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  • There's a certain look that's taken over everything

    有一個特定的外觀,採取了一切... ...

  • … a certain color palette, kind of font, and design...

    ......一定的色系、字體種類和設計......

  • Today this visual style sells us meal kits and underwear and monthly toothbrush subscriptions

    今天這種視覺風格給我們賣的是餐包和內衣,還有每月訂閱的牙刷。

  • and just about everything else. But it's also showing up here: in seemingly

    - 以及其他一切。但它也在這裡出現了:在似乎是

  • harmless, trendy Instagram posts about child trafficking.

    無害的、時髦的關於販賣兒童的Instagram帖子。

  • On Instagram, there are over 800,000 posts like thisfrom social media influencers

    在Instagram上,有超過80萬條這樣的帖子--來自社交媒體的影響者。

  • and regular userswith the hashtag #savethechildren. We've seen things like this before: slideshows

    和普通用戶--以#拯救孩子#為標籤。我們以前也見過這樣的事情:幻燈片。

  • about social justice and current events dominated Instagram this summer.

    今年夏天,關於社會正義和時事的內容佔據了Instagram。

  • But something else is happening here. On Facebook, membership in pages and groups

    但這裡卻發生了另一件事。在Facebook上,頁面和群組的成員

  • branded as anti-child trafficking grew 3,000 percent between July and the end of September.

    7月至9月底,打著反兒童販賣的烙印,增長了3000%。

  • By the end of August, in-person rallies started taking place in cities across the world.

    到了8月底,親臨現場的集會開始在世界各城市舉行。

  • Ending child trafficking is hardly controversial. But behind that surge in growth is the baseless

    終止販賣兒童幾乎沒有爭議。但是,在這一增長的背後,是毫無根據的 "不公平"。

  • conspiracy theory known as QAnon. Now, an ideology once confined to the more

    陰謀論被稱為QAnon。現在,這種意識形態曾經被限制在更多的人身上。

  • obscure parts of the internet is finding its way mainstreamone Instagram post at a time.

    互聯網中不為人知的部分正在找到它的主流方式--每次在Instagram上發佈一個帖子。

  • On October 28, 2017, the first of a series of posts from an anonymous user appeared on

    2017年10月28日,一位匿名用戶的系列帖子中的第一篇出現在了

  • the 4chan message board /pol/. The user was nicknamed Q — after Q-level

    的4chan留言板/pol/。該用戶被暱稱為Q--以Q級為名

  • security clearancethe Energy Department equivalent ofTop Secret.”

    安全許可--相當於能源部的 "絕密"。

  • The community that followed and believed those anonymous postings became known as QAnonand

    隨後,相信這些匿名帖子的社區被稱為QAnon--和

  • they developed an elaborate conspiracy theory lore that President Trump is fighting a global

    他們制定了一個精心設計的陰謀論傳說,認為特朗普總統正在與一個全球的

  • child trafficking network led by Satanic cannibalistic left-wing pedophile elites.

    以撒旦食人族左翼戀童癖精英為首的販賣兒童網絡。

  • Their theories have been proven false time and again, but that didn't stop the community

    他們的理論一次次被證明是錯誤的,但這並沒有阻止社會上的

  • from spreading from 4chan to another messaging board 8chan, and to places like Twitter, YouTube,

    從傳播 從4chan到另一個消息板8chan, 併到像Twitter,YouTube的地方。

  • and Facebook. And as it did, the posts, videos, and memes

    和Facebook。和它一樣,帖子,視頻和備忘錄

  • explaining its ideology became more accessible and digestible.

    解釋其意識形態變得更容易理解和消化。

  • Now, QAnon is a giant entanglement of conspiracy theorieswith dozens of offshoots

    現在,QAnon是一個巨大的陰謀論糾葛--有幾十個分支--。

  • that invites all different kinds of conspiratorial thinking into its fold.

    邀約各種不同的陰謀思維加入其陣營。

  • QAnon has always been a “big tentconspiracy theory that invites

    QAnon一直是一個 "大帳篷 "陰謀論,招致

  • people of different beliefs. And the thing is that because the QAnon narrative is so

    不同信仰的人。而事情是,因為卡農的敘事是如此的。

  • broad and sprawling, people can kind of enter it and pick out the things that they like the best.

