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字幕列表 影片播放

自動翻譯
  • Sshh.

    Sshh.

  • I'm the D in 'Wednesday'.

    我是 "星期三 "的D。

  • I'm the B in DEBT. I'm busy being silent.

    我是DEBIT的B。 我忙著沉默。

  • Today we're going over silent letters in English and some of the rules for them, and the many exceptions

    今天我們就來介紹一下英語中的默寫字母,以及它們的一些規則,還有很多例外的情況。

  • that these rules have.

    這些規則所具有的。

  • Stick with us, you're going to learn a lot about correct English pronunciation.

    跟著我們,你會學到很多正確的英語發音。

  • What's up with all these silent letters?

    這些沉默的信是怎麼回事?

  • Let's just go through the alphabet.

    我們還是先看一下字母表吧。

  • We'll start with A.

    我們先從A說起。

  • A is silent in the suffixally.

    A在後綴-ally中是沉默的。

  • And it's tricky, because it looks like it should be a syllable, but it's not.

    這很棘手,因為它看起來應該是一個音節,但它不是。

  • Logically.

    從邏輯上來說。

  • Not Lo-gic-a-ly. Just logically.

    不是Lo-gic-a-ly。 只是邏輯上。

  • Typically. Logically. Typically. Radically.

    通常情況下。邏輯上。典型地。徹底地。

  • Every time you seeally at the end of a word, is the A silent? No, sorry, that would be too simple.

    每次看到單詞末尾的-ally,A是沉默的嗎? 不,對不起,那就太簡單了。

  • Vocally, is not vok-li. It is three syllables.

    從聲音上看,不是伏裡。是三個音節。

  • Legally is not le-gli.

    合法的是不勒格利。

  • It's three syllables.

    這是三個音節。

  • So how to do you know by looking? Well, you don't.

    那怎麼通過看就知道呢? 嗯,你不知道。

  • This is what truly makes American English hard.

    這才是真正的美式英語難點。

  • But many other words withally at the ending have a silent A.

    但其他很多結尾有-ally的詞都有默寫A。

  • B.

    B.

  • Now there are some clearer rules here, thankfully.

    現在這裡有了一些比較明確的規則,感謝。

  • We don't pronounce B after M.

    我們不在M後面念B。

  • Climb, dumb, bomb, comb, thumb.

    攀、啞、彈、梳、拇。

  • All of these end in the M sound.

    這些都是以M音結尾的。

  • If I did pronounce the B, it would sound like this: climb.

    如果我真的念B,聽起來會是這樣的:爬。

  • Climb.

    攀登。

  • But that's not right, it's climb.

    但這不對,是攀比。

  • Oh great! Every time you see M followed by B, the B in silent.

    哦,太好了! 每次你看到M後面跟著B,B就沉默了。

  • No. That's not actually true.

    不,其實不是這樣的。

  • As you get into longer words, you'll have to be a little more aware.

    當你接觸到較長的文字時,你就得多加註意了。

  • For example, amber.

    例如,琥珀。

  • The M is at the end of the first syllable, and the B is at the beginning of the second syllable.

    M在第一個音節的末尾,B在第二個音節的開頭。

  • We do pronounce both the M and the B.

    我們是把M和B都念成了M。

  • Amber. Amber. Say that with me. Amber.

    琥珀 琥珀。 跟我一起說 琥珀。

  • Amber is like a stone, but I don't think it actually is a stone, it's used a lot in jewelry.

    琥珀就像一塊石頭,但我覺得它其實並不是石頭,它在珠寶上用得很多。

  • It's also a word to describe this color.

    這也是一個詞來形容這個顏色。

  • It's also a name for women.

    這也是一個女人的名字。

  • Amber.

    琥珀

  • We also have ambivalent.

    我們也有矛盾。

  • Ambassador. Akimbo. Arms akimbo is when your arms are like this, bent. Akimbo.

    大使。 Akimbo. 手臂彎曲是指你的手臂像這樣,彎曲。Akimbo.

  • These are all examples of B NOT silent after M because it's in a different syllable.

    這些都是B在M後面不發聲的例子,因為它在不同的音節裡。

  • Ambivalent, ambassador, akimbo.

    曖昧,大使,篤定。

  • There's another case where the B is silent, when it comes before a T.

    還有一種情況,當B在T前出現時,B是沉默的。

  • Debt, subtle, doubt.

    債,微妙,懷疑。

  • No B sound in any of these words.

    這些詞中都沒有B音。

  • Debt, subtle, doubt.

    債,微妙,懷疑。

  • What about this rule? Always?

    這個規則呢? 總是這樣?

