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  • Hi, everyone.

    嗨,大家好。

  • In this video, I will introduce the past simple English tense.

    在本視頻中,小編將為大家介紹過去簡單的英語時態。

  • This grammar tense can help you explain a past general state, action, or habit.

    這個文法時態可以幫助你解釋過去的一般狀態、動作或習慣。

  • There's a lot to learn and it's a very important tense, so keep watching.

    要學的東西很多,而且是一個很重要的時態,所以要繼續觀察。

  • In this video, I will talk about the 'be' verb

    在這個視頻中,我將講述'be'這個動詞。

  • in the past simple tense.

    用過去簡單時態。

  • The 'be' verb in the past simple tense can be used to describe a past general state.

    過去簡單時態的'被'動詞可以用來描述過去的一般狀態。

  • We use the 'be' verbs, 'was' and 'were' in this tense.

    我們在這個時態中使用'是'動詞,'是'和'是'。

  • Take a look at the examples.

    看看這些例子吧。

  • 'I was scared.'

    '我很害怕。

  • 'James', or he 'was a teacher.'

    '詹姆斯',或者他'是個老師'。

  • 'She was sad.'

    '她很傷心。

  • 'My dog was hungry.'

    '我的狗餓了'。

  • 'My dog' can be 'it'.

    '我的狗'可以是'它'。

  • So for 'I', 'he', 'she', 'it', we use the past tense 'be' verb, 'was'.

    所以對於'我','他','她','它',我們用過去式'be'動詞,'是'。

  • However, for 'you', 'we' and 'they', we use 'were'.

    但是,對於 "你"、"我們 "和 "他們",我們用 "曾經"。

  • 'You were a good student.'

    '你是個好學生。

  • 'Your parents, or they were at the park.' and 'We were at home for two hours.'

    '你父母,或者他們在公園。"和 "我們在家裡呆了兩個小時。

  • In this last sentence, you see that the duration is emphasized.

    在最後這句話中,你看強調的是持續時間。

  • Great job.

    幹得好

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • Now I will talk about regular verbs in the past simple tense.

    現在我說說過去簡單時態的常規動詞。

  • Take a look at these examples.

    看看這些例子吧。

  • 'Liam played a game.'

    '利亞姆玩了個遊戲。

  • Liam is a 'he',

    連姆是個 "他"。

  • but really it doesn't matter for regular verbs in the past simple tense.

    但其實對於過去簡單時態的普通動詞來說,這並不重要。

  • Because no matter what the subject is, all we have to do is add 'd' or 'ed'

    因為不管是什麼主題,我們只要加上 "d "或 "ed "就可以了。

  • to the end of the verb.

    到動詞的末尾。

  • Here the verb is 'play', so I added '-ed'.

    這裡的動詞是'玩',所以我加了'-ed'。

  • 'Liam played a game.'

    '利亞姆玩了個遊戲。

  • 'The car, or it needed gas.'

    '這車,還是需要加油的。

  • The verb here is 'need'.

    這裡的動詞是'需要'。

  • For the past simple tense, I added '-ed'.

    對於過去的簡單時態,我加了'-ed'。

  • 'We watched a movie.'

    '我們看了一場電影。

  • Again, an 'ed' at the of 'watch'.

    同樣,在 "表 "的後面加一個 "ed"。

  • 'You exercised for an hour.'

    '你運動了一個小時。

  • In this case, the verb is 'exercise'.

    在這種情況下,動詞是 "鍛鍊"。

  • I only need to add a 'd' to make it the past tense.

    我只需要加一個 "d "就可以成為過去式。

  • And finally, 'They usually worked after school.'

    最後,'他們通常在放學後工作'。

  • The verb is 'work'.

    動詞是'工作'。

  • And I added an 'ed' to make it in the past tense.

    我還加了一個 "ed",使之成為過去式。

  • The word 'usually' shows that this was a habit.

    從 "通常 "二字可以看出,這是一種習慣。

  • Remember, the past simple tense can be used to show past habits.

    記住,過去的簡單時態可以用來表現過去的習慣。

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • Now, I'll talk about irregular verbs in the past simple tense.

    現在,我就說說過去簡單時態的不規則動詞。

  • Remember, for regular verbs, we only add 'd' or 'ed' to make a verb into the past tense.

    記住,對於普通動詞,我們只需加'd'或'ed'就可以使動詞變成過去式。

  • However, for irregular verbs, we have to change the verb in a different way.

    但是,對於不規則的動詞,我們要換一種方式。

  • Let's take a look at some examples.

    我們來看看一些例子。

  • 'I ate with my friend.'

    '我和朋友一起吃的。

  • The verb here is 'ate'.

    這裡的動詞是 "吃"。

  • 'ate' is the past simple tense of 'eat'.

    '吃'是'吃'的過去簡單時態。

  • The next example says, 'Nara wrote a story.'

    下例說:'奈良寫了一個故事'。

  • The verb is 'write'.

    動詞是'寫'。

  • And because it's irregular to change it into the past tense, we change the verb to 'wrote'.

