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  • Hi, everybody.

    嗨,大家好。

  • My name is Esther.

    我的名字是以斯帖。

  • I'm so excited to teach you the present simple tense in today's video.

    很高興在今天的視頻中教大家現在的簡單時態。

  • Now this lesson can be a little difficult,

    現在這節課可能有點難度。

  • so I'll do my best to keep it easy and fun for you.

    所以,我會盡我所能,讓你輕鬆有趣。

  • My goal is for you to understand how and when to use this grammar by the end of the video.

    我的目標是讓你在視頻結束前瞭解如何以及何時使用這種文法。

  • Let's get started.

    我們開始吧

  • Let's start with the first usage for the present simple tense.

    我們先說說現在的簡單時態的第一種用法。

  • The first usage is pretty easy.

    第一種用法很簡單。

  • We use it to talk about facts, truths, and generalizations.

    我們用它來談論事實、真理和概括。

  • Let's look at some examples.

    我們來看看一些例子。

  • 'The Sun is bright.'

    '太陽是光明的'。

  • Now that's a fact.

    現在這是一個事實。

  • It doesn't change.

    它不會改變。

  • Everybody knows that the Sun is bright.

    大家都知道,太陽是光明的。

  • It was bright yesterday.

    昨天很亮。

  • It's bright today.

    今天的天氣很亮。

  • And it will be bright tomorrow.

    而明天會很亮。

  • That makes it a fact.

    這就成了事實。

  • 'Pigs don't fly.'

    "豬不會飛。

  • That's also a fact.

    這也是一個事實。

  • Everybody knows that pigs don't fly.

    大家都知道豬是不會飛的。

  • 'Cats are better than dogs.'

    '貓比狗好'。

  • Now this you may not agree with.

    現在這個你可能不同意。

  • This is my truth.

    這就是我的真相。

  • I'm making a generalization about cats and dogs in this example.

    我在這個例子中對貓和狗做了一個概括。

  • And finally, 'It's cold in winter.'

    最後,"冬天很冷"。

  • This really depends on where you live, but for a lot of people, or let's say for

    這真的取決於你住在哪裡,但對於很多人來說,或者說對於

  • most people, it is cold in the winter,

    大多數人,冬天很冷。

  • so that's the truth for some people.

    所以,這是事實的一些人。

  • Now let's look back and see what verb I used in the present simple tense.

    現在我們回過頭來看看我用的是什麼動詞的現在簡單時態。

  • For the first sentence, we have 'is'.

    第一句,我們有'是'。

  • I use the 'be' verb 'is' to talk about the Sun.

    我用'是'動詞'是'來談太陽。

  • In the next sentence, I use the negative of do - 'do not'

    在接下來的句子中,我用了do的否定詞--"不"。

  • And you'll notice I use the contraction and put these two words together to make it 'don't'.

    而且你會注意到我用的是收縮詞,把這兩個詞放在一起就是 "不要"。

  • 'Cats are better than dogs.'

    '貓比狗好'。

  • I use the 'be' verb "are" to talk about cats because 'cats' is plural.

    我用 "是 "這個動詞來談論貓,因為 "貓 "是複數。

  • And finally, it's cold and winter.

    最後,天冷了,冬天了。

  • Here I use the 'be' verb "is" again,

    這裡我又用了'是'的動詞 "是"。

  • but I use the contraction to combine 'it' and 'is'

    但我用的是 "它 "和 "是 "的結合詞

  • and made 'it's'.

    並做了'它的'。

  • Let's move on to the next usage.

    我們接著說下一個用法。

  • We also use the present simple tense to talk about habits and routines.

    我們也用現在的簡單時態來談論習慣和常規。

  • So things and actions that happen regularly.

    所以經常發生的事情和行為。

  • Let's look at the examples.

    我們來看看這些例子。

  • 'I always eat lunch at noon.'

    '我總是在中午吃午飯。

  • You'll notice I use the adverb 'always' because I'm talking about something that I

    你會注意到我用了副詞 "總是",因為我說的東西,我。

  • do regularly.

    做定期。

  • What is that?

    那是什麼?

  • 'Eat lunch at noon.'

    '中午吃午飯'。

  • So I use the present simple tense.

    所以我用的是現在的簡單時態。

  • And here I use the verb 'eat'.

    而這裡我用的是動詞'吃'。

  • 'I eat…'

    "我吃...

  • The second example says you play games every day.

    第二個例子說你每天都在玩遊戲。

  • Do you see the clue that helps you know that this is something that happens regularly?

