A2 初級 4879 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
Okay, so take the bus here, then, the train. Get a ticket -- hi. James, from EngVid. Ever
tried finding a place or going to a new country, looking at the subway or transportation maps
to get from one place to another? If you look at those things, they're called maps, right?
It will tell you what the city looks like, where you can get a bus at what time. But
basically, it tells you what something looks like, and it gives you a picture of it. And
it may not be an exact picture, but it's generally a picture you can work with. One you can go,
"Okay, I'm here, and I want to get here, and that's how I'll do it." Maps are very effective
and very efficient, right? Now, "effective" means they get the job done, and "efficient",
they do it in a quick way. Why am I talking about maps? In many of the videos I do, you'll
see what I call mind maps. I may not have called them mind maps, but that's what they
are. A "mind map" is a device or a tool that we use to help us understand something and
memorize it. I primarily -- and "primarily" means "mostly" -- use it for vocabulary, but
you could use it for grammar; you could use it for learning an entire topic in a foreign
language, and in this case, it's English. What I want to do today is explain what it
is. For those students who have a problem thinking it's different or confusing, I want
to break it down or break it into smaller parts so you can see it, understand it, and
then use it yourself in studying English. You like that? Let's go to the board.
I'm looking for Mr. E. And here he is. You are here. He's here on a map, but I don't
know where, and I want to get to there. So I'm going to use this to help me figure out
where he is. And we're going to use mind maps now to learn how to work with our English.
The first thing you have to understand about a mind map is -- think about getting engaged.
[Sings] I know. That's the theme from Star Wars, the Death Star. That's how I look at
marriage. Sorry, ladies. I'm just joking. But "engage" means to bring things together.
When we use mind maps, we use them to take all these thoughts we have in our heads which
can be very confusing, and we want to organize them and make it a nice way to follow like
a highway, right? A road you drive through. We're going to organize so you know exactly
where to drive and it's nice and smooth.
So the mind map helps you because it takes you -- it takes what's in your head, and it
shows you, "This is what I know. This is what I understand. And I'm going to put it on a
paper so I can put it out there and know what's inside my head." And once it's outside of
my head, I can start moving it. Because sometimes, when information is in your head, it's confusing.
It just moves all around. And we want to make it nice and straight and easy to look at.
A mind map helps with that, with organization.
In a second I'm going to explain -- because this is a simple mind map -- but I'm actually
using a mind map to explain my maps. Woo! Woo! Okay. So we want to -- it helps us think
through, but it also helps us engage. Because it's my information, I'm putting it down,
I'm engaged, which means I'm part of the process, like "engagement", "part of". And I'm working
through it, okay? So you take it out of your head, put it down, and you're engaged. This
also helps with memory. And you're going to see me keep mentioning memory again and again.
Because part of what I promised is you will learn the language -- the new vocabulary when
you use this -- you can learn language and remember it permanently. Well, this is the
first part of helping with that memory -- getting it out of your head, on paper, helps you with
repetition. Looking at what you know because if you know it, it's in your memory already.
Next. So it helps you understand what you know and then organize the work. What's point 2?
Well, once you take it out and you put it on the mind map in another point, you have,
well these branches are the first part you see are the big ones: engage, key, memory,
colour. These points usually tell us what is important, what I must know about the subject
or the first thing that comes to my head. And I put that down. These are the key points
-- or in English, what's important -- that I must focus on, okay? So it makes it easy.
So instead of a book -- the EngVid book. Don't forget to get your copy of it. Remember? EngVid.
Okay. I'm joking. But it tells us what I need to really study. So I don't need to look at
the whole book. I can look at maybe the five pages or the five words I need. So this is
key points. Give me the word I need to unlock the door to my memory, right? And this helps
me engage further. What's important?
No. 3. This is what mind maps do. And this is what you want. It helps you get memory
-- a better memory. Think USB key. Because of the repetition of focus, we write it out.
Then, we look at the key points, okay? It helps us to focus our mind on what's important
and needed. It helps your memory because this is how your memory works, right? It starts
in the center, and then the ideas keep coming. And that's what we're doing here. And we're
not just putting any ideas down, we're putting key point, and they're going to things that
we associate. That's what helps with the memory. Here is association. "Associate", like "engage",
are the things that come together. For some people, they associate money with time. Other
people associate money with hard work. Other people associate money with love. And I'm
not buying that love, but I'm just saying with love. So association helps with our memory,
okay? Better memory.
And finally, it's just fun. I don't know about you, but when I make a list of information
and just go down the page, down the page, after a while, I forget what I'm doing. It's
not fun. It's mind numbing. "Mind-numbing" means it's very boring and not interesting.
This part of the conversation is probably mind numbing to you, and it surely is to me.
