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  • this video was made possible by curiosity stream.

    這個視頻是由好奇心流。

  • When you sign up using the link in the description, you'll also get free access to my own streaming site nebula.

    當你使用描述中的鏈接註冊時,你還可以免費訪問我自己的流媒體網站星雲。

  • Where is the highest place that you can climb up to on Earth?

    地球上能爬到最高的地方是哪裡?

  • This simple question has been around with us for thousands of years, and the answer has always evolved over time, as our understanding of the planet has gotten better and better.

    這個簡單的問題已經伴隨我們走過了幾千年,隨著我們對地球的認識越來越深入,答案也一直在不斷地演變。

  • The answer to the question that probably immediately jumped into your head, however, is Mount Everest, which by every appeal to common sense, is the tallest mountain in the world and therefore is the highest up that you can get to anywhere on the planet while still standing on the surface.

    不過,這個問題的答案可能馬上就會跳進你的腦海裡,那就是珠穆朗瑪峰,按照各種常識,珠穆朗瑪峰是世界上最高的山峰,是以,它是你站在地球上任何地方都能到達的最高處,同時還能站在地面上。

  • But any answer to this question could get significantly more complicated, depending on how you phrase the question.

    但這個問題的任何答案都可能變得明顯更復雜,這取決於你如何表述這個問題。

  • And there could be other answers besides just Everest.

    除了珠穆朗瑪峰,還可能有其他答案。

  • Here's what I mean.

    這就是我的意思。

  • Most measurements of height across the world are expressed in distance above the main global sea level.

    世界各地的高度測量大多以高於全球主要海平面的距離表示。

  • New York City, right by the sea, is only 10 m above the sea, located further inland.

    紐約市,就在海邊,離海面只有10米,位於更遠的內陸地區。

  • Denver is over 1.5 kilometers above the sea level.

    丹佛海拔1.5公里以上。

  • Machu Pichu is nearly 2.5 kilometers above the sea, while the summit of Mount Everest beats everything else out at precisely 8008 148 m above the sea.

    馬丘比丘高出海面近2.5公里,而珠穆朗瑪峰的山頂高出海面正好8008 148米,打敗了其他一切。

  • Nearly every measurement of height across the world is done in this way, and by that metric Everest is indeed the highest stuff you can possibly get to.

    全世界幾乎所有的高度測量都是這樣做的,按照這個標準,珠穆朗瑪峰確實是你可能到達的最高的東西。

  • But there is another way that you can measure height on earth distance on the surface, above the Earth Center, as in, If you were stuck in the center of the Earth for whatever reason, how far up could you climb up in any direction that would get you the furthest away from it?

    但還有一種方法,你可以測量地球表面距離的高度,在地球中心的上方,就像,如果你因為什麼原因被困在地球中心,你可以向任何方向爬上多遠,才能讓你離地球中心最遠?

  • If we use this method of height, we unexpectedly get a complete, completely different answer than Everest for where the highest place on earth ISS.

    如果我們使用這種高度的方法,我們意外地得到了一個完整的,與珠穆朗瑪峰完全不同的答案,地球上最高的地方ISS在哪裡。

  • And here's how.

    而這裡的方法。

  • While Earth looks like a sphere, it isn't really upon closer evaluation.

    雖然地球看起來像個球體,但仔細評價一下,還真不是。

  • Earth's true shape is more akin to an oblate spheroid, meaning that it bulges out slightly more across the center than at the poles.

    地球的真實形狀更類似於一個長方形的球體,也就是說,地球的中心比兩極略微凸出一些。

  • The reason why Earth is like this is because it rotates around really, really quickly, and the central feudal forces from that rotation pushed the shape of the planet out around the equator.

    地球之所以會這樣,是因為地球自轉的速度非常非常快,自轉產生的中心封力把地球的形狀推到了赤道附近。

  • So, as a result, on object sitting on the equator will be 22 kilometers higher up from the Earth center Thanet object sitting on one of the polls would be now, of course, mountains, hills and valleys exist all across the planet that affects these heights beyond the Earth's center, too.

    是以,作為一個結果,坐在赤道上的對象將是22公里高從地球中心Thanet對象坐在一個民意測驗會現在,當然,山脈,丘陵和山谷存在所有在地球上,影響這些高度超越地球的中心,太。

  • But they don't really play is a big of a role, as most people think they do in the grander scheme of things.

    但他們並不像大多數人認為的那樣,在宏大的計劃中扮演著重要的角色。

  • Everything above the Earth's crust can be imagined as the planet's surface, with a little bit of water filling some of the deeper parts up.

    地殼以上的一切都可以想象成地球的表面,一些較深的部分可以往上填一點水。

  • With that in mind, let's take the difference in height between the deepest point on earth surface above the crust, the Marianas Trench and the supposed highest point at Mount Everest.

