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  • Hi everybody, welcome to www.engvid.com, I'm Adam.

    大家好,歡迎來到www.engvid.com,我是亞當。

  • In today's video, I have a grammar lesson for you, and specifically we're going to look

    在今天的視頻中,我為大家準備了一節文法課,具體來說我們要看的是

  • at copula or linking verbs.

    在共詞或連接動詞。

  • Copula - linking verbs, same thing, different names.

    科普拉--連接動詞,同樣的事物,不同的名稱。

  • Most people don't really know or have never heard of this word - copula.

    大多數人並不真正瞭解或從未聽說過這個詞--copula。

  • Sometimes it's an adjective, it's called copular verbs, but the more common one is the linking verbs.

    有時是形容詞,叫共軛動詞,但比較常見的是連接動詞。

  • And I'll show you in a moment what is actually being linked.

    一會兒我就給你看一下,到底是什麼在聯繫。

  • So, the most common copula verb is the "be" verb, and in its different forms, different

    所以,最常見的狀語動詞是 "被 "動詞,在其不同的形式下,不同的

  • tenses, I should say.

    時態,我應該說。

  • Am, is, are, was, were, etc.

    Am,是,是,是,是,是等。

  • The most common other copula verbs are seem and appear, and you can combine them with

    最常見的其他共軛動詞是 seem 和 appear,你可以將它們與

  • "to be".

    "要"。

  • And I'll show you examples, but appear to be, seem to be, and you can also use this

    我給大家舉例說明,但貌似是,似乎是,你也可以用這個

  • to make a passive structure, which I'll show you as well.

    來做一個被動的結構,我也會告訴你。

  • And look, and then you have your sense verbs.

    看,然後你有你的感覺動詞。

  • Sound, taste, smell, and feel.

    聲音、味道、氣味和感覺。

  • These are also state verbs, and they can also be action verbs, but we're going to look at

    這些也是狀態動詞,也可以是動作動詞,但我們要看的是

  • them as copula verbs.

    他們作為copula動詞。

  • And you'll notice that all of these copula verbs are not action verbs.

    而且你會注意到,這些共軛動詞都不是動作動詞。

  • There is no action happening.

    沒有發生任何行動。

  • So, be careful with these four, because you can use them as action verbs as well.

    所以,這四個要注意,因為你也可以把它們當作動作動詞來用。

  • Like, if you say something, I say "Yeah, that sounds right".

    就像,如果你說什麼,我就說 "是啊,聽起來不錯"。

  • Or, I can sound the alarm, I can "ding ding ding ding ding ding", etc.

    或者,我可以敲響警鐘,我可以 "叮叮噹噹 "地敲響警鐘,等等。

  • So, action - active or not.

    所以,行動--積極與否。

  • And then become and get.

    然後成為和得到。

  • And I split these up for a reason, and I'll show you that reason in a moment.

    我把這些東西分開是有原因的,我一會兒會告訴你這個原因。

  • So, first thing to remember - there is no action involved with copula verbs.

    所以,首先要記住--共軛動詞不涉及動作。

  • What they are doing is they are linking, they are joining or showing some sort of relationship

    他們所做的是他們在聯繫,他們在加入或顯示某種關係。

  • between the subject of a sentence and the subject complement.

    句子的主語和主語補語之間。

  • So, as an example, "He is tall".

    所以,舉個例子,"他很高"。

  • So, if you think about this sentence, a lot of people will think "Subject, verb, object".

    所以,如果你想到這句話,很多人都會想到 "主語、動詞、賓語"。

  • But "tall" is not an object to the verb "is".

    但 "高大 "不是動詞 "是 "的賓語。

  • Tall is the subject complement to the subject "he".

    高大是主語 "他 "的主語補語。

  • Essentially, what this means is he, tall, same person.

    本質上,這意味著他,高大,同樣的人。

  • Same thing we're focusing on.

    同樣的事情,我們正在關注。

  • The "be" verb acts like an equal sign, showing that these two things are the same thing.

    "被 "字動詞的作用就像一個等號,說明這兩件事是同一件事。

  • I'm describing or talking about the same thing.

