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  • On Nov 4th 2019, former boy band member and current fashion icon, Harry Styles, posted

    2019年11月4日,前男孩樂隊成員、現任時尚偶像哈里-斯泰爾斯(Harry Styles)發文稱

  • an image to twitter.

    一張圖片到微博。

  • Within 24 hours it racked up over half a million likes.

    在24小時內,它積累了超過50萬個贊。

  • It was the cover to his long awaited sophomore album, and fans dissected every last detail.

    這是他期待已久的第二張專輯的封面,粉絲們剖析了每一個細節。

  • From the pink and blue color palette, which was used for the studio backdrop, his

    從工作室背景的粉色和藍色調,到他的 "小白兔"。

  • custom Gucci outfit, and was even painted on his fingernails.

    定製的Gucci服裝,甚至被畫在指甲上。

  • To this disembodied hand in the corner, which belongs to Tim Walker, the photographer.

    對角落裡這隻無形的手,它屬於攝影師蒂姆-沃克。

  • And finally, the scandalous release date - Friday December 13th.

    最後,醜聞的發佈日期--12月13日星期五。

  • His ex-girlfriend, Taylor Swift's, birthday.

    他的前女友泰勒-斯威夫特的生日。

  • But zoom out to the whole image, and you'll see something that extends far beyond the

    但放大到整個影像,你會看到一些遠遠超出了的東西。

  • world of Harry Styles fandom.

    哈里-斯泰爾斯影迷的世界。

  • This circular photograph is the latest in a long line of album covers that have that

    這張圓形照片是眾多相冊封面中最新的一張。

  • same warped composition.

    同樣的變形構圖。

  • This is the story of music's obsession with the fisheye lens.

    這就是音樂與魚眼鏡頭的故事。

  • In 1906 renowned physicist Robert W. Wood was in his lab at Johns Hopkins University

    1906年,著名物理學家羅伯特-W-伍德在約翰-霍普金斯大學的實驗室裡。

  • with a bucket full of water, a pinhole camera, mirrored glass, and a lot of light.

    帶著滿滿一桶水,一臺針孔相機,鏡面玻璃,還有很多光線。

  • He wanted to see if he could create an image of the world from the perspective of a fish.

    他想看看能不能從魚的角度創造一個世界的形象。

  • Whose view from underwater compresses the entire horizon.

    從水下看去,整個地平線都被壓縮了。

  • This experiment might seem unusual, but Woods was a professor of optical physics and he

    這個實驗看似不尋常,但伍茲是光學物理學教授,而且他

  • dedicated his career to inventing unconventional tools to study light.

    他的職業生涯致力於發明研究光的非常規工具。

  • From developing this disk whose microscopic components helped determine the age of stars,

    從開發這個圓盤,其微觀成分有助於確定恆星的年齡。

  • to inventing this toy which, according to the patent, “created grotesque images of

    發明這種玩具,根據專利,它 "創造了怪異的影像,並將其作為一種新的玩具。

  • people's facesthrough a series of perfectly placed mirrors.

    人們的臉 "通過一系列完美放置的鏡子。

  • I first heard of him as being sort of an offbeat kind of guy.

    我第一次聽說他是那種離經叛道的人。

  • He often had a deep insight into things and kind of a quirky way.

    他經常對事物有很深的見解,也有種奇特的方式。

  • That's John Beaver, a photographer who is also a Professor of Physics and Astronomy.

    這就是約翰-比弗,一位同時也是物理學和天文學教授的攝影師。

  • That basic diagram of the rays coming at different angles, I teach that all the time, it's

    那張從不同角度射來的射線的基本圖,我一直都在教,它是:

  • in every beginning physics book.

    在每一本初學物理的書中。

  • But the idea of making a camera out of that, I had never heard that Robert Wood had done

    但是用這個做相機的想法,我從來沒有聽說過羅伯特-伍德做了什麼

  • that.

    那。

  • In this paper, Wood detailed what he wanted to see:

    在這份文件中,伍德詳細介紹了他想看到的東西。

  • the circular picture would contain everything embraced within an angle of 180 degress in

    "圓形的畫面將包含180度角內的所有東西

  • every direction, i.e. a complete hemisphere.”

    每個方向,即一個完整的半球"。

  • And luckily, he left us with a set of instructions.

    而幸運的是,他給我們留下了一套說明。

  • Diameter of the paper, what's that?

    紙的直徑,那是什麼?

  • Open only in photography darkroom.

    只在攝影暗室開放。

  • I feel like I'm about to murder somebody.

    我覺得我快要殺人了。

  • Let's go get some water.

    我們去拿點水吧

  • Anchors away.

    錨離開。

  • Let's get another one of those clamps.

    我們再來一個這樣的夾子。

  • In case of contact flash skin or eyes with water for at least 15 minutes.