    考慮到這一點,我們就以地球表面最深的地殼以上的點--馬裡亞納海溝和所謂的最高點珠穆朗瑪峰的高度差為例。

  • The difference between the two is 19,759 m, which is only 0.3% the same as Earth's radius.

    兩者相差19759米,只相當於地球半徑的0.3%。

  • So there's really not that much variation and elevation on Earth's surface comps paired with the fuller size of the planets.

    所以,地球表面的變化和海拔確實沒有那麼大,配上行星的尺寸更全。

  • So with that in mind, Let's take a closer look at Everest.

    那麼帶著這樣的想法,讓我們來仔細瞭解一下珠峰。

  • Everest is 8848 m high above sea level, but with the location of 27 degrees, 59 minutes north of the equator and therefore north of the equatorial bulge of the planets.

    珠穆朗瑪峰海拔8848米,但位置在赤道以北27度59分,是以在行星的赤道隆起的北部。

  • The summit is located 6382 kilometers above the Earth Center.

    山頂位於地球中心上方6382公里處。

  • Further back towards the equatorial bulge, however, we can find a lot of points on Earth that are actually higher up than this.

    不過,再往後向赤道隆起的方向走,我們可以發現地球上有很多點其實比這更高。

  • It's just that the entire continent of mainland Asia is actually located north of the equator, so none of the mountains here get that big of an underground boost.

    只是整個亞洲大陸其實都位於赤道以北,所以這裡的山脈都沒有得到那麼大的地下助力。

  • On the other hand, the equator actually does pass directly through South America and right through the Andes mountain chain, which is already the largest mountain range found anywhere outside of Asia.

    另一方面,赤道實際上確實直接穿過南美洲,並正好穿過安第斯山脈,這已經是亞洲以外任何地方發現的最大山脈。

  • Ah, lot of peaks around the equator here in the Andes are actually higher up from the center of the Earth and Everest ISS, because the bulge gives them a few extra kilometers underneath as a sort of handicap.

    啊,安第斯山脈赤道周圍的很多山峰,其實都是從地球中心和珠穆朗瑪峰國際空間站往上爬的,因為凸起讓他們在下面多了幾公里,作為一種障礙。

  • Let's take Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador as the prime example of this measured by sea level.

    讓我們以厄瓜多爾的欽博拉索山為例,以海平面為衡量標準。

  • Chimborazo is already pretty impressive at 6268 m high, which is higher up than any other mountain in Africa, North America or Europe.

    欽博拉索海拔6268米,已經相當厲害了,比非洲、北美和歐洲的任何一座山都要高。

  • But it's a substantial 2.5 kilometers lower than Everest ISS.

    但它比珠峰國際空間站低了2.5公里。

  • However, owing to Chimborazo is location on Lee, one degree and 28 minutes south of the equator, it gets a pretty substantial boost in height from the earth's bulge.

    不過,由於欽博拉索位於赤道以南1度28分的李上,它的高度得到了相當大的提升,來自地球的隆起。

  • The summit of Chimborazo, therefore, is 6385 four kilometers above the Earth Center, which is two kilometers further away than the summit of Everest ISS.

    是以,欽博拉索山頂高出地球中心6385四公里,比珠穆朗瑪峰國際空間站的山頂還要遠兩公里。

  • This means that is measured from the center of the earth.

    這意味著,是從地球中心測量的。

  • The summit of Chimborazo is the highest up you can possibly get anywhere on the earth's surface.

    欽博拉索山頂是你在地球表面任何地方都可能到達的最高峰。

  • This also means that the closest you can get to the moon anywhere on earth surface is at the summit of Chimborazo and not Everest.

    這也就意味著,在地球表面任何地方離月球最近的地方是在欽博拉索山頂,而不是珠峰。

  • In fact, there's several mountain peaks in this area of the Andes around the equator that are all higher up than the Earth Center than Everest.

    其實,在安第斯山脈赤道附近的這一帶,有幾座山峰都比地球中心的珠穆朗瑪峰要高。

  • ISS and Everest itself isn't even technically the world's tallest mountain, either.

    ISS和珠穆朗瑪峰本身在技術上也不是世界最高的山峰。

  • Tall and high have very different meanings.

    高與高的含義截然不同。

  • For one thing, Tall is a measure of how physically tall and object stands, while high just means how high up in elevation and object ISS.

    首先,高是衡量物理上有多高和物體站立的標準,而高只是指海拔有多高和物體ISS。

  • For example, let's take a 2 m tall person at sea level and a 1 m tall person on top of Everest.