    我所描述或談論的是同一件事。

  • And it doesn't have to be an adjective, it can also be a noun.

    而且不一定是形容詞,也可以是名詞。

  • A noun can also be a subject complement, not an object.

    名詞也可以是主語補語,不能是賓語。

  • "He is a teacher."

    "他是一個老師。"

  • "He - a teacher", same person.

    "他--老師",同一個人。

  • Same thing, if you want to think about it that way.

    同樣的事情,如果你想這麼想的話。

  • And that's where the link is.

    而這就是鏈接的地方。

  • So, you're linking subject complements to subject, right?

    所以,你是把主語補語和主語聯繫起來了吧?

  • So, very important not to think of it as an object.

    所以,非常重要的是,不要把它當成一個對象。

  • And the same applies to the other verbs.

    而其他動詞也是如此。

  • "Seem" does not take an object.

    "似 "不取對象。

  • "Appear to be" does not take an object.

    "貌似 "不取對象。

  • All of these do not take an object.

    這些都是不取對象的。

  • Another thing that's very important to remember is that these - all of these verbs, because

    另一件事是非常重要的,要記住這些--所有這些動詞,因為

  • they're not in a subject, verb, object structure, will be followed by an adjective but never

    他們不在一個主語、動詞、賓語結構中,會在後面跟一個形容詞,但絕不是

  • by an adverb.

    由副詞。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • And I'll give you an example of this as well.

    我也給大家舉個例子。

  • Let's look at "seems".

    我們來看看 "似乎"。

  • Another very important point to remember - we treat, except for "be" verb, of course - we

    另一個非常重要的點要記住--我們對待,當然除了 "被 "字動詞,我們

  • treat all of these copular verbs like action verbs, meaning in a third person singular,

    把所有這些複數動詞當作動作動詞,意思是用第三人稱單數。

  • we're still going to add the "s", okay?

    我們還是要加 "s",好嗎?

  • So, it's very important to remember that it looks like an action verb, but there's no

    所以,很重要的一點是要記住,它看起來像一個動作動詞,但沒有

  • action happening.

    行動發生。

  • Now, what's the difference, the main difference, between a "be" verb and seem, appear, and

    現在,"be "動詞和seems,appear,and有什麼區別,主要區別。

  • look?

    樣子?

  • These three also act like an equal sign, except a "be" verb is stating a fact.

    這三個也像一個平等的符號,只是一個 "被 "字動詞在陳述一個事實。

  • He is tall means that's the fact, tall.

    他是高大的意思是這是事實,高大。

  • "She seems nice" means that it's a possibility that she's nice.

    "她看起來很好 "的意思是,她有可能很好。

  • She looks nice, she appears to be nice, she seems nice.

    她看起來不錯,她看起來不錯,她看起來不錯。

  • All of these mean the same thing that I think she's nice, but I might be wrong.

    這些都是同一個意思,我覺得她很好,但我可能錯了。

  • She is nice - it's a fact.

    她很好--這是事實。

  • I'm not wrong, it's a fact.

    我沒有錯,這是事實。

  • There's not wrong or right, there's is or isn't, as it were.

    沒有錯也沒有對,有的是就是沒有,如是。

  • So, she seems nice.

    所以,她看起來不錯。

  • Adjective describing "she".

    形容 "她 "的形容詞。

  • "She seems to be married."

    "她好像已經結婚了。"

  • So, I'm still using an adjective, but now I'm using "to be", because "She seems married"

    所以,我還是用形容詞,但現在我用 "要",因為 "她好像結婚了"

  • doesn't make much sense.

    並沒有什麼意義。

  • I'm describing her situation.

    我在描述她的情況。

  • Here, I'm describing her.

    在這裡,我在描述她。

  • Here, I'm describing her situation.

    在這裡,我在描述她的情況。

  • So, I need to put that into more of a context of existence or being something.

    所以,我需要把它放到更多的存在或存在的東西中去。

  • And again, "She seems to be an executive".

    又說 "她好像是個高管"。

  • I can't say, "She seems an executive".

    我不能說 "她好像是個高管"。

  • I'm talking about her situation again.

    我又在說她的情況。

  • Here, it's her marriage situation.

