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  • If you are a fan of Ironman, you must be a fan of Elon Musk as well, since he is the

    如果你是鋼鐵俠的粉絲,你一定也是埃隆-馬斯克的粉絲,因為他是。

  • real-life Tony stark, he might not have an iron man costume but has rockets that he frequently

    現實生活中的託尼-斯塔克,他可能沒有鋼鐵俠的服裝,但他有火箭,他經常。

  • sends to space.

    發往太空的。

  • What we all can agree is that Elon Musk is one of the most productive people on the face

    我們都同意的是,埃隆-馬斯克是臉上最富有成效的人之一。

  • of the earth.

    的地球。

  • You might have a different opinion of him, and you might not agree with everything he

    你可能會對他有不同的看法,你可能不同意他的一切。

  • does or says, but running multiple multi-billion dollar companies requires an unbelievable

    但經營多家價值數十億美元的公司需要一個令人難以置信的。

  • amount of discipline and precise planning.

    量的紀律和精確的規劃。

  • To be honest, it's difficult to believe that one person can achieve so much in such a little

    說實話,很難相信一個人可以在這麼小的時間裡取得這麼大的成就。

  • time.

    時候。

  • We all have heard stories of great business leaders, but to be so effective that you are

    我們都聽過偉大的商業領袖的故事,但要做到如此高效,你是

  • revolutionizing multiple industries at the same time is insane.

    同時革新多個行業是瘋狂的。

  • Just so that you know, there hasn't been a new auto manufacturer in over a hundred years

    你要知道,已經有一百多年沒有新的汽車製造商了。

  • in America because the industry is so competitive.

    在美國,因為這個行業的競爭非常激烈。

  • And here comes a guy, not only enters into the industry but builds the most valuable

    而這裡來了一個人,不僅進入了這個行業,而且打造了最有價值的。

  • auto company in the entire nation.

    汽車公司在整個國家。

  • If we keep talking about his achievements, I am afraid this video won't end any time

    如果我們繼續談論他的成就,恐怕這段視頻隨時都不會結束。

  • soon so that we will leave that for another time, but what we are going to do is find

    很快,所以我們將把這個問題留到下一次,但我們要做的是找到。

  • out why Elon Musk is so productive, how exactly he gets so much done in such a little time.

    揭祕埃隆-馬斯克為何如此高效,他究竟是如何在這麼短的時間內完成這麼多工作的。

  • Musk has been in the spotlight for two decades already, and he has given quite a good number

    馬斯克已經在聚光燈下呆了20年,他給了不少的

  • of interviews; in fact, there is a great book written on his life by Ashlee Vance.

    的採訪;事實上,有一本偉大的書寫了他的生活,由Ashlee Vance。

  • He has explained multiple times on why exactly is he so productive. So,

    他已經多次解釋為什麼他的工作效率這麼高,所以,

  • we are going to take his five most important principles that he integrates into his life

    我們將採取他的五個最重要的原則,他融入了他的生活。

  • that keeps him insanely productive.

    這讓他瘋狂的生產。

  • Start with the most important work.

    從最重要的工作做起。

  • I think the number one productivity hack is to start with the most important task of the

    我認為頭號生產力黑客是從最重要的任務開始的。

  • day.

    一天。

  • I know that it sounds simple, and it doesn't sound like anything revolutionary, but most

    我知道這聽起來很簡單,而且聽起來也不像什麼革命性的東西,但大多數的

  • of us tend to start with something easy.

    我們的人往往從一些簡單的事情開始。

  • You just had enough sleep; your mind is still clear, fresh, and sharp; your ability to focus

    你剛剛睡夠了;你的頭腦還很清晰、清爽、敏銳;你的注意力能

  • is at your maximum level.

    是在你的最大水準。

  • This is when you have to do the hardest task on your to-do list because later on the day,

    這時你要做的是你的待辦事項清單上最難的任務,因為以後的日子裡。

  • your willpower, energy, and focus will drop, and you will procrastinate on difficult tasks.

