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  • Welcome to a very important lesson in British English and British culture. Because

  • there is nothing more British than talking about the weather. We love it! So today I'm

  • going to teach you ten very British weather words.

  • Before we look at our ten words I want to explain exactly why we Brits are so obsessed

  • with the weather. They say we have all four seasons in one day and it's so so true.

  • I guess British weather it's just so changeable. You never know what's coming next and that

  • keeps you guessing and it makes it interesting. Because you don't know what's coming next

  • it's something to talk about. One minute it's really sunny and the next minute it's a flood

  • and you don't know what's coming next. It's kind of exciting. But why is it so changeable?

  • Well there's a reason for that. Obviously because Britain is an island, it makes our

  • weather system quite unique. We have five main air masses that bring weather. Now they

  • can either be polar or tropical. Obviously the polar air masses bring cold weather and

  • the tropical air masses bring in warm weather. These air masses come in from two different

  • directions. One of the is maritime which is coming from the sea so mainly the Atlantic

  • ocean and the other one is continental so that's coming from the land. So that could

  • be central Europe or north Africa. So that again effects what weather we get. When you

  • add to that the jet stream which is a fast-moving air current you have quite a crazy combination.

  • No wonder we have crazy weather. So yeah, that's a little background into why the weather

  • in Britain is so unique and why we are so obsessed with it because it's just so interesting.

  • You can never guess what's coming next. Alright let's get into our ten very British weather

  • words. Number one, I don't think there's a word that describes British weather better

  • than overcast. This is an adjective that describes when the sky is just covered in cloud. You

  • cannot see blue sky because there is only cloud. This always reminds me, whenever I

  • fly back into London. I have been probably on holiday or someone sunny and I'll fly back

  • in and you go through this layer of cloud and you descend through it and you just think

  • 'I'm not going to see the sun again for weeks or months.' And it's overcast, nothing but

  • cloud. Overcast! Yeah, so British. An example sentence 'This afternoon it's going to be

  • overcast.' Alright let's look at number two. This is another very British weather word

  • and it's the first of many words to do with rain. I mean we are talking about British

  • weather here, of course we are going to talk about rain. This word is fantastic 'drizzle'

  • oh that's a fun one to say 'drizzle'. So drizzle is light rain, not heavy rain, it's very light

  • rain. It can also be a verb so 'Bring your coat it's drizzling outside.' It's raining

  • lightly, a little bit. This is a word we use all the time when talking about rain, you'd

  • describe it as being drizzle or drizzling. We'll come back to rain later on but I wanted

  • to get on to a bit of British slang. When we are talking about cold weather some people

  • use a very fun slang term 'brass monkeys'. So if it's really cold you could say 'It's

  • brass monkeys in here'. It means it's very cold. It's brass monkeys. Now that is of course

  • a slang word, so very informal. Don't use that in your IELTS exam or your business presentation

  • but yeah great word to know. Another word we use to talk about cold weather is nippy.

  • This is very informal British English slang and it means chilly or cold. So maybe as you

  • are walking to work you go 'It's a bit nippy today, isn't it?' It's a bit nippy, it's a

  • bit cold. We have a lot of slang words for cold. Maybe I should do a whole separate vlog

  • for that. So brass monkeys very cold, nippy cold or chilly. And we are back straight away

  • with rain words. This is a nice one, a shower. It just means a short period of light rain.

  • So for example 'This afternoon there will be some light showers.' And that means there

  • will be some short period of light rain. Now that is contrasted with a downpour. This is

  • a sudden burst of heavy rain. So if you get caught in a downpour, you are going to get

  • very very wet. 'I got caught in a downpour and my shoes are soaking wet.' So they are

  • very similar ideas, a period of rain. A shower is short and light rain and a downpour is

  • sudden and very heavy rain. Alright let's take the word rain itself. Now it can collocate

  • with so so many words. The one that I quite like is torrential rain. Torrential rain is

  • very heavy rain. It's something that we get a fair bit in Britain, torrential rain. Now

  • other words that we use to describe heavy rain or torrential rain. We could say 'it's

  • pouring down' so 'it's pouring down outside'. You could say 'it's chucking it down'. 'It's

  • bucketing it down.' Slightly ruder, 'it's p*ssing it down.' That one is a little bit

  • rude, be careful with who you use that with. I use it 'Oh it's p*ssing it down outside.'