    這裡,是她的婚姻狀況。

  • Here, it's her career.

    這裡,是她的事業。

  • Now, again, very important.

    現在,同樣,非常重要。

  • She seems to be an executive.

    她好像是個高管。

  • Maybe she's dressed in a suit, like a business suit.

    也許她穿的是西裝,像商務套裝。

  • She has a bag.

    她有一個包。

  • She looks very professional.

    她看起來非常專業。

  • Whether it's true or not, I don't know.

    是不是真的,我不知道。

  • That's why she seems to be, she appears to be.

    所以她才會顯得,她才會顯得。

  • She looks like an executive, and you actually add "like" here as well.

    她看起來像個高管,你居然也在這裡加 "喜歡"。

  • She looks like something, right?

    她看起來像什麼,對吧?

  • Maybe she is, maybe she's not.

    也許她是,也許她不是。

  • Keep in mind, though.

    但要記住,。

  • When you say, "He looks like his father", that's a different use of "look".

    當你說 "他長得像他的父親 "時,那是 "長相 "的不同用法。

  • This is more about the actual physical appearance.

    這更多的是指實際的體貌。

  • I can - it's a fact.

    我可以--這是事實。

  • It's not a possibility.

    這是不可能的。

  • But "look like" as a copula means possibility, maybe.

    但 "看起來像 "作為一個共軛詞,意味著可能性,也許。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • Now, sound, taste, smell, and feel.

    現在,聲音、味道、氣味和感覺。

  • You're going to describe how certain things affect the senses.

    你要描述某些東西如何影響感官。

  • So, the song sounds nice.

    所以,這首歌聽起來不錯。

  • The food tastes delicious.

    食物的味道很好。

  • Notice the "s".

    注意這個 "s"。

  • The flower smells lovely.

    花兒的味道很好聞。

  • The cat's tongue feels rough, when it licks me, etc.

    貓的舌頭感覺很粗糙,當它舔我的時候,等等。

  • So, I'm describing sense.

    所以,我是在描述意義。

  • Now, keep in mind that these are also stative verbs, and if you're not sure what a stative

    現在,請記住,這些也是定語動詞,如果你不清楚什麼是定語

  • verb is, Rebecca, who is another teacher here at www.engvid.com , has made a lesson about that.

    動詞是,Rebecca,他是這裡的另一位老師,www.engvid.com ,已經做了一節課,關於這一點。

  • You can look for the link somewhere here to learn more about stative verbs.

    你可以在這裡找某處鏈接,瞭解更多關於定語動詞的知識。

  • These are a part of the stative verbs.

    這些都是定語動詞的一部分。

  • Now, become and get, they're a little bit trickier.

    現在,成為和得到,他們有點棘手。

  • So, I'm going to look at them individually and I'll give you some more examples.

    所以,我要單獨看一下,我再給大家舉一些例子。

  • Okay, so now we're going to look at a few more examples and notice a few more specific

    好了,現在我們再來看幾個例子,注意到一些更具體的。

  • grammatical points.

    文法點。

  • "The house appears to have been damaged in the storm."

    "房子似乎在暴風雨中受損了。"

  • So, right away, you notice that I have the option of using copula verbs in passive situations

    所以,你馬上就會注意到,在被動的情況下,我可以選擇使用共軛動詞。

  • as well.

    也是。

  • You just have to adjust according to the time, according to the situation.

    你只要根據時間、根據情況調整就可以了。

  • Here, I just want to point out a couple of other things.

    在這裡,我只想指出另外幾件事。

  • "She seems intelligent", and "The food tastes delicious".

    "她看起來很聰明","食物的味道很好"。

  • Notice it's not "intelligently" and not "deliciously".

    注意,不是 "智能",也不是 "美味"。

  • So, it's very, very important to remember, just because you have a verb that's not a

    所以,這是非常非常重要的,要記住,只是因為你有一個動詞,不是一個。

  • "be" verb, it doesn't mean that you must have an adverb.

    "被 "動詞,不代表一定要有副詞。

  • Copula verbs are not followed by adverbs, only adjectives or noun complements.

    科普拉動詞後面不加副詞,只加形容詞或名詞補語。

  • That's very important to remember.

