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  • Hi. I'm Carl Azuz for CNN 10.

    嗨,我是 CNN 10 的 Carl Azuz。

  • We are living in historic times.


  • The events that we see worldwide today are the kind that appear in history books and encyclopedias in the decades to come.


  • The big picture of how COVID-19 is infecting the world is still blurry.


  • There's just so much that's still unknown about it.


  • There's no vaccine or universal treatment for the coronavirusthough, scientists worldwide are racing to find them.


  • It's not known exactly how it spreads or how long it stays on surfaces if they get contaminated.


  • Its not known when exactly people are contagious once they've contracted it, and the symptoms range from severe and deadly to practically nothing.


  • But more details about this disease get filled in every day.


  • Where it's spreading, how many people are testing positive for it where tests are available, which medications are showing some effectiveness in fighting it and which ones aren't, and how it's affecting industries, businesses, workers, parents and students.


  • When we put this show together, 92 percent of Americans were under stay at home orders.

    當我們正在製作這節目時,有 92% 的美國人都被要求待在家中。

  • There were 11 states that didn't have them in place, but some of the local governments and counties within those states did.


  • Another part of this picture that's getting clearer is the economic impact.


  • There's a jobs report due out Friday morning from the U.S. Labor Department.


  • It will be for the month of March.


  • And yesterday, economists expected it would show the U.S. lost a hundred thousand jobs and that the unemployment rate, the percentage of workers who didn't have a job, would increase to 3.8 percent from its historic low of 3.5 percent.

    而昨日,經濟學家們預估該報告會指出美國有 100,000 人失去工作,而失業率將會從歷史新低的 3.5% 上升至 3.8%。

  • But there's a catch: the information for that survey is only as recent as the middle of March, and that's before records started being broken for initial jobless claims.


  • This is the number of people who just started asking the government for help because they lost their jobs in layoffs or business cutbacks.


  • Last Friday, we told you how that number which accounted for the third week of March was a record 3.28 million people.

    上週五,也就是三月的第三週,申請失業補助的人數來到的 328 萬人。

  • Today's figure, which measures the number of initial jobless claims in the fourth week of March, is a new record, 6.6 million people.

    今天的數字呢,也就是三月第四週申請失業補助的人,達到了新紀錄的 660 萬人。

  • Is there a silver lining here?


  • U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin says when the U.S. defeats the virus, he expects the American economy will recover quickly, with gross domestic product jumping back up and unemployment dropping back down to the way they were before the coronavirus struck.

    美國財政秘書 Steven Mnuchin 表示,當美國擊敗病毒,經濟將會迅速復甦,國內生產總值也會回彈,而失業率則會調回疫情之前的榮景。

  • That literally depends on how the recovery shapes up.


  • How quickly can the economy recover from coronavirus?


  • A lot depends on what shape this recession takes.


  • There's an alphabet soup of possibilities, the V-shaped, the U-shaped or the dreaded L-shaped.

    有許多字母組成的可能,V 形、U 形或可怕的 L 形。

  • A V-shaped is the best-case scenario here.

    V 形的是最好的情況。

  • It's a sharp drop followed by an equally sharp recovery.


  • It means the economy would ramp back up just as quickly as it shut down.


  • But that will largely depend on how quickly the virus is contained and how soon people can go back to work.


  • That's why a U-shaped recovery may be more likely here.

    這也是為什麼在這次的疫情中,U 形比較有可能發生。

  • In that case, the economy contracts, then bumps along the bottom for a while before climbing back.


  • Many economists are betting on that scenario since uncertainty caused by the virus won't just evaporate overnight.


  • Business owners and CEOs may curtail future investment and consumer spending, the biggest driver of U.S. economic activity, probably won't bounce back immediately either.


  • That's partly because of lost income, but also because of the psychological toll the viral outbreak has taken on consumer confidence.


  • Beyond the V and the U, there's the worst-case scenario, the L-shaped.

    除了 V 形與 U 形,還有最可怕的情形,L 形。

  • Picture a hockey stick with a long tail.


  • That happens if the virus is not contained, social distancing remains into the summer and businesses and consumers take years to recover.


  • After the Great Recession, economic activity took nearly four years to return to its pre-recession peak, the Great Depression was even more severe, lasting 10 years.


  • Thankfully, most economists are not predicting this outcome.


  • But all of this is highly uncertain, and it all depends on the biggest unknownthe course of the virus.


  • Ten-second trivia.


  • The Sahara is the largest non-polar desert on Earth.


  • What is the second-largest?


  • Arabian Desert, Gobi Desert, Kalahari Desert, or Great Victoria Desert?


  • Covering about 900,000 square miles, the Arabian Desert is the world's second-largest.

