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  • Hello. This is 6 Minute English from

    你好,這裡是6分鐘英語這裡是6分鐘英語,來自

  • BBC Learning English. I'm Neil.

    BBC學習英語。我是尼爾。

  • And I'm Sam. How are you, Neil?

    我是山姆你好嗎,尼爾?

  • I've been as busy as a bee

    我一直忙得像只蜜蜂一樣

  • this week, Sam.

    這周,山姆。

  • Oh, don't you sound like the bee's knees!

    哦,你的聲音聽起來是不是像蜜蜂的膝蓋!

  • All right, Sam, there's no need

    好吧,山姆,沒有必要。

  • to get a bee in your bonnet!

    讓你的腦袋裡有隻蜜蜂!

  • As you can hear, English is full

    正如你所聽到的,英語是滿

  • of idioms involving bees.

    的成語。

  • But the sad truth is that bee numbers are

    但可悲的事實是,蜜蜂的數量是

  • declining at an alarming rate and in some

    以驚人的速度下降,在某些情況下

  • places disappearing altogether.

    地方完全消失。

  • And this has serious consequences

    這就造成了嚴重的後果

  • for humans.

    對人類來說。

  • Today, one third of the food we eat

    今天,我們吃的三分之一的食物

  • depends on insects to pollinate crops,

    依靠昆蟲為農作物授粉。

  • fruit and vegetables.

    水果和蔬菜;

  • But bees are in trouble. In some European

    但蜜蜂卻遇到了麻煩。在一些歐洲

  • countries up to half of all bee species are

    所有蜜蜂物種中,有一半的蜜蜂物種都是在美國。

  • facing extinction, placing our

    瀕臨滅絕,將我們的

  • food supply chain at risk.

    食品供應鏈受到威脅;

  • Bees are vital in pollinating hundreds

    蜜蜂在授粉方面是至關重要的。

  • of crops, from apples and

    農作物,從蘋果和

  • blackberries to cucumbers.

    黑莓到黃瓜。

  • In fact, almost all plants need insects to

    事實上,幾乎所有的植物都需要昆蟲的幫助

  • reproduce - which is my quiz question - of

    重現--這是我的問答題--的。

  • the world's top 50 crops, how many

    世界前50名的農作物,有多少種?

  • rely on insect pollination? Is it:

    依靠昆蟲授粉?是它。

  • a) 35 out of 50?, b) 40 out of 50?

    a)50分之35,b)50分之40?

  • or c) 45 out of 50?

    或c)50人中有45人?

  • I reckon those busy bees pollinate

    我估計那些忙碌的蜜蜂在傳授花粉呢

  • b) 40 out of 50 of the most

    (b) 在50個最不發達國家中,有40個國家

  • common crops.

    普通農作物。

  • OK, Sam, we'll find out the answer later.

    好吧,山姆,我們以後會找到答案的。

  • Now, if you think back

    現在,如果你回想一下

  • to your school biology

    到你的學校生物

  • lessons, you may remember

    經驗教訓,你可能還記得

  • that plants and flowers contain

    花草含有

  • both male and female reproductive

    雌雄同體

  • parts inside.

    裡面的零件。

  • But what exactly is going on when bees

    但是,當蜜蜂的時候,到底發生了什麼?

  • pollinate a plant? Here's Claire Bates

    給植物授粉?這裡是克萊爾-貝茨

  • from BBC World

    來自英國廣播公司世界部

  • Service programme People

    服務方案人員

  • Fixing the World to remind us:

    修正世界來提醒我們。

  • What is pollination? All flowering plants

    什麼是授粉?所有開花植物

  • need it to reproduce.

    需要它來繁殖。

  • Pollen is moved from

    花粉從

  • the male part of a flower

    雌花

  • to the female part of a flower, then

    雌花

  • fertilisation can happen

    受孕可能

  • causing fruit to grow. Some staple crops

    導致果實生長。一些主要農作物

  • such as wheat, rice and

    如小麥、大米和

  • corn are pollinated by

    玉米是由

  • the wind however many plants

    漫天飛舞

  • don't release their pollen easily

    不易開花

  • and this is where insects,

    而這是昆蟲的地方。

  • and especially bees, come in.

    尤其是蜜蜂,進來。

  • As they collect nectar to eat,

    當它們收集花蜜吃的時候。

  • pollen sticks to them and they

    花粉粘在他們身上,他們

  • carry it from flower to flower.

    把它從一朵花帶到另一朵花。

  • Pollination is the process in which pollen

    授粉是花粉的過程

  • is taken from one plant to another so that

    從一株植物到另一株植物,這樣

  • it can reproduce. This is the important

    它可以繁殖。這是重要的

  • work done by bees and insects.

    蜜蜂和昆蟲所做的工作。

  • Only after pollination can the next

    只有在授粉後才能進行下一次的

  • process occur - fertilisation - when

    孕育--當

  • the pollen carried

    所帶花粉

  • from another plant fertilises

    肥水不流外人田

  • a female ovule to make new seeds.

    雌性胚珠來製造新的種子。

  • Fertilisation occurs in all flowering plants,

    所有開花植物都會發生受精。

  • some of which like wheat,

    其中一些喜歡小麥。

  • potatoes and rice

    薯飯

  • are staple crops - food that is eaten

    屬於主糧作物----吃的食物;

  • in large amounts as part

    大批量

  • of a community's daily diet

    飲食習慣

  • and provides a large fraction of their

    併為其提供了很大一部分。

  • energy and nutrient needs.

    能量和營養需求。

  • Fewer bees reduces pollination levels,

    較少的蜜蜂會降低授粉水準。

  • meaning fewer new seeds

  • are created and fewer crops

    產量和作物數量減少

  • grown.

