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  • Hi, everybody.

    嗨,大家好。

  • I'm Esther.

    我是以斯帖。

  • In this video.

    在這段視頻中。

  • I will introduce the past continuous tense.

    我將介紹過去的連續時態。

  • This tense can be used to describe an action that was ongoing in the past.

    這個時態可以用來描述過去正在進行的動作。

  • It can also be used to describe two actions happening at the same time in the past.

    它也可以用來描述過去同時發生的兩個動作。

  • There's a lot to learn so let's get started.

    要學的東西很多,我們開始吧。

  • Let's take a look at the first usage of the past continuous tense.

    我們來看一下過去連續時的第一種用法。

  • This tense can be used to describe an action that was ongoing in the past.

    這個時態可以用來描述過去正在進行的動作。

  • Let's take a look at these examples.

    我們來看看這些例子。

  • 'I was walking in the park in the evening.'

    '傍晚時分,我在公園裡散步。

  • So first we start with the subject, 'I'.

    所以首先我們從主體 "我 "開始。

  • For I, he, she, and it, we follow with 'was'.

    對於我、他、她、它,我們用 "是 "來跟。

  • 'I was'

    "我是

  • And then we add an 'ING' to the end of the verb.

    然後我們在動詞的末尾加一個 "ING"。

  • 'I was walking'

    "我在散步

  • Now take a look at the whole sentence.

    現在來看一下整句話。

  • 'I was walking in the park in the evening.'

    '傍晚時分,我在公園裡散步。

  • You can see that this was an ongoing action and it happened in the past.

    你可以看到,這是一個持續的行動,而且是發生在過去。

  • Let's look at the next example.

    我們來看下一個例子。

  • 'She was living here last year.'

    '她去年就住在這裡。

  • Here, the subject is 'she'.

    這裡的主語是 "她"。

  • So again we use 'was' and then 'verb-ing'.

    所以我們又用'是',然後用'動詞'。

  • Here we have another expression that shows that this action was happening in the past.

    在這裡,我們有另一種表達方式,表明這個動作是在過去發生的。

  • 'The dog,' or 'it', 'was eating dinner five minutes ago.'

    '那條狗'或'它','5分鐘前還在吃晚飯'。

  • The subject here is 'the dog' which can be replaced by the pronoun 'it'.

    這裡的主語是'狗',可以用代詞'它'代替。

  • And so we follow with 'was'.

    於是,我們接著用'是'。

  • And finally, 'Andy and Jim,' we can replace this with 'they'.

    最後,'安迪和吉姆',我們可以用'他們'代替。

  • For 'you', 'we' and 'they', we use 'were'.

    對於 "你"、"我們 "和 "他們",我們用 "曾經"。

  • 'They were', or 'Andy and Jim were working at 9:00 p.m.'

    "他們是",或者 "安迪和吉姆晚上9點在工作

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • The past continuous tense is also used to describe an ongoing

    過去的連續時態也用於描述正在進行的

  • action in the past that was interrupted by another action.

    過去的行動被另一個行動所打斷;

  • This interrupting action is used in the past simple tense with the word 'when'.

    這個打斷動作用的是過去簡單時態,用的是 "當 "字。

  • Let's take a look at this example.

    我們來看看這個例子。

  • 'I was playing cards when you called.'

    '你打電話來的時候,我正在打牌。

  • Again we start with the subject 'was' or 'were',

    同樣我們從主語 "是 "或 "是 "開始。

  • and then 'verb-ing',

    然後'動詞--'。

  • so this is the action that was ongoing in the past,

    所以這是過去正在進行的行動。

  • 'I was playing cards'

    "我在打牌

  • The interrupting action in this sentence is 'you called'.

    這句話中的打斷動作是'你叫'。

  • You'll notice I use the word 'when' to show the interrupting action'

    你會注意到我用了 "何時 "這個詞來表示中斷的動作。

  • And I used it in the past simple tense, 'called'.

    而且我用的是過去的簡單時態,'叫'。

  • Let's take a look at the next sentence.

    我們來看下一句話。

  • 'The cat' or 'it' was eating when Eric came home.'

    '貓'或'它'在吃飯的時候,埃裡克回家了。

  • Again the action in progress is 'the cat was eating'.

    同樣正在進行的動作是'貓在吃東西'。

  • And 'Eric came home', you'll notice the past simple tense.

    而 "埃裡克回家了",你會注意到過去的簡單時態。

  • This is the interrupting action used with the word 'when'.

    這是與 "當 "字一起使用的中斷動作。

  • 'We were sleeping when Anne arrived.'

    '安妮來的時候我們正在睡覺。

  • Again we have the ongoing action in the past.

    我們又有過去的持續行動。

  • The subject here is 'we'.

    這裡的主體是'我們'。

  • And so we used 'were' and then 'verb-ing'.

    於是我們用了'是',然後用了'動詞'。

  • 'When Anne arrived' is the interrupting action.

    '安到時'是中斷動作。

  • And finally, 'Alicia and I', or 'We' were walking when we saw Mark.'

