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  • Hi. Welcome again to I'm Adam. Today's lesson is about inversion. Now, what

    嗨。歡迎再次來到 engvid,我是 Adam。今天的課程是倒裝句。什麼

  • does "inversion" mean? "Inversion" is when you change the order of something. Right?

    是倒裝句? 倒裝句指的是你在順序上做了某種改變,對吧?

  • So we're looking at grammar. Usually, you know in a sentence a subject comes first and


  • then a verb. Today we're going to look at situations where that is reversed. Now, of


  • course, I'm sure that you know that in questions: "Are you sure?" the verb comes before the

    相信你知道,在 "Are you sure?" 這樣的問句中動詞放置在

  • subject in all questions. That's what makes a question structure a question structure.


  • However, there are other situations where we have this inversion, but we're looking


  • at a sentence; we're not looking at a question.


  • Now, the thing to understand about inversions is that they are very particular. There are


  • only a few expressions that you're going to use inversion with. You can't put them in


  • just about... In just any sentence that you want. The examples that I've written on the


  • board are the ones that you might read or that you might want to write. There are other


  • situations that use this, but unless you're writing poetry or artistic, creative novels


  • - you don't need them and you don't really need to worry about them either. They're very

    - 你不需要,也不必擔心這樣的用法。它們很

  • rare. It's very rare you'll see them. It's very, very formal language style. And you'll


  • recognize them, hopefully, when you do see them.


  • So let's start here. When we have "not only". Generally speaking, when we have a sentence

    現在開始吧。當我們碰到 "not only"。一般來說,當遇到句子是

  • that begins with a negative, we're going to have inversion, but especially when you have


  • "not only", you're going to have inversion. Okay?

    "not only" 的時候,會進行倒裝,瞭解嗎?

  • "Not only did he", so there's your verb, there's your subject, there's your verb. Okay? We

    "Not only did he",動詞在這,主詞在這邊,動詞在這,看到嗎?我們

  • have the helping verb, the auxiliary verb to start. "Not only did he win", and then

    由助動詞開始. 在句子"Not only did he win"後面接著

  • we have the "but", "also" to go with "not only". This is like an expression that's fixed;

    "but"和"also" 搭配"not only"。這是一種固定的用法

  • you're always going to be looking at the same thing. "Not only did he win, but he also broke

    你總是會看到一樣的句型。"Not only did he win, but he also broke

  • the record." Whatever. "Not only", inversion, "but also".

    the record." 諸如此類。 "Not only",倒裝,再接"but also"

  • "Under no circumstances", this is another expression that you'll see regularly. And

    "Under no circumstances",這是另一個常見的用法。而

  • again, we're looking at the negative construction which is why we're looking at the inversion.


  • "Under no circumstances should you call her/call him."

    "Under no circumstances should you call her/call him."

  • Okay? Whatever you do, don't call. "Under no circumstances". "Circumstances", basically


  • situation. "In no situation should you call". "In no situation", same idea. Okay?

    就是情況的意思。"In no situation should you call" 的 "In no situation" 也是同樣的概念,瞭解嗎?

  • Another negative: "nor". What is "nor"? Is the negative of "or". Okay? "Or", "nor". Again,

    另一個否定用法:"nor"。什麼是"nor"? 就是"or"的否定用法。同樣的

  • many people don't use this word anymore; it's a little bit old-fashioned, a little bit high


  • formality level. But... "The mayor of Toronto refused to resign, nor

    正式。但... "The mayor of Toronto refused to resign, nor

  • do we expect him to." Okay? So after "nor", we still have the inversion.

    do we expect him to." 看到嗎?所以在"nor"的後面,我們仍會使用倒裝

  • Verb, subject, verb. Verb, subject. Okay? I'm not sure if you know the mayor of Toronto,


  • he's very famous now. We're not very proud, but that's a whole other story.


  • Next, so these are the three negatives. These two are also very similar. Again, very formal


  • style, but you might see it, you might want to use it in your essays or whatever.


  • "Should you need any help, don't hesitate to call."

    "Should you need any help, don't hesitate to call."

  • What does this mean? "Should you need", if you need. "Should" is just a more formal way

    這是什麼意思? "Should you need",如果你需要。"Should"是更加正式的表達方式

  • to say: "if". "If you need any help, don't hesitate to call.", "Should you need any help,

    來表示"if"。"If you need any help, don't hesitate to call.","Should you need any help,

  • don't hesitate to call." Now, this is a verb, subject, verb. If we use: "if", then there's

    don't hesitate to call."。動詞在這裡,主詞,動詞。如果我們使用"if",那便

  • no issue. Then you have "if" which is a conjunction, adverb, clause, conjunction, subject, verb.


