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  • Do you have an exalted sense of self?

  • Are you a compulsive liar?

  • Would you do just about anything to get what you want?

  • If you answeredyesto all of these questions, you might want to consult a professional who can determine if you are a sociopath or a psychopath.

  • Both sociopaths and psychopaths share 3 common traits suggested by the questions above: conceitedness, deceitfulness, and manipulation largely unchecked by moral conscience.

  • Some experts think that sociopathy and psychopathy are the same and group them together under the diagnostic term antisocial personality disorder or APD, while others argue that there are significant differences between the two mental disorders.

  • We'll examine some of these differences in this episode of The Infographics Show, “Sociopath vs. Psychopath.”

  • The outward behavior that sociopaths and psychopaths display can be as different as night and day.

  • Sociopaths are more impulsive and irresponsible than psychopaths.

  • As psychologist Scott Bonn notes, sociopaths tend tolive on the fringes of society.”

  • They often can't hold down a job for long and can't settle down in one place.

  • They may travel extensively, but they are not sightseers.

  • If they can't find legitimate work to pay for whatever they need, they may do shady things like lie, cheat, and steal from people along the way.

  • Renowned con-man Charles Ponzi lived in this manner.

  • Ponzi immigrated from Italy to America in 1903.

  • He supposedly said, “I landed in this country with $2.50 in cash and $1 million in hopes, and those hopes never left me.”

  • According to the New England Historical Society, $2.50 was all that he had left afterhaving gambled and drunk awaymost of the $200 he had with him on board the ship taking him to America.

  • After arriving in Boston, he spent several yearsworking odd jobs in the Northeast.”

  • Described by one article as analleged sociopath,” he led a “life of liesthatwas all about tricking rich people into investing in sham corporations.”

  • His International Reply Coupon scheme was one where he used money from investors to pay other investors, a form of fraud that became known as the Ponzi scheme.

  • According to biography.com, Ponzi spent 14 years in prison for his crime.

  • He was deported to Italy after being released from prison and ended up dying in Rio de Janeiro in 1949.

  • In contrast, psychopaths have more self-control and are more calculating than sociopaths.

  • They blend into society more effectively than sociopaths because, as Bonn points out, they areoften well educated and hold steady jobs.”

  • Not all psychopaths are violent or a threat to society, and some manage to channel their need to control others into gainful employment.

  • They gravitate toward positions of authority and jobs requiring objective analysis and decision-making.

  • According to a TIME article, some professions with the most psychopaths include CEOs, lawyers, surgeons, and police officers.

  • Oddly enough, chefs and salespeople also made the list.

  • Sociopaths have a slight edge over psychopaths when it comes to establishing meaningful relationships.

  • According to Bonn, “it is difficult but not impossible for sociopaths to form attachments with others.”

  • They arecapable of empathy in certain limited circumstances but not in othersandwith a few individuals but not others.”

  • Gary Ridgway is a good example of the sociopath's “limitedability to feel empathy and form emotional attachments.

  • Between 1982 and 2001, hemurdered at least 49 women in Washington state,” according to biography.com.

  • One article reports that his victims were prostitutes and young runaways.

  • After killing them, Ridgwayoften returned to his dumping grounds to have sex with his victims' corpses.”

  • He also dumped some of their bodies in the Green River, which earned him the name the Green River Killer.

  • While Ridgway committed 4 of these horrible crimes, he was married to his third wife, Judith Ridgway.

  • Although he targeted prostitutes because of hishatefor them, he loved his wife and had a good relationship with her.

  • In an interview 6 years after her husband went to prison, Judith Ridgway still had trouble believing that her husband was a serial killer.

  • She described their life together aslovingandcontent.”

  • She said, “He made me feel like a newlywed every day.”

  • However, she had to face the truth about what her husband had done after she and the police discovered evidence linking him to some of the murdered prostitutes.

  • She divorced Gary Ridgway after 16 years of marriage and has no contact with him today.

  • She told the interviewer, “I loved the man I knew, and I hate the man who took him away.”

  • In contrast, psychopaths areunable to form emotional attachments or feel real empathy with others,” according to Bonn.

  • Emotions are foreign to them.

  • They know they should be feeling something, but they don't feel anything.

  • In his 1941 book called "The Mask of Sanity," a psychiatrist named Hervey Cleckley provided some insight into the mind of a psychopath when he wrote thatBeauty and uglinessexcept in a very superficial sensegoodness, evil, love, horror, and humor have no actual meaning, no power to move him.”

  • This makes psychopaths capable of hurting others without any guilt or remorse.

  • Bonn states that psychopathy is themost dangerous of all antisocial behaviorsbecause psychopaths candissociate emotionally from their actions, regardless of how terrible those actions may be.”

  • Psychopaths try to compensate for this impairment by being what a WebMD article callsskilled actors.”

  • They are charming and persuasive, and they're capable of faking emotions they can't feel.

  • Notorious cult leader Jim Jones revealed his psychopathic mission to play whatever role was necessary to win trust and manipulate others when he said, “What you need to believe in is what you see."

  • "If you see me as your friend, I'll be your friend."

  • "If you see me as your father, I'll be your father, for those of you that don't have a father."

  • "If you see me as your savior, I'll be your savior."

  • "If you see me as your God, I'll be your God.”

  • A skilled orator, Jones combined idealistic rhetoric and overt and subtle coercion to condition his followers to commit suicide by drinking a Kool-Aid type drink laced with cyanide and Valium upon his command according to biography.com.

  • Another way psychopaths attempt to relate to others is to create a veneer of social respectability to hide their dark side and any sinister behavior resulting from it.

  • This is an especially common strategy of psychopathic serial killers like John Wayne Gacy.

  • A summary of his court case noted his double life.

  • Evidence showed that the defendant led a double life, engaging in charitable and political activities at the same time he was committing a series of sadistic torture murders.

  • He enticed many young men to his home for homosexual liaisons, tying or handcuffing his partners then strangling or choking them.

  • Gacy was a successful contractor, was active in the community, and often dressed up as a clown for parties.”

  • Bonn states that different factors cause people to become sociopaths and psychopaths.

  • Some researchers think that sociopathy arises from childhood abuse and trauma.

  • It is a “learnedbehavior arising from circumstance.

  • This is why sociopaths still maintain some moral conscience, some empathy, and some ability to form emotional attachments, although they're all weak.

  • However, research suggests that psychopathy has a largely genetic component to it.

  • Bonn notes that psychopathyis related to a physiological defect that results in the underdevelopment of the part of the brain responsible for impulse control and emotions.”

  • Another report states thatbrain scans of people with APD have shown low activity in areas related to empathy, morality, and self-control.”

  • According to Psychologia, sociopaths make up 4% of the general population, while psychopaths make up about 1%.

  • However, these percentages are equivalent to millions of people, so it is quite possible that you might meet a sociopath or psychopath one day.

  • Have you ever met a sociopath or psychopath?

  • What was this person like?

  • Let us know in the comments!

  • Also, be sure to check out our other video called "Signs That You Are A Genius!"

  • Thanks for watching, and, as always, don't forget to like, share, and subscribe.

  • See you next time!

Do you have an exalted sense of self?

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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 精神病 差別 患者 社會

反社會者與精神病患者--有什麼區別? (Sociopath vs Psychopath - What's The Difference?)

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    jeremy.wang 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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