    這是非常重要的,要記住。

  • Another thing to remember is that all of the verbs so far, the "be" verb, the "appear,

    另外要記住的是,到目前為止所有的動詞,"被 "動詞,"出現"。

  • seem" and all the sense ones, they don't take an "-ing" form.

    貌似 "和所有意義上的,都不採用"-ing "的形式。

  • Right?

    對吧?

  • Because they're a bit of a state verb.

    因為他們有點像狀態動詞。

  • There's no action happening.

    沒有任何行動發生。

  • On the other hand, "get" and "become" can take all the different forms.

    另一方面,"得到 "和 "成為 "可以有各種不同的形式。

  • And while all of these basically - they're like an equal sign, so the food tastes delicious,

    而這些基本上--他們就像一個平等的標誌,所以食物的味道很好。

  • and the food is delicious mean the same thing.

    和食物是美味的意思是一樣的。

  • This is just a more specific verb.

    這只是一個比較特殊的動詞。

  • And it basically means equal.

    而且基本上是平等的意思。

  • Food = delicious.

    食物=美味。

  • Same thing.

    同樣的事情。

  • Become and get are verbs that are copular.

    Become和get是動詞,是共詞。

  • They're still linking verbs, but they suggest a change.

    他們仍然在連接動詞,但他們建議改變。

  • And this is very important, and this is where a lot of people get confused with these two verbs.

    而這一點是非常重要的,這也是很多人對這兩個動詞感到困惑的地方。

  • Become and get, when they're used in this context, like copular verbs, always suggest change.

    Become和get,當它們用在這個語境中時,就像共軛動詞一樣,總是暗示變化。

  • And it's very important to remember that.

    而這一點非常重要,要記住。

  • "She got married", okay.

    "她結婚了",好吧。

  • That doesn't mean - there's no action here.

    這並不意味著--這裡沒有行動。

  • "Married" here is being used - it's a participle - it's being used as an adjective.

    "結婚 "在這裡被使用--這是一個分詞--它被用作形容詞。

  • "She got married" or "She was married", both okay.

    "她結婚了 "或者 "她結婚了",都可以。

  • "She is getting married."

    "她要結婚了。"

  • Now here, I can use this as an "-ing", but I'm still explaining the situation.

    現在在這裡,我可以把它當做"-ing",但我還是要解釋一下。

  • This is actually referring to the future.

    這其實指的是未來。

  • So, now she is single.

    所以,現在她是單身。

  • She is getting married.

    她要結婚了。

  • She will become a married woman.

    她將成為一個已婚婦女。

  • There's no action involved.

    沒有涉及到行動。

  • She's not getting anything.

    她什麼也沒得到。

  • It's not a receiving verb, it just - the changing situation verb.

    這不是一個受用動詞,它只是--變化的情境動詞。

  • If I wanted to use the action verb, I would just simply say "married".

    如果要用動作動詞,我就直接說 "結婚"。

  • "She married Bob."

    "她嫁給了鮑勃。"

  • It means she had a wedding and put on a ring, signed some papers, got married.

    意思是她舉行了婚禮,戴上了戒指,簽了一些文件,結婚了。

  • Same thing with "become".

    與 "成為 "同理。

  • You can use it in all the different forms, and always notice there's a change.

    你可以用各種不同的形式,總能發現有變化。

  • "She has become too powerful."

    "她已經變得太強大了。"

  • There should be a period here, actually.

    其實這裡應該有一個句號。

  • She has become - it's not a sudden action.

    她已經成為--這不是一個突然的行動。

  • She has become too powerful over time, which is why I'm using the present perfect tense.

    隨著時間的推移,她已經變得太強大了,所以我才用現在的完全時態。

  • And I'm suggesting a change.

    而我建議改變一下。

  • I could say, "She is too powerful".

    我可以說,"她太強大了"。

  • It means it's a fact now.

    這意味著這是一個事實了。

  • She was, or she will be too powerful, all talking about specific situation - has become

    她是,還是她會太厲害了,都說到具體的情況了--已經成了。

  • over the time she has been in this position.

    在她擔任這個職位的時間裡。

  • "He is becoming rich."