  • Is a B before T always silent? No. In longer words, you'll find lots of exceptions.

    T前的B總是沉默的嗎? 不,在較長的單詞中,你會發現有很多例外。

  • For example a compound word, where the first word ends in B and the next word begins with T, like 'bobtail'.

    例如一個複合詞,第一個詞以B結尾,下一個詞以T開頭,比如'bobtail'。

  • Bob, bob, bobtail. It's not ba-tail, bobtail. We do say that B.

    鮑勃,鮑勃,鮑勃尾巴。 不是ba-tail,bobtail。 我們是說B。

  • Also with prefixes that end in B, like O-B and S-U-B.

    也有以B結尾的前綴,如O-B和S-U-B。

  • Obtain.

    獲得:

  • B is not silent. Subtotal. B is not silent.

    B不是沉默。 小計。 B不沉默。

  • The Letter C. It's silent in the state name Connecticut. This middle C is silent, we don't say it at all.

    字母C,在康涅狄格州這個州名裡是沒有聲音的。 這個中間的C是沉默的,我們根本不說。

  • Connecticut. It can be silent after S, like in 'muscle', 'scissors', 'scent, ' 'fascinating', or 'scene'.

    康涅狄格州。 它可以在S後沉默,如 "肌肉"、"剪刀"、"氣味"、"迷人 "或 "場景"。

  • But it's not always silent like in 'scatter' or 'script'.

    但它並不像 "散佈 "或 "腳本 "那樣總是沉默。

  • And sometimes it goes in a different direction and becomes an SH after S, like in 'conscience' or 'luscious'.

    而有時會換個方向,在S後面變成SH,比如 "良心 "或 "luscious"。

  • You know, let's stop and think about this for a second.

    你知道,讓我們停下來想一想這個問題。

  • Everyrulewe've studied, there's an exception. So why study the rule?

    我們研究過的每一個 "規則",都有一個例外。 那為什麼要研究規則呢?

  • What we're doing here is going over fairly common words with a silent letter.

    我們在這裡做的是用一個沉默的字母來複習相當常見的單詞。

  • American English pronunciation is not generally rule-oriented,

    美式英語的發音一般不講究規則。

  • so you do have to learn the pronunciation of words individually.

    所以你確實要單獨學習單詞的發音。

  • But it is useful to be exposed to these general rules and these common words that have a silent letter.

    但接觸到這些一般規則和這些常見的默字詞,還是很有用的。

  • So you can start learning them.

    所以你可以開始學習它們。

  • I had a student once who lived in the US and he worked at a seafood restaurant.

    我曾經有一個住在美國的學生,他在一家海鮮店工作。

  • And he didn't know that L in 'salmon' w as silent.

    他不知道 "三文魚 "中的 "L "是無聲的。

  • How would he if he had never learned that or been taught that before?

    如果他從來沒有學過,或者以前就被教過,他怎麼會這樣?

  • So what we're doing here is exposing you to these silent letters,

    所以我們在這裡做的就是讓你接觸到這些無聲的信件。

  • and also making sure you're aware that these rules are not absolute rules that can be applied in every situation.

    同時也要確保你意識到這些規則不是絕對的規則,不能適用於任何情況。

  • Ok, let's get to D. We have Wednesday.

    好吧,讓我們來看看D,我們有周三。

  • There's no rule here about why this D is silent, it just is in this word.

    這裡沒有規定為什麼這個D是沉默的,只是在這個詞裡有。

  • It's also silent in 'handsome'.

    在'帥'字上也是默默無聞。

  • In the word 'sandwich', if you looked that up in the dictionary, you WOULD see the D sound.

    在 "三明治 "這個詞裡,如果你在字典裡查到這個詞,你會發現D音。

  • But it's actually never pronounced that way. So Wednesday, Handsome: the dictionary says no D.

    但其實從來沒有這樣的發音。 所以週三,帥哥:字典上說沒有D。

  • But 'Sandwich', the dictionary does say D but it hasn't caught up with the actual habits of how we speak.

    但是'三明治',字典上確實是說D,但是還沒有趕上我們說話的實際習慣。

  • It's not uncommon to drop the D after N. so that's what's happening in Sandwich.

    在N後掉D的情況並不少見,所以桑梓的情況就是這樣。

  • Also, words with the silent D, grandma and grandpa.

    另外,帶默寫D的字,奶奶和爺爺。

  • Now, with Sandwich, I talked about habit.

    現在,對於三明治,我談到了習慣。

  • In the dictionary, it says there is a D sound but that's not our habit anymore.

