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  • We all have our morning routines

    我們每個人都有自己的晨練計劃。

  • And lately, mine starts here:

    而最近,我從這裡開始。

  • with an obsessive daily check of the status of my absentee ballot

    執著地每天檢查我的缺席選票的狀態。

  • Okay, so it looks like the county board of elections received my ballot on October 27,

    好吧,看來縣選舉委員會在10月27日收到了我的選票。

  • but it says they still need to process my voter ID envelope and verify the signature..

    但它說他們仍然需要處理我的選民身份證信封並驗證簽名... ...

  • Even before the coronavirus struck, more Americans each election were either voting early or

    即使在冠狀病毒襲擊之前,更多的美國人每次選舉不是提前投票就是

  • voting by mail

    通過郵件投票。

  • But in 2020, these numbers are expected to skyrocket.

    但在2020年,這些數字預計將大幅上升。

  • The way Americans choose their President is complicatedeven in a relatively normal

    美國人選擇他們的總統的方式是複雜的ー即使在一個相對正常的。

  • election year

    選舉年。

  • In 2020, voters are facing a pandemic,

    在2020年,選民們面臨著一場流行病。

  • an underfunded postal service

    郵資不足

  • and the closure of polling locations in battleground states like Georgia, Ohio,

    以及關閉喬治亞州、俄亥俄州等戰場州的投票站。

  • Arizona, and Texas.

    亞利桑那州和德克薩斯州。

  • It's enough to make you want to just tune out until it's over.

    這足以讓你想直接調到結束為止。

  • But once you know how votes are counted, you can understand why yours counts.

    但只要你知道了投票是怎麼算的,你就能明白為什麼你的票數會被計算在內。

  • In most states, there are four ways Americans can vote

    在大多數州,美國人有四種投票方式。

  • in person before election day, on election day, mailing an absentee ballot, or placing

    在選舉日之前親自前往、在選舉日郵寄缺席選票,或在選舉日郵寄缺席選票。

  • it in a secure dropbox.

    它在一個安全的dropbox。

  • Each of the more than 3,000 counties in the US has its own rules

    在美國3000多個縣中,每個縣都有自己的規則。

  • but voting in person generally looks something like this:

    但親自投票一般是這樣的。

  • When they show up to vote, election officials check each voter's name and address

    當他們去投票時,選舉官員會檢查每個選民的姓名和地址。

  • to make sure they're registered, and voting in the right place

    以確保他們註冊,並在正確的地方投票。

  • These employees always work in teams of two

    這些員工總是以兩人一組的方式工作。

  • and both workers can't be from the same political party.

    而且兩個工人不能來自同一個政黨。

  • Voters cast their ballots in private

    選民們私下投票。

  • either by filling out a paper ballot 

    或填寫紙質選票

  • or using an electronic voting machine.

    或使用電子投票機。

  • Election officials collect the completed paper ballot

    選舉官員收集填寫好的紙質選票。

  • They check the voter's name off the list, and place the ballot in a secure box.

    他們從名單上核對選民的名字,然後把選票放進安全箱。

  • At polling sites with electronic voting machines

    在設有電子投票機的投票站。

  • a computer records two separate pieces of information

    一臺計算機記錄了兩個獨立的資訊。

  • the voter's name and the date they voted, and their vote choices.

    選民的姓名和投票日期,以及他們的投票選擇。

  • Separating names and vote choices ensures that voters preferences stay secret.

    將姓名和選票分開,可以確保選民的喜好保密。

  • The machine also prints out a receipt with just that first piece of information

    機器打印出來的收據也只有這第一條資訊。

  • Election officials check the voter's name off the list, and place the receipt in a secure

    選舉官員從名單上核對選民的名字,並將收據放在一個安全的地方。

  • box.

    盒。

  • Step one of the process looks pretty much the same

    流程的第一步看起來差不多。

  • whether you're voting early or on Election Day.

    無論你是提前投票還是在選舉日投票。

  • For those voting absentee, it looks a little different.

    對於那些缺席投票的人來說,它看起來有點不同。

  • In some states, every single registered voter gets an absentee ballot in the mail.

    在某些州,每個登記的選民都會收到一張郵寄的缺席選票。

  •   In most states, voters have to fill out a

    在大多數州,選民都要填寫一份 "選民手冊"。

  • request form like this one to get a ballot mailed to them.

    像這樣的申請表格,讓選票郵寄給他們。

  • Once they fill out their ballot, voters can either mail it to their county board of elections,

    選民填好選票後,可以將選票郵寄給縣選舉委員會。

  • drop it off in person, or place it in an official ballot drop box.

    親自投遞,或放入正式的投票箱。

  • Before they can be counted, absentee ballots have to go through an extra step: verification.

    在計票之前,缺席選票必須經過一個額外的步驟:驗證。

  • Election officialsalways working in those bi-partisan teamsscan the sealed envelopes

    選舉官員ー總是在這些兩黨團隊工作ー掃描密封的信封。

  • into a computer system.