Just joking. But it's fun. You get to use colour, draw, use your creative side. And
that's what a mind map does. It takes your logical side -- think through -- with your
fun side, and puts them together. Because in real life, what we engage in and what we
enjoy doing or what we focus on, the key points of life, are alive and full of colour. And
a mind map brings this to you because then it helps you with your memory. My favorite
thing to say to students is, "Do you remember the last party you were at?" And they'll say,
"Yeah." And I go, "A month ago?" "Yeah." "Were you drinking?" "Yeah." "Do you remember the
girl in the red dress?" "Yeah." Then, I ask them, the test we did last Tuesday, what was
the second question?" "I have no idea." Fun versus not fun. This is what helps you, okay?
That's why we do mind maps. And even if you hate them, you'll think, "I remember that
lesson. I hate it when he did this point here with the worm at the other end --" but you
remember it. That's all I have to do. That's my job. Your job is to think it through to
make it better for you.
So now that we understand what this beauty is, why don't we quickly go through how to
make one. The first thing you'll notice is I have a center image. It's in the middle
of the board, not to the side. Because it's here, I can freely go anywhere. I can go up,
down, and around. When you start in a corner, you're stuck. And you're also telling your
brain, "This is how it works." It doesn't. This is a branch. A "branch" is like from
a tree. When you have a tree -- okay. Better to put a tree up here. Okay, this little line
here -- that's a branch. It connects the leaf to the tree. Okay? So when we have these branches
and they spread out, we're telling ourselves is, "I have this main thought, but like money,
sometimes money is time; it's love; it's other things. There are things that are associated.
And if I start in the center, I'm free to go any direction I want. I'm not limited."
Okay?
Second: colours. Colours are life. Imagine a rose. Imagine a rose with no colour. It's
hard isn't it? Because you made it black and white, didn't you? Right? Because we always
have some kind of colour, something. Even if it's black and white. We can't just imagine
nothing. Bringing colours -- you know, black and white is nice, but look at this. This
catches your eye versus this. It's almost the same. But you look at the pictures and
the colour. That's what I mean. It brings you -- it helps you know how you think and
keeps your focus there. And when you're focused, it's easier to learn.
Connect. These branches connect to each other saying, "Hey, look. It's not just about a
map. It's about my memory and how to make my memory better. It shows the connection
in how I think." We're all different. I don't know how you would draw it. But you would
draw your own map and remember it as well as -- if not better than -- what I've done.
All right? So we need these connections, this association to make it easier for each other.
Okay? Your way might be different than mine. You might not have a clown here. You might
have a beer. I don't know. Or a soccer ball.
Finally, the curved lines -- it's silly. It's a very small point. But the funny thing about
wavy lines is it's much more fun for our eyes to focus on -- much more interesting than
straight lines, all right? And you think about everything around us. They have edges and
lines. It's the curvy ones that draw your attention because in nature, there are no
right angles, right? A right angle is 90 degrees. You've always got some kind of curve or angle
or circle to it.
And finally, one word -- no. I'm not finished talking. I mean one word, which is different.
Each branch has one word because that leads to focus, okay? If you have whole sentences,
you cannot go from a sentence because that's a thought. But a word can be colour is fun.
Colour is exciting. Colour is new. You can go from many different ways. But once you
say, "colour is blah, blah, blah," it kind of finishes stuck. So each one -- each branch
will have a word. Because from here, you can go memory -- not just better, but memory deeper,
memory attached or included, right? You can just add words, and one word gives you that
freedom once again, or I would say, flexibility and focus. Many F words here. That's interesting.
Okay, so this is how we work with mind maps. This is how I use them. So now, I'm hoping
if you just study this -- look at this lesson. Then, look at my other lessons and go back.
You'll go, "Wowee! That's what he did. I saw him do that, and I didn't get it, but now
I do. I honestly do." Start with the center image. Started from the bottom; now, we're
here. Drake, you owe me money. So we start here, and we move out. And then, they seem
crazy at the beginning, but when you step out -- excuse me. Yep. When I step out, it
makes more sense. And that's what I want you to do. Put it down. Step away from the page.
Look at the page. And then, look at how the branches go and how the thoughts go. And then,
you'll go, "I understand him. He's a genius." Look. You don't have to believe me. But if
you want to know, guys like Einstein, Galileo -- that's right -- Leonardo DaVinci -- they
used mind maps. And now you can be with the pantheon of gods. Or you could be, you know,
just like them. Take the pictures in your head. Put them on the paper. Have a better
memory. Have more fun. And learn permanently. Cool? I thought you'd like that. Okay. So
there's the little clown for some colour.
Anyway. I've got to get going. I need to take my map and find my friend. He's holding my
drink right now. You've had fun. I've had fun. But before I go, I'm getting a message
right now. It's not on the map, but it's in my mind. You need to go to www.engvid.com,
"eng" as in "English", "vid" as in "video", where you'll find myself, Mr. E, and our other
friends and teachers there to teach you. It's a map and a guideline for you, right? Just
like the mind map. Search it. Learn how to think and remember. I'm out. See you later.
Have a good one.
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

利用心智圖快速學習詞彙 (Mind Maps - How to learn vocabulary quickly, easily, and permanently)

4879 分類 收藏
Mises 發佈於 2014 年 5 月 27 日
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