    在字典裡,說是有D音,但這已經不是我們的習慣了。

  • The thing about the D between two consonants is it's really common in our habit to drop that D.

    關於兩個輔音之間的D,在我們的習慣中,丟掉這個D真的很常見。

  • To make it silent, even if that's not what the dictionary says.

    要讓它無聲無息,即使這不是字典上說的。

  • This happens in words like sandpaper, soundproof, landmark, windmill.

    這種情況發生在砂紙、隔音、地標、風車等詞語中。

  • We drop the D because it's between 2 other consonants.

    我們去掉D是因為它在兩個輔音之間。

  • I've seen other teachers say the D is silent in a word like 'edge', 'bridge' or 'knowledge'.

    我見過其他老師說D在 "緣"、"橋"、"識 "等詞中是沉默的。

  • Here's the thing. In the word 'edge' the consonant sound is the J sound which is written in IPA like this:

    事情是這樣的。 在 "緣 "字中,輔音是J音,在IPA中是這樣寫的。

  • D, dd, plus ZH, zh, zh. So the J sound actually has a D in it.

    D、dd,加上ZH、zh、zh。所以J音中其實有D。

  • So I don't think I would say the D is silent in these words. The D is part of the J sound.

    所以我覺得我不會說這些詞中的D是無聲的。 D是J音的一部分。

  • Ok, let's move on.

    好了,我們繼續前進。

  • The letter E.

    字母E。

  • I'm going to go over a rule for this one, the ending E.

    我想說一下這個規則,結局E。

  • But first, take a look at this word.

    但是,先來看看這個詞。

  • Au-di-ble.

    Au -di -ble.

  • There's no vowel sound at the end of that word.

    這個詞的最後沒有元音。

  • Where's the E sound?

    E音呢?

  • This is a great time to talk about our sponsor for this video, Audible.

    現在是一個很好的時間來談談我們這個視頻的贊助商,Audible。

  • And you know what I love about Audible?

    你知道我喜歡Audible的什麼嗎?

  • There are thousands of audiobooks recorded by native speakers speaking every word you hear.

    這裡有成千上萬的有聲讀物,由母語人士錄製,說出你聽到的每一個字。

  • So they're going to be correctly pronounced, silent letters and all.

    所以他們的發音要正確,無聲字母什麼的。

  • A great way to work on your English skills.

    是鍛鍊英語能力的好方法。

  • Today, I want to highlight the great courses.

    今天,我想重點介紹一下優秀的課程。

  • These courses cover topics from all sorts of disciplines.

    這些課程涵蓋了各個學科的主題。

  • Math and Science, History, Business and Economics, and so on.

    數理化、歷史、工商、經濟等。

  • today, I want to recommend a course on Conversation.

    今天,我想給大家推薦一門《對話》的課程。

  • 6 Lessons for Better Communication.

    6堂課,讓你更好地溝通。

  • I know a lot of my students are concerned about speaking in English.

    我知道很多同學都很關心英語口語的問題。

  • This course delivered in English by a Native speaker

    本課程由母語為英語的人授課

  • will help you consider the bigger picture of conversation and communication.

    將幫助你考慮對話和溝通的大局。

  • You can get this, your first Audiobook for FREE, plus 2 FREE Audible Originals when you try Audible for 30 days.

    你可以得到這個,你的第一個有聲讀物免費,加上2個免費的Audible原版,當你嘗試Audible 30天。

  • Visit audible.com/RachelsEnglish or text rachelsenglish to 500 500.

    訪問audible.com/RachelsEnglish或發短信rachelsenglish到500 500。

  • The Audible Originals that I mentioned are titles exclusive to Audible.

    我提到的Audible原版是Audible獨家的書目。

  • You can't listen to them anywhere else.

    你在其他地方都聽不到他們的聲音。

  • Created by celebrated story-tellers, covering a diverse range of topics.

    由著名的講故事的人創作,涵蓋了不同的主題。

  • There are even some Audible Originals from the great courses category.

    甚至還有一些優秀課程類的有聲原創。

  • Again that's audible.com/RachelsEnglish or text rachelsenglish to 500 500 in the US.

    同樣是audible.com/RachelsEnglish或在美國發短信rachelsenglish到500 500。

  • Audible is just an outstanding resource for studying English.

    Audible就是一個學習英語的優秀資源。

  • There's an audiobook for everyone.

    每個人都有一本有聲讀物。

  • Thank you Audible for sponsoring this video

    感謝Audible贊助此視頻

  • and supporting the language learners here in the Rachel's English community.

    並支持瑞秋英語社區的語言學習者。

  • Okay, now, let's get back to that rule. Silent ending E.