    進入計算機系統。

  • Next, they check the signature on the ballot envelope against the signature in the state's

    接下來,他們會將選票信封上的簽名與州政府的簽名進行核對。

  • voter registration database.

    選民登記數據庫;

  • In Missouri, voters also need to get their ballot envelope stamped and signed by a notary

    在密蘇里州,選民還需要在選票信封上蓋章,並由公證人簽名。

  • public

    公開:

  • Other states require a witness's signature.

    其他州則要求證人簽字。

  •    If an envelope is missing one of these requirements,

    如果一個信封缺少其中一項要求。

  • the whole ballot is invalid.

    整張選票是無效的。

  • Most states start this whole verifying process weeks before Election Day.

    大多數州在選舉日之前的幾周就開始了整個核實過程。

  • But Wisconsin and Pennsylvania, two crucial battleground states

    但威斯康星州和賓夕法尼亞州這兩個關鍵的戰場州。

  • don't start verifying mail-in ballots until Election Day

    在選舉日之前,不要開始核實郵寄選票。

  • AnotherMichigandoesn't start until the day before.

    另ー個密歇根州ー直到前一天才開始。

  • Once the envelopes are verified, election officials unseal them and store the ballots

    一旦信封被核實,選舉官員就會拆封並儲存選票。

  • in a secure box until it's time to start counting.

    在一個安全的盒子裡,直到它的時間開始計數。

  • All paper ballotsfrom both absentee and in-person votingare tabulated using a

    所有紙質選票--包括缺席投票和親自投票--都是用以下方法進行統計的。

  • machine

    機。

  • The data is stored on a memory card, and the counted ballots go back in their secure box

    數據存儲在存儲卡上,清點後的選票會回到安全箱中。

  • Election officials combine the counts from the paper ballots and the electronic voting

    選舉官員將紙質選票和電子投票的計票結果合併在一起。

  • machines,

    機。

  • and the individual polling places report those numbers to the county board of electionsー 

    和個別投票站報告這些數字到縣選舉委員會ー。

  • which reports them to the state board of elections.

    它向州選舉委員會報告。

  • At both the county and state level, members of one political party can't have a majority.

    在縣和州一級,一個政黨的成員不能佔多數。

  • On election day, polling places and county boards are 

    在選舉日,投票站和縣委會是

  • continuously counting and reporting new numbers every hour.

    每小時不斷計算和報告新的數字。

  • State boards of elections typically post the counts online after the polls close

    州選舉委員會通常在投票結束後在網上公佈計票結果。

  • and keep updating them as more numbers come in

    並在更多的數字到來時繼續更新它們。

  • It takes a while for all these votes to be countedsometimes hours, sometimes days

    所有這些選票都需要一段時間來計算--有時是幾個小時,有時是幾天。

  • When you hear this on TV on election night — "And look at all these wins. we're projecting for Hillary Clinton" —

    當你在電視上聽到這句話時,在大選之夜--"看看這些勝利,我們為希拉里-克林頓預測的"--。

  • That doesn't mean all the votes in that state have been counted

    這並不意味著該州所有的選票都被計算在內。

  • News networks make projections based on a certain percentage of votesand they don't

    新聞網絡做出預測的基礎上,一定比例的選票ー,他們沒有

  • always get it right:

    總能得到它的權利。

  • A big call to make CNN announces that we call Florida in the Al Gore column

    有線電視新聞網宣佈,我們在阿爾-戈爾欄目中稱佛羅里達州為 "大電話"。

  • ...standby, standby...CNN is moving our earlier declaration of Florida back to thetoo

    ......待命,待命......CNN將我們之前對佛羅里達州的聲明移回 "太

  • close to callcolumn.

    靠近來電 "欄目。

  • News networks make a lot of money marketingelection nightlike it's the Super Bowl,

    新聞網把 "大選之夜 "當成超級碗來營銷,賺了不少錢。

  • but there's something to be said for adjusting our expectations a littleespecially during

    但也有一些東西可以說是調整我們的期望值--特別是在這期間

  • a pandemic.

    大流行病;

  • After all, the law in most states give state boards of election weeks to make sure their

    畢竟,大多數州的法律給州選舉委員會幾周的時間來確保他們的

  • vote counts are complete and accurate before certifying them asofficial.”

    在證明其為 "官方 "之前,投票計數是完整和準確的。

  • I'm going to keep checking up on my ballot every morning.

    我每天早上都會繼續檢查我的選票。

  • And reminding my friends to do the same.

    並提醒我的朋友們也要這樣做。

  • But on election night, I'd rather leave the projections to the pundits and rest up.

    但在選舉之夜,我寧願把預測留給專家們,休息起來。

  • Democracy is a marathon, not a sprint.

    民主是一場馬拉松,不是短跑。

We all have our morning routines

我們每個人都有自己的晨練計劃。

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美國如何計票 (How the US counts votes)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 11 月 03 日
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