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  • Exactly two weeks away from Election Day, the U.S. presidential candidates are out and about on the campaign trail.


  • And that's where we're starting today's edition of CNN 10.

    今天 CNN 10 從此事件開始。

  • It's great to see you.


  • I'm Carl Azuz.

    我是 Carl Azuz。

  • Millions of early votes are in.


  • In fact, a survey of ballot data that CNN participated in found that more than 27 million votes have been cast so far.

    事實上,CNN 參與的投票數據調查顯示,迄今已投出超過 2700 萬張選票。

  • That count stretched across 45 states and the District of Columbia.

    此數據遍及 45 個州和哥倫比亞特區。

  • Traditionally, though, the biggest day for U.S. politicians is election day itself.


  • And as November 3rd approaches, they're doing everything they can to get their supporters to the polls.

    11 月 3 日將近,他們正在盡一切努力爭取支持者的選票。

  • On Sunday, at an in-person rally in Carson City, Nevada, incumbent Republican President Donald Trump spoke to supporters.


  • And the best is yet to come, it's happening.


  • The best is yet to come.


  • Proud citizens like you helped build this country, and together we are taking back our country.


  • We're returning power to you, the American people.


  • So with your help, your devotion and your drive, we're going to keep on working.


  • We're going to keep on fighting.


  • And we're going to keep on winning, winning, winning.


  • Also on Sunday at a drive-in rally in Durham, North Carolina, Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden spoke to supporters in their cars.


  • Folks, as my coach used to say at college, "It's go time!"


  • I'm running as a proud Democrat, but I will govern as an American president.


  • No red states, no blue states, just the United States.

    不分紅州 (傾向支持共和黨) 、藍州 ( 傾向支持民主黨) ,只有美洲。

  • I promise you: I'll work as hard for those who don't support me as those who did.


  • But it's not just the presidential candidates who are working to get votes.


  • As we reported last Thursday, every voting seat in the U.S House of Representatives is up for election.


  • Democrats currently control that chamber with 232 seats to the Republicans 197.

    民主黨現在以 232 個席位控制眾議院,共和黨 197 個席位。

  • There's one Libertarian and five vacant seats in the House.


  • In the Senate, 35 seats just over a third or up for election.

    美國參議院席位中,有超過三分之一或以上共 35 個席位將進行改選。

  • Republicans currently controlled that chamber, with 53 seats to the Democrats 45.

    共和黨以 53 個席位控制著眾議院,而民主黨則佔了 45 個席位。

  • There are two independents who vote with the Democrats.


  • And in addition to all that, thousands of state and local officials are trying to win the vote.


  • So Americans have seen dozens of signs and ads for candidates not named Biden or Trump.


  • But unlike those elections and the ballot measures, when voters themselves get to decide a law issue, the vote for the presidency is not direct.


  • It's for electors, members of the Electoral College who ultimately decide who sits in the White House.


  • Americans do not vote directly for their president.


  • I'm not talking about a government conspiracy.


  • I'm talking about the Electoral College, a system that has been around since the birth of our nation.


  • What is the Electoral College?


  • The Electoral College is not a building or institution.


  • It's just the name given to a designated group of people who cast each state's official votes for president.


  • This group is made up of 538 people.

    這個團體是由 538 人組成。

  • Each state has a different number of electors based on their representatives in Congress.


  • So states like California and Texas have more votes than states like North and South Dakota.


  • The only exception?


  • The District of Columbia, which has three electors despite not having any voting members in Congress.


  • How does it work?

    它是如何運作的呢 ?

  • Each party selects their own group of electors.


  • Each state that empowers the electors who represent the candidate who won the most votes, except Nebraska and Maine, who award electors based on a combination of statewide results and districts won.


  • The candidate who receives at least 270 Electoral College votes becomes the next president.

    獲得選舉人團至少 270 張選票的候選人,將成為下一屆總統。

  • What if there's a tie?


  • If there is a tie or if somebody doesn't get to 270 , the House of Representatives appoints the president and the Senate chooses the vice president.

    如果票數相等或沒有超過 270 張選票的話,眾議院就會任命總統,而參議院會選出副總統。

  • Why does this system exist?


  • In short, the Electoral College was created as a compromise of several different proposals by the nation's founders.


  • Critics say the system allows candidates to become president without necessarily securing a majority of voter support.


  • Advocates argue it ensures less populated states aren't completely ignored.


  • How are these people selected?


  • The electors are chosen by their political parties in each state.


  • The only rule is that they cannot currently hold office.


  • Can an elector ignore the popular vote?


  • Yes, it's called a faithless elector, but it's rare, and it has never affected the outcome of an election.


  • Some states require formal pledges enforced by fines and possible jail time, but, historically speaking, members rarely depart from the will of the people.


  • One big reason why 27 million of those people have made their will known ahead of Election day: concerns about coronavirus.

    在大選日前表明自己意願的 2700 萬人中有一個重要原因是:對新冠肺炎的擔憂。

  • They're trying to avoid crowded public polling places on November 3rd, even though they've been waiting in some very long lines to vote early.

    他們試圖避開 11 月 3 日擁擠的公共投票站,甚至提前去排長長的隊伍等待投票。

  • The number of COVID cases has been increasing in most US states, but a top infectious disease specialist says another nationwide lockdown is not the answer, at least not at this point.


  • Instead, he's urging Americans to avoid crowds, gather in small groups outdoors and wear masks.


  • In Europe, however, there are countries considering closures once again.


  • I'm Ben Wedeman.

    我是 Ben Wedeman。

  • In Naples Sunday evening, Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conti announced new measures to try to slow the second wave of coronavirus here.

