字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 Hello lovely people! If you're new here, welcome, I'm Jessica. On this channel I talk about vintage fashion (obviously), gayness (not so obviously) and invisible disabilities (really not obviously). Make sure to subscribe, if you haven't already, for some great amusing and educational content on Tuesdays and Fridays! And hit the little bell to get notifications. Because otherwise, how will you know when I post!? Well… unless you follow me on Twitter and Instagram… [ding] In today's video we're going to be discussing: dyslexia! I'm really interested to know how many of you watching identify as having dyslexia (or dyspraxia- although despite being related that's very much a video in itself!) and whether you've made it over the hurdle of being officially diagnosed. There will be a little question card in the corner above. Have a look at them and let me know This was actually a request I was sent by a subscriber, Dylan, and my channel members, The Kellgren-Fozard Club, helped me decide on the content. If you would also like to become a member and have a say on future videos then click the 'join' button below or the link in the description. I'll go into what dyslexia actually is and the signs of Dyslexia in a minute but for now just know that it is one of a family of Specific Learning Difficulties. Don't panic! 'Learning difficulty' and 'learning disability' are not the same If you're a parent watching this and you've had no prior contact with anyone has brain troubles of any kind and your child has just been diagnosed with dyslexia… well this can be a lot to process. I know Ha! 'Process'. Nice use of words, Jessica. It's a 'difficulty', not a 'disability' although it can be classified as one under the UK's Equality Act of 2010 and thus extreme cases will make a person eligible for various types of assistance. Also: people with learning disabilities are cool. Trust me: I have brain damage and I'm fabulous. It's estimated that up to 1 in every 10 people has some degree of dyslexia but it varies wildly in severity. A Specific Learning Difficulty affects the way information is learned and processed. It's a neurological, rather than psychological, problem- that means it's caused by your nerves not functioning the way they should, rather than something you can physically see, like your brain being in the shape of a peacock. [beat] Weird example. Guess my favourite animal (!) Although dyslexia usually runs in families- my mother, brother and various cousins are dyslexic- doctors have yet to find the root cause or even the one specific gene that controls it. Whilst dyslexia has a significant impact on your ability to learn and acquire literacy skills, it occurs completely independently of intelligence. So you can be a genius and also be dyslexic! Leonardo da Vinci, Walt Disney, Albert Einstein, George Washington, Whoopi Goldberg and Richard Branson! - Granted, he might not be winning any prestigious prizes for his intelligence but he IS worth over £3 billion so he's doing something right. You can also be dyslexic and… not… a genius. That's why an IQ test is given alongside a standard test for dyslexia: to make sure the issues the person is facing are specific to dyslexia and not part of a wider problem. As with any disability, no two people experience the same combination of difficulties. When most people find out I'm dyslexic they assume it means I can't read very well. Interestingly, whilst my mother and, to a lesser extent, my brother really struggle with reading, I was that little Matilda who spent the summer holidays dragging a cart full of books to the library and back every day. At my peak I was reading six books a day and by the age of eight I'd gobbled up everything in the children and young adult section so stumbled into the weird adult fantasy romance section because they had pretty colours and- boy- were those not okay for a child to be reading! I was also very loquacious as a child but when it came time to put those words onto paper… I just… couldn't… I could chat to my teachers all day about a topic but the second they asked me to pick up a pen and begin writing… It was as if the words would form in my brain, travel down my arm and then get stuck in my hand. I just couldn't get them through my fingers and into the pen. I tried bright colours, sparkly gel pens, different types of paper… but nope! Even when I was writing a nice note to my Nana or a birthday card to a friend, I just couldn't make the words come out of my hands and I'd more often than not sit crying over a sheet of paper, unable to do anything. - You should see me attempting to write an Instagram caption- I can read when a word is wrong but I can't tell you how to make it right. I would sit in exams, wasting hours and hours, trying to work out how to spell the word 'of': - that last one was because I'm aware 'z' seemed like an underused letter of the alphabet and yet we still had to learn it so surely it was used for something, right? Right? Right?! [deep breathe] Why are you making me learn unnecessary letters, like this isn't already hard enough?! Writing is a little easier if I'm creating things as I go- whether that be fiction writing or a script for something I'm very passionate about. BUT when it comes to concrete facts and stitching them together… Gah! [bomb sfx] No... Even writing a text to a friend is something I really struggle with. Once we get into the flow of conversation I'm good to go and can instant message backwards and forwards… as long as no one says a date, time or 'to do'. Then I'm stuck. Please feel free to weigh in on why on earth you think that happens to me. I think it might be because I'm so worried about 'getting it wrong' like mixing up my times, days and places that I just stop, drop and roll out of that conversation…! But what causes dyslexia? So far, nine different genes that control the development of the brain have been identified and several more have suggested. These genes all control the development of the brain and can cause differences in its structure which can create abnormal collections of nerve cells in the wrong places during development. These miscroscopic differences in connectivity between neurones particularly affect 'magnocellular' systems which are specialised for rapid information processing. Meaning if you ask me to spell something immediately, quickly, now, on the spot!