    廣而告之,人們可以種進入其中,挑選出自己最喜歡的東西。

  • That paired with the Facebook algorithm, which recommends, like other groups

    這與Facebook的算法相配合,它和其他群組一樣,推薦了

  • that someone might be interested in, that turns into a very dangerous combination.

    有人可能會感興趣,這變成了一個非常危險的組合。

  • "A QAnon follower blocked the Hoover Dam with an armored vehicle..."

    "一個卡農的追隨者用一輛裝甲車封鎖了胡佛大壩..."

  • "... a far-right conspiracy theorist was planning a kidnapping in Douglas County..."

    "... 一個極右翼陰謀論者計劃在道格拉斯縣進行綁架..."

  • "... a 24-year-old man was charged in the shooting death of a reputed mob boss.

    "...一名24歲的男子被指控槍殺了一名著名的黑幫老大。

  • His attorneys argued he was motivated by QAnon."

    他的律師認為,他是受QAnon的驅使。"

  • In 2019, the FBI labeled QAnon as a potential domestic terror threat after some QAnon followers started committing

    2019年,在一些QAnon的追隨者開始實施後,FBI將QAnon貼上了國內潛在恐怖威脅的標籤。

  • serious crimes in the real world.

    在現實世界中的嚴重犯罪。

  • On Facebook, QAnon-related activity grew steadily for years without consequences.

    在Facebook上,與QAnon相關的活動多年來穩步增長,卻沒有產生任何後果。

  • But then something changed.

    但後來發生了一些變化。

  • There is a lot of evidence that suggests that the pandemic had a big effect

    有很多證據表明,這場大流行有很大的影響。

  • on the growth of QAnon: the impact of people spending a lot more time indoors, and being

    對QAnon增長的影響:人們花更多的時間在室內,並被。

  • online a lot more, combined with the stress of the pandemic and the uncertainty of the

    網上多了很多,再加上疫情的壓力和不確定的。

  • future. That was a toxic combination that pushed people into QAnon.

    的未來。這是一個有毒的組合,把人們推向了QAnon。

  • In March, three leading QAnon Facebook groups saw their membership rise from under 50,000

    3月,三個主要的QAnon Facebook團體的成員從不到5萬名增加到

  • to over 300,000. By August, an internal investigation at Facebook

    到30多萬人。到了8月,Facebook的一項內部調查

  • reviewed by NBC found that a number of QAnon groups and pages had more than 3 million followers.

    NBC審查發現,一些QAnon團體和網頁的粉絲超過300萬。

  • On August 19, Facebook announced that it would be banning hundreds of QAnon pages and groups

    8月19日,Facebook宣佈將禁止數百個QAnon頁面和團體。

  • And after that, traffic for QAnon phrases

    在那之後,QAnon短語的交通

  • and hashtags fell. But membership in groups posing as anti-child

    和標籤下降。但冒充反兒童的團體成員人數

  • trafficking groups exploded. And in those groups, users were still largely

    販賣群體爆發了。而在這些群體中,用戶主要還是

  • spreading QAnon content. QAnon followers had simply pivoted to a new

    傳播QAnon的內容。QAnon的追隨者們只是轉到了一個新的。

  • hashtag to improve their image. One that was already being used for a fundraising campaign

    標籤來改善他們的形象。一個已經被用於籌款活動的標籤

  • by a U.K.-based charity: Save the Children.

    由英國一家慈善機構。拯救兒童。

  • I suppose for someone like mewho's been covering QAnon for the past number of

    我想對於像我這樣的人來說--在過去的一些日子裡一直在報道QAnon,我想這是一個很好的機會。

  • yearsthe past six months have been like watching a tsunami in slow motion.

    年--過去半年就像看慢動作的海嘯。

  • Save the Children is a simple rebrand of QAnon, a very simple and effective message to bring the QAnon movement to a wider

    拯救兒童是QAnon的一個簡單的品牌重塑,一個非常簡單而有效的資訊,將QAnon運動推向更廣泛的。

  • audiencewho doesn't want to save children?

    觀眾--誰不想救孩子?

  • It's hard to accurately trace how the #savethechildren

    很難準確追溯#救救孩子#是如何實現的。

  • hashtag jumped from these QAnon Facebook groups to mainstream accounts on Instagram.

    標籤從這些QAnon Facebook群組跳到了Instagram上的主流賬戶。

  • But by July, high profile accounts like model Helen Owen and the real Housewives of Orange

    但到了7月,像模特海倫-歐文和橘子洲的真實主婦這樣的高調賬號。

  • County's Kelly Dodd boosted the hashtag with inaccurate or misleading statistics.

