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  • I'm on a bike ride in my neighborhood right now and I'm seeing some pretty beautiful clouds.

    我現在正在附近騎自行車,我看到了一些漂亮的雲彩。

  • These are cumulus cloudswhen you're outside on a bright, sunny day, you might

    這些都是積雲--當你在陽光明媚的日子裡在外面時,你可能會發現

  • see hundreds of them. Like all clouds, they're formed when water vapor in our atmosphere

    能看到上百朵雲像所有的雲一樣,它們是由大氣中的水蒸氣形成的。

  • sticks to tiny particles of dust and salt and pollution floating around in the skycalled

    粘附在天空中漂浮的塵埃、鹽分和汙染的微小顆粒上--被稱為 "塵埃"。

  • aerosols. When the vapor hits an aerosol, it transforms into water droplets or ice crystals.

    氣溶膠。當蒸汽碰到氣溶膠時,它會變成水滴或冰晶。

  • And when enough of those come together, they form clouds. Every cloud is packed with

    當足夠多的雲聚集在一起的時候,就會形成雲。每一朵雲都裝滿了

  • informationand knowing a bit about them can help you tell the difference

    資訊--對它們有所瞭解,可以幫助你區分

  • between a cloud that'll disappear in a few minutes...and one that could ruin your picnic.

    在一朵幾分鐘就會消失的雲和一朵可能毀掉你野餐的雲之間。

  • To really know what's going on in a cloud, you have to go right inside it.

    要想真正瞭解雲中的情況,你必須直接進入雲中。

  • That's what atmospheric scientists do!

    這就是大氣科學家的工作!

  • I use satellite data, aircraft data, and even sometimes weather balloon data to understand

    我使用衛星數據,飛機數據,甚至有時使用氣象氣球數據來了解。

  • these processes associated with clouds and precipitations.

    這些與雲和降水有關的過程;

  • That's Dr. Mayra Oyola, she's an atmospheric scientist who works at NASA's jet propulsion

    那是Mayra Oyola博士,她是一位大氣科學家,在美國宇航局的噴氣推進部門工作。

  • lab. She's also very good at identifying cloudslike those cumulus ones.

    實驗室。她也很擅長識別雲彩--比如那些積雲。

  • Cumulus meansheapin Latin, and you can kind of see whythey look like big heaps of

    Cumulus在拉丁語中的意思是 "堆",你可以看到為什麼--它們看起來就像一大堆。

  • cotton. I saw a bunch when I was on a bike ride in August.

    棉花。8月份騎車的時候,我看到了一堆。

  • These clouds are normally present when we have fair weather or good weather. So it's

    這些雲彩一般在我們天氣晴朗或天氣好的時候才會出現。所以它是

  • a good day to go outside and play. Cumulus are one of the 10 most common cloud types,

    是一個適合外出遊玩的好日子。積雲是10種最常見的雲類型之一。

  • which scientists started defining all the way back in 1802: There's also Stratus,

    科學家們早在1802年就開始對其進行定義。還有斯特拉圖斯

  • which meanslayer.” They cover the sky like a blanket.

    意思是 "層"。它們像毯子一樣覆蓋著天空。

  • They vary in color. So you can see some that are whiter but they can be grayishthey

    它們的顏色各不相同。所以,你可以看到一些是白色的,但他們可以是灰白色的,他們

  • are normally associated with what we call fair weather. Our friend Anna in Michigan

    通常與我們所說的好天氣有關。我們在密歇根的朋友安娜

  • saw some of those: “The weather today is nice and warm.” Cirrus, which means

    看到了其中的一些。"今天的天氣很好,很溫暖"Cirrus,是指

  • curl, look like wisps of hair high in the sky. My coworker Agnes found these above Lake

    捲曲,看起來像高空中的縷縷髮絲。我的同事艾格尼絲在湖上面發現了這些。

  • Michigan in Chicago.

    芝加哥的密歇根州。

  • Cirrus clouds, because they're so high, they're very cold. They're mostly ice, very tiny particles

    漩渦雲,因為它們太高了,所以非常冷。它們大多是冰,非常微小的顆粒

  • of ice, and they're short-lived. And there's Nimbus, which means rain.

    冰的,而且它們是短暫的。還有Nimbus,就是下雨的意思。

  • They're normally seen during a thunderstorm, along thunder and lightning.

    它們通常在雷雨時出現,伴隨著雷聲和閃電。

  • These four basic cloud shapescombined with how high they are in the skycreate

    這四種基本的雲的形狀--結合它們在天空中的高度--創造了 "雲"。

  • the most common clouds. Like this cirrostratus cloudswhich exist

    最常見的雲。像這樣的捲雲--它存在於

  • above 7,000 meters.

