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  • If you ask anyone who is the richest person in the world?

    如果你問誰是世界上最富有的人?

  • Everyone will point at Jeff Bezos, but the truth is if you take a look at their investment

    每個人都會對傑夫-貝佐斯指指點點,但事實上,如果你看看他們的投

  • portfolios, bill gates is still significantly wealthier than Bezos.

    投資組合,比爾-蓋茨仍然明顯比貝佐斯更富有。

  • And that is not going to change anytime soon.

    而這一點是不會很快改變的。

  • Bill gates will remain the richest man in the world.

    比爾-蓋茨將繼續成為世界上最富有的人。

  • Before you throw at me your angry comments, hear me.

    在你向我拋出你的憤怒的評論之前,聽我說。

  • Gates first joined the Forbes billionaire list in 1987 when he was just 32 years old.

    蓋茨1987年首次進入福布斯富豪榜,當時他只有32歲。

  • But he wasn't going to stay there for long; in the next few years, he climbed to the top

    但他不會在那裡呆很久,在接下來的幾年裡,他爬到了頂峰。

  • of the list, and in 1995 he became the world's wealthiest person.

    的榜單,並在1995年成為世界首富。

  • And he held that title until 2017, except 4 of these years when warren Buffett and Carlos

    而他把這個頭銜一直保持到2017年,除了其中4年巴菲特和卡洛斯。

  • Slim exceeded him.

    瘦子超過了他。

  • Most people think that Gates's wealth comes from Microsoft, which is not true.

    大多數人認為蓋茨的財富來自於微軟,事實並非如此。

  • Yes, he founded the company with Paul Allen and was the CEO, but in 2000, he left his

    是的,他和保羅-艾倫一起創立了公司,並擔任CEO,但在2000年,他離開了他的。

  • position and handed his job to Steve Ballmer at the peak of the dot com bubble.

    的位置,並在網絡保麗龍的高峰期將自己的工作交給了史蒂夫-鮑爾默。

  • As a smart investor, gates knew that he couldn't keep all of his eggs in one basket and has

    作為一個聰明的投資者,蓋茨知道不能把所有的雞蛋都放在一個籃子裡,他已經把所有的雞蛋都放在了一個籃子裡。

  • to diversify even though Mircorost turned out to be way more valuable than anyone could

    儘管Mircorost被證明比任何人都有價值,但還是要進行多元化發展。

  • have imagined back then.

    當年的想象。

  • So Before the dot com bubble burst, Gates sold most of his Microsoft stocks.

    所以在網絡保麗龍破滅之前,蓋茨賣掉了大部分的微軟股票。

  • It seems like he was predicting the crash as some of the other entrepreneurs back then

    看來他和當年其他一些企業家一樣,也是預測到了這次的崩盤

  • like Mark Cuban.

    像馬克-庫班一樣

  • Today he owns only 1.3 percent of the company and is still the largest individual investor.

    如今他只擁有公司1.3%的股份,仍是最大的個人投資者。

  • That tiny percentage equals to almost 20 billion dollars.

    這一小部分相當於近200億美元。

  • But wait for a second, isn't bill gates worth over 105 billion dollars?

    但等一下,比爾-蓋茨不是身價超過1050億美元嗎?

  • Yes, and that's what makes him different from his fellow tech billionaires.

    是的,這也是他與其他科技億萬富翁不同的地方。

  • To find out why Bill Gates is still the richest person in the world, we have to take a deep

    要想知道為什麼比爾-蓋茨還是世界首富,我們就得深究一下

  • look into his investing portfolio.

    看看他的投資組合。

  • One of His biggest and best position is in Berkshire Hathaway.

    他最大和最好的位置之一是在伯克希爾哈撒韋。

  • He owns at least 54 million shares of the company, which amount to around 11.2 billion

    他至少持有公司5400萬股,金額約112億。

  • dollars.

    美元。

  • Berkshire Hathaway is unlike any other company.

    伯克希爾-哈撒韋公司不同於其他任何公司。

  • It's a holding company that invests in multiple different companies such as Apple, Bank of

    它是一家控股公司,投資了多家不同的公司,如蘋果公司、銀行。

  • America, IBM, General Motors, Goldman Sachs, and owns entire other companies like Geico

    美國,IBM,通用汽車,高盛,並擁有整個其他公司,如Geico。

  • or Duracell.

