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  • This is CNN 10. Give us 10 minutes, we'll get you up to speed on world events.

    歡迎收看 CNN 10,給我們十分鐘,我們帶你了解世界大小事。

  • I'm Carl Azuz. Happy to see you this Thursday.

    我是 Carl Azuz,很開心可以在星期四看到你。

  • New Delhi, the capital of India, is usually near or at the top of the list when it comes to the world's most polluted cities.

    印度首都新德里,在談到世上污染最嚴重的城市時,通常都榜上有名。

  • But from March 23rd to April 13th of this year, it saw a 60 percent reduction in a certain type of pollution that it saw in the same period last year.

    但在今年的 3 月 23 日到 4 月 13 日,該地的污染比去年同期減少了 60%。

  • In the capital of South Korea, there was a 54 percent reduction in the pollutant.

    在南韓首都,污染物也減少了 54%。

  • Wuhan, China, Sao Paulo, Brazil, Los Angeles, California, all of these cities saw a double-digit improvement in air quality.

    中國武漢、巴西聖保羅、加州洛杉磯,這些城市在空氣污染方面都有雙位數的進步。

  • And this is all according to one report whose release was timed to coincide with Earth Day yesterday.

    這些數據都是根據一份在地球日發表的報告。

  • It looked at air quality information recorded from government monitoring stations in ten cities.

    該報告分析了十個城市裡,公家機關設置的空氣品質監測站的資訊。

  • The cleaner air was a silver lining to the lockdowns of the coronavirus pandemic.

    更乾淨的空氣,可說是新冠疫情封城的一個好處吧!

  • To date, the disease has been contracted by more than 2.5 million people around the world and researchers say almost seven percent of that number have died from COVID-19.

    至今日為止,該疾病已經在全球感染了超過 250 萬人,研究者更指出當中近乎 7% 的人因此死亡。

  • Global efforts to keep people away from each other have forced workers, students, and would be travelers to stay home.

    全球都想要彼此保持社交距離,使得上班族、學生甚至旅行家都得乖乖待在家。

  • That means there are fewer planes in the air, vehicles on the road, and factories in production.

    這也代表了空中飛機變少、路上汽車變稀疏、運行的工廠也變少了。

  • On the plus side, scientists say social distancing has been effective in slowing down the spread of coronavirus.

    從好的一面來看,科學家表示社交距離的規範已經讓疫情趨緩下來。

  • On the minus side, millions of people are out of work, and many nation's economies have been badly damaged.

    悲觀的一面則是,數百萬人失業,且許多國家的經濟遭受重創。

  • The U.S. government spokeswoman says, "The trends in cleaner air are temporary and that things will go back to the way they were when the coronavirus crisis has passed."

    一名美國政府發言人表示,空氣變乾淨只是暫時的,當疫情過去,事情又會回到過去那樣。

  • And researchers in the air quality report say keeping factories closed and cars off the road will not be a realistic solution to the world's pollution problems.

    且研究者在空氣品質報告中表示,關閉工廠與不開車並不是空污的理想解方。

  • But the lockdowns and shutdowns have changed the way cities look and how they pollute.

    但封城與關廠等措施,的確改變的城市的樣貌與他們污染的程度。

  • This is what Chinese cities usually look like this time of year.

    中國城市在這個時間通常佈滿霧霾。

  • Thick smog blanketing the skyline, but this year there's something different in the air: blue skies.

    厚重霧霾覆蓋整個天空,但今年的天空有些不同,清澈的藍天。

  • In several Chinese cities, the air pollution has improved, especially Wuhan, the original epicenter of the deadly coronavirus.

    許多中國城市在空汙方面都有極大進步,尤其是武漢市,原本疫情的中心。

  • The facemasks many Chinese used to wear to filter out polluted air, now worn to protect against the virus.

    中國人本來戴口罩是為了過濾霧霾,現在則是為了抵禦病毒。

  • NASA and the European Space Agency released satellite images from January showing Wuhan's nitrogen dioxide levels.

    美國與歐洲的太空總署發布了武漢在一月的衛星圖,上頭顯示了二氧化氮的濃度。

  • And the dramatic drop in February after 11 million people there were quarantined.