    佔地約 90 萬平方英里,阿拉伯沙漠是世上第二大的沙漠。

  • Stretching across Saudi Arabia, reaching Iraq and Jordan in its north and Oman and Yemen in its south, the Arabian Desert dominates the Arabian Peninsula.


  • Today, we're taking you to a part of this region called the Rub' al-Khali Desert, literally a desert within a desert.


  • The British explorer Wilfred Thesiger crossed it in the mid-20th century and he said it was named Rub' al-Khali or "Empty Quarter" because it's so enormous and so desolate.

    英國探險家 Wilfred Thesiger 在二十世紀中期跨越了這座沙漠,並將它命名為魯卜哈利沙漠或「空域」,因為它是如此巨大與荒蕪。

  • But a closer look at this desert reveals much more than sand and emptiness.


  • There's a place of the United Arab Emirates where it's a destination.


  • This is the Rub' al-Khali Desert known as the "Empty Quarter."


  • It's the largest, continuous sand mass in the world.


  • It stretches across Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen and the United Arab Emirates.


  • While some view it as a harsh and barren terrain, this man couldn't live without it and calls it home.


  • If you like to be away from the city and from the noise, you can have a peaceful [sic] over here.


  • Because when you go out in the desert, you cannot hear anything, no cars, no airplanes, no noise, no nothing.


  • You just you can hear yourself while you are breathing.


  • Nestled within the desert is the Qasr Al Sarab Resort, and Amro is the activity manager there.

    在該沙漠中靜靜矗立著的,是 Qasr Al Sarab 度假中心,而 Amro 是這裡的活動經理。

  • I love the desert because the people they think it's empty, there is nothing here.


  • But there is a life, and especially on the night [sic].


  • It's a challenge to live, that's true.


  • But for me as a person, I love challenges and I love to be on the desert.


  • My favorite activity here is to do is dune bashing.


  • For me as a person, I love... enjoy that picture and I love driving.


  • Most of the time, when the guests are shouting during the dune bashing that means they're enjoying [it].


  • If you look at the desert, you actually think it's empty and there is no life here.


  • But in fact, there's a big [amount of] life. There's a [sic] wildlife even.


  • You see, this is the baby camel I told you about.


  • This is actually our own camel farm where we have around 30 camels.

    這其實是我們自己的駱駝農場,這裡大概有 30 隻。

  • They are mixed between male and female.


  • They called him "Desert Apache" because while he's walking on the sand, he don't [doesn't] get stuck or he don't [doesn't] sink, he's like floating and his hoof is flat.


  • And the second thing helping him to climb the dunes, the back legs actually, he has a three knees not one, [he] has three.


  • If you would like to have the experience of the culture of Abu Dhabi, you need to go to the desert because the desert is also part of almost all of the Arabic countries and it's our culture.


  • [10 out of 10]


  • Special delivery earns "10 out of 10."


  • In northern Maine, along the U.S. border with Canada, there's still plenty of snow on the ground and that gives Hannah Lucas and her sled dogs plenty of opportunity to make deliveries.

    在美國與加拿大的邊界,緬因州北部的地上仍有許多積雪,這給了 Hannah Lucas 和她的雪橇犬空間來做快遞。

  • Lucas moved to northern Maine so she could train her dogs for racing.

    Lucas 搬到了北緬因來訓練她的狗狗。

  • Now, with 12 dogs and two human helpers, they take groceries and medical supplies to elderly people in the area, traveling between 50 and 75 miles a day on sled.

    現在,她有 12 隻狗與 2 個人類幫手,他們每天在雪橇上來回 50 至 75 英里的距離,在該地區為長者遞送雜貨或者醫療物資。

  • But for her, the dogs, it's not too "mush" [much] trouble.


  • For those who receive their help, they're "Iditarodical".


  • Some when thinking about their generosity might get "Husky" voiced.


  • But this is when it's a good thing to go to the dogs.


  • It proves that when you em-"bark" on a new trail, even if the going gets "ruff" [rough], Friday's are "paw-some" [awesome].


  • Last mention of the week goes to Princeville Junior Senior High School in Princeville, Illinois.

    節目最後焦點來到 Illinois Princeville 的 Princeville 高中。

  • You guys are "paw-some" for subscribing to our YouTube channel. I'm Carl Azuz for CNN [10].

    你們很讚,因為有訂閱我們的 YouTube 頻道,我是 Carl Azuz,下次再見。

Hi. I'm Carl Azuz for CNN 10.

嗨,我是 CNN 10 的 Carl Azuz。

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B1 中級 中文 多益 CNN10 沙漠 阿拉伯 疫情 經濟

【CNN10】美國經濟復甦關鍵、世界第二大沙漠、雪橇犬送貨 (The Speed Of Recovery | April 3, 2020)

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2020 年 04 月 13 日