    最後,"艾麗西婭和我",或者說 "我們 "走著走著就看到了馬克。

  • 'When we saw Mark' is the interrupting action that interrupted the ongoing 'Alicia

    '當我們看到馬克'是打斷了正在進行的'艾麗西亞'的動作。

  • and I were walking'.

    和我一起走'。

  • It's also important to note that we can also switch the order of the sentence around and

    還需要注意的是,我們還可以將句子的順序調換一下,然後

  • say,

    說。

  • 'When you called, I was playing cards,'

    '你打電話來的時候,我正在打牌,'。

  • or 'When Eric came home, the cat was eating.'

    或 "當埃裡克回家時,貓正在吃東西。

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • Another usage for the past continuous tense is to talk about two actions that were

    過去連續時態的另一種用法是談論兩個動作,是

  • happening at the same time in the past.

    在過去的同一時間發生。

  • We use the past continuous tense for both actions with the word 'while'.

    我們用'而'字來表示這兩個動作的過去連續時態。

  • Let's take a look at some examples.

    我們來看看一些例子。

  • The first sentence says, 'While I was playing soccer, she was watching

    第一句話說:"當我在踢足球時,她在看。

  • me.'

    我。

  • You'll notice that both actions are in the past continuous tense.

    你會注意到,這兩個動作都是過去的連續時態。

  • 'I was playing soccer' and 'She was watching me'.

    '我在踢球'和'她在看我'。

  • The word 'while' at the beginning shows that these actions were happening at the sametime.

    開頭的 "而 "字說明這些行為是同時發生的。

  • 'While you were reading, I was preparing dinner.'

    '你看書的時候,我在準備晚飯。

  • Again both actions are expressed in the past continuous tense.

    同樣,這兩個動作都是用過去連續時態來表達。

  • The word 'while' shows that they were happening at the same time.

    從 "而 "字可以看出,它們是同時發生的。

  • 'While Her husband' or 'he', 'was driving

    "當她的丈夫 "或 "他","開車的時候

  • she was taking pictures.'

    她在拍照。

  • Both actions are in the past continuous tense.

    這兩個動作都是過去的連續時態。

  • And finally,

    最後是:

  • 'While we were eating, the music was playing.'

    '當我們在吃飯的時候,音樂在響起。

  • Both actions were happening at the same time.

    這兩個動作是同時發生的。

  • Now, you'll notice that in my examples the word 'while' comes at the beginning,

    現在,你會注意到,在我的例子中,"而 "字是在開頭。

  • however, it's important to note that you can move the word 'while' around in several

    然而,需要注意的是,你可以將 "而 "字移到幾個

  • ways.

    的方式。

  • For example, instead of saying this,

    例如,不說這個。

  • 'While I was playing soccer, she was watching me.'

    '我踢球的時候,她在看我。

  • I can move 'while' to the middle of the sentence.

    我可以把'而'移到句子中間。

  • 'I was playing soccer while she was watching me.'

    '我在踢足球,她卻在看我。

  • I can put the 'while' between the two actions.

    我可以在兩個動作之間加上'而'。

  • Or I can also change the sentence around and say,

    或者我也可以把這句話改過來,說。

  • 'While she was watching me, I was playing soccer.'

    '當她在看我的時候,我在踢足球。

  • So it doesn't matter which action comes first with the 'while' if you put it in the

    所以,如果你把它放在 "while "中,哪一個動作先出現並不重要。

  • beginning.

    開始。

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • Now let's talk about the negative form of the past continuous tense.

    現在我們來談談過去連續時態的否定形式。

  • Here are some examples.

    下面是一些例子。

  • 'She was not reading last night.'

    '她昨天晚上沒有看書。

  • The subject is 'she' and so we use 'was'.

    主語是 "她",所以我們用 "是"。

  • However, before the 'verb-ing', we add 'not'.

    但是,在'動詞-ing'之前,我們要加上'不'。

  • 'She was not reading last night.'

    '她昨天晚上沒有看書。

  • I can use a contraction and say,

    我可以用收縮說。

  • 'She wasn't reading last night.'

    '她昨晚沒看書。

  • 'We were not listening to music this morning.'

    '我們今天早上沒有聽音樂。

  • In this case, the subject is 'we' and so we use 'were'.

    在這種情況下,主語是'我們',所以我們用'是'。

  • Again 'not' comes before the 'verb-ing'.

    同樣是'不'在'動詞--'之前。

  • 'We were not listening to music this morning.'

    '我們今天早上沒有聽音樂。

  • Again I can use a contraction and say,

    我又可以用收縮說。

  • 'We weren't listening to music this morning.'

    '我們今天早上沒有聽音樂'。

  • And the next one says, 'He wasn't watching TV when his dad came

    下一個說:"他爸爸來的時候,他沒有看電視

  • home.'

    家。

  • In this example, the contraction is already there for you,

    在這個例子中,收縮已經為你準備好了。

  • 'He wasn't watching TV'.

    '他沒有看電視'。

  • You'll notice the word 'when'.