    好了,現在,讓我們回到那個規則。 沉默的結局E。

  • Thisruleis taught quite a bit so you're probably already familiar with it.

    這個 "規矩 "教得挺多的,所以你可能已經很熟悉了。

  • Quite a bit. The word 'quite'.

    相當多。'相當'二字。

  • I'm not saying a sound for the letter E on the end of the word, am I? Quite. Quite.

    我不會在單詞末尾給字母E說個音吧?是的是的

  • The word ends with the T sound.

    這個詞以T音結尾。

  • Quite.

    是的

  • But if I take away the E in that spelling, I have a different word.

    但如果我去掉那個拼寫中的E,我就有了一個不同的詞。

  • Quit.

    不幹了

  • So the ending E can affect the vowel before the final consonant. It makes itlonger”.

    所以結尾E可以影響最後輔音前的元音。它使它 "更長"。

  • Quit, IH vowel, versus Quite, AI, AI diph thong, two sounds.

    Quit,IH元音,與Quite,AI,AI二音通,兩音。

  • Quite a bit.

    脫掉它。

  • Now with 'bit', if I added an E at the end there, the word would be 'bite'.

    現在的'bit',如果我在最後加一個E,這個詞就會變成'咬'。

  • Again, T is the final sound. The extra E doesn't add an extra sound at the end,

    同樣,T是最後的聲音。 多出來的E並沒有在最後增加一個額外的聲音。

  • but it does change the vowel to a “longervowel sound.

    但它確實把元音改成了 "較長 "的元音。

  • Bite, bit.

    迪克,迪克。

  • This happens with a lot of words: hop, hope.

    這種情況發生在很多詞上:希望,希望。

  • Dim, dime. Rob, robe. Rat, rate. Breath, breathe.

    迪姆,一角錢。 搶,袍子 鼠,率。 呼吸,呼吸。

  • But note the word 'café', we do pronounce that ending E, even if it isn't written without the accent.

    但請注意'咖啡館'這個詞,我們確實會把這個結尾的E讀出來,即使沒有寫出重音。

  • Café.

    咖啡。

  • Also, a note about ED endings.

    另外,關於ED結局的說明。

  • Regular verbs are written this way to show the past tense,

    普通動詞這樣寫是為了顯示過去時。

  • and now there are clear pronunciation rules for these.

    而現在這些都有了明確的發音規則。

  • If the unconjugated verb ends in T or D, then we do make a sound for the letter E in the ED ending,

    如果未定語動詞以T或D結尾,那麼我們就為ED結尾的字母E發聲。

  • and we have an extra syllable.

    我們有一個額外的音節。

  • Like, land, landed.

    像,土地,落地。

  • But if the last letter of the unconjugated verb is any other letter,

    但如果未定語動詞的最後一個字母是其他任何字母。

  • then we don't make a sound for the letter E in the ED ending, and we just add a D or T sound.

    那麼我們在ED結尾處的字母E就不要發聲了,我們只需要加一個D或T的音。

  • For example, hum, hummed. Not hum-ed. Or 'pack', packed. Not pack-ed.

    比如,哼,哼了。而不是哼-ed。 或 "包",打包。不是pack-ed。

  • I do have a video that goes over these rules for ED endings in a little bit more depth

    我有一個視頻,去了這些規則的ED結束在一點點更深入的視頻

  • with a few more examples so click here if you're interested or see the link in the video description.

    與一些更多的例子,所以點擊這裡,如果你有興趣或看到視頻描述中的鏈接。

  • The letter F.

    字母F。

  • Ok this letter is almost never silent, but actually,

    好吧這信幾乎從不沉默,但其實。

  • the Merriam-Webster dictionary does give the primary pronunciation of 'fifth' with a silent F in the middle.

    梅里亞姆-韋伯斯特詞典確實給出了'第五'的主要發音,中間有一個沉默的F。

  • Fifth. That's how I say it, just the first F sound, IH vowel, and the TH at the end.

    第五種。我就是這麼說的,只是第一個F音,IH元音,還有最後的TH。

  • Fifth”.

    "第五"。

  • The letter G.

    字母G。

  • This is silent when a word begins with 'GN'.

    當一個詞以'GN'開頭時,該詞是無聲的。

  • Gnome, gnat. Gnaw.

    侏儒,蚋。啃。

  • Also GN at the end of a word: design, sign, reign, foreign, assign, campaign.

    也有GN在詞尾的:設計、標誌、統治、外國、分配、運動。

  • Also, 'GNE', like 'champagne', cologne.

    另外,"GNE",像 "香檳"、古龍水。

  • You know, I did some looking, and I didn't see any exceptions to these rules.