    你的意志力、精力和注意力都會下降,你會在困難的任務上拖拖拉拉。

  • You can't accomplish everything in a single day.

    你不可能在一天之內完成所有的事情。

  • You just have 24 hours, out of 8 you sleep, 4 or 5 you spend on your necessities like

    你只有24小時,8個小時中你要睡覺,4、5個小時你要花在你的生活必需品上,比如...

  • eating, going to the bathroom, getting stuck in traffic dressing, and you are left with

    吃飯,上廁所,堵車穿衣,你就剩下了

  • around 11 hours.

    11小時左右。

  • If we are going, to be honest with each other, most people can't work for 11 straight hours,

    如果我們要去,說實話,大多數人都不能連續工作11個小時。

  • you still have to meet your friends and socialize, spend time with your family, watch the latest

    你仍然要會見你的朋友和社交,花時間與你的家人,看最新的。

  • episode of your favorite show on Netflix.

    你最喜歡的節目在Netflix上的情節。

  • So you are left with 6-7 hours that you can actually put into real work.

    所以你剩下的6-7個小時,你可以真正投入到實際工作中去。

  • Make sure you use them when you are at your highest level of willpower to get the best

    一定要在你意志力最高的時候使用它們,以獲得最佳的

  • out of them.

    出他們的。

  • 2.

    2.

  • Secondly, Constantly ask how you could be doing things better

    第二,不斷地問自己如何能把事情做得更好。

  • In one of his interviews, Musk said, "I think it's very important to have a feedback loop,

    在一次採訪中,馬斯克說:"我認為有一個反饋迴路非常重要。

  • where you're constantly thinking about what you've done and how you could be doing it

    在那裡,你不斷地思考你已經做了什麼,以及你可以如何做。

  • better.

    更好的。

  • I think that's the single best piece of advice: constantly think about how you could be doing

    我想這是最好的一條建議:不斷思考你可以如何做。

  • things better and questioning yourself."

    的事情更好,質疑自己。"

  • Musk always practices what he preaches.

    馬斯克總是言出必行。

  • Every business he launched was, as a result, him questioning if there is a better way to

    他推出的每一項業務,都是他質疑是否有更好的方式來。

  • do that.

    這樣做。

  • Cars were polluting the climate and causing climate change, which is an existential threat

    汽車在汙染氣候,造成氣候變化,這是一個生存的威脅。

  • to humanity, so he asked himself can we have cars without polluting the climate, boom you

    所以他問自己能不能在不汙染氣候的情況下擁有汽車,轟,你

  • have electric cars. And Tesla was born.

    有電動車。而特斯拉就這樣出現了。

  • On one beautiful evening, he was driving back home from one of his offices.

    在一個美麗的傍晚,他從一個辦公室開車回家。

  • As usual, he was stuck in the traffic.

    和往常一樣,他被堵在了路上。

  • It was boring and frustrating, so an idea popped into his mind; is there is a better

    這很無聊,也很令人沮喪,所以他腦海中突然冒出一個想法,有沒有更好的。

  • way I can get back home from the office without getting stuck in this traffic, that's how

    我可以從公司回家而不被堵在路上,這就是為什麼

  • the Boring Company was born, it just digs tunnels underground to reduce the traffic.

    鏜公司的誕生,只是在地下挖隧道,減少交通。

  • No matter what you are doing, if you approach your work with the perspective of always finding

    無論你在做什麼,如果你對待工作的角度是永遠找不到

  • a better way to do it, you will always be productive.

    更好的方法,你總會有收穫。

  • 3.

    3.

  • First Principle

    第一原則

  • But the problem is that, how do you always find a better way to improve.

    但問題是,你怎麼總能找到更好的方法來改進。

  • How do you constantly find innovative ways to move forward.

    如何不斷找到創新的方法來推進。

  • Well, Elon Musk uses an interesting method to do that.

    好吧,埃隆-馬斯克用了一個有趣的方法來做到這一點。

  • In one of his interviews, Musk said, "I tend to approach things from a physics framework.