    或Duracell。

  • These companies are not from one particular industry, so if one of them goes down, others

    這些公司並不是來自某一個特定的行業,所以如果其中一個公司倒下了,其他公司也會倒下

  • would probably compensate.

    可能會補償。

  • And remember that these companies weren't randomly picked but by the greatest investor

    請記住,這些公司不是隨機挑選的,而是由最偉大的投資者挑選的。

  • of our time, Warren Buffett, since he manages Berkshire Hathaway.

    我們這個時代的巴菲特,因為他管理著伯克希爾哈撒韋公司。

  • Gates also own 18.6 million shares of Waste Management, Inc, which amounts to around 2

    蓋茨還擁有1860萬股廢物管理公司的股份,相當於約2。

  • billion dollars.

    萬億美元。

  • The company dates back to 1968 and offers environmental services to nearly 21 million

    公司的歷史可以追溯到1968年,為近2100萬人提供環境服務。

  • residential, industrial, municipal, and commercial customers in the United States, Canada, and

    美國、加拿大的住宅、工業、市政和商業客戶。

  • Puerto Rico.

    波多黎各

  • With 26,000 collection and transfer vehicles, the company has the largest trucking fleet

    該公司擁有26000輛收集和轉運車輛,是最大的卡車車隊。

  • in the waste industry.

    廢棄物行業中。

  • Over the last five years, the stock price grew by 113 percent.

    過去五年,股價增長了113%。

  • That's really a lot considering that it also paid a 2 percent dividend throughout these

    考慮到它在這期間還支付了2%的股息,這真的是一個很大的。

  • years.

    年。

  • It makes it one of the best investments one can make, and since it provides essential

    它使它成為一個人可以做的最好的投資之一,並且由於它提供了基本的。

  • services, it's a safe long term investment.

    服務,是一種安全的長期投資。

  • Gates is also an investor in the Canadian National Railway Company.

    蓋茨也是加拿大國家鐵路公司的投資者。

  • He owns 17.1 million shares with a market value of around $2 billion.

    他持有1710萬股,市值約20億元。

  • It's Canada's largest railway, in terms of both revenue and the physical size of its

    它是加拿大最大的鐵路,無論從收入還是從其實際規模來看,都是如此。

  • rail network, spanning Canada from the Atlantic coast in Nova Scotia to the Pacific coast

    鐵路網

  • in British Columbia across about 20,400 route miles (32,831 km).

    不列顛哥倫比亞省,橫跨約20,400英里(32,831公里)的路線。

  • It's a public company that employs 24K people, and as of October 2020, it has a market cap

    這是一家擁有2.4萬名員工的上市公司,截至2020年10月,其市值為

  • of approximately CA$104 billion.

    的約1040億加元。

  • And surprisingly, the company handled the current crises pretty well.

    而出乎意料的是,該公司對當前的危機處理得很好。

  • the stock plummeted because of the pandemic back in march.

    股價暴跌,因為在三月的流行病回。

  • But The company quickly regained its position and is now 30 percent higher than its pre-pandemic

    但該公司很快就恢復了陣地,目前比流行前高出30%。

  • level.

    級別。

  • Bill gates love dividend stocks, and the Canadian National Railway is such a company with a

    比爾-蓋茨喜歡分紅股,加拿大國家鐵路公司就是這樣一家擁有

  • dividend yield of 1.7 percent.

    股息率為1.7%。

  • Gates also holds 1.5 billion dollars worth of Caterpillar Inc. it designs, develops,

    蓋茨還持有其設計、開發的價值15億美元的卡特彼勒公司。

  • engineers, manufactures, markets, and sells machinery, engines, financial products, and

    工程、製造、市場和銷售機械、發動機、金融產品和

  • insurance to customers via a worldwide dealer network.

    通過全球經銷商網絡向客戶提供保險。

  • It is the world's largest construction equipment manufacturer.

    它是世界上最大的建築設備製造商。

  • It's traded in the new york stock exchange at over 90 billion dollar market cap.

    它的交易在紐約證券交易所在超過900億美元的市值。

  • I think by now you get the picture.

    我想現在你已經明白了。

  • Bill Gates has invested in a wide variety of safe, stable, and prominent companies to

    比爾-蓋茨投資了眾多安全、穩定、著名的公司,以。

  • keep his wealth increasing year after year.

    讓他的財富逐年增加。

  • He also holds 1.5 billion dollars of Walmart stocks and many other companies.