    而在二月 1,100 萬人被隔離後,可以看到濃度大幅下降了。

  • CO2 emissions for the past four weeks are down by at least 25 percent because of the measures to contain the coronavirus.

    過去四週的二氧化碳排放量下降了至少 25%,這一切都是因為實施了控制疫情的手段。

  • For the world's biggest polluter, that could mean a drop of 200 million tons of carbon dioxide.

    作為世上最大的污染國,這代表了他們減少了兩億噸二氧化碳的排放。

  • This is more dramatic than anything else that I've seen in terms of the impact on emissions.

    對於空汙氣體排放量,這件事是我看過影響力最大的事情。

  • But of course, the, the impact on people's lives and, ah, the economy was equally dramatic.

    但當然的,對於人民生活與經濟也同樣有巨大的影響。

  • The Center for Research on Energy and Clean Air says coal consumption at fired power stations saw a 36 percent drop compared to last year.

    能源與乾淨空氣研究中心表示,火力發電廠的煤炭使用量與去年比起來少了 36%。

  • The research also shows carbon emissions from the aviation industry plunging due to falling demand and widespread travel restrictions.

    該研究也顯示了,航空業的碳排放量因各國旅行禁令而急遽下降。

  • But Greenpeace says improved environmental conditions may be temporary if China ramps up industrial output to boost the economy.

    但綠色和平組織表示,這情況可能只是暫時的,因中國可能之後會為了刺激經濟,而大量進行工業活動。

  • The political attention of the Chinese leaders will be distracted in the short term, ah, you know, to cut down the, uh, the outbreak of the coronavirus.

    中國領導們在短期並無法顧到這一方面,因為他們得處理疫情的爆發。

  • And that might distract them from other important social economic issues, including the need to fight climate change.

    而疫情也可能使這些領導者忽視了其他重要的社經問題,包含打擊氣候變遷的重要性。

  • In neighboring Hong Kong, air quality has also improved as the virus triggered partial shutdown.

    而在鄰近的香港,空氣品質也上升了,因為疫情導致部分產業關閉。

  • There's lots of people who work from home, and that's reduced the traffic volume and reduce the traffic congestion.

    有許多人現在都在家上班,這減緩了車流量也減少了塞車的情形。

  • There's nothing business as usual about a global epidemic that's claimed thousands of lives.

    在這個奪走無數人命的疫情面前,沒有什麼產業可以一切照舊。

  • But in the short term, this public health crisis for humans may actually be helping the environment.

    但在短期而言,這個全球健康危機,可能對環境而言是個轉機。

  • Ivan Watson, CNN.

    CNN 記者,Ivan Watson。

  • 10 Second Trivia.

    十秒問答。

  • Which of these island chains is located the farthest north?

    下列哪個島鏈位於最北端?

  • Shetland Islands, Orkney Islands, Canary Islands, or Azores.

    昔得蘭群島、奧克尼群島、加那利群島還是亞速群島?

  • These island chains are listed in order from northern most to southernmost with the Shetlands as the answer.

    這些島鏈的順序是從北到南排列的,因此昔德蘭群島就是答案。

  • Since we kicked off our partnership with CNN Travel last month, all of the places we've been too, virtually at least, have one thing in common.

    自從我們上個月和 CNN 旅遊開始合作後,我們去過了很多地方 (或許不是真的去過),都有一個共通點。

  • They're inhabited.

    它們都是有居民的。

  • That's not the case for all of the Shetland Islands though.

    但在昔得蘭群島,可就不完全正確了。

  • There are roughly 100 of them in this cold and windswept part of the Northern United Kingdom, and only about 15 of the islands have full-time residents.

    在這個北英國寒冷又風大的昔德蘭群島,總共約有 100 個小島,而其中只有 15 個小島有永久居民。

  • A traveler has unintentionally become one because of the coronavirus crisis.

    一名旅人因新冠肺炎疫情,也不經意地成為了一個居民。

  • So he's going to tell you what it's like to be alone on Hildasay.

    他將會跟你分享一個人在 Hildasay 的生活是怎麼樣的。

  • My name is Christian Lewis.