- I will freeze up and 'letter, who they? I hardly know them.' This is because dyslexic brains are wired in such a way that they find it difficult to recognise the different sounds that make up words and how they relate to letters. Even before losing my hearing I had a very hard time telling rhyming words apart and I still am pretty much unable to break a word down into its phonetics (the component sounds) even if I can say the word. Yesterday, whilst testing myself for this video, I learnt that 'Jessica' and 'Claudia' have the same number of syllables. I learnt that yesterday. I've been married to her for almost three years and I only learnt that yesterday! Jess-i-ca Claud-i-a I've always thought 'Claudia' was a four syllable word. Don't ask me how. Clearly I can't tell you how. Words are confusing. That's this video in its entirety! I was first diagnosed with dyslexia and dyspraxia when I was 8 years old. I think it was a pretty obvious go-to diagnosis for me since dyslexia already ran in my family and I was clearly a child who could express herself verbally very well. - and still does! People sometimes class me as a 'blogger' and I'm like…[laughs] no friend, I can't even spell 'milk' I've just realised it's a four letter word. Damn right it is! So no, I'm pretty secure in my vlogger-ness. I also have correctly spelt merch! I lived in Bristol at the time and there was a special Dyslexia School in the city that children attended full-time or part-time depending on the severity of their dyslexia. It's also where a lot of children took the official dyslexia test. I actually remember my tester getting very mad at me though because he thought I was faking my test results and purposefully getting things wrong as he didn't believe I could be so eloquent and yet so utterly unable to spell! The results of that first test when I was 8 years old was that I had an adult reading age (it only goes up to 18+) and the spelling age of… a 4 year old. Preschoolers could spell better than I could. I was tested again before I went to university at 18 and the tester that time was again like… “What is happening in your brain?!” Because I have a visual IQ in the 99th percentile (which is the top) and phonological awareness in the… under 1… th percentile. Is that how you say that? No! Under first! Gah! Bah, what do I know?! That's actually not uncommon for dyslexics though- we tend to have very strong visual, creative and problem solving skills whilst being terrible at reading, writing, telling our left from right, remembering sequences like the alphabet or months of the year, copying down written instructions or even following spoken ones. It's also very common to mirror things. For me the letters- -are pretty indistinguishable. I'm actually reading that out. Because… they're all lies! What even is the alphabet anyway?! I find that signing letters actually helps me to remember the sequence of the alphabet but I have to ask my sign language interpreters not to fingerspell to me because I… just can't work out what on earth they're saying! Other common difficulties of dyslexia: a tendency to confuse verbal instructions, places, times and dates. Difficulty with planning and writing essays or even getting started and completing I was counting and it's just gone off Greater difficulty in learning a foreign language, disorganisation and frustration which can lead to behavioural or emotional difficulties. Having said that, again, dyslexia varies from person to person and no two people will have the same set of strengths and weaknesses. It also often co-occurs with related conditions, such as dyspraxia, dyscalculia and attention deficit disorder. So it can be difficult to tell where the problem comes from precisely. I don't know. Maybe I have dyslexia because I was already brain damaged but I got diagnosed after my dyslexia. Maybe I wasn't. Maybe I just happened to have two things. Who knows. Although Dyslexia is a life-long condition which can have a substantial effect on a person's day to day activities, and certainly school work or careers… there are some things that dyslexic people are generally pretty awesome at so let's take a few moments to talk about those and if you're a dyslexic in need of a self-confidence boost I want you to pick out the ones that relate to you. Don't worry about the ones that don't, we're not here to beat ourselves up, just concentrate on the things you're really great at and then at the end, once you've finished watching the video, leave a comment with the things that you think you're really great at. Don't be British about it (especially if you're not British- you definitely don't have any excuse then!), don't feel you have to be overly humble. I want you to big yourself up! So: Imaginative Good at thinking and reasoning skills Able to see the “big picture” Good at problem solving Good general knowledge Good understanding of texts Curious Sophisticated receptive language Good visual-spatial skills Good critical thinking and reasoning skills Capacity to perceive information 3-dimensionally Creative practical skills Good interpersonal skills Intuitive Good visual memory Sport and/or drama skills There are probably lots more that I've forgotten so write them in the comments below and let's create a really positive space where we can boost amazing people with dyslexia rather than always talking or thinking about the things we can't do. If you Google 'are dyslexics…' you get: messy, disorganised, dumb and intelligent…? Along with 'more successful'? Which: yes! A dyslexic person can, yes, have difficulties with structuring work schedules, filling in forms or map reading and likely will constantly lose and forget things BUT- With a little extra time in school and access to their own personal computer- which thankfully being officially diagnosed as dyslexic gave me access to- we can produce amazing, complex, beautiful work! Often dyslexics will have a low opinion of their capabilities because we're compared to neurotypical people constantly and it can be a battle in the classroom just to get work on the page, regardless of whether it's spelt correctly or not! But, when people take the time to read those almost illegible, horribly misspelled hasty squiggles, they'll often see amazing creativity. Through weekly one-to-one sessions with a specially-trained dyslexia teacher at the centre I mentioned earlier, and then latter at a special learning unit that was attached to my school, I developed my love of writing. I also learnt cool memory tricks for spelling like: Does Oliver Eat Sweets? Does! Or “I take the bus into business”- one s! Or “Big Elephants Can Add Up Sums Easily”- because! Still haven't found one for 'of'… With the right help dyslexia really is something you can find your way around and it doesn't have to stop you from anything you want to do or becoming anything you want to be. But it does take a little work and an investment in time. Potentially also an investment in a really good speech to text package! If you think you or your child might have dyslexia and would like to be assessed then contact your local or national dyslexia association for advice and they'll be able to point you in the right direction. You're also able to self-refer in this way if you are a child and your parents or school are stopping you from getting access to the help you need - side note, some schools are reluctant to refer children for dyslexia tests because once they have an official diagnosis the school has to spend more money on you. But that's why you pay taxes and you're entitled to that money so a big fat 'whatever'! to that. The earlier a child with dyslexia is diagnosed, the more effective educational interventions are likely to be but even in adulthood you're able to learn coping mechanisms that will make life with dyslexia easier. Thank you so much for watching, especially if you're not dyslexic and are just here to educate yourself- you're my favourite kind of person. Please remember to write why you and other dyslexics are amazing humans in the comments, like and subscribe if you haven't already and I'll see you in our next video!