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  • Hello and welcome to today's Grammar Gameshow!

  • I'm your host, Will!

  • It's a short 'I'...

  • less like 'sheep',

  • and more like 'ship'.

  • And of course, let's not forget Leslie,

  • our all-knowing voice in the sky.

  • Hello everyone!

  • Tonight we're going to ask you three questions about

  • Present and past passives.

  • That whodunnit verb form

  • that's made with 'be' and a past participle.

  • OK! Now, let's meet our contestants!

  • Hello all.

  • My name's Selene.

  • And contestant number two?

  • Contestant number two? Oh dear, it seems

  • Hello, everyone.

  • My name is Mark.

  • Mark!

  • You came back!

  • Of course!

  • What is a herd of stampeding elephants

  • compared to true love?

  • Wow! Mark!

  • This is a first!

  • Welcome back!

  • We really need to feed the elephants less.

  • Still...

  • respect!

  • Thanks, Will.

  • I'll never let us be separated again, my love.

  • Nor I, my

  • elephant man.

  • Awwwisn't that cute?

  • I'll tell you what.

  • If you can both get through the episode without

  • making a single mistake,

  • I'll let you both go together.

  • Really?

  • Ok!

  • Let's do it!

  • OK. Our first round is a quick-fire round.

  • Change these sentences into present or past passives.

  • Someone stole our car.

  • Our car was stolen.

  • Correct!

  • People use buses every day.

  • Buses are used every day.

  • Correct!

  • I peeled and sliced the onion.

  • The onion was peeled and sliced.

  • Correct!

  • Selene loves Mark

  • Mark is loved by Selene.

  • Correct!

  • Tell them Leslie!

  • The passive verb form is made using

  • 'be' and a past participle verb.

  • The object of the active sentence

  • is moved to the subject position

  • and the verb is transformed.

  • The tense applies to the 'be' verb:

  • 'are' or 'is' for present,

  • and 'was' or 'were' for past!

  • Good job, lovebirds!

  • Have 20 points!

  • On to our next question.

  • We use the passive form for many reasons.

  • Here are a few of them,

  • but one of them is incorrect.

  • Which one is it?

  • The action or object is more important than the subject.

  • We do not know who did the action.

  • The person who did the action is obvious.

  • The action or object is hypothetical or unreal.

  • mutter... mutter

  • I'm going to have to hurry you.

  • Trust me.

  • To the end of Earth and back.

  • The answer is

  • D.

  • Leslie?

  • Correct!

  • The passive verb form is only used for specific reasons,

  • mostly concerning how the speaker

  • views the object and the subject.

  • If they consider the object or action

  • to be more important than the subject,

  • or if the subject is unknown, or obvious,

  • they are more likely to use a passive structure.

  • Well done, lovebirds.

  • Alright!

  • Control yourselves! Three points to both of you.

  • One more right answer, and you can leave together!

  • Here we go.

  • When using the passive,

  • we may wish to include the person doing the action.

  • This subject is known as the 'agent',

  • but

  • which preposition do we use to introduce them?

  • We use 'by'.

  • For example:

  • My heart was captured by Mark.

  • Correct!

  • But

  • it's not over yet!

  • Sometimes we also include the object

  • that was used to perform the action.

  • This is known as the 'instrument'.

  • Which preposition introduces it?

  • I don't know!

  • Nor do I.

  • I'm sorry

  • we're not going to make it.

  • But at least we'll be together!

  • Will: How touching.

  • I can't let you drop like that!

  • Look

  • With!

  • The instrument is introduced using 'with'.

  • The door was unlocked with a key!

  • Leslie?

  • That's right!

  • In a passive,

  • if you wish to introduce the person doing the action,

  • we use 'by'.

  • To introduce a tool that they have used,

  • we use 'with'

  • For example:

  • The elephants were defeated

  • by Mark

  • with his bare hands.

  • What a man.

  • Indeed, Leslie!

  • Well done both of you.

  • That brings us to the end of today's

  • Grammar Gameshow.

  • You've passed.

  • Here's what you've won!

  • It's an unmatched set of wedding rings!

  • I know something about love.

  • Yes

  • in all the cafes,

  • in all the worlds,

  • she had to walk into mine

  • but that was such a long time ago.

  • Go on.

  • Go

  • with our blessing.

  • Go on.

  • Hurry up.

  • We will drop you.

  • It looks like we'll need

  • two more contestants.

  • Well

  • we'll see you again next week when

  • I made it!

  • I'm alive!

  • Levington!

  • You too?

  • We've really got to grease that tube!

  • How do you feel?

  • I feel...

  • invincibl

  • Sorry!

  • We can only help one person a day

  • today wasn't yours.

  • Loose the bats!

  • Thanks for joining us.

  • Say goodbye, Leslie.

  • ijiàn Leslie

  • See you next time.

Hello and welcome to today's Grammar Gameshow!

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B1 中級

現在和過去的被動語態。文法遊戲秀第16集 (Present and Past Passives: The Grammar Gameshow Episode 16)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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