    你看到的線索能幫助你知道這是經常發生的事情嗎?

  • It's 'every day'.

    這是'每天'。

  • So it's something that happens as a routine or a habit,

    所以它是作為一種常規或習慣發生的事情。

  • so you play games.

    所以你玩遊戲。

  • The verb here is 'play'.

    這裡的動詞是'玩'。

  • 'You play…'

    你玩...

  • The next example says 'Seth starts work at 9:00 a.m. daily.'

    下一個例子說'賽斯每天早上9點開始工作'。

  • Again this is something that happens regularly.

    同樣這也是經常發生的事情。

  • 'Seth goes to work at 9:00 a.m.' every day.

    '賽斯每天早上9點上班'。

  • Now you'll notice I put a blue line under the 's' in 'starts'.

    現在你會注意到我在 "開始 "的 "s "下面加了一條藍線。

  • Can you figure out why?

    你能找出原因嗎?

  • Well remember that when the subject of a sentence is 'he', 'she', or 'it',

    好吧,記住,當一個句子的主語是 "他"、"她 "或 "它 "時。

  • we need to add an 's' or 'es' to the end of the verb in the present simple tense.

    我們需要在現在簡單時態的動詞末尾加上's'或'es'。

  • Seth is a 'he', so we need to add an 's'.

    Seth是個 "他",所以我們要加個 "s"。

  • 'Seth starts work at 9:00 a.m. daily.'

    '賽斯每天早上9點開始工作。

  • And the last example: 'They study English every Monday.'

    而最後一個例子:"他們每週一都會學習英語。

  • Again, 'every Monday' means that they do it regularly,

    同樣,'每週一'是指他們定期進行。

  • and that's why we use the present simple tense.

    這就是為什麼我們用現在的簡單時態。

  • 'They study…'.

    '他們研究......'。

  • So as a review, remember we use the present simple tense

    所以作為複習,記得我們用的是現在的簡單時態。

  • to talk about habits and routines that happen regularly.

    來談談經常發生的習慣和常規。

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • We also use the present simple tense with non-continuous verbs.

    我們也用現在的簡單時態與非連續動詞。

  • These are verbs that we don't use in the continuous form,

    這些都是我們不使用連續形式的動詞。

  • even if they're happening right now.

    即使他們現在正在發生。

  • They're also called stative verbs.

    它們也被稱為定語動詞。

  • These are connected with thoughts, opinions, feelings, emotions, and our five senses.

    這些都與思想、觀點、感覺、情緒和我們的五官有關。

  • Let's look at these examples.

    我們來看看這些例子。

  • 'I love my mom.'

    '我愛我的媽媽。

  • The verb here is 'love'.

    這裡的動詞是 "愛"。

  • That's an emotion, so I use the present simple tense.

    這是一種情緒,所以我用的是現在的簡單時態。

  • 'It smells good.'

    '聞起來很香'。

  • 'Smell' is one of the five senses, so I use the present simple tense.

    '聞'是五官之一,所以我用現在的簡單時態。

  • You'll notice I underlined the 's' because remember the subject is 'it'.

    你會注意到我在 "s "上加了下劃線,因為記住主題是 "它"。

  • 'Kelly feels happy.'

    '凱莉感覺很幸福。

  • This is talking about a feeling.

    這說的是一種感覺。

  • Again the subject here is 'Kelly' which is a 'she',

    這裡的主體又是'Kelly',是個'她'。

  • so I added an 's' to the verb.

    所以我在動詞後面加了一個's'。

  • And finally, 'They need help.'

    最後,"他們需要幫助"。

  • We don't say, 'they are needing help' even though it's happening right now.

    我們不說,'他們需要幫助',即使它現在正在發生。

  • 'Need' is non-continuous, so we say, 'they need help',

    '需要'是非連續的,所以我們說,'他們需要幫助'。

  • so remember you also use the present simple tense with non-continuous verbs,

    所以記住你也要用現在的簡單時態與非連續動詞。

  • connected with thoughts, opinions, feelings, emotions, and our five senses.

    與思想、觀點、感情、情緒和我們的五官有關。

  • Let's move on.

    讓我們繼續前進。

  • Speakers occasionally use the present simple tense to talk about something that will happen

    演講者偶爾會用現在的簡單時態來談論將要發生的事情。

  • in the near future.

    在不久的將來。

  • Now this can be a little confusing, but we're not using the future tense,

    現在這可能會讓人有些困惑,但我們沒有使用未來時態。

  • we're using the present simple tense.

