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  • There are lots of reasons for wanting a lava moat around your house, but not that many how-to videos explaining how to build one.

    可能有很多種原因會讓你想在房屋周圍建造熔岩護城河,但是解釋究竟該如何建造的影片卻不多見 。

  • So were here to change that.

    因此我們想在此為大家解說。

  • It’s actually pretty easy to make lava, at least in principlethe ingredients are just rocks and heat. Lots of heat.

    從原理上來說,製造熔岩其實很容易,因為它的成分只不過是岩石和熱能而已。大量的熱能。

  • Most rocks melt at temperatures between 800 and 1200 Celsius, which is hotter than your oven, so youll need a gas or charcoal powered forge, or an electric furnace.

    大部分岩石的熔點介於 800 °C 和 1,200 °C 之間,這遠比你家的烤箱溫度還要高,所以你需要使用天然氣或煤炭的大熔爐,或是電熱爐才行。

  • To reduce energy consumption, it’s tempting to choose a kind of rock or even metal or glass that melts at a lower temperature, but then it won’t glow as much.

    雖然為了減少能源消耗,你可能會想要選擇熔點較低的岩石,甚至是金屬或玻璃,但這樣一來護城河發出的光芒就不會那麼耀眼了。

  • The intensity and color of the glow depends on how hot the lava is, and you definitely want a lava moat that glows that nice bright orange-yellow color.

    熔岩發光的亮度和顏色取決於熔岩有多熱,而你肯定會想要個能發出鮮豔橘黃光芒的熔岩護城河。

  • For this reason, we recommend only top quality Keweenawan basalt obtained from the upper Midwest of the United States.

    因此,我們只推薦你使用最高品質、產自美國上中西部地區的 Keweenawan 玄武岩。

  • One of the challenges in maintaining a glowing lava moat is that it’s literally radiating away its energy in the form of heat and light.

    維持熔岩護城河閃閃發光的挑戰之一是它的能量會以熱和光的形式發散掉 。

  • This means you can’t simply melt your lava, pour it into your moat, and call it a day.

    這代表你不能光是熔化岩石後把熔岩倒進你的護城河,然後就此收工完事。

  • Your lava moat is going to need some kind of built-in heating apparatus to make up for the losses.

    你的熔岩護城河需要某種「內建加熱裝置」才能彌補損失的熱能。

  • A ceramic crucible with high temperature electric heating coils will work just fine.

    附帶高溫電子加熱線圈的陶瓷容器會是不錯的選擇。

  • And youll definitely want a good layer of insulation to keep heat from leaking into the groundbecause youre going to need a lot of heat!

    而且你一定要有良好的隔熱層,來避免熱能外洩到地面上-因為你會需要大量的熱能!

  • At the temperatures were working with, lava radiates roughly 100 kilowatts of heat per square meter.

    在我們選用的溫度下,熔岩每平方公尺會輻射出大約 100 千瓦的熱能。

  • That’s equivalent to 1000 100-watt lightbulbs per square meterthough you can’t fit 1000 100-watt light bulbs into a square meter, if that gives you any sense of how intense lava is.

    這相當於每平方公尺有 1,000 個 100 瓦的燈泡-雖然要把 1,000 個 100 瓦的燈泡塞進僅 1 平方公尺的面積根本不可能,不過這樣你就能想像出熔岩有多熱了。

  • Anyway, electricity typically costs around 10 cents per kilowatt hour, so each square meter of lava moat is going to cost you around $10 per hour.

    總之,每千瓦時的電費基本上是 10 美分左右,所以每平方公尺的熔岩護城河每小時會花掉你 10 美元。

  • This means that a lava moat a meter wide and enclosing an area roughly the size of a football field will cost $60,000 per day.

    也就是說,如果要讓 1 公尺寬的熔岩護城河環繞著像足球場那麼大的面積,每天要花掉 60,000 美元才能維持運作。

  • If you don’t like the idea of being reliant on somebody else to keep your lava moat home security system operational, you could instead power it with solar panels, or build your own power plant.

    如果你不希望仰賴別人來維持你熔岩護城河住宅保全系統正常運作的話,你也可以改用太陽能電池板來供電,或是興建自家用的發電廠。

  • Each of these has its pros and cons.

    而這兩個選項各有利弊。

  • Solar power never needs fuel resupply shipments: the sun is going to keep burning for a while.

    太陽能發電永遠不需要燃料補給:我們的太陽還會持續燃燒一段時間。

  • However, every square meter of lava moat requires 2000 square meters of solar panels to keep it glowing day and night.