    我叫 Christian Lewis。

  • This is my companion, my friend Jet.

    這是我的夥伴兼朋友,Jet。

  • Currently at the moment we are locked down on an island called Hildasay, which is an uninhabited island just off the east coast of Shetland.

    目前我們被封鎖在一個叫做 Hildasay 的無人小島,它位於 Shetland 的東岸。

  • Hildasay is less than half a square mile in size, and Chris and Jet got stuck here during the coronavirus lockdown.

    Hildasay 島小於 0.5 平方英里,Chris 與 Jet 因為疫情封鎖,而被困在這裡。

  • Lost on a journey to walk around the entire coastline of the UK, including all its islands.

    當時他們正在徒步環遊英國的海岸線,包含這些島嶼的。

  • To get back to the mainland, it's only about half an hour by small boat, but that stretch of sea is not the nicest.

    搭乘小船的話,只需要半小時就能抵達本島,但那端的海可稱不上友善。

  • So we really have to pick and choose our days when we get back.

    所以真的要回去的時候,可要好好挑日子。

  • They got help from some locals and were given the keys to the only house on the island.

    他們得到當地人的幫忙,並拿到了該島上唯一一間房子的鑰匙。

  • Yes, the family got wind of the fact that we're staying on the island in a tent and said we'd be more than happy to give you the keys to the house if you want to go in.

    該家庭聽到我們停留在島上的帳篷裡時,說他們願意給我們鑰匙來待在這個房子裡。

  • I mean, they don't have electric or gas or anything like this. It's just very basic.

    這房子沒有電也沒有瓦斯,就只有很基本的配備。

  • A lot of people have been commenting that wish they were on this island.

    很多人都在留言,說希望他們也在這個島上。

  • And it is just secret.

    而這真的是太好了。

  • I couldn't be at a better place for a lockdown, let's be honest.

    老實說,在這個封鎖的時期,這地方是再完美也不過的了。

  • It was not as easy as I really think,

    但這一切也沒有大家所想的那麼簡單。

  • However, that's kind of what I like doing.

    但我很享受這一切的過程。

  • Chris gets his water delivered from a local fisherman called Victor, but hunts and forages for food on the island.

    Chris 從當地一名叫 Victor 漁夫拿到乾淨的水。食物方面,他則是會在島上狩獵或尋找。

  • I can walk down now in half an hour, and I'll have a whole plate full of mussels if I want.

    如果我想,半小時內我就能有一半滿滿的淡菜。

  • You know, so, I've got no worries there.

    我在這沒什麼擔憂。

  • Entertainment though is sparse.

    娛樂方面則很稀少。

  • You have to find things to do to keep yourself occupied.

    你得找事情做,才不會無聊。

  • You know, I play marbles.

    像是,我會玩石頭。

  • I always carry a tennis ball and just play catch or anything, you know.

    我身上總會帶著一顆網球,隨時隨地都能玩接球或什麼的。

  • But I also do other things.

    但我也會做一些其他的事。

  • I break it up.

    我會把一天拆解成好幾個部分。

  • I do like a Rocky style training regime where I use rocks to throw around and just, you know, just to get other body parts keeping loose.

    我會做一些訓練,像是舉起石頭再丟掉,讓每個身體部位都能活動到。

  • By the time Chris was locked down on Hildasay, he'd already been walking the UK coastline for over two and a half years.

    在 Chris 被困在 Hildasay 的時候,他當時已經在英國海岸線漫遊了兩年半了。

  • To be perfectly honest with you, I suffered really badly with anxiety and depression.

    老實說,我有很嚴重的焦慮症與憂鬱症。

  • I'm ex-forces, and I've had a lot of help from an organization called SSAFA who are a veteran's charity.

    我之前是軍人,且我從一個叫 Ssafa 的老兵慈善協會中得到許多幫助。

  • So it really was an absolute no brainer to give back some of the stuff and make it its name, we're really well so far, so yeah, this is perfect.

    所以毫無疑問地,我也會盡力回報,像是以他們的名字來募款,目前一切都進行得很好。

  • The more I got into the journey, the more people heard about it.