    在一次採訪中,馬斯克說:"我傾向於從物理學框架來處理事情。

  • And Physics teaches you to reason from the first principle rather than by analogy.

    而物理學教你從第一原理出發進行推理,而不是類比。

  • Thinking by analogy is how we think most of the time.

    類比思維是我們大多數時候的思維方式。

  • It's like comparing two objects or trying to build something better out of what already

    這就像比較兩個對象或試圖建立更好的東西從已有的東西

  • exists, there is nothing wrong with that, and it's useful in a lot of cases, but sometimes

    的存在,這並沒有錯,而且在很多情況下都是有用的,但有時

  • things are wrong in their core and to solve them to have to get there, and that's what

    事情的核心是錯誤的,要解決這些問題必須要達到目的,這就是

  • the first principle is.

    第一個原則是:

  • The first principle is a strategy to break down complicated problems to generate original

    第一個原則是將複雜的問題進行分解,產生原創性的策略。

  • solutions.

    解決辦法。

  • Here is how thinking from the first principle led Musk to start SpaceX.

    以下是馬斯克如何從第一原則出發思考,創辦SpaceX。

  • After visiting several aerospace manufacturers around the world, Musk discovered the cost

    在參觀了全球多家航空航天製造商後,馬斯克發現,成本

  • of purchasing a rocket was astronomicalup to $65 million.

    購買火箭的費用是天文數字--高達6500萬美元。

  • So he wanted to find out if he could reduce that number.

    所以他想看看能不能減少這個數字。

  • Let's look at the first principles.

    讓我們看看第一個原則。

  • What is a rocket made of?

    火箭是用什麼做的?

  • Aerospace-grade aluminum alloys, plus some titanium, copper, and carbon fiber.

    航天級鋁合金,還有一些鈦、銅和碳纖維。

  • Then I asked, what is the value of those materials on the commodity market?

    然後我問,這些材料在商品市場上的價值是什麼?

  • It turned out that the materials cost of a rocket was around two percent of the typical

    結果發現,一枚火箭的材料成本約為一般的百分之二。

  • price."

    價格。"

  • Instead of buying a finished rocket for over 60 million dollars, Musk decided to purchase

    馬斯克沒有花6000多萬美元購買一枚成品火箭,而是決定購買

  • the raw materials for cheap and build the rockets himself, which is how SpaceX was born.

    廉價的原材料,自己製造火箭,這就是SpaceX的誕生。

  • 4.

    4.

  • Four!

    四!

  • Avoid pointless conversations!

    避免無意義的對話!

  • Nothing wastes more time than a useless conversation; You are busy working, focused on your most

    沒有什麼比無用的談話更浪費時間了;你忙於工作,專注於你的最

  • important task of the day.

    當天的重要任務。

  • But then suddenly your old friend or girlfriend or your relative whom you haven't met for

    但突然間,你的老朋友或女朋友或你的親戚,你已經很久沒有見過他了

  • years call you, and that's the end of your productive day because these conversations

    年給你打電話,你一天的生產活動就這樣結束了,因為這些談話。

  • last ages.

    上世。

  • Or sometimes, you call your colleague for one thing but then end up discussing how you

    或者有時候,你為了一件事給同事打電話,但最後卻在討論你是如何的

  • had a horrible argument with your spouse last night.

    昨晚和你的配偶發生了可怕的爭執。

  • That's why Musk's favorite method of communicating is email.

    所以馬斯克最喜歡的交流方式是電子郵件。

  • He even once said: "I do love email.

    他甚至曾經說過,"我確實喜歡電子郵件。

  • Wherever possible I try to communicate asynchronously.

    只要有可能,我都會嘗試異步溝通。

  • I'm really good at email."

    我真的很擅長發郵件。"

  • In fact, he even avoids meetings at all costs because usually, they are a waste of time.