    我們用的是現在的簡單時態。

  • It's possible to do that and it's actually common for people to do that.

    這是可以做到的,其實大家也很常見。

  • Again, for something that will happen in the near future.

    同樣,對於不久的將來會發生的事情。

  • Let's look at the examples.

    我們來看看這些例子。

  • 'I have class at 6 p.m.'

    "我下午六點有課

  • '6 p.m.' that's pretty soon, so I can say,

    '下午六點',那是相當快,所以我可以說。

  • 'I have class.'

    '我有課。

  • - the present simple tense.

    - 現在的簡單時態。

  • 'Lisa arrives on Sunday.'

    '麗莎週日到。

  • Again the near future, 'Sunday'.

    同樣是不久的將來,'星期天'。

  • So I use the present simple tense.

    所以我用的是現在的簡單時態。

  • I added an 's' at the end of arrive, because Lisa, the subject, is a 'she'.

    我在 "到達 "的結尾加了一個 "s",因為主語Lisa是一個 "她"。

  • 'We start work soon.'

    '我們馬上就要開始工作了'。

  • Again, the near future, 'soon',

    同樣是近期,'很快'。

  • so I use the present simple verb 'start'.

    所以我用現在的簡單動詞'開始'。

  • And finally, 'My students come tomorrow.'

    最後,"我的學生明天來"。

  • This is something that will happen in the near future,

    這是在不久的將來會發生的事情。

  • so I use the verb 'come'.

    所以我用動詞'來'。

  • So remember it is possible, and it is common to use the present simple tense

    所以,請記住這是可能的,常用的是現在的簡單時態。

  • to talk about something that will happen in the near future.

    來談論一些將在不久的將來發生的事情。

  • Let's go to the next usage.

    讓我們進入下一個用法。

  • Let's talk about a possible negative usage for the present simple tense,

    我們來談談現在的簡單時態可能的否定用法。

  • and that is 'do not' and 'does not'.

    那就是'不要'和'不'。

  • The first example says, 'Mike eats bread.'

    第一個例子說,"邁克吃麵包"。

  • I put an 's' at the end of 'eat' because the subject is Mike which is a 'he'.

    我在 "吃 "的末尾加了一個 "s",因為主語是Mike,是一個 "他"。

  • Now that's not a negative statement.

    現在,這不是一個消極的說法。

  • What happens when I want to turn it into a negative statement?

    如果我想把它變成一個否定的聲明,會發生什麼?

  • Well I change it like this - 'Mike doesn't eat bread.'

    好吧,我把它改成這樣--"邁克不吃麵包"。

  • So you'll notice that I didn't move the 's' here, okay.

    所以你會注意到,我沒有移動這裡的 "s",好嗎。

  • Instead I added 'doesn't'.

    而我卻加上了 "不"。

  • I took 'does' and 'not' and I turned it into a contraction by combining the two

    我把 "是 "和 "不是 "結合起來,變成了一個收縮詞

  • and making it 'doesn't'.

    並使其'不'。

  • So if the subject is 'he', 'she', or 'it',

    所以如果主語是 "他"、"她 "或 "它"。

  • we use 'does not' or 'doesn't' to make it negative.

    我們用'不'或'不'來表示否定。

  • 'You swim well.'

    "你遊得很好。

  • In this case, I don't need to put an 's' at the end of 'swim' because the subject

    在這種情況下,我不需要在 "遊 "的結尾加上 "s",因為主語是

  • is 'you'.

    是'你'。

  • If I want to make this sentence negative, I use 'don't'.

    如果我想讓這個句子變成否定句,我就用 "不要"。

  • 'You don't swim well.'

    '你遊得不好'。

  • I use the contraction for 'do' and 'not'.

    我用的是'做'和'不做'的收縮詞。

  • I combine them to make 'don't',

    我把它們結合起來做'不要'。

  • so if the subject is 'I', 'you', 'we', or 'they',

    所以如果主語是 "我"、"你"、"我們 "或 "他們"。

  • we use 'do not' or 'don't'.

    我們用 "不要 "或 "不要"。

  • So to review 'do not' and 'does not' or 'don't' and 'doesn't'

    所以要審查'不要'和'不'或'不要'和'不'。

  • is a possible usage for the negative for present simple

    是現在簡單的否定式的可能用法。

  • tense.

    時態。

  • Let's continue on.

    讓我們繼續往前走。

  • Now I'll talk about one possible question form for the present simple tense

    現在我說說現在簡單時態的一種可能的問題形式

  • and that is by using 'do' or 'does'.