    而且因為改成過去式是不規範的,所以我們把動詞改成'寫'。

  • 'You often came home late.'

    '你經常很晚才回家'。

  • The verb here is 'come' and it's been changed to 'came'.

    這裡的動詞是'來',已經改成了'來了'。

  • You'll notice that we had the word 'often' to show a habit.

    你會注意到,我們有 "經常 "這個詞來表示一種習慣。

  • 'We bought a camera.'

    '我們買了一臺相機。

  • The verb here is 'buy' and it's been changed to 'bought' to show the past simple tense.

    這裡的動詞是'買',已經改成了'買了',以顯示過去簡單時態。

  • And finally, 'My parents sent me money for a year.'

    最後,"我父母給我寄了一年的錢"。

  • Here the verb 'sent' is the past tense of 'send'.

    這裡的動詞'送'是'送'的過去式。

  • Here we also see 'for a year', this shows duration.

    在這裡,我們還看到了'一年',這表明了期限。

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • Now I will talk about the negative form for the 'be' verb in the past simple tense.

    現在我說說過去簡單時態中'被'動詞的否定形式。

  • Here are some examples.

    下面是一些例子。

  • The first one says, 'I was not hungry.'

    第一個說,'我不餓'。

  • For the past simple tense, the negative 'be' verb

    對於過去的簡單時態,消極的 "be "動詞。

  • I f the subject is 'I', 'he', 'she' or 'it', we say 'was not'.

    如果主語是 "我"、"他"、"她 "或 "它",我們說 "不是"。

  • For example, 'I was not' or 'she was not' or the contraction 'wasn't'.

    例如,'我不是'或'她不是'或收縮詞'不是'。

  • 'I wasn't'.

    '我不是'。

  • 'She wasn't'.

    '她不是'。

  • So let's look again, 'I was not hungry.'

    所以我們再來看,'我不餓'。

  • 'She wasn't home today.'

    '她今天不在家。

  • Now, if the subject is 'you', 'we' or 'they',

    現在,如果主語是 "你"、"我們 "或 "他們"。

  • We say 'were not' or the contraction 'weren't'.

    我們說'不是',或者說'不是'的收縮詞。

  • 'The children, or they were not quiet.'

    '孩子們,還是不安靜。

  • 'The children were not quiet.'

    '孩子們都不安靜'。

  • And then, 'The dog', or it was not, or 'wasn't playful.'

    然後,'狗',還是沒有,還是'不愛玩'。

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • Now, let's talk about how to form the negative in the past simple tense for non-'be' verbs,

    現在,我們來談談如何在過去簡單時態中對非'be'動詞進行否定的形式。

  • regular or irregular.

    定期或不定期。

  • Here are some examples.

    下面是一些例子。

  • 'I did not like him.'

    '我不喜歡他。

  • What we do for non-'be' verbs is simply put 'did not' after the subject.

    對於非'be'動詞,我們的做法只是在主語後面加上'沒有'。

  • And you'll notice that for the verb, we don't make any changes.

    你會發現,對於動詞,我們沒有做任何改動。

  • We keep the base verb.

    我們保留基礎動詞。

  • 'He didn't catch the ball.'

    '他沒有接球。

  • Again, it's 'he did not', but here we used a contraction,

    同樣是'他沒有',但這裡我們用了一個縮句。

  • 'He didn't catch the ball.'

    '他沒有接球。

  • 'They didn't dance.'

    '他們沒有跳舞。

  • Again, here's the contraction for 'did not'.

    再來,這裡是'沒有'的縮略語。

  • And you'll notice that for the verb, we didn't change it at all.

    而且你會注意到,對於動詞,我們根本就沒改。

  • Here's an irregular verb, and here's a regular verb, we keep them in the base form.

    這裡是一個不規則動詞,這裡是一個規則動詞,我們把它們保留在基本形式中。

  • And finally, 'We didn't think about that.'

    最後,"我們沒有想到這一點。

  • Again, we simply say 'did not' or 'didn't'.

    同樣,我們只說'沒有'或'沒有'。

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • Now I will introduce two ways to form questions for the past simple tense.

    現在我將介紹兩種過去簡單時態的組題方法。

  • Take a look at the first example.

    看看第一個例子。

  • 'He was angry.'

    '他很生氣。

  • In this first sentence, we see the 'be' verb 'was'.

    在這第一句話中,我們看到'被'動詞'是'。

  • It's quite easy.

    這很容易。

  • All you have to do to turn this into a question is switch the order the first two words.

    要想把這道題變成一道題,你要做的就是把前兩個詞的順序換一下。

  • 'Was he angry?'

    '他生氣了嗎?

  • You can answer by saying 'Yes, he was.' or 'No, he wasn't.'

    你可以說 "是的,他是 "或 "不,他不是 "來回答。

  • The next sentence also has a 'be' verb.

    下句也有一個'被'字動詞。

  • 'They were comfortable.'

    '他們很舒服'。

  • So again, switch the first two words.

