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  • [intro music]

    [介紹音樂]

  • Jim Dill: Hi, I'm Jim Dill. I'm the Pest Management Specialist with the University of Maine Cooperative

    吉姆-迪爾嗨,我是吉姆-迪爾。我是緬因大學合作社的害蟲管理專家。

  • Extension. We've been trapping for spotted wing drosophila, and the first thing we want

    延長。我們一直在誘捕斑翅果蠅,我們首先要的是

  • to start talk to you about today is the trap. What to do and then what to look for in the

    今天要開始跟大家說的是陷阱。該怎麼做,然後要注意什麼呢?

  • fruit.

    果。

  • First, let's look at a trap. Let's take the top off this trap. This has been out here

    首先,讓我們看看一個陷阱。讓我們把這個陷阱的頂部拿掉。這東西一直在這裡

  • for about a week. As you take the top off the trap with the bait, you can zero in here,

    大約一個星期。當你把頂部關閉陷阱與誘餌, 你可以在這裡歸零。

  • and there are many, probably right now I can see about 25, small flies floating on the

    有很多,可能現在我可以看到大約25, 小蒼蠅漂浮在上的

  • top of this trap. You can look down and you can see the spots on the wing of the male.

    這個陷阱的頂部。你可以往下看,你可以看到 男性的翅膀上的斑點。

  • Again, that's the male spotted wing drosophila. The females have a tendency to either float

    同樣,那是雄性斑翅果蠅。雌性有一種傾向,要麼浮動

  • or, when they sink, their ovipositor, which is what they use to lay eggs with, actually

    或者,當它們下沉時,它們的產卵器,也就是它們用來產卵的東西,實際上是

  • becomes overted and you can see that, so it's easy to tell the males and the females in

    變得過度了,你可以看到,所以它很容易告訴男性和女性在

  • here. The females do not have the spot on the wing.

    這裡。雌性的翅膀上沒有斑點。

  • You've got your traps out, and you've started finding spotted wing drosophila in your traps.

    你'了你的陷阱,你'已經開始發現斑翅果蠅在你的陷阱。

  • The concern now becomes, what's happening to the fruit? We have been finding, here in

    現在關心的是,果實發生了什麼'?我們已經發現,在這裡

  • Maine this year, which is 2012, we found maggots or flies, so far, in raspberries, blackberries,

    緬因州今年,也就是2012年,我們發現了蛆或蒼蠅,到目前為止,在樹莓、黑莓。

  • blueberries, elderberry, grapes, chokecherry, and peaches. Traditionally, the fruit flies

    藍莓、接骨木、葡萄、櫻桃和桃子。傳統上,果蠅

  • that we have, would come to the overripe fruit. Their ovipositor, which is what they lay their

    我們所擁有的,會來到過熟的水果。它們的產卵器,也就是它們的產卵器。

  • eggs with, it's not serrated. It doesn't have that little saw-like on it, so it has to be

    雞蛋與,它'不是鋸齒。它不'有那個小鋸子一樣就可以了,所以它必須是

  • very, very soft fruit for them to lay an egg in.

    非常,非常柔軟的水果,讓他們下蛋。

  • But this one, now, with this serrated ovipositor, can actually lay the eggs in fruit like this,

    但現在這個,有了這個鋸齒狀的產卵器,居然可以像這樣在水果裡產卵。

  • or even like this. Once you get fruit like this attacked, it doesn't take long before

    甚至像這樣。一旦被這樣的果實攻擊,不用多久就會被

  • it starts to shrivel up. Let's see what's happening here with the fruit. We'll pull

    它開始萎縮。讓我們看看這裡發生了什麼'與水果。我們會拉

  • some off, take a look at it. This is what's happening. You see, when you pull that fruit

    一些關,看看它。這是什麼'的發生。你看,當你拉那個水果

  • off too, it almost looks bubbly in there, almost like there was a detergent in there.

    掉了,裡面幾乎看起來是泡沫狀的,幾乎就像有一個洗滌劑在裡面。

  • That's because the fruit has started to be eaten by the maggots. Once it's being eaten

    那是因為水果已經開始被蛆蟲吃掉了。一旦它被吃掉

  • by the maggots, it gets real juicy.

    由蛆蟲,它得到真正的多汁。

  • In this particular berry, just looking here, as I move this apart with the pen I can probably

    在這個特殊的漿果,只是在這裡看,當我移動這個分開用筆,我可以大概。

  • see at least a half a dozen or a dozen maggots, right in this area. Part of the problem is,

    看到至少有半打或十幾只蛆,就在這個區域。部分問題是。

  • with this pest, when you go out and you pick your fruit, it looks great on the vine or

    有了這種害蟲,當你出去採摘你的水果,它看起來很不錯的藤或

  • on the bush. Within a matter of maybe 24 hours with raspberries, or two or three days with

    在灌木叢中。也許在24小時內,覆盆子,或兩三天內,與

  • blueberries, they just start to turn to liquid.

    藍莓,它們剛開始變成液體。

  • You can actually see some maggots crawling on the fruit, but even worse, you can see

    其實你可以看到一些蛆蟲在果實上爬行,但更糟糕的是,你可以看到

  • in this box where it's actually started to liquefy. The box has soaked it all up, but

    在這個盒子裡,它實際上開始液化。盒子已經把它全部浸透了,但是... ...

  • on the outside of the box you've got all these maggots crawling around. These are about a

    在盒子的外面,你'已經得到了所有這些蛆蟲爬來爬去。這些是關於一個

  • week old, on the blueberries. Now, the raspberries, these were nice, fine-looking raspberries

    一週大的藍莓。現在,覆盆子,這些都是漂亮的,好看的覆盆子。

  • yesterday. If you look down onto the berries, the berries are just starting to turn to mush

    昨天。如果你低頭看漿果,漿果剛開始變成漿糊了

  • and, again, you've got maggots crawling, coming from the berries. Some of these berries have

    而且,再次,你'已經得到了蛆蟲爬行, 來自漿果。這些漿果中的一些有

  • just completely, as I say, turned to mush.

    就像我說的,完全變成了肉泥。

  • The problem comes within a minimum, this time of year, in the summer, a minimum of 14 days

    問題的出現在最短的時間內,這個時候,在夏天,最少要14天

  • and maybe even as quick as 10 days, the fly can go from egg to adult. It's a real fast

    甚至可能快到10天,蒼蠅可以從卵到成蟲。這是一個真正的快速

  • critter, so that's going to give us real problems with trying to manage this particular pest.

    小動物,所以'將給我們真正的問題 試圖管理這個特殊的害蟲。

  • [music]

    [音樂]

  • Whether it be a backyard situation or a commercial situation.

    不管是後院的情況還是商業情況。

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B2 中高級 中文 蛆蟲 陷阱 漿果 水果 果蠅 害蟲

【生活常識】如何辨識斑點翼果蠅是不是有危險 How to Identify Spotted Wing Drosophila Damage

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    Furong Lai 發佈於 2012 年 12 月 14 日
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