  • "Should" makes it verb, subject, verb.


  • "Had" is the same thing with the "if", but a different structure of the conditional,


  • a different "if" structure. "Had I known you were coming, I would have

    和 "if" 的結構不同。"Had I known you were coming, I would have

  • changed." "If I had known", "If I had known you were

    changed." "If I had known","If I had known you were

  • coming", "Had I known", it's basically you're making the sentence a little bit shorter,

    coming","Had I known",基本上你把句子縮短

  • a little more formal. You're starting with a verb, a subject, and another verb. Okay?


  • Past perfect, of course. So these are the conditionals, these are the no's.


  • Now, we have the comparatives, when you're comparing something. When you're comparing


  • an action, so you're using the clause marker: "as", not the preposition: "like". So:


  • "John speaks Chinese, as does Lucy." Okay? "Lucy" is actually the subject, here's

    "John speaks Chinese, as does Lucy." "Lucy"是主詞,這裡是

  • the verb, here's a subject. Now, I could put a period and put a new sentence. "So does

    動詞,再來主詞。我可以在這邊加個句號,然後開始新句子。 "So does

  • Lucy." Same idea. "Lucy does as well." If I want the subject, verb order. But when you

    Lucy." 同樣的道理。 "Lucy does as well.",如果我想照著主詞接動詞的語序。但當你

  • start with "as", you're going to invert the order. This is a clause marker, adverb clause marker to compare.

    以"as" 開頭,順序就要倒過來。這是從句標記,副詞從記標句來作比較

  • "More important than love is money." Now, you're thinking: "Well, isn't love the

    "More important than love is money." 現在你可能這樣想:摁?love 應該是

  • subject?" No, "money" is the subject. "Money is more important than love." But again, style,

    主詞吧? 不對,"money"才是主詞。 "Money is more important than love." 同樣的,風格上

  • you want to have it a little bit different... Different structure to impress the reader,


  • to make it a little bit different - you start with the comparative, and then the verb, and

    去做些變化- 你由比較句型開始,接著是動詞,然後

  • then the subject. Okay. Because "than love", this is an object in this situation.


  • Then we have a few expressions. "Here comes Jane."

    接著還有些其他用法。"Here comes Jane."

  • Now, "here" is not a subject; "here" is here. Right? It's an... It's an adverb in this situation.

    "here" 不是主詞,指的是位置在這,對吧? 在這邊作為地方副詞

  • "Jane comes here." Sounds a little strange, doesn't it? That's why we invert everything

    "Jane comes here." 聽起來有點怪不是嗎? 這就是為什麼我們把它整個反過來

  • to make it a little bit more natural. "Here comes Jane." Here comes Jane.

    讓它變得更順更自然。"Here comes Jane.",Jane過來了

  • Then we have some expressions. Now, it looks like a question but we make it look like a


  • question to give it more emphasis, to give it more strength.


  • "Man, is it cold out!" I'm not asking you: "Is it cold out?" No,

    "Man, is it cold out!" 我並不是在問你:"Is it cold out?" 不是,

  • I know it's cold out. I'm telling you it's cold out and I'm telling you very strongly.


  • "Is it cold out.", "Man, am I hungry." It means: I am really hungry, but making it very

    "Is it cold out.","Man, am I hungry." 是指我非常餓,用非常

  • strong; we're making a point of emphasizing which is why we invert the subject and the verb. Okay?


  • And, of course, you have your question. "Are you sure?"

    同樣的,問句也是一樣的道理。 "Are you sure?"

  • "Are you happy?", "Did he come?", "Did you see that?" Whatever the situation is.

    "Are you happy?", "Did he come?", "Did you see that?" 不論在怎樣的情況下

  • So there you... You have it: inversion. It's not complicated. You have to just remember


  • the particular structures that use inversion. When you see it, you'll understand what's


  • going on; when you want to use it, here's your list. Pick one, write your sentence,


  • make it work.


  • Of course, go to We have a quiz there that you can practice these a little bit more.

    當然,可以去 engvid 網站。我們提供問題讓你練習更多。

  • And we'll see you again soon.


Hi. Welcome again to I'm Adam. Today's lesson is about inversion. Now, what

嗨。歡迎再次來到 engvid,我是 Adam。今天的課程是倒裝句。什麼

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 主詞 動詞 問句 句型 否定 句子

倒裝句文法大解析! (English Grammar - Inversion: 'Had I known...', 'Should you need...')

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