    義大利總理 Giuseppe Conti 週日晚間在那不勒斯宣佈了新措施,試圖減緩第二波新冠肺炎的擴散。

  • They were, however, fairly modest measures, simply limiting some forms of social gathering.


  • For the last five days in a row, Italy has reported record increases in the number of new coronavirus cases.


  • Increases the likes of which we never saw here during the darkest days of the pandemic earlier this year.


  • I'm Salma Abdelaziz in Manchester, where we finally have a breakthrough after a dayslong standoff between the authorities here and the government of Prime Minister Boris Johnson over plans to raise the alert level of the city.

    我是位在曼徹斯特的 Salma Abdelaziz ,經過當局與總理 Boris Johnson 政府為期一天的對峙之後,我們終於取得了突破,使國家提高警覺。

  • The mayor says that he has had constructive talks with the government.


  • We've also heard from the housing secretary that a larger financial package will be offered to the city to help affected businesses.


  • The government says it is hopeful that a conclusion will be reached today, but it's important to remember Manchester is just one city.


  • Imagine having to negotiate these restrictions city by city, town by town.


  • That's part of the reason why the country's scientific advisers are calling for a nationwide lockdown.


  • I'm Scott McLain in Berlin, where the chancellor is urging Germans to abide by coronavirus rules as the number of infections continues to rise.

    我是位在柏林的 Scott McLain,隨著感染人數持續上升,德國總理敦促人民遵守疫情規則。

  • Meanwhile, in nearby Prague, people protested the new restrictions there over the weekend, with no social distancing and few masks in sight.


  • I'm Melissa Bell in Paris.

    我是位在巴黎的 Melissa Bell。

  • Here in France, the daily rises in new coronavirus cases for the fourth day in a row above 25,000.

    在法國,新冠肺炎病例連續第四天新增超過 25000 例。

  • This as the curfews came into effect in 10 French cities, including here in Paris from midnight on Friday.

    這是因為宵禁在 10 個法國城市生效,包括週五巴黎從午夜開始。

  • It's going to take some time, though for those to have an impact--if they do--on the number of new cases.


  • And, of course, all eyes are very much on what these massive rises in new cases are gonna mean for the number of I.C.U beds taken up by coronavirus patients.


  • Already nationally, it is above 35 percent.

    全國已經超過 35%。

  • And in places like the greater Paris region, 46.8.

    而像是大巴黎地區也已達 46.8%。

  • 10 second trivia!


  • Who or what is 2018VP1?


  • An asteroid, a comet, Mike Pence, or the first Masked Singer?


  • It's a bird?


  • It's a plane?


  • No! It's an asteroid that's headed toward Earth as you watch this show.


  • And it could hit the Earth one day before the U.S. election--but it probably won't.


  • Scientists have known about this asteroid since 2018.

    自 2018 年,科學家就已知道這小行星的存在。

  • It's about the size of a refrigerator, and they say there's a chance of one in 240 that it will enter Earth's atmosphere on November 2nd.

    它是一個冰箱的大小,還有人說它有 240 分之一的機率在 11 月 2 日進入地球大氣層。

  • But even if 2018VP1 is on a path to do that, astronomers say it'll disintegrate and burn up in our atmosphere before it hits the ground beneath our feet.

    但是即使 2018VP1 真的朝著這樣的行徑方向,天文學家們表示,它在撞擊我們的地面前就會在我們的大氣層中解體,並燃燒殆盡。

  • Many of them are far more interested in another asteroid named Bennu.

    他們大多數人對另一顆名叫 Bennu 的小行星更感興趣。

  • NASA has a US$1.16 billion mission, in which a spacecraft is going to try to touch down on Bennu, collect a sample of its surface and bring it back home to Earth in 2023.

    美國太空總署有一項價值 11.6 億美元的任務,其中一艘太空船將試圖降落在 Bennu 收集其表面樣本,並於 2023 年帶回地球。

  • It's taking so long because the asteroid and the spacecraft are 200 million miles from Earth.

    它之所以會花那麼長的時間是因為小行星和太空船距離地球 2 億英里。

  • But if it works, it will be the first time a sample from a rock in space is brought back to our planet.


  • NASA should know by Tuesday if the sample collection successfully took place.


  • Well, the moon is set to get a 4G network, and it may be more reliable than ours.

    我們將在月球上架設一個 4G 網絡,而它可能比我們的更可靠。

  • There won't be any trees, buildings or TV signals to get in the way.


  • But Carl, you might be asking: there are no people on the moon, why do this?

    但 Carl,你可能會問: 月球上又沒有人,為什麼要架設?

  • So glad you asked.


  • NASA is hoping to build a moon base by 2028, and they figure it'll need wireless technology.

    美國太空總署希望在 2028 年前建立一個月球基地,且他們認為將需要無線技術。

  • So they gave Bell Labs US$14 million to build out a 4G network on the moon, and it'll be upgradable to 5G.

    它們給了貝爾實驗室 1400 萬美元在月球上架設 4G 網絡,而且該網絡也可以升級至 5G。

  • The 2028 is many moons from now.

    2028 年離現在還很遙遠。

  • 5G technology may no longer be out of this world by then.

    到時候 5G 技術應該已經問世了。

  • Technology buffs may 5-"jeer" at it, saying putting something so dated on the moon is sheer lunar-cy.


  • Maybe ET can phone home, but it might be to dial up a complaint about a slow connection.


  • I'm Carl Azuz.

    我是 Carl Azuz。

  • Hey, speaking of planetary connections, it is great to see the students of the American Embassy School in New Delhi today.


  • Thank you for watching from the Indian capital.


  • Come on back tomorrow for more CNN.

    明天同一時間敬請收看 CNN 。

Exactly two weeks away from Election Day, the U.S. presidential candidates are out and about on the campaign trail.


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