    7000米以上。

  • They're kind of like thin sheets that spread across the sky. These clouds are interesting

    它們有點像薄薄的片子,鋪滿天空。這些雲很有趣

  • because they tend to be useful to do weather forecasting in the sense that they can tell

    因為它們往往對做天氣預報很有用,因為它們可以告訴你,你是如何做到的。

  • you if there's precipitation or snow storm coming within 12 to 24 hours.

    如果在12到24小時內有降水或暴風雪來襲,你。

  • Altostratus and altocumulus clouds hover a bit lower, between 2,000 and 7,000 meters.

    阿爾託斯特拉圖斯雲和阿爾託庫倫雲在2000至7000米之間徘徊,比較低。

  • They often form a sheetlike these fluffy altocumulus ones Vox producer Laura saw in

    它們通常會形成薄片--就像Vox的製作人Laura在這裡看到的這些蓬鬆的角質層一樣。

  • Maine. If you see them in the morning, this is a tip for weather forecasting. What it

    緬因州。如果你在早上看到它們,這是一個天氣預報的提示。它是什麼?

  • means is that you need to be prepared because they're normally produce ahead of thunderstorms.

    意味著你需要做好準備,因為他們通常會在雷雨前產生。

  • Altostratus are less puffy, and more like one big blanket.

    阿爾託斯特拉圖斯不那麼蓬鬆,更像一張大毯子。

  • They normally thicken into being more type of rain bearing clouds like nimbostratus.

    它們通常會變厚,成為更多類型的雨雲,如nimbostratus。

  • If you see a low, dark gray blanket of clouds, you're probably looking at nimbostratus

    如果你看到一個低矮的,深灰色的雲毯,你可能在看nimbostratus。

  • and it's probably already raining, like it was in my backyard the other day.

    - 而且可能已經在下雨了,就像前幾天在我的後院一樣。

  • Really coming down out here.

    真的下來了,在這裡。

  • Rain often comes from cumulonimbus clouds, toothey tower from close to the ground

    雨水也常常來自積雨雲--它們從離地面很近的地方高高聳起

  • to really high in the sky.

    到真正的高空。

  • They're not gonna be your classical white puffy clouds. They're probably gonna be darker

    它們不會是經典的白色浮雲它們可能會是深色的

  • and grayish. So they're very distinct and very easy to identify.

    和灰色的。所以它們的區別很大,非常容易辨認。

  • When you look at this chart, it seems pretty simple to tell the difference between these clouds.

    當你看到這張圖時,似乎很簡單就能分辨出這些雲彩的區別。

  • But in reality, it can get a little tricky. For examplelook at this photo my friend

    但在現實中,可能會有點棘手。例如--看看這張照片,我的朋友

  • Jess took while canoeing.

    傑西在劃獨木舟的時候,拿。

  • These are definitely cumulus and cirrus clouds. We know that cumulus are associated with fair

    這些絕對是積雲和捲雲。我們知道,積雲是與公平

  • weatherHowever, in this particular case, I can probably tell that there was a storm

    然而,在這個特殊的情況下,我可能會告訴你,有一個風暴。

  • before the picture was taken.

    照片拍攝前。

  • For the most part, storms tend to expand all over the atmosphere. So you have impacts of

    在大多數情況下,風暴往往會在大氣層中擴張。所以,你有影響的

  • the storm really high up in cirrus clouds, tend to be really high up in the atmosphere.

    風暴中真正高高在上的捲雲,往往是真正高高在上的大氣。

  • During sunrise or sunset, it's pretty common to see a colorful mix of clouds in the sky.

    在日出或日落的時候,看到天空中五顏六色的雲彩混合在一起是很常見的。

  • It's very specific in the sunset because you obviously have a very sharp change in temperature

    夕陽下的天氣非常特殊,因為很明顯溫度變化非常大

  • going on at the time.

    當時正在進行。

  • Those 10 clouds we just talked about make up nearly all the clouds in the world.

    我們剛才說的那10朵雲幾乎佔了世界上所有的雲。

  • But what about the ones that don't fit on this chart?

    但是,那些不適合這個圖的呢?

  • Like here, on top of Mount Fuji in Japan.

    就像這裡,在日本的富士山頂上。

  • Mountain ranges and other high obstructions disrupt the normal flow of air.

    山脈和其他高大的障礙物破壞了空氣的正常流動。

  • As air moves over the mountains, sinking air warms and rising air coolswhich creates

    當空氣在山間移動時,下沉的空氣會變暖,上升的空氣會變冷--這就形成了一個新的現象。

  • these lenticular clouds. They look like fluffy UFOs.

    這些透鏡雲。他們看起來像蓬鬆的UFO。

  • Extreme weather can bring unusual clouds all over the world. Imagine you're sitting outside

    極端天氣會給全世界帶來不尋常的雲彩。想象一下,你坐在外面

  • and you start to see these bumpy, baggy clouds roll in: They're called mammatus clouds

    然後你開始看到這些凹凸不平的雲層滾滾而來。它們被稱為乳突雲

  • and they usually come along with thunder, lightning, and rain.

