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  • I'm in Alaska in bear country.

  • I'm trying to find the famous King Salmon, but I'm caught off guard by a male brown bear bear coming behind.

  • We'll pretend to be not interested in us trying to get closer and closer.

  • He's actually a good boy walking around us.

  • So he's fishing time?

  • Yeah, yeah.

  • Thankfully, the bears are far more interested in the fish than us.

  • So we move closer to find out what kind of salmon they're feeding on.

  • It's hard to tell for sure, but they don't look big enough to be kings.

  • Do they go for kings?

  • If they're available, well, I'm sure he would, because the fat content is even higher.

  • I've never seen it.

  • They spawn in water that is just simply too deep for the barest official successfully, when anything deeper than two feet bears where they can't get the fish.

  • Yes, with things they tend to hug the bottom of the deep water.

  • And that and that sort of beyond here.

  • What?

  • What the what?

  • The bear's condition.

  • So if the bears get kings, it spawned out lying.

  • Okay, so that's not gonna impact.

  • They're swarming off all that I've seen.

  • I would say the king salmon is the least impacted fish species with the king's swimming in water that's too deep to reach.

  • The bears can't be blamed for their disappearance.

  • But another predator has been hunting King salmon in Alaska for thousands of years.

  • People, my head into the heart of the state to the mighty Yukon River, where indigenous people have been fishing for kings for 8000 years, veil no King salmon better than anyone.

  • And they will feel the Sammons loss the hardest by land in Galina, a small, remote community where the Yukon River is an important source of food, in particular King salmon vehicles parked up.

  • I'm not seeing any other vehicles on the road.

  • I haven't actually seen a person, either, which is a bit old.

  • But I have been to other places in the world where people do live similar kind of subsistence lifestyle on DDE.

  • What's going on is a lot of those people, they a lot of the time they are not in the population center.

  • They are out there in there on the land there on the water.

  • I'm lucky to find a ride up river.

  • I'm guessing everyone is out fishing, taking advantage of the salmon runs on stocking up for the winter.

  • But the river looks deserted.

  • It should be lined with fishing camps of this time of year.

  • I stop in a small village called Ruby to see if there are any fishermen to speak with.

  • Look, people in the village of told me to talk to Billy McCarty, and he's down on his boat.

  • At the moment.

  • I believe this is him here.

  • Hello.

  • Billy is a native elder who has lived here all his life.

  • I could remember as a young kid.

  • There were so many fish.

  • Every fish camp along River had racks up fish at Gore's.

  • Never shortage.

  • Ruby depends very much on the King's Island.

  • If the King salmon are not here, what happens to the village?

  • What happens to the people?

  • Well, of course, there's all sorts of fish out there.

  • But debate away food.

  • King Chabon.

  • You're gonna have a tough time.

  • It's a serious situation.

  • Subsistence fishermen only take what they need to feed their families, which should protect their precious resource for future generations.

  • If the subsistence fishermen not catching King salmon here and if the bears are not eating.

  • What else could be wiping them out?

  • Morning.

  • He started to pull him in.

  • You got something in there?

  • Yeah, Yeah, yeah.

  • Is this a sort of a normal catch for a nice?

  • This is a very normal kitsch for this time of year.

  • There's a predominantly chump.

  • You drive some of that.

  • You smoke some of that with you?

  • Yeah.

  • Yeah.

  • Um, I'm going cut some right now.

  • If you'd like to see Jake tells me he is originally from Russia and has been fishing this same spot on the Yukon every day for the past 24 years.

  • What is the story right now with the Kings on something, isn't it?

  • The fish are much smaller and runs.

  • I just This is slightly different from what I've been hearing so far.

  • So reports that they've gone.

  • I mean, that's a bit of an exaggeration.

  • They're still here.

  • But you said that there is a problem which is affecting you.

  • Oh, yes.

  • Oh, yes.

  • Absolutely.

  • Do you worry, given that trend, that they might disappear completely.

  • Is that a possibility?

  • I think it's a distinct possibility.

  • I ask if there are any predators that might be affecting them.

  • There are lots of, like in a river pike.

  • How big of you seen someone around?

  • 15 tries about 50.

  • Okay, there are stories or giant pike.

  • Couple of bike do terrible things.

  • You know, I found entire ducks inside and muskrats, so there's a little bit of kind of superstitious fear.

  • Pike offer ratios.

  • Hunters that can grow up to £50 possibly bigger.

  • Their mouths are packed with viciously sharp teeth.

  • Where Pike of being introduced, they've been known to decimate established salmon populations.

  • I'm wondering if that is what has happened here.

  • Pike hunt in slow water, so I'm staying fairly shallow at the edge of a tributary.

  • They are predominantly visual hunters, so I'll be using that knowledge to try to catch one.

  • It's still not the giant I'm after.

  • Plaque of rough, real £4.

  • Also teeth cutting teeth for gripping something so a fish this size could swallow something almost its own length.

  • But normally it's going to eat something just a few inches long, so it will be a serious threat to adult, but they might well make inroads into the young someone on their way down to the sea.

  • Young salmon can spend up to two years in freshwater before heading to the ocean.

  • During this time, they're easy pickings for top predators such as Pike.

  • But this is true of all salmon species, and it's only the kings that a disappearing.

I'm in Alaska in bear country.

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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