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  • Hello. This is 6 Minute English from

  • BBC Learning English. I'm Sam.

  • And I'm Georgina.

  • In this programme we'll take a look at the

  • sensitive issue of sexual violence. At the

  • start of the decade no one knew

  • that the two-word phrase 'MeToo'

  • would go viral - or spread

  • quickly and widely on the internet

  • through social media.

  • But when explosive allegations against

  • Hollywood movie producer

  • Harry Weinstein made headlines

  • in 2017, the MeToo hashtag became the

  • focus for a global movement

  • of women determined

  • to expose the truth about

  • abusive sexual behaviour.

  • Weinstein was found guilty and given

  • a 23-year prison sentence.

  • But the deeper reasons behind

  • the problem, in America and worldwide,

  • have not disappeared. I have

  • a question now about

  • the origin of the MeToo expression.

  • Although the MeToo message

  • went viral due to public

  • support from famous Hollywood

  • actresses, the phrase itself was

  • thought up years earlier

  • by civil rights activist, Tarana Burke.

  • What year did she first use it? Was it:

  • a) 1996, b) 2006 or c) 2016?

  • I'll guess b) 2006.

  • OK, Georgina. We'll come back

  • to that later. Now more about

  • Tarana Burke.

  • Yes, Tarana worked with marginalised

  • women in neglected American

  • communities, shocking

  • numbers of whom were victims

  • of sexual violence and abuse.

  • Here she is talking with the BBC

  • World Service's programme HARDtalk

  • about how the MeToo movement

  • continues to speak up for

  • voiceless women and girls.

  • The beauty, I think, and the magic

  • of MeToo is that it's a unifier

  • in that way, and it's

  • where survivors find community and so -

  • definitely the mainstream media

  • kept the focus on the

  • actresses and Hollywood and that...

  • but at its core the women

  • who came forward were really

  • no different than those girls who I served

  • in the communities ten years before.

  • Tarana doesn't call the girls and women

  • who were abused 'victims'.

  • Instead she prefers

  • the term survivors - people who are

  • able to carry on with their life

  • successfully, despite

  • very unpleasant experiences

  • which still affect them.

  • The MeToo movement went viral

  • when several famous movie actresses

  • came forward - offered

  • to give information,

  • about sexual harassment.

  • While these Hollywood actresses were

  • famous celebrities, most survivors

  • of sexual violence

  • are ordinary women, living ordinary lives.

  • That's why Tarana calls

  • the MeToo movement

  • a unifier - something that unites and

  • brings people together, in this case

  • women of different

  • race and social background.

  • But while the media focused on particular

  • people - Weinstein and

  • several actresses in

  • the movie industry - Tarana is clear that

  • the problem is bigger than just individual

  • cases.

  • Here she is explaining about the wider

  • reasons behind the MeToo movement:

  • We can talk about Harvey Weinstein

  • ad nauseam but we also have to talk

  • about what are the

  • structures that were in place that allowed

  • a Harvey Weinstein to thrive.

  • If you're going

  • to talk about Harvey Weinstein's being

  • successful, then we have to also

  • talk about capitalism,

  • right? Because it's the love of money

  • and the desire for people

  • to have money and what

  • he represented. The bottom line is people

  • value those things more than

  • they value the

  • humanity of the women that he was

  • destroying their lives. It's about

  • power and it's about

  • privilege. At the end of the day, these

  • are the two things we have

  • to talk about dismantling.

  • According to Tarana, the behaviour

  • of abusers like Weinstein was not

  • challenged or questioned

  • because of their privilege - power

  • and advantage held by a small group

  • of people, usually because

  • of their high social position

  • or because they are rich.

  • So rather than focusing on individual

  • cases, it's male-dominated social

  • structures like

  • privilege that need dismantling - breaking

  • up or being stopped from

  • working by gradually

  • reducing its power over a period of time.

  • Tarana knows the problem won't

  • disappear overnight.

  • But she believes the MeToo movement

  • has opened up a space to talk

  • about sexual violence in

  • a new way and set out a pathway forward.

  • Let's go back to the quiz question. I asked

  • you what year the

  • two-word expression 'Me

  • Too' was used. Was it a) 1996,

  • b) 2006 or c) 2016, and you said...?

  • Yes. I said it was b) 2006.

  • Well done, Georgina! You are absolutely

  • right! Today, we've been talking

  • about the hashtag

  • MeToo movement which

  • went viral in 2017 - meaning

  • it spread quickly on the internet.

  • The name 'MeToo' was created

  • by Tarana Burke, an activist who works

  • with sexual abuse survivors

  • - people who experience abuse but are

  • able to carry on with

  • their lives successfully.

  • In 2017 many of these survivors

  • came forward - offered to give

  • information - about sexual

  • harassment in Hollywood.

  • And these actresses were supported

  • by millions of women and men

  • across the world, making

  • the MeToo movement an important

  • cultural unifier - something that

  • unites and brings people

  • together.

  • Now the movement wants to shift

  • the focus away from individual cases

  • and onto social

  • structures of privilege - power and

  • advantage held by a small group

  • of people, usually because

  • of their wealth or high social class.

  • And according to Tarana, it is these social

  • structures and attitudes which need to be

  • dismantled - stopped from

  • working by gradually reducing

  • their power over time.

  • And that's all we have time for today.

  • Join us again soon here at 6 Minute

  • English for more topical discussion

  • and vocabulary.

  • Bye for now.

  • Bye.

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B1 中級

#MeToo有什麼不同?- 6分鐘英語 (What difference has #MeToo made? - 6 Minute English)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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