    他還持有15億美元的沃爾瑪股票和許多其他公司的股票。

  • It makes him immune to crises and volatility and lets his wealth keep growing exponentially

    這讓他對危機和波動有免疫力,讓他的財富不斷成倍增長。

  • in the long run.

    從長遠來看,。

  • So even if Microsoft goes bankrupt tomorrow or the US economy falls into a long-lasting

    所以,即使微軟明天破產,或者美國經濟陷入長期的

  • depression, gates investments are all over the world, which makes him safe from any turmoil.

    蕭條,蓋茨的投資遍佈全球,這讓他免受任何動盪。

  • That's why he has been the richest man in the world for 18 years.

    這也是為什麼他能連續18年成為世界首富的原因。

  • You also have to take into account that Gates has donated around 30 billion dollars to different

    你還得考慮到蓋茨已經向不同的機構捐贈了約300億美元。

  • causes, from fighting malaria to solving sanitation problems in Africa to investing billions into

    從抗擊瘧疾到解決非洲的衛生問題,再到投資數十億到非洲的經濟和社會發展中。

  • companies that are working on a vaccine for covid-19.

    正在研製covid-19疫苗的公司。

  • If you take a look at his fellow billionaire Jeff Bezos, things are different.

    如果你看看他的同胞億萬富翁傑夫-貝佐斯,情況就不一樣了。

  • Of course, he is significantly wealthier with 185 billion dollars, but most of his wealth

    當然,他的財富明顯更多,有1850億美金,但他的大部分財富是

  • is tied to Amazon.

    是和亞馬遜聯繫在一起的。

  • So if amazon falls for one reason or another, his wealth will follow up, but Bezos is smart,

    所以,如果亞馬遜因為某種原因倒下了,他的財富也會跟著倒下,但貝佐斯很聰明。

  • and he perfectly understands that.

    他完全明白這一點。

  • That's why he is slowly selling his stake at amazon and investing them in different

    所以他才會慢慢賣掉在亞馬遜的股份,把它們投資在不同的

  • companies and industries.

    公司和行業。

  • In 2019, he sold 2.8 billion dollars worth of Amazon stock.

    2019年,他出售了價值28億美元的亞馬遜股票。

  • This year so far, he has sold 7.2 billion dollars.

    今年以來,他已經賣出了72億元。

  • And that's not by accident.

    而這並非偶然。

  • The pandemic pushed many investors to invest heavily in the stock market since tech companies

    疫情推動了許多投資者大量投資股市,因為科技公司的

  • proved to be immune to the crises.

    事實證明,他們對危機有免疫力。

  • Especially when the fed stepped in and injected hundreds of billions of dollars into the market,

    尤其是當美聯儲出手,向市場注入了數千億美元的資金。

  • which pushed technology stocks, including Amazon, to skyrocket.

    這推動了包括亞馬遜在內的科技股暴漲。

  • It's difficult to predict the future of amazon because the stock market is overvalued but

    很難預測亞馬遜的未來,因為股市被高估,但

  • at the same time, Amazon is going to play a vital role in distributing the vaccine since

    同時,亞馬遜將在分發疫苗的過程中發揮重要作用,因

  • it has been building its delivery fleet for over two decades.

    二十多年來,它一直在建立自己的送貨車隊。

  • Bezos has invested a huge chunk of his cash into Blue Origin.

    貝佐斯將大筆現金投入藍色起源。

  • An aerospace manufacturer that's trying to build reusable rockets to make space exploration

    一家航空航天製造商,正試圖製造可重複使用的火箭,以實現太空探索。

  • more affordable.

    更實惠。

  • The company has made good progress.

    公司取得了良好的發展。

  • Bezos pledged to invest a billion-dollar into this company every year.

    貝佐斯承諾每年向這家公司投資10億美元。

  • It's difficult to find an exact valuation of this company since it's a private company,

    由於是一傢俬人公司,很難找到這家公司的準確估值。

  • but it probably worth billions.

    但它可能價值數十億。

  • However, we will be able to know the exact number if the company decides to go public.

    不過,如果公司決定上市,我們就能知道確切的數字。

  • Bezos also purchased the Washington Post for 250 million dollars and held a 3 percent stake

    貝佐斯還以2.5億美元收購了《華盛頓郵報》,並持有3%的股份。

  • in the popular business news website Business Insider.

