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  • One thing I can say about you right now, is that you are going to die, and yes this is scary,

    我目前只能正確預測你一件事:

  • that is why today i am going to use scientific principles to help you understand and cope with the inevitable

    「你一定會死」 聽起來很可怕,對吧

  • ending of your life.

    所以今天這個主題,就是要教你用科學原理

  • Grade 7 was the first i ever processed the concept of dying. I remember freezing in my tracks and thinking,

    理解並消化「生命無常」

  • wait so, this is all just going to end? Mommy!

    我在國一那年,第一次認真想過「死亡」

  • I eventually agreed with my own brain to suppres this fear and just go through the motions of life.

    當時我腦筋一片空白

  • I put excessive energy into schoolwork, got pimples, started date girls, realizing I only wanted to to them

    心想:不會吧…我會就這麼死掉!?媽呀!

  • about the Lizzie McGuire movie, so I started dating guys, but it wasn't until my brilliant high school teachers

    最後我和自己的大腦打勾勾,壓下恐懼成功挺過來

  • made me fall head over heals in love with science, that a healthy perspective on death began to emerge.

    我開始超認真念書、長青春痘、把妹

  • Your body is controlled by genes that code for proteins that lead to the formation of

    突然發現我只想跟她們聊偶像劇

  • neural impulses that make constantly search out for meaning in life.

    所以我開始交男朋友

  • This was first shown in a slightly violent study in the 1960. Participants visualized videos of victims

    直到遇到一個超棒的高中老師 讓我一頭栽進科學的領域

  • suffering electrical shocks. the participants watching the

    我才開始用健康的心態看死亡

  • videos would harshly judge the victims of the shocks as bad people.

    基因組成蛋白質、蛋白質觸發神經衝動 這一連串反應造就生命的起源

  • Psychologists and bioligists began to posit that humans feel an inate impulse to create meaning.

    這件事是在1960年有點不人道的實驗中發現的

  • In this case if you had to watch someone get electrically shocked, then they must have deserved it.

    受試者要眼睜睜的看影片中的人被電擊

  • It is now understood that according to your biology, you and everyone else on the planet will constantly

    他們會毫不留情地說受害者是壞人

  • be looking for meaning to life, and to death. So according to science at least you know you're not alone

    所以心理學家和生物學家假設 人與生俱來會賦予事物意義

  • in any attempt to explain your own death.

    要是你被迫要看某人被電擊,你只能理解為他活該

  • Now lets zoom out . Look at the night sky and you see the milky way galaxy full of an estimated

    結論是,所有的人都在探討生命和死亡的意義

  • 100 billion stars. That is is just one galaxy, there this a billion other galaxies in our observable universe,

    不過至少就科學上來說 你知道不是只有你會想要理解死亡

  • which is only expanded and getting bigger. How can we matter in such an expansive universe?

    鏡頭拉遠,來看夜空中由千億星星組成的銀河系

  • Well, put both of your firsts together like this. That is roughly the size of your brain.

    這只是1個星系,你至少還可以觀測到10億個 而且宇宙還在不斷膨脹擴張中

  • An organ that has evolved over millions of years to have 86 billion neurons and even Glial cells to support it.

    那我們在浩瀚無垠的宇宙中又算哪根蔥?

  • There are more cells in your brain than stars in the milky way galaxy.

    來,像我一樣握緊拳頭

  • You have an incredibly biological machine tucked wonderfully into your skull right now,

    恩,你大腦大概只有這麼大

  • that is astonishingly capable of conceptualizing the very idea that our universe is huge, expanding and vast.

    但經過幾百萬年的演化,你的腦袋有860億個神經元

  • Science essential proves you are exceptionally smart. Before you die,

    以及多更多的膠質細胞在支撐

  • you have unique opportunity to live a complex and wonderful life. Like all other forms of life on earth,

    你大腦中的細胞比銀河系中的星星還要多

  • you are made of atoms and atoms and molecules smashing into one another,

    你腦中有個超厲害的神經網路

  • absorbing energy from your environment, but unique to you, in your amazing brain,

    足以讓你了解宇宙這種無邊無際的概念

  • is the ability to contemplate your actions, make decisions, and care.

    科學證明:你超級無敵聰明!