    如果接觸到皮膚或眼睛,用清水沖洗至少15分鐘。

  • That's fine.

    那就好

  • Oh no it's not because it has to be under the pinhole.

    哦,不,不是的,因為它必須在針孔下。

  • I honestly have no idea how the hell he did this.

    我真的不知道他是怎麼做到的。

  • I think there's an easy way for you to do it now that he couldn't have done.

    我想你現在有一個簡單的方法,他不可能做到。

  • You can just put a waterproof GoPro in the bottom of the bucket.

    你可以在桶底放一個防水的GoPro就可以了。

  • God dammit.

    該死的

  • Can we just cut to the pictures?

    我們能不能直接切入圖片?

  • This is a picture he took from under a bridge.

    這是他在橋下拍的照片。

  • This is a line up of men.

    這是個男人的陣容。

  • And this is what a fish might see if all those men were looking down at it from above the

    這是一條魚可能看到的,如果所有這些人都從上面往下看的話。

  • surface of a pond.

    池塘的表面。

  • Soon, researchers and scientists built on Wood's idea.

    很快,研究人員和科學家們在伍德的想法基礎上進行了研究。

  • From 1915 through the 1930s, it was the fields of meteorology and astronomy that drove the

    從1915年到20世紀30年代,正是氣象學和天文學領域推動了。

  • development of a camera lens that could capture that coveted fisheye perspective.

    開發出一種可以捕捉到令人垂涎的魚眼視角的相機鏡頭。

  • And on the eve of World War II, German inventors filed a patent for a lens which they then

    而在二戰前夕,德國發明家為一種鏡頭申請了專利,然後他們就

  • shared with the Japanese company Nikon.

    與日本尼康公司共享。

  • The lens used the same principles as Woods' water experiment.

    鏡頭使用的原理與伍茲的水實驗相同。

  • You can see it right in his diagram with the bucket.

    在他的圖中,你可以看到它與水桶的權利。

  • As the light rays come in at a steep angle, they come out at a less steep angle.

    由於光線以陡峭的角度進入,它們以不太陡峭的角度出來。

  • And so those light rays that are coming from huge angles are compressed onto the picture.

    於是那些從巨大角度射來的光線就被壓縮到畫面上。

  • In 1957 Nikon produced their first special order fish-eye camera, factoring in inflation,

    1957年,尼康生產了他們的第一臺特殊訂單魚眼相機,考慮到通貨膨脹的因素。

  • it was a $27,000 piece of gear.

    這是一個27000美元的裝備。

  • Though they were still primarily used for scientific research, a few caught the attention

    雖然它們主要還是用於科學研究,但有一些引起了人們的注意。

  • of magazine and newspaper photographers.

    雜誌和報紙攝影師的。

  • This 1957 issue of Life Magazine, shows a fisheye view of a senate hearing.

    這本1957年的《生活》雜誌,展示了參議院聽證會的魚眼圖。

  • A few months later that same camera photographed a pole vaulter mid jump.

    幾個月後,同樣的相機拍到了一個撐杆跳運動員的中跳。

  • And in 1962, Sixty years after Robert Woods' original experiments, Nikon's first

    而在1962年,在羅伯特-伍茲最初實驗的60年後,尼康的第一個

  • consumer grade fish-eye lens hit the market.

    消費級魚眼鏡頭投放市場。

  • And it became a pop culture phenomenon.

    並且成為一種流行文化現象。

  • It captured baseball stadiums Shark cages

    它捕捉到了棒球場館 鯊魚籠子

  • Political conventions The Apollo trainings

    政治公約 阿波羅培訓

  • And protests.

    和抗議。

  • It was and always has been a handy tool to capture tight quarters.

    它過去和現在都是捕捉狹小空間的方便工具。

  • as well as huge spaces.

    以及巨大的空間。

  • But perhaps its greatest strength was making rock stars appear larger than life.

    但也許它最大的優勢是讓搖滾明星顯得比生命更偉大。

  • When the Beatles kicked off the British Invasion in the mid 60s.

    當披頭士樂隊在60年代中期拉開了英國入侵的序幕。

  • The fish eye lens was uniquely suited to document the insanity.

    魚眼鏡頭是獨一無二的記錄精神錯亂的。

  • Here they are at a Miami press conference.

    他們在邁阿密的新聞發佈會上。

  • And during a TV performance.

    而在電視演出期間。

  • The len's warped perspective reflected the trippiness of the psychedelic era.

    倫的扭曲視角反映了迷幻時代的三觀。

  • Including the Woodstock music festival.

    包括伍德斯托克音樂節。

  • This is jazz musician, Sam Rivers', 1965 album Fuchsia Swing Song and it's one of

    這是爵士音樂家山姆-裡弗斯1965年發行的專輯《紫紅色搖擺曲》,這是其中的一首。

  • the earliest fisheye album covers.