    在流行的商業新聞網站Business Insider。

  • Having a few media companies can give you some positive press.

    有一些媒體公司可以給你一些正面的報道。

  • He also invested in multiple other companies like Zocdoc or Nextdoor, platforms that connect

    他還投資了其他多家公司,如Zocdoc或Nextdoor,這些平臺連接了

  • people.

    人。

  • He has also invested 112 million dollars in Airbnb and 37 million dollars in uber, so

    他還在Airbnb上投資了1.12億美元,在uber上投資了3700萬美元,所以。

  • if one day uber becomes profitable, Bezos is going to take a portion of that.

    如果有一天uber實現了盈利,貝佐斯就會從中分得一部分。

  • He is also a big believer in the cloud business, so he has invested in companies such as Workday

    他也是雲業務的忠實擁護者,所以他投資了Workday等公司。

  • Inc.

    Inc.

  • He is also a real estate investor.

    他也是一名房地產投資者。

  • His 165,000-acre Corn Ranch in Texas was acquired as the base of operations for his aerospace

    他在德克薩斯州的16.5萬英畝玉米牧場被收購,作為他的航空航天業務基地。

  • company, Blue Origin, and serves as the test site for the vertical-landing manned suborbital

    公司、藍色起源公司,並作為垂直降落載人亞軌道的試驗場。

  • New Shepard rocket.

    新的Shepard火箭。

  • Besides that, he owns houses across the country from Beverly Hills to a 10,000-square-foot

    除此之外,他還在全國各地擁有房子,從比佛利山莊到一萬平方英尺的。

  • apartment in the Century Tower in Manhattan that he has paid over 8 million dollars.

    曼哈頓世紀大廈的公寓,他已經支付了800多萬美元。

  • He also has a house in Washington DC, where he spent 28 million dollars.

    他還在華盛頓特區有一套房子,花了2800萬美元。

  • His neighbors are the Obamas.

    他的鄰居是奧巴馬伕婦。

  • In Short, Bezos is rich, but over 95 percent of his wealth comes from amazon.

    簡而言之,貝佐斯很有錢,但他95%以上的財富都來自亞馬遜。

  • Over the next decade, Bezos will keep selling billions of dollars worth of his amazon stocks

    未來十年,貝佐斯將不斷出售價值數十億美元的亞馬遜股票。

  • and invest in a wide variety of industries exactly as gates did.

    並和蓋茨一樣投資於各種行業。

  • If gates didn't sell his Microsoft stake, he would worth a lot more since, in 1986,

    如果蓋茨沒有賣掉他的微軟股份,他的價值會更高,因為,1986年。

  • when Microsoft went public, Gates owned 49 percent of the company.

    微軟上市時,蓋茨擁有該公司49%的股份。

  • Of course, after 9 stock splits, his share would have been diluted anyways, but regardless,

    當然,經過9次拆股,他的股份無論如何都會被稀釋,但無論如何。

  • he would own a significant chunk of Microsoft and since Microsoft is valued 1.6 trillion

    他將擁有微軟的一大塊股份,而且由於微軟的價值是1.6萬億。

  • dollars, he would be as wealthy if not wealthier than bezos.

    美元,如果不是比貝佐斯更富有,他也會和貝佐斯一樣富有。

  • The future is unpredictable, and it's far better to have a well-diversified portfolio

    未來是不可預測的,擁有一個良好的分散投資組合要好得多。

  • than having all of your wealth tied to one company.

    而不是把所有的財富都綁在一家公司。

  • If you have enjoyed this video, make sure to give it thumbs, that really helps the video

    如果你喜歡這個視頻,一定要給它豎起大拇指,這真的很有幫助的視頻

  • to get promoted and subscribe for more similar videos.

    以獲得推廣和訂閱更多類似視頻。

  • Thanks for watching and until next time.

    謝謝你的觀看,直到下一次。

If you ask anyone who is the richest person in the world?

如果你問誰是世界上最富有的人?

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B1 中級 中文 蓋茨 公司 投資 貝佐斯 美元 股份

比爾-蓋茨是如何讓他的億萬富翁們崩潰的--深入瞭解比爾-蓋茨的投資組合。 (How Bill Gates CRASHES His Fellow Billionaires - A Deep Look Into Bill gates Investment Portfolio)

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    Summer 發佈於 2020 年 11 月 04 日
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