    而這是通過使用'做'或'做'。

  • So let's look at the example, 'They live here.'

    所以我們看一下這個例子,"他們住在這裡"。

  • That's not a question, right?

    這不是問題吧?

  • 'They live here'

    "他們住在這裡

  • In order to turn it into a question, it's really simple.

    要想把它變成一個問題,其實很簡單。

  • All I have to do is add 'do' to the beginning and add a question mark at the end.

    我只要在開頭加上'do',在結尾加個問號就可以了。

  • 'Do they live here?'

    '他們住在這裡嗎?

  • So if the subject is 'I', 'you', 'we', or 'they',

    所以如果主語是 "我"、"你"、"我們 "或 "他們"。

  • simply add 'do' to the beginning of the question.

    只要在問題的開頭加上'do'即可。

  • How about this one, 'He plays soccer.'

    這個怎麼樣,"他踢足球"。

  • In this statement, the subject is 'he' and that's why you should know by now,

    在這句話中,主體是'他',所以你現在應該知道了。

  • I have an 's' at the end of 'play'.

    我在 "播放 "的最後有一個 "s"。

  • However, to turn this into a question, I add 'does' at the beginning.

    但是,為了把這變成一個問題,我在開頭加上了 "does"。

  • 'Does he play soccer?'

    '他踢球嗎?

  • What you'll notice here is that I no longer have the 's' at the end of play.

    你會注意到這裡的是,我在播放結束時不再有 "s"。

  • Instead I just used 'does' at the beginning,

    而我只是在開頭用了'does'。

  • so for 'he', 'she', or 'it', put 'does' at the beginning,

    所以對於 "他"、"她 "或 "它",在開頭加上 "做"。

  • and don't worry about putting an 's' or 'es' at the end of the verb.

    而且不用擔心在動詞末尾加上's'或'es'。

  • So to review, one possible way of forming a question for the present simple tense is

    所以複習一下,現在的簡單時態的一種可能的組題方式是

  • using 'do' or 'does' at the beginning.

    在開頭使用'do'或'does'。

  • Alright let's move on.

    好吧,讓我們繼續前進。

  • Let's start with the first checkup.

    先從第一次體檢開始吧。

  • In this checkup, I want you to focus on the 'be' verbs.

    在這次檢查中,我想讓大家重點關注 "被 "字動詞。

  • Remember 'be' verbs, in the present simple tense, can be 'is', 'am', or 'are'.

    記住'be'動詞,在現在的簡單時態下,可以是'是'、'是'或'是'。

  • Take a look at the first sentence.

    看看第一句話。

  • It says, 'She _ blank _ at school.'

    上面寫著:"她_在學校裡一片空白"。

  • The subject of this sentence is 'she'.

    這句話的主語是'她'。

  • What 'be' verb do we use for 'she'?

    '她'的'被'動詞是什麼?

  • The correct answer is 'is'.

    正確答案是 "是"。

  • Now if you were thinking of the negative, the

    現在,如果你想的是消極的,是的。

  • correct answer would be 'she isn't'

    正確答案是 "她不是

  • or 'she is not'.

    或'她不是'。

  • That's correct as well.

    這也是正確的。

  • And if we want to use a contraction for 'she is', we can say 'she's at school'

    如果我們想用 "她是 "的縮略語,我們可以說 "她在學校

  • For the next one, it says, 'They _ blank _ twenty years old.'

    對於下一個,它說,'他們_空白_二十歲'。

  • The subject of this sentence is 'they'.

    這句話的主語是'他們'。

  • What 'be' verb do we use for 'they'?

    我們用什麼'be'動詞來表示'他們'?

  • The correct answer is 'are'.

    正確答案是 "是"。

  • For the negative, you can also use 'aren't' or 'are not'.

    對於否定詞,也可以用 "不是 "或 "不是"。

  • Also if you want to use the contraction for 'they are', you can say,

    另外,如果你想用'他們是'的縮略語,你可以說。

  • 'They're 20 years old.'

    '他們是20歲。

  • The next sentence says, 'His father _ blank_ busy.'

    下一句說:"他的父親_空白_忙"。

  • The subject of this sentence is 'his father'.

    這句話的主語是'他的父親'。

  • What subject pronoun do we use for 'his father'?

    "他的父親 "用什麼主語代詞?

  • The correct answer is 'he'.

    正確答案是 "他"。

  • Remember for 'he', 'she', 'it', the 'be' verb is 'is'.