    - 而且它們通常會伴隨著雷電、閃電和雨水。

  • They're mostly composed of ice. And so basically the ice falls, and you have this pouches extending

    它們主要由冰塊組成基本上冰塊落下後,就會有一個個小袋延伸出來。

  • sometimes hundreds of miles in any direction

    縱橫馳騁

  • Ice crystals help create these weird clouds toocalled Fallstreak holes. Scientists

    冰晶也有助於創造這些奇怪的雲--被稱為Fallstreak洞。科學家們

  • think they're created when ice crystals in a cloud form really quickly, and either

    認為它們是在雲中的冰晶迅速形成時產生的,並且要麼是

  • evaporate or sink to the ground.

    蒸發或沉入地下。

  • So they leave this big hole around the center of the cloud.

    所以他們在雲的中心留下這個大洞。

  • Some clouds don't even come from nature:

    有些雲甚至不是來自於自然界。

  • These are called contrailswhich just meanscondensation trails.”

    這些被稱為 "尾跡"--也就是 "凝結尾跡 "的意思。

  • They're made of water vapor from a plane's exhaust, and mimic nature's wispy cirrus

    它們是由飛機尾氣中的水蒸氣製成的 模仿自然界中飄逸的捲雲

  • cloudsmeaning they are high up, and disappear really quickly.

    雲--意味著它們在高處,而且消失得很快。

  • Because clouds are above us we tend not to give them a second thought, but they are super

    因為雲在我們頭上,我們往往不給他們第二個想法,但他們是超級的

  • important because they not only regulate temperature on the planet, but they're also the primary

    因為它們不僅能調節地球上的溫度,而且還是主要的

  • drivers of rain and precipitation, which we need to live.

    雨水和降水的驅動力,我們需要生活。

  • For us cloud observers on the groundit takes practice to identify clouds.

    對於我們這些地面上的雲霧觀察者來說--識別雲霧需要練習。

  • A good tip is to have a cloud chart. With a cloud chart it's very easy to at least distinguish

    一個很好的建議是要有一張雲圖。有了雲圖,至少可以很容易地分辨出

  • the clouds are at the bottom. And the clouds that you normally tend to see at the top of

    雲是在底部。而你通常看到的雲層往往是在頂部的。

  • the clouds are on the middle layers are probably the most tricky ones

    雲是在中間層可能是最棘手的問題

  • There are lots of communities out there for cloud watcherslike the Cloud Appreciation

    有很多針對雲觀察者的社區--比如 "雲賞"。

  • Society, which accepts submissions of clouds from all over the world and adds them to photo

    社,接受世界各地的雲朵投稿,並將其添加到照片中。

  • galleries online. If you're ever stumped by a cloud, it might help to

    畫廊在線。如果你曾經被一片雲彩絆住了腳步,也許會對你有所幫助。

  • look at it from above: The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has a near-real-time

    從上面看。美國國家海洋和大氣管理局有一個近乎於實時的

  • satellite view of clouds that you can access online. When you combine all these tools together, you can start making

    你可以在線訪問的雲的衛星視圖。當你把所有這些工具結合在一起時,你就可以開始製作。

  • predictions about your day, just based on the clouds above you.

    預測你的一天,只是根據你頭上的雲層。

  • I think those clouds mean that it will be nice for the next couple of hours. Those big,

    我想這些雲層意味著未來幾個小時的天氣會很好。那些大。

  • white, wispy clouds up there mean that it is going to be nice.

    白色的雲朵在上面,意味著它將是美好的。

  • The cloud chart we made for this video was super helpful when I was first learning to identify

    我們這個視頻所做的雲圖,在我第一次學習識別的時候,對我的幫助超級大。

  • clouds, especially when it came to telling the difference between the basic ones, like

    雲,尤其是在區分基本的,如。

  • cirrus, stratus, and cumulus. To download and print out your own cloud chart, like the

    捲雲、層雲和積雲。下載並打印你自己的雲圖,如

  • one we showed in this video, get permission from your guardian or parent to go to the

    我們在這個視頻中展示了一個,得到你的監護人或父母的許可,去到

  • link belowor have them do it for you. Happy cloud hunting!

    下面的鏈接--或者讓他們幫你做。祝您獵雲快樂

I'm on a bike ride in my neighborhood right now and I'm seeing some pretty beautiful clouds.

我現在正在附近騎自行車,我看到了一些漂亮的雲彩。

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B1 中級 中文 Vox 雲彩 天氣 大氣 雲層 天空

如何做一個雲端偵探 (How to be a cloud detective)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 09 月 04 日
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