    然而,每平方公尺的熔岩護城河需要 2,000 平方公尺的太陽能電池板才能維持日夜發光。

  • We don’t need to explain the security risks of putting your lava moat’s power source outside of the protection of the lava moat,

    我們不用多費唇舌解釋把發電來源放在熔岩護城河的外面不受護城河保護風險會有多高,

  • so if you want a lava moat a meter wide, powered entirely by solar panels inside of the moat, the math works out that the moat needs to surround an array of solar panels 8 kilometers across.

    因此,如果你希望 1 公尺寬的熔岩護城河完全由護城河以內的太陽能電池板供電,我們可以計算出來,護城河需要圍繞著直徑達 8 公里的太陽能電池板陣列才行。

  • Which is clearly absurd.

    這顯然過於荒謬。

  • You can have a wider and yet more reasonable-sized lava moat if you instead build your own commercial scale power plant inside of it.

    如果你在護城河以內興建自家用的商業規模發電廠的話,你就可以擁有更寬、規模更合理的護城河。

  • Coal and nuclear power plants produce enough energy to heat a lava moat 10 meters wide and encircling an area 500 meters across.

    燃煤和核能電廠產生的能量足以加熱一條 10 公尺寬的熔岩護城河,來圍繞直徑 500 公尺的面積。

  • Enough space to fit the power plant and your house inside!

    這樣你就有足夠的空間可以容納發電廠和你的房屋啦!

  • The downside is that unless you build your moat on top of a coal or uranium deposit, youll need to bring in outside fuel for the power plant so your lava moat won’t be entirely off-grid.

    但是它的缺點是,除非你在煤礦或鈾礦床上建造護城河,否則你需要不斷將外面的燃料輸送進來,才不會讓你的熔岩護城河整個斷電。

  • Perhaps the best off-grid option for powering your lava moat is simply to take inspiration from the source of lava itself: the earth’s own internal heat.

    而我們或許能從熔岩本身的來源,來想出熔岩護城河的最佳能源方案:那就是地球本身內部的熱能。

  • Assuming you don’t have access to an island in a lava lake in an active volcano, the next best option is geothermal power.

    假設你沒有管道能夠居住在活火山熔岩湖中的小島,退而求其次的方案就是地熱發電了。

  • By choosing the right location, a good geothermal power plant can heat a modest-sized lava moat that’s just perfect for protecting a single family home.

    選址適當的良好的地熱發電廠可以加熱尺寸適中的熔岩護城河,範圍剛剛好可以保護一棟家庭住宅。

  • I suppose you might also want to learn about precisely how wide your lava moat should be to deter intruders,

    我猜你可能還想知道,熔岩護城河究竟該有多寬才能阻止入侵者,

  • or how to cool your house once it’s successfully encircled by lava,

    或是一旦你的房屋有了熔岩護城河之後,該如何為你的房屋降溫,

  • or how to deal with all the noxious fumes given off by lava.

    或是該如何應付熔岩的有害煙霧。

  • And for that, you need to check out the full lava moat instructions available in the book, “How Toby Randall Munroe, which this video is based on and supported by.

    因此,你需要查閱蘭德爾•門羅所撰寫的《這麼做,就對了!》書上熔岩護城河的完整說明,而該書也是本影片的靈感基礎與資料來源。

  • How Tois an absurd and entertaining self-help guide full of ridiculous over-the-top advice about everything from how to dig a hole, to how to be on time, to how to ski, to how to catch a drone.

    《這麼做,就對了!》是一本既荒謬又有趣的自助指南,裡頭充滿怪誕至極的誇張建議,涵蓋問題應有盡有,其中包括如何挖坑、如何準時、 如何滑雪、如何捕捉無人機等。

  • You can find a how-to guide for how to obtain a copy ofHow Toin the video description, and a big thanks to Randall andHow Tofor supporting and inspiring thisHow Tovideo.

    你可以在影片中找到如何購買《這麼做,就對了!》的操作指南。非常感謝門羅和《這麼做,就對了!》一書對這部影片的支持與啟發。

There are lots of reasons for wanting a lava moat around your house, but not that many how-to videos explaining how to build one.

可能有很多種原因會讓你想在房屋周圍建造熔岩護城河,但是解釋究竟該如何建造的影片卻不多見 。

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影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B2 中高級 中文 熔岩 發電廠 太陽能 房屋 岩石 面積

如何在你家建造熔岩護城河《這麼做,就對了!》(How to Build a Lava Moat (with xkcd))

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    林宜悉 發佈於 2021 年 11 月 04 日
影片單字