    事實上,他甚至不惜一切代價避免開會,因為通常情況下,開會是浪費時間。

  • He even considers it disrespectful to stay in a meeting if you aren't adding any value.

    他甚至認為,如果你沒有增加任何價值,留在會議中是不尊重人的。

  • Meeting and conversations should be short, straight, and to the point.

    開會和談話要簡短、直接、有針對性。

  • 5.

    5.

  • And finally, Musk precisely schedules his time.

    最後,馬斯克精確地安排了自己的時間。

  • You cant come up with a different a better plan every morning.

    你不能每天早上想出一個不同的更好的計劃。

  • Every now and then, you have to think about how you spend your days.

    每時每刻,你都要想想自己的日子是怎麼過的。

  • But, most importantly, stick to a schedule that works for you.

    但是,最重要的是,要堅持一個適合自己的時間表。

  • And Musk is a perfect example of that.

    而馬斯克就是一個完美的例子。

  • He strictly sticks to his weekly schedule.

    他嚴格遵守每週的日程安排。

  • Wakes up precisely at 7 am. after getting almost 6 hours of sleep.

    早上7點準時醒來,睡了近6個小時。

  • And showers first thing in the morning.

    而且早上第一件事就是洗澡。

  • He once wrote on Reddit that it had a greater positive impact on him than any of his other

    他曾在Reddit上寫道,它對他的正面影響比他的任何其他

  • daily habits.

    日常習慣。

  • He breaks his time into a series of five-minute slots to be as effective as possible.

    他把時間抽成一系列5分鐘的時段,以儘可能地提高工作效率。

  • He spends Mondays and Fridays at SpaceX in Los Angeles.

    他週一和週五在洛杉磯的SpaceX公司度過。

  • On Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays, he heads to the Bay Area to work at Tesla.

    每週二、三、四,他都會去灣區的特斯拉工作。

  • He usually spends about half a day working at the artificial intelligence nonprofit OpenAI.

    他通常會花半天時間在人工智能非營利組織OpenAI工作。

  • On Saturday, he either works at SpaceX or spends his time with his children but still

    週六,他要麼在SpaceX工作,要麼陪著孩子,但仍舊是

  • multi tasks, and he once said: What I find is I'm able to be with them and still be on

    多任務,他曾經說過。我發現,我能夠和他們在一起,並仍然是在。

  • email.

    電子郵件:

  • I can be with them and still be working at the same time ... If I didn't, I wouldn't

    我可以和他們在一起,同時還能工作... ...如果我不這樣做,我就不會... ...

  • be able to get my job done."

    能夠完成我的工作。"

  • Life might get boring by sticking to a schedule, but it makes you way more productive.

    堅持按計劃行事,生活可能會變得枯燥無味,但它會讓你的工作效率大大提高。

  • As I was researching how Elon musk manages to be so productive, I came across multiple

    當我在研究埃隆-馬斯克是如何做到如此高效的時候,我看到了多個

  • things.

    的事情。

  • I even read his autobiography again by Ashlee Dence.

    我甚至又讀了他的自傳,由Ashlee Dence撰寫。

  • These principles might not perfectly work for you because you are in a different line

    這些原則可能並不完全適用於你,因為你所處的行當不同

  • of work, but if you continuously look for better ways to get more done, you will eventually

    的工作,但如果你不斷地尋找更好的方法來完成更多的工作,你最終將

  • achieve that.

    實現這一點。

  • Remember, life is a journey where we continually keep growing.

    請記住,人生就是一場旅行,我們不斷地在旅行中不斷成長。

  • Thanks for watching and until next time.

    謝謝你的觀看,直到下一次。

  • So hit that subscribe button give this video thumbs, and let me know in the comments on

    所以,點擊訂閱按鈕,給這個視頻大拇指,並讓我知道在評論中的

  • how you stay productive.

    如何保持高效。

If you are a fan of Ironman, you must be a fan of Elon Musk as well, since he is the

如果你是鋼鐵俠的粉絲,你一定也是埃隆-馬斯克的粉絲,因為他是。

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