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  • The largest typhoon in history slammed into southern Asia in the Philippines today (2013).

    歷史上最大的颱風於今日 (2013) 侵襲了位於南亞的菲律賓。

  • It's so big.

    它超大的。

  • They're calling it a "super typhoon."

    人們稱它為「超級颱風」。

  • Hey everyone, Trace here for DNews, answering a long-held question in a lot of people's minds: "What's the difference between a hurricane and a typhoon?"

    大家好,我是來自 DNews 的 Trace,為你們解答存在於人們心中已久的問題:「颱風和颶風到底差在哪裡?」

  • We hear both words a lot.

    兩個詞我們都很常聽見。

  • They're both storms that get names.

    他們都是有名字的風暴。

  • The super typhoon hitting Asia right now (2013) is named Haiyan or Yolanda, by the way.

    現在 (2013) 正在侵襲亞洲的颱風名叫「海燕」或者「尤蘭沓」,順帶一提。

  • The main difference between a hurricane and a typhoon, believe it or not, is simply where the storm occurs.

    颶風和颱風之間最主要的差別,信不信由你,其實只差在它們在哪裡形成的。

  • According to NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration), hurricanes form in the northern Atlantic, north eastern Pacific and South Pacific.

    根據國家海洋和大氣管理局表示,颶風發生於北大西洋、太平洋東北邊和南太平洋。

  • Typhoons form in the northwestern Pacific specifically.

    颱風只形成於太平洋西北邊。

  • There are also cyclones, I forgot all about them, which form in the southwest Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean.

    另外還有氣旋,我幾乎忘記它們了,形成於太平洋西南邊和印度洋。

  • Science likes naming things, and they're very thorough.

    科學很喜歡幫東西取名字,還取得很詳細。

  • Basically there are three names for the same big spinning storms.

    基本上就是這種很大一直轉的風暴有三種名字。

  • And one cool fact, the word hurricane comes from the name of one of the Mayan gods, Huracan, who helped create the world.

    還有一件很酷的小知識,「颶風」hurricane 取名自瑪雅神話中的 Huracan,一位幫助創造世界的神。

  • No big deal.

    大概是這樣。

  • Other than location, is there anything unique about each type of storm?

    除了地點之外,每種風暴還有什麼獨特的地方嗎?

  • Not really.

    不怎麼有。

  • All three storms share humble beginnings as tropical storms.

    三種風暴都有作為熱帶風暴這樣不起眼的開端。

  • Each begin over warm oceans where there are high levels of air moisture and wind.

    都在溫暖的海洋上方,有高濃度的濕氣和空氣流動的地方形成。

  • If the right conditions persist, then these spinning storms will grow.

    如果適宜的環境持續,這些旋轉風暴就會長大。

  • And when they reach sustained internal wind speeds of 74 miles [119 kilometers] an hour, they can bring torrential rain, flooding and all the other hallmarks of a big storm like that.

    如果它們內側風速達到持續每小時 74 英里 (約 119 km/hr),就可以帶來暴雨、淹水還有各種其他一個大風暴該有的特點。

  • The location of the typhoon, cyclone or hurricane determines the direction it spins.

    颱風、氣旋和颶風發生的地點決定了它們旋轉的方向。

  • Just being a typhoon doesn't mean it will spin in a specific direction.

    是一個颱風並不代表他會往特定方向旋轉。

  • Same with a hurricane, storms can spin either way.

    颶風也同理,這些風暴要轉哪個方向都可以。

  • All storms forming in the northern hemisphere spin counterclockwise, while those forming in the southern hemisphere spin clockwise, easy-peasy.

    所有風暴在北半球形成的都是逆時針旋轉,而在南半球形成的都是順時針旋轉,簡單吧?

  • So what about this super storm thing?

    那這個超級風暴到底是什麼呢?

  • We just had one in the U.S. last year (2012) with hurricane Sandy that became superstorm Sandy, and now Asia has a super too.

    我們去年 (2012) 才有一個變成超級颶風的颶風 Sandy 侵襲美國,現在亞洲也有了一個超級版的。

  • Are those the same thing?

    它們是一樣的東西嗎?

  • Not at all.

    一點都不一樣。

  • I spoke with Dennis Feltgen at the National Hurricane Center, and in the U.S. the super storm moniker is completely made up by the media.

    我與國家颶風中心的 Dennis Feltgen 聊了這件事,在美國「超級颶風」這個稱號完全是媒體炒作出來的。

  • However, the super typhoon?

    那「超級颱風」呢?

  • That's a real science thing.

    這是真的有科學依據的。

  • It's a ranking that's done on that side of the world, and it means a sustained surface wind of at least 150 miles [241 kilometers] an hour, high-end is sustaining at 195 [314 kilometers per hour] with gusts up to 235 [378 km/h].

    在世界另一邊有一個分級制度,「超級颱風」定義為風暴持續風速達至少每小時 150 英里 (約 241 km/hr) 高至每小時 195 英里 (314 km/hr),上升氣流達到每小時 235 英里 (約 379 km/hr)。

  • Holy crap!

    老天鵝啊!

  • In the Atlantic where hurricanes live, they typically appear from June to November, and there are maybe a dozen a year.

    在颶風出現的大西洋,颶風一般會在六月到十一月之間出現,一年大概出現十幾個。

  • But the Pacific typhoon, that can happen anywhere from May to December and there may be as many as 30 in a year.

    但在太平洋的颱風,它們在五月到十二月之間隨時都有可能會出現,而且一年至多會出現 30 個。

  • We track storms around the world over at DiscoveryNews.com, so check out the storm tracker for more information.

    我們在 DiscoveryNews.com 上追蹤全世界的風暴,去這個網站查看關於風暴的更多資訊。

  • And make sure you visit a disaster relief charity, because your help is going to be needed soon.

    且務必去參觀災害紓困中心,因為你的援助可能很快就需要用到。

  • Thanks lot for watching DNews today.

    謝謝收看今天的 DNews。

The largest typhoon in history slammed into southern Asia in the Philippines today (2013).

歷史上最大的颱風於今日 (2013) 侵襲了位於南亞的菲律賓。

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 颱風 風暴 太平洋 形成 方向 小時

夏天又到了!颱風和颶風到底差在哪? (What's the Difference Between a Typhoon and a Hurricane?)

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    Evangeline 發佈於 2020 年 06 月 18 日
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