Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

已審核 字幕已審核
  • The A-Z of isms... vampirism.

    A 到 Z 開頭的「主義單元」… 吸血鬼迷信。

  • What is vampirism?


  • The dictionary definition is that it refers to the habits and characteristics of vampires.


  • We might think that that means rising from the dead to prowl through the night while wrapped in a voluminous black cloak, and possessing long, sharp canine teeth with which to bite the necks of victims and suck their blood.


  • But modern vampires are less likely to be found in graveyards than in books and films such as the Twilight series, or in Buffy the Vampire Slayer.


  • When the term first emerged, though, things were rather different.


  • Vampires were first discovered in the early 18th Century at the borders of Austria-Hungary.

    吸血鬼初次被發現時是在 18 世紀的奧地利和匈牙利邊界。

  • Reports of witches, ghosts, and various demons sucking human blood go back to earliest times, but it was not until 1725 that vampires first appeared, in a report written by an army medical officer on the activities of Serbian soldiers.

    關於女巫、鬼魂和各種嗜血惡魔的報導可以追溯回很早以前,但是直到 1725 年,在由陸軍軍醫撰寫的關於塞爾維亞士兵活動的報告中,吸血鬼才首次出現。

  • Over the course of eight days in that year in the village of Kisilova, nine people had been strangled and then had their blood sucked.

    那年在 Kisilova 村八天的時間裡,有九個人被勒死且被吸血。

  • The man believed responsible had been dead and buried for ten weeks, but he had apparently risen from the grave to do so.


  • The soldiers dug up his corpse and found it to be quite fresh with blood in its mouth.


  • They drove a stake through his heart, and cremated the body.


  • It was the first reported case of vampirism.


  • A newspaper in Vienna carried the report, and the phenomenon spread.


  • Within a few years, vampirism seemed to be rife in Eastern Europe.


  • The Emperor sent teams of military surgeons to investigate and perform autopsies, and they found that the cases were remarkably consistent.


  • Dozens of articles and books were published on the subject by medical researchers, and vampires became a hot topic of debate in the Enlightenment.


  • Vampirism was a recognised condition attested by large numbers of witnesses and had characteristic signs and symptoms, such as corpses having fresh blood running through their veins.


  • Some researchers put the appearances down to mass trauma and delusion.


  • Some to diet or accidental drug use causing hallucinations.


  • Some to unusual chemicals in the earth affecting decomposition.


  • Some to highly contagious diseases.


  • Others, however, argued that the phenomenon really was rampant and needed to be dealt with by the authorities.


  • Theologians joined the fray, arguing that vampires were physical beings that proved the existence of an afterlife.


  • Philosophers meanwhile were concerned as the widespread evidence supporting the existence of vampires cast the whole value of testimony and eyewitness verification into doubt.


  • Having begun among Serbian villagers, vampirism now spread through European society as a way to describe politicians, landlords, businessman, and even theatre critics--it was as if vampires were moving up the social scale.


  • It was not until a century had passed that the aspiring writer Dr. John Polidori wrote the first vampire tale in English.

    直到一個世紀之後,一位心懷抱負的作家 John Polidori 博士才寫下第一個英文吸血鬼故事。

  • He made the vampire an aristocrat, and paved the way for Bram Stoker's classic novel Dracula, published 78 years later.

    他將吸血鬼設定成一位貴族,並為 78 年之後 Bram Stoker 所發表的經典小說《德古拉》鋪路。

  • It is to Polidori and Stoker, and dozens of Victorian vampire tales, that we owe the fanged and stylish creature familiar to us today.

    我們要歸功於 Polidori 和 Stoker 以及數十個在維多利雅時期發表的吸血鬼故事,我們才得以熟悉這種長著獠牙又優雅的生物。

  • But remember that vampirism was first investigated by doctors, government officials, and philosophers.


  • It therefore has much to teach us about what it is--and is not--to be human.


  • About how far we are simply flesh and bone and blood.


  • About exploitation and bleeding others dry.


  • And how we should treat those who, despite appearances, may be not like us at all


The A-Z of isms... vampirism.

A 到 Z 開頭的「主義單元」… 吸血鬼迷信。

已審核 字幕已審核

單字即點即查 點擊單字可以查詢單字解釋

B2 中高級 中文 英國腔

吸血鬼真的存在嗎?揭曉人類與吸血鬼的歷史淵源! (Why do we have vampires? | A-Z of ISMs Episode 22 - BBC Ideas)

  • 7440 345
    Seraya 發佈於 2020 年 08 月 20 日