School gets today's shoutout.

    今天我們向 North Sanpete 中學致敬。

  • It is in Mount Pleasant, Utah.

    它在猶他州的 Mount Pleasant。

  • Sounds like a pleasant place.


  • How do we pick the schools we mention?


  • Our Web producer chooses from the comments of our most recent show at

    我們的網頁製作人會從我們在 最新一集節目的留言中挑選出來。

  • So please subscribe to the channel and leave a comment there.


  • With two shows left to go in 2020 ...

    2020 年還剩最後兩集節目...

  • I'm Carl Azuz for CNN.

    我是 CNN 的 Carl Azuz。

Hi, I'm Carl Azuz.

嗨,我是 Carl Azuz.。

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