    "他正在變得富有。"

  • He's getting more and more money.

    他的錢越來越多了。

  • It doesn't mean he's rich yet, but he's certainly on his way.

    這不代表他還沒發財,但他肯定在路上。

  • His situation is changing, changing.

    他的情況在變化,在變化。

  • "He will become mean."

    "他將變得卑鄙。"

  • When he has more money, the more money he has, the more he will become mean.

    當他的錢越多,錢越多,他就會變得越吝嗇。

  • Like a mean person, because some people become mean when they have money.

    就像一個吝嗇的人,因為有些人有錢了就會變得吝嗇。

  • Why?

    為什麼?

  • Because "The more money he has, the more arrogant he becomes."

    因為 "錢越多,他就越囂張"。

  • And again, I'm using it as a single with the "s" for the single third person.

    而我又把它作為單人用,用 "s "表示單人第三人。

  • But again, change, change.

    但同樣是變化,變化。

  • As money changes, as the money amount changes, his personality changes, right?

    隨著金錢的變化,隨著金錢數額的變化,他的性格也會發生變化吧?

  • So, it's all about change.

    所以,這一切都是為了改變。

  • And this is more like an actual fact, when I use a present simple, I'm stating it more

    而這更像是一個實際的事實,當我用一個現在的簡單,我更多的是在陳述它

  • like a fact.

    像一個事實。

  • The other ones are more a possibility.

    其他的更多的是一種可能性。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • So, these are the main copula verbs.

    所以,這些都是主要的共軛動詞。

  • There are some others, but these are the ones you need to understand to be able to read

    還有一些其他的,但這些都是你需要了解的,能夠讀懂的。

  • and to write especially.

    並要特別寫。

  • Because these are the ones that give people the most trouble, I believe, when it comes

    因為這些都是給人們帶來最多麻煩的,我相信,當它涉及到。

  • to understanding how to use them.

    以瞭解如何使用它們。

  • Now, of course, it's a little bit tricky.

    當然,現在,這是一個有點棘手的問題。

  • "Become", a lot of people confuse the verb "become" with the verb "be".

    "成為",很多人把動詞 "成為 "和動詞 "被 "混淆了。

  • These are two different verbs.

    這是兩個不同的動詞。

  • Make sure you remember that, because how you're going to use them will affect the meaning

    請你一定要記住這一點,因為你如何使用它們會影響到意義。

  • of the sentence, right?

    的句子,對嗎?

  • Depending on which one you use.

    要看你用的是哪一種。

  • But there, that's a very basic understanding of copula verbs.

    但在那裡,這就是對共軛動詞的一個很基本的理解。

  • If you're not sure and you want a little bit more practice, go to www.engvid.com and take

    如果你不確定,又想多練習一下,可以去www.engvid.com,然後參加

  • the quiz.

    測驗。

  • And of course, ask me questions in the comment section.

    當然,也可以在評論區向我提問。

  • I'll be very happy to help you out if you need a little bit more explanation about this.

    如果你需要再解釋一下這個問題,我會很樂意幫助你。

  • And that's it.

    就是這樣。

  • If you like the video, give me a like.

    如果你喜歡這個視頻,給我點個贊。

  • I hope you liked it.

    希望你喜歡。

  • Don't forget to subscribe to my channel.

    不要忘記訂閱我的頻道。

  • There's also a little bell at the top there at the subscribe, you can ring that and you'll

    還有一個小鈴鐺在頂部的訂閱處,你可以按鈴,你會

  • get notifications of future videos.

    獲得未來視頻的通知。

  • So you can get more grammar vocab and other English helping tools, hopefully.

    所以你可以獲得更多的文法詞彙和其他英語幫助工具,希望。

  • Okay?

    好嗎?

  • Until next time, bye bye.

    直到下一次,再見。

Hi everybody, welcome to www.engvid.com, I'm Adam.

大家好,歡迎來到www.engvid.com,我是亞當。

字幕與單字
自動翻譯

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 動詞 主語 形容詞 變化 動作 高大

英語語法:連接動詞(Copula) (English Grammar: Linking Verbs (Copula))

  • 23 1
    Summer 發佈於 2020 年 09 月 12 日
影片單字