    你知道,我看了一下,我沒有看到這些規則有任何例外。

  • Wouldn't that be neat if we found a rule with no exceptions?

    如果我們找到一個沒有例外的規則,那豈不是很整齊?

  • Also the combination GH after a vowel or diphthong, silent G.

    也就是元音或雙元音後的組合GH,沉默的G。

  • Daughter, bright, though. Thigh, weigh, dough, eight.

    女兒,亮,雖然。髀,稱,團,八。

  • But there are some exceptions to this rule: cough, rough, tough.

    但也有一些例外:咳嗽、粗糙、強硬。

  • There, GH does make a sound, it's the F sound.

    有,GH確實會發出聲音,是F的聲音。

  • The letter H.

    字母H。

  • There are some common words that begin with a silent H, like hour, honor, honest, herb.

    有一些常見的詞是以沉默的H開頭的,比如小時,榮譽,誠實,香草。

  • But most words that begin with an H do have an H sound, like home, hope, happy.

    但大多數以H開頭的詞確實有H音,比如家、希望、快樂。

  • Words that begin with WH.

    以WH開頭的詞。

  • These words have two different pronunciations, but the most common one is definitely with a silent H.

    這些詞有兩種不同的發音,但最常見的肯定是帶靜音的H。

  • Just a clean W sound: what, where, why, whistle.

    只是一個乾淨的W音:什麼,在哪裡,為什麼,哨子。

  • Sometimes the CH combination makes a K sound,

    有時CH組合會發出K的聲音。

  • which makes it feel like the H is silent, like in 'choir' or 'chaos' or 'echo'.

    這讓人感覺H是沉默的,就像 "合唱團 "或 "混沌 "或 "回聲"。

  • When GH is at the beginning of a word, H is silent like in 'ghost' or 'ghetto'.

    當GH在一個詞的開頭時,H是沉默的,比如 "鬼 "或 "貧民區"。

  • H is silent after R like in rhyme, rhythm, and rhubarb.

    H像在韻律、節奏、大黃中一樣,在R後沉默。

  • But this rule doesn't work in compound words where the sounds are in two separate syllables, like 'overheard'

    但這一規則在複合詞中並不適用,因為這些詞的音是在兩個獨立的音節中,比如'overheard'。

  • or 'bearhug', or in the word 'perhaps'.

    或曰'熊抱',或曰'或許'二字。

  • There, both sounds are pronounced.

    在那裡,這兩個音都能讀出來。

  • Perhaps.

    也許吧

  • Perhaps this is a good time to take a minute, take a break and let all this silence set in.

    也許現在是一個很好的時間,花一分鐘,休息一下,讓這一切的沉寂。

  • The link to the second part of this two- part series is right here.

    這兩個系列的第二部分的鏈接就在這裡。

  • But if you're seeing this video in it's first week, that video isn't ready yet,

    但如果你在第一週就看到這個視頻,那視頻還沒準備好。

  • it's coming out on Tuesday of next week, so be here to see it.

    下週二就會出來,所以要在這裡看到它。

  • If that's the case, I cannot recommend highly enough getting to know the International Phonetic Alphabet.

    如果是這樣的話,我強烈建議你去了解國際音標。

  • Lots of dictionaries use it and it's your key to understanding the pronunciation of any word.

    很多字典都在用它,它是你理解任何單詞發音的關鍵。

  • To knowing if any letters are silent.

    到知道是否有信是沉默的。

  • I have put together a playlist where I go over the IPA symbols for each sound in American English

    我已經把一個播放列表,在那裡我去了IPA符號的每一個聲音的美國英語

  • so you can really start to get comfortable with them.

    這樣你才能真正開始適應它們。

  • Please do subscribe if you haven't already and make sure notifications are enabled,

    如果您還沒有訂閱,請務必訂閱,並確保通知已啟用。

  • then come join me here every Tuesday

    那就每週二來這裡和我一起

  • for we have a new video studying something interesting about American English pronunciation.

    因為我們有一個新的視頻,研究一些有趣的美式英語發音。

  • I love teaching you English, thank you so much for being here and see you next week.

    我很喜歡教你們英語,非常感謝你們的到來,下週見。

Sshh.

Sshh.

字幕與單字
自動翻譯

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B1 中級 中文 沉默 規則 字母 英語 結尾 音節

SILENT LETTERS with RULES | 英語口語,發音,和詞彙,美國英語。 (SILENT LETTERS with RULES | English Speaking, Pronunciation, & Vocabulary, American English)

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    Summer 發佈於 2020 年 09 月 15 日
影片單字