  • Now let's zoom in. As a science teacher I know you should all remember drawing

    在死前,身為人類的你可以活得非常精彩

  • the electron diagrams of the first 20 elements of the periodic table.

    跟地球上所有的生命一樣,你是由原子組成

  • This is part of most, worldwide, high school science curriculum's. If you don't remember doing that,

    原子又組成分子,分子碰在一起 吸取環境中的養分

  • then on behalf of all science teachers everywhere... clap clap

    但人類特別的地方,在於有神奇的大腦

  • Eyes on the board please? Thank you. Can we all pay more attention in class?

    讓我們能考慮、做複雜的決定和有感情

  • These diagrams were meant to show you that everything in our known universe is made up of

    鏡頭拉近,身為自然老師的我知道

  • protons, electrons, and neutrons.

    你應該記得元素週期表前20個元素吧

  • Yes we can get even smaller into the realm of quarks, Bosons or neutrinos,

    大概全世界的高中都有教這個吧

  • in fact, the sun is constantly emitting neutrinos with 100 trillion of them passing through your body every second.

    要是你不記得,我代表全體自然科老師…噹爆你

  • But let's stay on topic, we're talking today about death. We'll save neutrinos for another day.

    看黑板好嗎?謝謝。大家給我上課認真點啊

  • These protons, neutrons and electrons are all governed by forces that help explain, well, everything.

    這張圖告訴我們,世上所有東西都是由 質子、電子和中子組成

  • How you evolved how you move, and yes, most importantly, how your phone works (hello?)

    當然也可以再細分成夸克、玻色子和微中子等

  • You can describe your whole life based on the positions , velocities, and orientations of all of these atoms in your body,

    小知識,太陽每秒都會向你的身體發射100兆個微中子

  • and this is called kinetic theory.

    咳咳…言歸正傳,我們今天要探討死亡 改天再來談微中子

  • You can use the kinetic theory to explain how plants absorb energy from the sun through photosynthesis.

    將這些質子、中子和電子緊密結合的力量 可以用來解釋所有事情

  • We eats plants or animals that have eaten plants, in order to gain that energy.

    像是人類是怎麼演化、移動

  • Our bodies use that energy to power the process of the special molecule a called ATP,

    以及最重要的,你電話怎麼運作(嗨?)

  • which powers every part of your life.

    你可以用體內原子的位置、速度和方向解釋生命

  • Muscle contraction, transporting molecules throughout the body, synthesizing DNA etc.

    也就是所謂的運動學(Kinetic Theory)

  • And yes, ATP is synthesized in the mitochondria, making the mitochondria the powerhouse of the cell.

    你可以用運動學解釋植物如何透過光合作用吸收太陽能

  • Infact, to stay alive, you'll typically create and use your whole bodyweight inATP molecules in one day.

    人類吃植物或動物來吸收那些能量

  • But, this also means that according to the kinetic, theory, regardless of your religion or spirituality,

    而身體會利用能量,啟動ATP分子 進而提供身體各部能量所需

  • dying means that life as we know it ends.

    像是肌肉收縮、分子運輸及DNA合成等等

  • As your body loses the capability of creating ATP, and you start to physically fall apart.

    而ATP是在粒線體中合成的 所以粒線體又可稱為細胞發電機

  • And one study found that when given the option to essentially produce ATP forever and live for eternity,

    事實上,你每天得製造跟體重一樣重的ATP維生

  • overwhelming people said no, they want to eventually die. The fact that death is looming is what makes life so special.

    因此根據運動學,無論你信什麼教

  • And in a wonderful way, death is really the only thing that we all have in common.

    死亡意味著身體停止運作

  • In many ways, death is the meaning of life.

    一旦身體逐漸喪失製造ATP的能力,你就會開始退化

  • Also passionately learning about science offers the unique opportunity to grasp what science can't explain.

    根據一項研究發現 如果有機會能一直製造ATP和獲得永生

  • And knowing what science doesn't know can bring clarity. Takes these 3 examples of Shawn Caroll's

    大部分人還是會說,不了,我還是想死

  • epic book, the big picture. 1 the universe is expanding, 2 humans and chimpanzees share a common anscestor,

    死亡的逼近造就生命的獨特性

  • 3 we should live happier and longer lives.