    你會注意到 "當 "字。

  • Remember 'when' + 'a past simple tense verb' shows an interrupting action,

    記住'when'+'a past simple tense verb'表示一箇中斷的動作。

  • so, 'When his dad came home he wasn't watching TV.'

    所以,"他爸爸回家的時候,他沒有看電視。

  • He was doing something else.

    他在做別的事情。

  • And finally,

    最後是:

  • 'They weren't talking while the game was playing.'

    '他們在比賽的時候沒有說話。

  • The word 'while' is in this sentence.

    這句話裡有'而'字。

  • Remember that shows 2 past ongoing actions happening at the same time,

    記住,這顯示了2個過去正在進行的行動同時發生。

  • so 'While the game was playing they weren't talking'.

    所以'當遊戲進行時,他們沒有說話'。

  • They were doing something else.

    他們在做別的事情。

  • Let's move on now.

    現在我們繼續前進。

  • Let's talk about how to form 'be' verb questions for the past continuous tense.

    我們來談談過去連續時態的'被'動詞題如何構成。

  • Take a look at the first statement.

    看看第一句話。

  • It says,

    它說:

  • 'It was raining this morning.'

    '今天早上還在下雨'。

  • In order to turn this into a question, it's quite easy,

    為了把這個問題變成一個問題,很容易。

  • all we have to do is change the order of the first two words.

    我們所要做的就是改變前兩個字的順序。

  • Instead of 'It was', I now say 'Was it' to make it a question.

    我現在不說'是',而是說'是嗎',使之成為一個問題。

  • You'll notice that the rest of the words stay in the same place.

    你會發現,其餘的字都留在同一個地方。

  • 'Was it raining this morning?'

    '今天早上下雨了嗎?

  • You can answer by saying, 'Yes, it was.' or 'No, it wasn't.'

    你可以回答說:"是的,是的。"或 "不,不是。

  • The next statement says,

    接下來的說法是:

  • 'They were living there when the fire happened.'

    '火災發生時他們就住在那裡'。

  • To turn this into a big question, again we just switched the order of the first two words.

    為了把這道題變成一道大題,我們又只是調換了前兩個詞的順序。

  • Instead of 'They were', we say 'Were they'.

    我們說 "是他們",而不是 "他們"。

  • And again, the rest of the words can stay in the same place.

    而同樣的,其餘的字也可以留在同一個地方。

  • 'Were they living there when the fire happened?'

    '火災發生時,他們是否住在那裡?

  • And you can answer by saying,

    而你可以回答說。

  • 'Yes, they were' or 'No, they weren't.'

    "是的,他們是 "或 "不,他們不是"。

  • Let's continue on.

    讓我們繼續往前走。

  • Now I'll go into how to make WH questions for the past continuous tense.

    現在我就來介紹一下如何做過去連續時態的WH題。

  • You'll notice that the examples here all begin with some WH words.

    你會發現,這裡的例子都是以一些WH字開頭的。

  • For example, 'what', 'where', 'why', and 'who'.

    例如,"是什麼"、"在哪裡"、"為什麼 "和 "誰"。

  • Let's take a look at the first question.

    我們來看看第一個問題。

  • 'What were they doing last night?”

    '他們昨晚在做什麼?"

  • The subject of this sentence is 'they'.

    這句話的主語是'他們'。

  • So what you do is after the WH word you put the proper 'be' verb.

    所以你要做的是在WH這個詞後面加上合適的'be'動詞。

  • In this case, 'were'.

    在這種情況下,'是'。

  • 'What were they doing last night?'

    '他們昨晚在做什麼?

  • You'll notice that after the subject comes the 'verb-ing'.

    你會注意到,在主語之後是 "動詞的"。

  • 'What were they doing last night?'

    '他們昨晚在做什麼?

  • I can answer by saying, 'They were playing games' or

    我可以回答說:"他們在玩遊戲",或者是

  • 'They were reading a book'.

    '他們在看書'。

  • The next question says,

    下一個問題說。

  • 'Where was he working last week?'

    '他上週在哪裡工作?

  • In this case the subject is 'he' and so the be verb to use is 'was'.

    在這種情況下,主語是'他',所以要用的be動詞是'是'。

  • 'Where was he working last week?'

    '他上週在哪裡工作?

  • I can say, 'He was working in Canada.'

    我可以說:"他在加拿大工作。

  • 'Why was she crying when she finished the book?'

    '為什麼她看完書就哭了?

  • In this case, the subject is 'she' and so I put 'was' after 'why'.

    在這種情況下,主語是 "她",所以我在 "為什麼 "後面加上了 "是"。

  • 'Why was she crying when she finished the book?'

    '為什麼她看完書就哭了?

  • I can say, 'She was crying because the ending was sad.'

    我可以說,'她是因為結局很悲傷才哭的'。

  • And finally,

    最後是:

  • 'Who were the children staying with while their mom was working?'

    '媽媽工作的時候,孩子們都和誰在一起?

  • In this case, 'the children' is a 'they'

    在這種情況下,"孩子們 "是一個 "他們"。

  • so we follow 'who' with 'were'.

    所以我們在'誰'後面加上'是'。