    增長。

  • But it isn't just the decline in bee numbers

    但這不僅僅是蜜蜂數量的減少。

  • causing a problem. Like us,

    造成問題。像我們這樣的。

  • bees need to rest

    蜜蜂要休息

  • and this has led some to come up

    而這也導致了一些人提出

  • with creative new ways

    以創新的方式

  • of supplementing bee pollination.

    的補充蜜蜂授粉。

  • One such innovator is Keren Mimran,

    克倫-米姆蘭就是這樣一位創新者。

  • co-founder of agro-tech company,

    農業科技公司的聯合創始人。

  • Edete. Here she is,

    Edete。她來了

  • explaining how dropping pollen from

    解釋瞭如何將花粉從

  • drones can pollinate crops,

    無人機可以為農作物授粉。

  • giving a helping hand

    鼎力相助

  • to hard-working bees.

    給勤勞的蜜蜂。

  • How come our food security is so much

    我們的食品安全怎麼會有這麼多

  • dependent on an insect that

    依靠昆蟲

  • we cannot really control?

    我們無法真正控制?

  • We can bring the bees to the orchard

    我們可以把蜜蜂帶到果園裡。

  • or to a field but we cannot

    或領域,但我們不能

  • control their behaviour.

    控制他們的行為;

  • They do not come out of the hive when

    他們不出來的蜂巢,當

  • it's raining or when there's

    下雨時或有

  • heavy wind, they work

    風大,他們的工作

  • only during daytime. There must be

    只在白天。必須有

  • a possibility of developing

    有可能發展

  • a mechanical solution to the

    機械式解決

  • pollination challenge.

    授粉挑戰。

  • Keren Mimran there, speaking on the BBC

    克倫-米姆蘭在那裡,在英國廣播公司(BBC)上發言。

  • World Service programme People Fixing

    世界服務方案 "人民修復 "方案

  • The World. Bees' behaviour

    世界。蜜蜂的行為

  • can't be controlled - when it rains they

    無法控制 - 下雨時,他們

  • won't leave their hive - the structure

    不會離開他們的蜂巢--這個結構

  • where bees

    蜜蜂

  • live, either built by people or

    住,不是人建,就是

  • made by the bees themselves.

    由蜜蜂自己製造。

  • So Keren's company has developed

    所以克倫的公司開發了

  • drones to drop pollen on

    無人機投放花粉

  • her orchard - an area of land

    她的果園--一片土地

  • on which fruit trees are grown.

    在其上種植果樹。

  • The need for these high-tech solutions

    對這些高科技解決方案的需求

  • reflects the seriousness

    反映出

  • of the pollination problem

    授粉的問題

  • for food security - everyone getting

    糧食安全----每個人都能得到

  • enough affordable and nutritious food

    足夠的、負擔得起的、有營養的食物

  • to meet their

    以滿足其

  • daily dietary needs.

    日常飲食需求。

  • I had no idea bees were so important,

    我不知道蜜蜂是如此重要。

  • Neil. Maybe I underestimated

    尼爾也許我低估了

  • how hard they work.

    他們有多辛苦。

  • Ah, you mean today's quiz question.

    啊,你是說今天的測驗題。

  • I asked you how many of the top

    我問你有多少頂級的

  • 50 world crops rely

    世界上有50種農作物依賴

  • on insect pollination.

    關於昆蟲授粉。

  • And I said b) 40 out of 50

    我說b) 50箇中的40個

  • of the top crops.

    的頂級作物。

  • And you are right! They certainly are the

    你是對的!他們當然是

  • bee's knees when it comes

    牽一髮而動全身

  • to pollinating plants!

    給植物授粉!

  • So in today's programme we've

    所以在今天的節目中,我們已經

  • been hearing about the important role

    一直以來,我們都聽說過

  • bees play in pollination

    蜜蜂傳粉

  • - transferring pollen from plant to plant,

    - 將花粉從植物轉移到植物之間。

  • necessary for the

    所需

  • next stage of fertilisation

    下一階段的受精

  • - producing new seeds and

    - 生產新的種子和

  • fruit inside a plant.

    植物內的果實。

  • Bees and insects play a vital

    蜜蜂和昆蟲發揮了重要的作用。

  • role in growing the world's

    增長的作用。

  • staple crops - food which, eaten

    主食作物 -- -- 食用的食物;

  • in large amounts, makes up the majority

    大量,佔了大部分

  • of a community's daily diet

    飲食習慣

  • and meets their nutrient needs.

    並滿足其營養需求。

  • So bee numbers are directly linked to the

    所以蜜蜂數量直接與

  • issue of food security - everyone getting

    糧食安全問題----人人有份

  • enough affordable,

    夠實惠。

  • nutritious food to meet

    營養餐

  • their dietary needs.

    他們的飲食需求。

  • Which explains why, when bees

    這就解釋了為什麼,當蜜蜂

  • won't leave their home - or hive - some

    不願離開他們的家或蜂巢,有些人

  • people have started

    人們已經開始

  • using drones to pollinate their orchards -

    使用無人機給果園授粉------。

  • land growing fruit trees.

    地種植果樹。

  • And that's it for this edition of

    這就是本期的

  • 6 Minute English. Bye for now!

    6分鐘英語。再見!

  • Goodbye!

    再見!

Hello. This is 6 Minute English from

你好,這裡是6分鐘英語這裡是6分鐘英語,來自

字幕與單字
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B2 中高級 中文 花粉 植物 農作物 昆蟲 蜂巢 需求

沒有蜜蜂還有未來嗎?- 聽6分鐘英語 (Is there a future without bees? - Listen to 6 Minute English)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 10 月 24 日
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