Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning

  • English. I'm Neil.

  • And I'm Georgina. I've got a puzzle for

  • you, Neil. Ready?

  • Sure.

  • OK. It's a riddle. I'm as light as a feather

  • but no one can hold me for very long.

  • What am I?

  • Hmmmas light as a feather but no one can

  • hold youNo idea. What are you?

  • Your breath.

  • Ah, yes, I see. OK, I've got one for you

  • - I'm so big I'm everywhere but so small

  • you can't see me. What am I?

  • You're everywhere but I can't see you?

  • Hmmm, tricky… I give up.

  • The answer isgerms! With the outbreak

  • of coronavirus, people around the world have

  • rediscovered the importance of fighting germs

  • to stop the spread of disease.

  • In this programme we'll be the discussing

  • the importance of handwashing in the prevention

  • of germs and viruses. And we'll start off

  • by meeting the first person to realise that

  • keeping hands clean can really help prevent

  • diseases being passed on.

  • Ahdo you mean the19th century Hungarian

  • doctor, Ignaz Semmelweiss? He was

  • known as the 'saviour of mothers' for

  • keeping maternity

  • wards germ-free and he had a very interesting

  • life. But do you know what happened to him

  • in the end? That's my quiz question.

  • Was it: A. He won the Nobel prize,

  • B. He ended up in hospital for mentally ill

  • people, or

  • C. He started the first company to produce

  • hand soap.

  • Dr Semmelweiss sounds like a scientific hero

  • so I'll say, a) he won the Nobel prize.

  • OK. We'll find out later if you were right.

  • What's for sure is that Ignaz Semmelweiss

  • was a hero to Val Curtis, a director at the

  • London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

  • Here she is talking to BBC Radio 4's

  • Science Stories:

  • Semmelweiss is kind of my patron saint.

  • Handwashing has been my life for the last

  • thirty years working on trying to improve hygiene,

  • mostly in developing countries and he

  • was really the first to identify the importance

  • of keeping hands clean in the prevention

  • of the transmission of infection. And

  • since the beginning of my career

  • working in public health I've been

  • trying to understand how diseases get spread

  • and what the best way of preventing it is,

  • and handwashing jumped out as being the most

  • important means of preventing infections,

  • particularly in developing countries.

  • Val's work is all about improving hygiene

  • - practices for maintaining health and preventing

  • disease, especially through cleanliness.

  • And she was clearly influenced by the work

  • of Dr Semmelweiss because she calls him her

  • 'patron saint' - a kind of guide and protector

  • believed to give special help or inspiration.

  • But Dr Semmelweiss is also a good example

  • of science communication. Getting the message

  • out so people understand the importance of

  • hygiene is difficult. And 'wash your hands'

  • jumped out - or made a strong impact - as

  • a simple message to communicate.

  • Here's Val again:

  • It wasn't until we wrote a paper in 2003

  • that showed the evidence that handwashing

  • could save a million lives that actually people

  • started to take it seriously and handwashing

  • became a big important issue internationally.

  • So for me the lesson from Semmelweiss is:

  • don't scream and shout and accuse people

  • of doing things wrongly but patiently get

  • the data out there and tell your story in

  • a positive way.

  • The idea that handwashing is an essential

  • part of hygiene is supported by scientific

  • evidence - the facts and information used

  • to show that a belief is true - in this case,

  • Val's belief that handwashing could help

  • save a million lives.

  • So, handwashing has become an important

  • global issue - or topic of discussion - especially

  • in places without access to clean sanitation

  • and toilets.

  • Val also mentions that if you want people

  • to listen to your message, it's better to

  • present the evidence in a positive, scientific

  • way instead of screaming and shouting - speaking

  • in a forceful or even angry way to convince

  • people you're right.

  • Right, people don't listen if you scream

  • and shout at them - they just think you're

  • strange.

  • Which brings me back to today's quiz question.

  • Remember, I asked you what happened to

  • Dr Semmelweiss in the end?

  • and I said a) he won the Nobel prize.

  • Well, I'm afraid the answer was b) he

  • ended up in hospital for mentally ill people.

  • Today we've been talking about handwashing,

  • one of the single best ways to improve personal

  • hygiene - the prevention of disease by keeping

  • clean. Recently, handwashing has become

  • a top global issue - a subject or topic people

  • are thinking and talking about.

  • Scientific evidence - the facts and information

  • used to prove ideas true or valid - shows

  • that handwashing jumped out - or was easily

  • noticed - as one of the most important methods

  • to stop the spread of infection.

  • The work of 19th century scientist

  • Ignaz Semmelweiss was so inspiring that

  • even today, some doctors consider him

  • the patron saint of hygiene - an

  • expression referring to a protecting or guiding

  • saint believed to give special help or inspiration.

  • But communicating the message of

  • 'wash your hands' to people around the

  • world is hard, especially if you just scream

  • and shout - or try to convince someone by

  • talking to them in a forceful or

  • argumentative way.

  • OK, Neil, the scientific evidence has convinced

  • me - I promise to make sure I regularly wash

  • my hands.

  • That's all from us today but join us again

  • soon for more topical discussion and vocabulary

  • here at BBC Learning English's 6 Minute English.

  • Stay safe and remember to wash your hands!

  • Bye for now.

  • Bye!

Hello. This is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級

洗手的重要性:6分鐘英語課件 (The importance of handwashing: 6 Minute English)

  • 17 2
    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
影片單字