    記住對於'他'、'她'、'它','be'動詞是'是'。

  • For the negative, we can say 'isn't' or 'is not'.

    對於否定詞,我們可以說 "不是 "或 "不是"。

  • And for a contraction, for 'father' and 'is', we can say, 'His father's busy.'

    而對於 "父親 "和 "是 "的收縮,我們可以說,"他父親很忙"。

  • Now I want you to try to find the mistakes in this sentence.

    現在我要你試著找出這句話中的錯誤。

  • 'We isn't good friends.'

    '我們不是好朋友。

  • Did you find the mistake?

    你發現錯誤了嗎?

  • This is the mistake.

    這就是錯誤。

  • The subject is 'we' and the 'be' verb is 'are'.

    主語是'我們','被'動詞是'是'。

  • Therefore, the correct answer is 'we are not',

    是以,正確答案是'我們不是'。

  • or the contraction, 'we aren't good friends.'

    或者是收縮詞,"我們不是好朋友"。

  • The next sentence.

    下一句話。

  • Can you find the mistake?

    你能找到錯誤的地方嗎?

  • 'Are John a teacher?'

    '約翰是老師嗎?

  • Think about the subject of this sentence.

    想一想這句話的主語。

  • The subject is 'John'.

    對象是'約翰'。

  • And 'John', the subject pronoun is 'he'.

    而'約翰',主語代詞是'他'。

  • Therefore, we don't use 'are', we use 'is'.

    所以,我們不用 "是",我們用 "是"。

  • 'Is John a teacher?'

    '約翰是老師嗎?

  • 'Is John a teacher?'

    '約翰是老師嗎?

  • And finally, 'It am a puppy.'

    最後,"它是一隻小狗"。

  • hmm This one is a big mistake.

    hmm這個是個大錯誤。

  • The subject here is 'it'.

    這裡的主題是 "它"。

  • What 'be' verb do we use for 'it'?

    我們用什麼'是'動詞來表示'它'?

  • The correct answer is 'is'.

    正確答案是 "是"。

  • So we don't say, 'It am a puppy,' we say, 'It is a puppy.'

    所以我們不說,'它是一隻小狗',我們說,'它是一隻小狗'。

  • Great job guys.

    偉大的工作的傢伙。

  • Let's move on to the next checkup.

    我們繼續進行下一次檢查。

  • For the next checkup, I want you to think of some other verbs in the present simple

    在下一次檢查中,我希望你能想到一些其他的動詞,在現在的簡單的

  • tense.

    時態。

  • Take a look at the first sentence.

    看看第一句話。

  • 'He __ blank __ …', I want you to think of the verb, 'like his dinner'.

    '他__空白__......',我想讓你想到動詞,'像他的晚餐'。

  • What do we do to the verb when the subject is 'he', 'she', or 'it'?

    當主語是 "他"、"她 "或 "它 "時,我們該如何處理動詞?

  • Remember we add an 's'.

    記住,我們加個 "s"。

  • 'He likes his dinner.'

    '他喜歡他的晚餐。

  • For the negative, you can also say, 'He doesn't like his dinner.'

    對於消極的,你也可以說:"他不喜歡他的晚餐"。

  • The next sentence says, 'My students __ blank __…', I want you to think of 'need',

    下句說:"我的學生__空白__......",我希望你能想到 "需要"。

  • '…books'.

    '......書籍'。

  • What is the subject pronoun for 'my students'?

    '我的學生'的主語代詞是什麼?

  • The correct answer is 'they'.

    正確答案是 "他們"。

  • If the subject is 'I', 'you', 'we', or 'they', in the present simple tense,

    如果主語是'我'、'你'、'我們'或'他們',用現在的簡單時態。

  • we don't change the verb, we keep it as is.

    我們不改變動詞,我們保持原樣。

  • So the correct answer is, 'My students need books.'

    所以正確的答案是:"我的學生需要書"。

  • Now for the negative, you can say, 'My students don't need books.'

    現在的否定,你可以說:"我的學生不需要書本。

  • The next sentence says, 'I __ blank __…', think of the verb,

    下句說:"我__空白__......",想想動詞。

  • '…live in London.'

    "...住在倫敦

  • What do we do here?

    我們在這裡做什麼?

  • Again the subject is 'I', therefore we don't change the verb.

    同樣主語是'我',是以我們不改變動詞。

  • The correct answer is, 'I live in London.'

    正確的答案是,"我住在倫敦"。

  • What's the negative?

    什麼是負面的?

  • 'I don't live in London.'

    '我不住在倫敦。