    所以又把前兩個字換了。

  • 'Were they comfortable?'

    '他們舒服嗎?

  • The answers can be, 'Yes, they were.'

    答案可以是:"是的,他們是。

  • or 'No, they weren't.'

    或 "不,他們不是。

  • However, look at the third sentence.

    然而,請看第三句。

  • 'Sam lived here.'

    "山姆住在這裡。

  • There is no 'be' verb in this sentence.

    這句話中沒有'被'字動詞。

  • Instead, we see the action verb 'lived'.

    相反,我們看到的是動作動詞'住'。

  • So what we do is no matter what the subject,

    所以我們做的是不管什麼題材。

  • we start the question with 'did'.

    我們以'做'開始提問。

  • 'Did Sam live here?'

    '山姆住在這裡嗎?

  • You'll notice that the verb no longer is in the past tense.

    你會注意到,這個動詞不再是過去式。

  • We use the base form of the verb.

    我們用動詞的基本形式。

  • 'Did Sam live here?'

    '山姆住在這裡嗎?

  • You can say 'Yes, he did.'

    你可以說'是的,他做到了'。

  • or 'No, he didn't.'

    或 "不,他沒有。

  • The last sentence is similar.

    最後一句話也是類似的。

  • 'They won the contest last year.'

    '他們去年贏得了比賽。

  • The verb here is 'won', that's not a 'be' verb.

    這裡的動詞是'贏',那不是'被'動詞。

  • So again, we start the question with 'did' .

    所以,我們再一次以 "做 "開始提問。

  • And then the subject 'they', we use the base form of the verb and that's 'win'.

    然後主語'他們',我們用動詞的基本形式,那就是'贏'。

  • 'Did they win the contest last year?'

    '去年的比賽他們贏了嗎?

  • You can say, 'Yes, they did.'

    你可以說,'是的,他們做到了'。

  • or 'No, they didn't.'

    或 "不,他們沒有。

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • Now I'll introduce how to create an answer WH questions in the past simple tense.

    現在小編就為大家介紹一下如何用過去的簡單時態來製作答案WH題。

  • Take a look at the board.

    看一下板子。

  • We have some WH words here.

    我們這裡有一些WH的話。

  • 'What' 'When'

    什麼 "什麼時候"?

  • 'Where' and 'Why'

    "在哪裡 "和 "為什麼

  • You'll notice that after each WH word comes the word 'did'.

    你會發現,每個WH字後面都有一個 "做 "字。

  • 'What did' 'When did'

    "什麼""什麼時候"。

  • 'Where did' and 'Why did'.

    '哪裡做了'和'為什麼做了'。

  • What comes after that the subject and then the base form of the verb.

    之後是主語,然後是動詞的基本形式。

  • So, let's take a look.

    那麼,我們來看看。

  • 'What did you do last night?'

    '你昨晚做了什麼?

  • 'What did you do last night?'

    '你昨晚做了什麼?

  • I can answer by saying something like, 'I watched a movie.'

    我可以用 "我看了一部電影 "這樣的話來回答。

  • Or 'I read a book.'

    或者'我讀了一本書'。

  • You'll notice that the answer is in the past simple tense.

    你會注意到,答案是過去簡單時態。

  • 'When did you get home last night?'

    '你昨晚什麼時候回來的?

  • 'I got home at 10 p.m.'

    '我晚上10點到家'。

  • 'Where did they eat lunch?'

    '他們在哪裡吃的午飯?

  • 'They ate lunch at home.'

    '他們在家裡吃了午飯。

  • Again, 'ate' is the past tense of 'eat'.

    同樣,'吃'是'吃'的過去式。

  • Answer in the past simple tense.

    用過去簡單時態回答。

  • And finally, 'Why did the company hire him?'

    最後,"公司為什麼要聘用他?

  • 'The company hired him because he's a hard worker.'

    '公司聘請他是因為他是個勤奮的人。

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • In this first checkup, we'll take a look at

    在這次的第一次檢查中,我們將看一下。

  • practice questions using the 'be' verb in the past simple tense.

    使用過去簡單時態的'be'動詞的練習題。

  • Remember the 'be' verbs in the past simple tense are 'was' or 'were'.

    記住過去簡單時態中的'be'動詞是'was'或'were'。

  • Let's take a look at the first sentence.

    我們來看看第一句話。

  • 'He __ at work earlier.'

    '他早些時候在工作。

  • The subject here is 'we'.

    這裡的主體是'我們'。

  • So do we use 'was' or 'were'?

    那麼我們是用 "曾經 "還是 "曾經 "呢?

  • The correct answer is 'was'.

    正確答案是 "是"。

  • 'He was at work earlier.'

    '他剛才在工作。

  • The next sentence says,

    下句說。

  • 'We _____ very happy yesterday.'

    '我們_____,昨天非常高興。

  • If the subject is 'we', remember the be verb is 'were'.

    如果主語是'我們',記住be動詞是'是'。

  • 'We were very happy yesterday.'

    '我們昨天很高興。