    好消息是,每個人都會死

  • The first 2 statements are rooted in science. We use impericism, resoning and observation to explain them.

    而死亡在許多方面代表了生命的意義

  • The last statement is not rooted in science. Science doesn't involve doing experiments

    對於科學的熱忱,也讓我得以了解到科學無法解釋的事

  • to decide if people should lead happier, longer lives. Science just observes the world and it doesn't

    而了解科學無法解釋之事讓我思路更加清晰

  • say whether something is right or wrong.

    而我想要引用Shawn Carroll寫的 The Big Picture中的3個例子

  • Another way of looking at this is through evolution. Evolution is an incredible process based on

    一、宇宙正在擴張中

  • millions of years of change, adaptation, and impulses. It just follows the laws of nature,

    二、人類和黑猩猩有共同祖先

  • but can't explain how to live your life.

    三、我們應該致力於讓人類活得更開心更長壽

  • You have the power to change your life. You have the power to care about others,

    前兩個論點源於科學

  • and you have the power life love laugh, babe, and that is incredible.

    我們用經驗主義、邏輯推理及實際觀察來證明

  • After you do inevitably die, you live on in the memories of others for the time being.

    最後一個論點不是從科學出發

  • And then, you'll be forgotten in the change and passing of life.

    科學家從不是為了讓人們活得開心長壽而做實驗

  • There are this any atoms in your body which insanely amazing but, these little guys will eventually stop being you.

    他們純粹只是觀察世界,而非判斷是非真假

  • And even though collectively they will no longer be you, it is comforting to know

    我們也可以從演化的角度來看

  • that they will remain on earth after you have left.

    演化指的是數百萬年的改變、適應和衝動

  • Once gone, even if the whole human race vanishes, the universe will still be here doing its thing,

    它只遵循自然法則,無法解釋如何生活

  • moving along according to the laws of nature. But sticking to right now,

    你才是人生的主人、你才是有能力照顧別人的人

  • according to science, we are all sharing this universe,

    你才是能活著、愛著、笑著的人,非常了不起吧!

  • sharing the same laws of nature and sharing the same task of creating meaning to what is happening around us.

    你去世後,會換個形式活在大家的記憶裡

  • It is estimated that you have around 3 billion heat beats in a life time, so it is up to you to make them count.

    然後隨著時光流逝逐漸被淡忘

  • So, some scientific reasons to not fear death is 1, we humans are meaning making machines,

    你體內有這—麼—多的原子

  • we can choose to not make death a dreadful thing, and choose to live a meaningful life.

    但這些小傢伙總有一天也會不屬於你

  • 2, you might feel insignificant, but there lies within you more neural cells than stars in our universe.

    即使它們不再是你,值得欣慰的是

  • 3, eventually you will stop making ATP, but the fact that it ends, is what makes life so great.

    它們還是會在你死後繼續留在地球上

  • 4, science can't explain everything, so it us to you to choose to live your life to your fullest.

    你死後、甚至是人類滅亡後 宇宙會一直存在

  • And 5, eventually your atoms will atoms will stop being you, but you were made of will likely carry on for eternity.

    根據自然法則繼續運作

  • Science is a brilliant way to view the complexity of your life and help inform how you live it, while here,

    根據自然,人類依舊共享宇宙

  • and thankfully, if you are still watching this, congratulations, you are alive,

    共同遵循所有自然法則、以及賦予生活周遭意義

  • but again if there's one thing I can say about you right now, it is that you, yes you are going to die.

    據估計,心臟在一生中會跳動3兆次

  • I'm constantly on a quest to deal with my own fear of death and this book helped me with this video a lot,

    端看你要如何「跳」得精彩

  • its called the picture by Shawn Carroll it is amazing, check it out.

    總結幾個科學原因讓你不再害怕死亡:

  • It talks about morality, consciousness, life, death, and all through the realm of science.

    一、人類賦予生活意義

  • We'll leave the link to get the book below and make sure you subscribe for more science videos, peace.

    死亡可以不可怕,我們也可以選擇過有意義的人生

One thing I can say about you right now, is that you are going to die, and yes this is scary,

我目前只能正確預測你一件事:

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B1 中級 中文 科學 死亡 生命 人類 原子 解釋

為什麼你不應該害怕死亡 (Why You Shouldn’t Fear Death)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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