    最早的魚眼專輯封面。

  • A few months later The Byrds Released Mr Tambourine Man.

    幾個月後,拜爾茲樂隊發佈了《手鼓先生》。

  • Over the next few years the fisheye album art format cemented itself in music.

    在接下來的幾年裡,魚眼專輯藝術形式在音樂中得到了鞏固。

  • The most common format was this: A giant circular fisheye lens portrait of

    最常見的形式是這樣的。一個巨大的圓形魚眼鏡頭的人像

  • the artist or band. with typography above and below it.

    藝術家或樂隊的名字,上面和下面都有排版。

  • In more illustrated approaches, the font wraps fully around the image

    在更多的圖示方法中,字體完全圍繞著影像展開

  • And some exclude the artist altogether, opting to show an interesting scene or landscape.

    而有的則完全排除了藝術家,選擇展示一個有趣的場景或景觀。

  • Oh, I just thought of a fish eye album cover.

    哦,我只是想到了一個魚眼的專輯封面。

  • Do you know Hergest Ridge by Mike Oldfield?

    你知道Mike Oldfield的Hergest Ridge嗎?

  • No, but I'm going to look it up.

    沒有,但我要去查一下。

  • Wow that's cool.

    哇,這很酷。

  • The fisheye lens was a go-to piece of gear for music photographers and filmmakers by

    魚眼鏡頭是音樂攝影師和電影製作人的首選裝備,由以下幾個方面組成。

  • the end of the 1970s.

    70年代末。

  • It was there for concerts, television performances, and photoshoots.

    它在那裡舉行音樂會、電視演出和拍照。

  • So by the time MTV launched in 1981, it was inevitable that the super wide angle lens

    所以到了1981年MTV開播的時候,超廣角鏡頭是不可避免的。

  • would play a huge role in music videos.

    會在音樂視頻中發揮巨大作用。

  • It could get super close to a performer while still capturing the space around them.

    它可以超近距離接觸表演者,同時還能捕捉到他們周圍的空間。

  • This is the music video for the Beastie Boys trackShake your Rump

    這是Beastie Boys歌曲 "Shake your Rump "的MV

  • It was shot with at least three cameras equipped with a fisheye lens.

    它至少是用三臺裝有魚眼鏡頭的攝影機拍攝的。

  • Fisheye worked for every genre, from 60s hippies to alt rock to hip hop.

    Fisheye為每一個流派工作,從60年代的嬉皮士到alt rock再到hip hop。

  • But hip-hop had a sense of humor, and it was in your face.

    但嘻哈有一種幽默感,而且是在你的臉上。

  • Which helped turn it into one of the genre's signature looks.

    這有助於將其變成該流派的標誌性造型之一。

  • And in the 90s that's thanks to director Hype Williams. —

    而在90年代,這要感謝導演海普-威廉姆斯。—

  • From 1991 to 1999 he directed dozens of music video for top artists.

    從1991年到1999年,他為頂級藝人執導了幾十部音樂錄像。

  • And many of those prominently featured a fisheye perspective.

    而其中很多突出的是魚眼視角。

  • Busta Rhymes,

    布斯塔韻律。

  • TLC,

    TLC。

  • and of course, Missy Elliot.

    當然,大小姐艾略特。

  • The list goes on and on.

    諸如此類,不勝枚舉。

  • And let's not forget those album covers.

    別忘了那些專輯封面。

  • The Fisheye lens is, no doubt, a novelty.

    魚眼鏡頭,無疑是個新奇的東西。

  • When you see a photo taken with it, your eye will likely first focus on the highly distorted

    當你看到用它拍攝的照片時,你的眼睛很可能首先聚焦在高度扭曲的

  • style of the image, and then register what's in it.

    的風格,然後註冊其中的內容。

  • But that undersells how timeless and useful of a tool it actually is.

    但這低估了它實際上是一個多麼永恆和有用的工具。

  • One generation sees it as a psychedelic photography trope.

    一代人認為這是一種迷幻攝影的套路。

  • Another a 1990s hip-hop throwback.

    又是一個20世紀90年代的嘻哈回潮。

  • If you're an astronomer, it helps you track clouds moving across the atmosphere

    如果你是天文學家,它可以幫助你跟蹤雲層在大氣層中的移動。

  • and the terrain on the surface of Mars.

    和火星表面的地形。

  • And if you're as curious as Robert Woods, it'll let you see the world from the point

    如果你像羅伯特-伍茲一樣好奇,它會讓你從點上看世界。

  • of view of a fish.

    魚的觀點。

On Nov 4th 2019, former boy band member and current fashion icon, Harry Styles, posted

2019年11月4日,前男孩樂隊成員、現任時尚偶像哈里-斯泰爾斯(Harry Styles)發文稱

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 08 月 07 日
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