  • But it is very very informal. Or you might just say 'It's properly raining.' 'Have you

  • seen outside? It's properly raining!' It means it's raining heavily. So some great phrases

  • for you to describe heavy rain. Let's go back to clouds because in Britain it's always cloudy.

  • Now sometimes in the summer the sun will come out, you will see the sun and then you'll

  • see the clouds. And the clouds will move across and obscure the sun, so you can't see the

  • sun anymore. The verb that we use for this, it's a phrasal verb. To cloud over. It's a

  • very sad moment when it clouds over. An example sentence 'It was really sunny this morning

  • but it's clouded over now.'As you can see there with all phrasal verbs I'm changing

  • the tense on the verb so clouded n the past tense but over stays the same, it never changes.

  • Now it's not always cold wet weather in Britain. Sometimes we do have hot weather and something

  • that I remember from my childhood is always looking at newspapers and the headline of

  • a newspaper would always say 'Heatwave coming' or 'We are in for a heatwave'. A heatwave

  • is a period of very hot weather or unusually hot weather. Now sometimes in Britain we do

  • get heatwaves where it's maybe three or four days or a week maybe of really really really

  • extra hot weather. Everyone is super happy when there is a heatwave for maybe the first

  • afternoon and then we start complaining and grumbling about how hot it is, yeah. So an

  • example sentence 'There is supposed to be a heatwave next week.' Recently in Britain

  • we've had some really strange weather. We are in spring now and yet we had lots of snow

  • over the weekend. Now when there is lots of snow and it stops you from going out maybe

  • to go to school or to go to work, the roads are covered in snow, transporting stops working,

  • that kind of thing. When that happens we have a phrase 'to be snowed in'. And that was always

  • quite a magical thing. I remember as a kid. Those days when you had really heavy snow,

  • so that you couldn't go to school and so you stayed at home and you played games and you

  • watched TV and you stayed nice and warm. You were snowed in. So we used to love it. I think

  • this is probably quite a British thing because most countries can deal with snow whereas

  • we are not very prepared so when it snows heavily no one goes anywhere. Everyone has

  • to stay at home.'They forecasted a blizzard tonight so maybe we'll be snowed in.' The

  • final phrase actually comes from American English but it is used in British English,

  • an Indian summer. Now I wanted to teach you this because I think it's really interesting.

  • So an Indian summer is a period of unusually warm weather at the end of summer or just

  • after summer. So usually in Autumn. So in Britain it would be in September or October.

  • If the weather is unusually warm, it's an Indian summer. As I said this phrase comes

  • from American English and dates back to the 1800s I don't know exactly the etymology but

  • it comes from America and it's used here in Britain as well. So an example sentence 'It

  • looks like we're going to have an Indian summer this year.' Eat Sleep Dreamers what I'd like

  • you to do right now is in the comments below this video, I want you to write a little weather

  • report about the weather in your city or town right now. Have a look out the window, tell

  • me what you can see and see if you can use the vocabulary that we have looked at today.

  • Just one or two lines, it doesn't have to be too long but a little weather report telling

  • me what it's like where you are right now. So 'Tom it's a bit nippy here today' and then

  • say where you are from. That would be fantastic, I'd love to know what the weather is like

  • around the world today. Also if you know any other words that you think of when you think

  • about British weather. Let me know in the comments below. I know that these words aren't

  • just British English words but they are words that we use to describe British weather. That's

  • why I chose them. Of course guys if you've enjoyed this lesson please give it a big thumbs

  • up and share it with anyone you know that is learning English. Go follow me on Instagram

  • and Facebook guys. Every day I'm putting new English language learning posts up there so

  • that you can take your English to the next level. Remember I've got new videos every

  • Tuesday and every Friday. I've enjoyed this one guys, I felt like it's a really important

  • one. If you want to get to know more about British culture and British English then the

  • weather is such an important topic. Thank you so much for hanging out with me guys.

  • This is Tom, the chief dreamer, saying goodbye.

Welcome to a very important lesson in British English and British culture. Because

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10個非常英倫的天氣詞彙 (10 Very British Weather Words)

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    Summer 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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