    縣的凱利-多德用不準確或誤導性的統計數字提升了這個標籤。

  • This coincided with the United Nations' Human Trafficking Awareness Day.

    這與聯合國的人口販運宣傳日相吻合。

  • Other accounts put together slideshow-style infographics like these.

    其他賬戶把幻燈片式的資訊圖放在一起,比如這些。

  • And these are all packaged up in very pretty posts that are very easily

    而這些都被包裝在非常漂亮的帖子中,很容易

  • digestible, especially to people that are not familiar with Qanon.

    消化,特別是對不熟悉卡農的人來說。

  • The colors are a lot softer, there's a lot of pastels, and it's very

    顏色柔和了很多,有很多的粉色,而且很

  • pretty and nice. And if you look at it without reading the words, you would think it would

    漂亮又好看。如果你不看文字,你會認為它是

  • be just like just any other kind of yoga-inspired Instagram post.

    就像其他類型的瑜伽靈感的Instagram帖子一樣。

  • And so the move to Instagram kind of brought QAnon to this lifestyle

    所以,移到Instagram上,算是把QAnon帶到了這種生活方式上。

  • influencer circle. And many of these influencers already have very high followings, and they

    影響者圈子。而這些影響者很多已經有了非常高的關注度,而且他們

  • already have a dedicated audience that will very much listen to what they have to say.

    已經有了一批忠實的聽眾,他們會非常聽他們說什麼。

  • Accounts that might otherwise be getting just a few hundred likes on posts found themselves

    否則可能只得到幾百個讚的賬戶發現自己的帖子

  • getting tens of thousands of likes as soon as they start posting about #savethechildren.

    得到數萬人的喜歡,只要他們開始發佈關於#救救孩子#。

  • A lot of people who get into QAnon, especially if they're struggling

    很多進入QAnon的人,特別是當他們在掙扎的時候。

  • influencers, they notice that these QAnon themes, they're like an Internet cheat code.

    影響者,他們注意到這些QAnon主題, 他們就像一個互聯網作弊代碼。

  • Because they attract people who are very, very engaged. They spend a lot of time online.

    因為他們吸引的是非常非常投入的人。他們花了很多時間在網上。

  • And if you start promoting QAnon themes, you start noticing that you're getting a lot

    如果你開始推廣QAnon的主題,你會發現你得到了很多。

  • more likes and shares. That could be a big incentive to keep doing it.

    更多的喜歡和分享。這可能是繼續做下去的一大動力。

  • Perhaps the most damaging part of the Save the Children movement is how inaccurate information

    拯救兒童運動中最具破壞性的部分也許就是資訊的不準確。

  • is making it harder to fight actual trafficking. One of these most often-cited statistics is

    使得打擊實際販運的難度加大。最常被引用的統計數據之一是

  • that 800,000 children go missing every year in the US.

    美國每年有80萬兒童失蹤。

  • That number comes from a 2002 survey that

    這個數字來自於2002年的一項調查

  • asked parents if they had reported their children as runaways sometime in the previous year

    詢問父母是否在前一年的某個時候報告他們的孩子離家出走了。

  • — 797,500 said that they had, though 2019 FBI data puts that number closer to 421,000.

    - 797,500人說他們有,不過2019年FBI的數據顯示這個數字接近42.1萬。

  • Roughly half of those reports are related to custody disputes, and the rest mostly relate

    這些報告中大約有一半與監護權糾紛有關,其餘的大多與以下方面有關

  • to runaways But even then, that number refers to children

    但即使是這樣,這個數字也是指孩子們

  • who are reported missing by their parentsthe vast majority of whom (over 99 percent)

    父母報告失蹤的兒童 -- -- 其中絕大多數(99%以上);

  • return home within hours or days.

    幾小時或幾天內回家。

  • In that 2002 study, only 115 were consideredstereotypicalkidnappings.

    在2002年的研究報告中,只有115起被認為是 "定型 "綁架。

  • There's no reliable data on how many people are trafficked in the US each year.

    美國每年有多少人被販賣,沒有可靠數據。

  • But stereotypical kidnappings aren't what trafficking usually looks like.