    這趟旅程進行得越久,就越多人知道這件事。

  • People have been helping me with food.

    許多人開始捐食物給我。

  • They've been helping Jet with food.

    也捐食物給 Jet。

  • It's really lovely to see the kindness that, you know, we're receiving.

    看到我們收到那麼多的善意,真的很不錯。

  • I never expected any of this when I started.

    當我開始這趟旅程時,完全沒想到會這樣。

  • I thought I was going to be living off bugs for the next two years.

    我當時還以為接下來的兩年都要靠吃蟲子過活了。

  • I got Jet in a place called Irvin as I was coming through, so she didn't start the journey with me.

    我在一個叫 Irvin 的地方得到 Jet 的,所以一開始的旅程是沒有她的。

  • I started this on my own.

    剛開始,我只有自己。

  • She's been with me for nearly two years now, and I don't think there's a better walk dog out there.

    她已經陪著我快要兩年了,她是世上最棒的狗。

  • Chris plans to continue their journey once the lockdown is lifted.

    當封鎖解除,Chris 打算繼續他們的旅程。

  • But for now, he documents daily life on the small island with Jet.

    但現在,他選擇記錄下他與 Jet 在這座島上的生活。

  • There's something very spiritual about it, you know, I've learned a lot myself from camping around the UK.

    這讓我在心靈上有很大的成長,這趟環遊英國的旅程讓我更加認識了自己。

  • It's very epic in many proportions.

    這在許多方面都很棒。

  • The lockdown with coronavirus, I also see on social media a real change of people making videos with them doing stuff with their families, being creative.

    因為新冠肺炎的封鎖,我也在社群媒體中看到其帶來的改變,人們錄下與家人一起發揮創意互動的影片。

  • I'm seeing more musicians out there, and we think we can say that this is coming out as a fact that people coming together.

    我看到許多音樂家站出來了,而我覺得這就是人們正在並肩作戰的證據。

  • And that's beautiful isn't it. It's just lush.

    這很美麗,這就是人性的自然美。

  • [10 out of 10]

    [來支令人十分滿意的影片吧!]

  • Among the many things you don't want to see approaching your house, a 30-foot-tall wall of ice.

    在諸多你不會想看到撲向你房子的事物之中,30 尺高的冰牆絕對數一數二。

  • Of course, it's going to be more likely in places like this lakeside community in Minnesota.

    當然這比較可能發生在這種地方,像是這個在明尼蘇達州的湖畔社區。

  • This is an ice shove: it's what happens when ice starts to melt on the lake, and the wind shoves it towards the shoreline where it piles up.

    這是冰壅,這發生在當湖面的冰開始融化,而風又將這些冰不斷吹向岸邊,而冰就會越堆越高。

  • It can damage homes and officials say is all you can do is hope and/or pray that the wind starts blowing in the other direction.

    這可能會破壞房子,官員表示人們只能希望、祈禱風向趕快改變。

  • Because while people generally like rock walls, ice sculptures, and water features, it's not going to melt anyone's heart to see Elsa's magic "Frozen" in his backyard.

    因爲雖然人們通常喜歡石牆、冰雕與水舞,但沒人想看到 Elsa 的冰雪魔法發生在自家後院。

  • It may look "cool as ice" but it'd turn up the "heat" on anyone who wants to move to where a lake house doesn't become an "ice house."

    或許看起來很冷酷,但沒人想要看到自己的湖畔小屋,變成冰中小屋。

  • I'm Carl Azuz. Valley High School has been commenting on our official YouTube channel.

    我是 Carl Azuz,我看到 Valley 高中在我們 YouTube 頻道的留言了。

  • So shout out to you viewers in Louisville, Kentucky.

    所以為你們這些在 Kentucky Louisville 的觀眾讚聲!

  • Come on back tomorrow because Fridays are awesome on CNN 10.

    明天請繼續收看 CNN 10,因為星期五很讚!

This is CNN 10. Give us 10 minutes, we'll get you up to speed on world events.

歡迎收看 CNN 10,給我們十分鐘,我們帶你了解世界大小事。

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