    例如,我們以海平面上的2米高的人和珠峰頂上的1米高的人為例。

  • The 2 m person is distinctly taller than the 1 m person, while the 1 m person is distinctly higher up in elevation.

    2米的人明顯比1米的人高,而1米的人明顯海拔更高。

  • Keep that in mind and let's compare Mount Everest with Madonna Kia in Hawaii.

    牢記這一點,讓我們把珠穆朗瑪峰和夏威夷的麥當娜起亞做個比較。

  • If you measured both of these mountains based on their elevation upwards from sea level, you'd see that Madonna Kia is a puny 4207 m high above the water compared with Everest mighty 8848 m.

    如果你根據這兩座山的海拔高度從海平面向上測量,你會發現,麥當娜-基亞的海拔高度只有微不足道的4207米,而珠穆朗瑪峰的海拔高度則高達8848米。

  • However, if you somehow removed the water, you'd see that the base of my own Nokia is in fact, much, much bigger than what it seems at first.

    不過,如果你以某種方式去掉水,你就會發現,其實我自己的諾基亞的底座,比起初看起來要大很多很多。

  • That's because 58% of Madonna Kia is actually underwater, so from base to tip, it's actually a whopping 10,200 m tall compared with Everest unchanged and now seemingly puny 8848 m.

    這是因為麥當娜起亞58%的面積其實都在水下,所以從底部到頂端,它的高度其實高達10200米,相比之下,珠穆朗瑪峰沒有變化,現在看來是微不足道的8848米。

  • So Everest is certainly not the world's tallest mountain.

    所以珠穆朗瑪峰肯定不是世界最高的山。

  • And depending on how you're measuring things, it's not even necessarily the world's highest mountain, either.

    而根據你的衡量方式,它甚至也不一定是世界最高的山峰。

  • Now, if you've made it this far watching, then you probably love real life floor.

    現在,如果你已經看了這麼久,那麼你可能會喜歡現實生活中的地板。

  • And you've probably already heard all about Curiosity Stream, the documentary streaming service with thousands of videos on mountains, volcanoes and lots of other very tall things.

    而你可能已經聽說過 "好奇流",這個紀錄片流媒體服務有數千部關於山脈、火山和其他很多很高大的東西的視頻。

  • But thanks to curiosity stream when you sign up for them now, you also get access to Nebula, a streaming service made by educational creators like me, where we can publish our original thoughtful content without fear of getting de monetized or buried by the dreaded algorithm.

    但由於好奇心流當你現在註冊他們的時候,你還可以獲得星雲的使用權,星雲是由像我這樣的教育創作者所做的流媒體服務,在這裡我們可以發佈我們的原創思想內容,而不用擔心被de貨幣化或被可怕的算法所埋沒。

  • By signing up for Curiosity, Stream and Nebula, you are directly empowering me and dozens of other educational creators to make cool, exclusive content that we might not get the chance to make otherwise content.

    通過註冊好奇心、流媒體和星雲,你直接授權給我和其他幾十位教育創作者,讓他們能夠製作出酷炫的獨家內容,否則我們可能沒有機會製作其他內容。

  • Like all of my own real life Laura videos that go up at least 24 hours early before they do on YouTube and all without any ads or sponsorships and exclusive content like Money, a game show hosted by my friend Tom Scott and featuring a bunch of my other creator friends in a Siris of psychological experiments that test their willingness to work together.

    就像我自己所有的現實生活中的勞拉視頻,在YouTube上做之前至少提前24小時上線,而且所有的視頻都沒有任何廣告或贊助和獨家內容,比如Money,這是一個由我的朋友湯姆-斯科特主持的遊戲節目,並由我的一群其他創作者朋友在Siris的心理實驗中測試他們是否願意一起工作。

  • Best of Although Curiosity Stream is offering nebulous subscribers 26% off just for you, that's to vent past X streaming services for less than $15 a year.

    最好的雖然好奇流只為你提供星雲用戶26%的折扣,那就是以每年不到15美元的價格發洩過去X流媒體服務。

  • So go ahead and sign up by using the link in the description or by going to curiosity stream dot com slash real life floor, watch cool content and support creators by watching stuff we've made just for you.

    所以,請使用描述中的鏈接或到好奇心流點點網斜槓真人樓註冊吧,看酷炫的內容,支持創作者,看我們專門為你做的東西。

  • Everyone wins and, as always, thank you for watching.

    大家都贏了,一如既往的感謝大家的觀看。

this video was made possible by curiosity stream.

這個視頻是由好奇心流。

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B1 中級 中文 地球 珠穆朗瑪峰 赤道 海拔 中心 山脈

為什麼珠穆朗瑪峰不是地球上最高的山......算是吧。 (Why Everest Isn't Earth’s Highest Mountain... sorta)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 10 月 24 日
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