    但是,刻板的綁架案並不是通常的販賣行為的樣子。

  • Instead it often takes the form of forced labor or wage theftmost commonly in agriculture,

    相反,它往往採取強迫勞動或工資盜竊的形式--最常見的是在農業領域。

  • then domestic work, or sex work. And the people most at risk are those already

    然後是家政工作,或者性工作。而最危險的人是那些已經

  • vulnerable: youth experiencing homelessness in foster care, or unstable housing, LGBTQ+

    弱勢:在寄養中無家可歸或住房不穩定的青年,LGBTQ+;

  • youth who have been kicked out of their homes, or migrant young people.

    被趕出家門的青年或移民青年;

  • Most people kind of have this idea in their head that it's, you know,

    大多數人都有這樣的想法 在他們的腦海裡,這是,你知道的。

  • children being lifted off the streets and being shipped overseas, and although that

    兒童被從街頭帶走,並被運往海外,雖然這是個很好的機會。

  • does happen, it doesn't happen at all to the extent the QAnon followers believe that it does.

    確實發生了,但它根本不會發生,因為卡農的追隨者認為它發生了。

  • But the hysteria caused by distorted numbers

    但是,由扭曲的數字引起的歇斯底里。

  • has led to a deluge of calls and outreach from concerned QAnon followersand it's

    導致了大量來自關心的卡農追隨者的電話和外展活動--而且它是。

  • overwhelming the organizations fighting actual child trafficking.

    使打擊實際販運兒童的組織不堪重負;

  • And that's very damaging because it made it harder for people with

    而這是非常有害的,因為它使它更難的人與

  • real information about possible human trafficking victims to get through.

    關於可能的人口販運受害者的真實資訊,以便通過。

  • And so we've seen this actually repeatedly, the ways in which the misinformation that this kind of "Save

    所以我們看到這其實是反覆的,這種 "拯救 "的錯誤信息的方式。

  • the Children-style" of QAnon is promoting damages real efforts to actually help children.

    QAnon的 "兒童風格 "正在促進損害實際幫助兒童的真正努力。

  • You won't find any searchable hashtags with typical QAnon language on Instagram anymore.

    你在Instagram上找不到任何帶有典型QAnon語言的可搜索標籤了。

  • But because #savethechildren isn't an inherently harmful tagline moderating it has proven particularly

    但由於#救救孩子#並不是一個本質上有害的標語,是以,事實證明,對它的調控尤其是

  • difficult. And tackling misinformation on Instagram can

    困難。而處理Instagram上的錯誤信息可以

  • be harder than on Facebook, since it's harder to train an algorithm to recognize misleading

    比在Facebook上更難,因為要訓練一個算法來識別誤導性的資訊,是比較困難的。

  • text in slideshow images than it is to recognize text in Facebook posts or comments.

    幻燈片圖片中的文字比識別Facebook帖子或評論中的文字更容易。

  • The belief in QAnon definitely falls along a spectrum. I don't think you

    對卡農的信仰絕對是有譜的。我不認為你

  • can say that everyone that was out to Save the Children rally believes that Hillary Clinton

    可以說,每一個去參加 "拯救兒童 "集會的人都認為,希拉里-克林頓

  • eats children. It's the hysteria that grows and grows and grows as

    吃孩子。這是歇斯底里的增長,增長和增長,作為。

  • you're going down that rabbit hole, that could more than likely eventually lead to you thinking

    你要去的兔子洞, 這很可能最終導致你的想法。

  • that Hillary Clinton eats children.

    希拉里-克林頓吃孩子的事

  • QAnon has really struck

    QAnon真的打了

  • on something clever, in that people get confused in their own way, and they fall down their

    在一些聰明的事情上,在人們被自己的方式所迷惑,他們跌倒了他們的。

  • own individual rabbit holes that radicalize them according to their own personality type.

    自己的個人兔子洞,根據自己的性格類型激化他們。

  • There are now more than 20 candidates for congress who have expressed support for QAnon.

    現在有20多位國會議員候選人表示支持安農。

  • The real danger is that people don't need to believe

    真正的危險是,人們不需要相信。

  • or even be aware ofthe entirety of a conspiracy theory for it

    - 或甚至意識到--它的全部陰謀論

  • to start influencing their decisions.

    來開始影響他們的決策。

There's a certain look that's taken over everything

有一個特定的外觀,採取了一切... ...

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讓QAnon成為主流的Instagram美學。 (The Instagram aesthetic that made QAnon mainstream)

  • 15 1
    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 10 月 28 日
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